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See detailA tale of three homotopies
Dotsenko, Vladimir; Poncin, Norbert UL

E-print/Working paper (2012)

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See detailA Tale of Three Homotopies
Dotsenko, Vladimir; Poncin, Norbert UL

in Applied Categorical Structures (2016)

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See detailA Tale of Two Referenda: The Greek Plebiscite of 1946 and the Referendum of July 2015
Paravantis, Spero UL

in European Review of History (2019)

This paper compares two periods of crisis in Greece separated by 70 years, the crisis surrounding the national elections and the plebiscite on the return of the Greek monarchy in 1946, and the referendum ... [more ▼]

This paper compares two periods of crisis in Greece separated by 70 years, the crisis surrounding the national elections and the plebiscite on the return of the Greek monarchy in 1946, and the referendum on the terms contained in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) of July 2015, and the international involvement in and reaction to these referenda. The inspirations for the paper, were the ways in which external forces attempted to direct their outcome, and the similarities in the ways in which in both periods, external forces attempted to frame the definition of the referenda in favour of their wider strategic objectives. The pressure placed on the Greek government, both from within Greece and from without, was also noteworthy, as was the rhetoric that was used both during and after both events. The paper concludes that in these two cases, rather than providing resolution to an issue, the referenda served mainly as a vehicle of protest, extremely susceptible to manipulation, leading to a situation worse than that which had preceded them. [less ▲]

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See detailA Tale of Two Theories: Government by Judiciary Theory Versus Guardianship of the Jurist Theory
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in Emory International Law Review (2019), 33

This research argues that Muslim scholars developed two theories of government over time. Even tough Islamic scholars—Shia and Sunni—agree on mandating the highest level of legal knowledge in any member ... [more ▼]

This research argues that Muslim scholars developed two theories of government over time. Even tough Islamic scholars—Shia and Sunni—agree on mandating the highest level of legal knowledge in any member of the Islamic government, they disagree on the legal nature of these members, whether they are judges, or jurists. Shia Islamic scholars adopted the theory of the guardianship of the jurist (Wilayat al-Faqih in Arabic, or Vilayat e-Faqih in Farsi). Unlike Sunni scholars, the Shia has developed a practical approach to apply their theory of government in practice. A prominent example of this theory is the Iranian practice of the Guardianship of the Jurist Theory. Sunni Islamic scholars adopt the theory of government by judiciary (Wilayat Al-Qadi). The assumption of this theory is that member of the government are judges. This is based on the assumption that Prophet Mohamed was a judge with enumerated executive authorities, namely the collection of Sadaqat (state financial revenue), military power, and foreign affairs’ representation. This theory has never been in practice since the assassination of the first four successors of the Prophet. This research is divided into three major sections. The first deals with the theory of Sunni-Muslim scholars, which is government by judiciary. The second section presents the theory of Shia-Muslim scholars, which is guardianship of the jurist. The last section deals with the major five distinctions between the two theories. [less ▲]

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See detailTalent mangement flexibility in a cyclical industry
Usanova, Ksenia; Geraudel, Mickaël UL; D'Armagnac, Sophie et al

Presentation (2019, July 02)

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See detailTalentförderung im Fußball und anderswo.
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailThe talin rod IBS2 alpha-helix interacts with the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tail membrane-proximal helix by establishing charge complementary salt bridges.
Rodius, Sophie; Chaloin, Olivier; Moes, Michèle UL et al

in The Journal of biological chemistry (2008), 283(35), 24212-23

Talin establishes a major link between integrins and actin filaments and contains two distinct integrin binding sites: one, IBS1, located in the talin head domain and involved in integrin activation and a ... [more ▼]

Talin establishes a major link between integrins and actin filaments and contains two distinct integrin binding sites: one, IBS1, located in the talin head domain and involved in integrin activation and a second, IBS2, that maps to helix 50 of the talin rod domain and is essential for linking integrin beta subunits to the cytoskeleton ( Moes, M., Rodius, S., Coleman, S. J., Monkley, S. J., Goormaghtigh, E., Tremuth, L., Kox, C., van der Holst, P. P., Critchley, D. R., and Kieffer, N. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282, 17280-17288 ). Through the combined approach of mutational analysis of the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tail and the talin rod IBS2 site, SPR binding studies, as well as site-specific antibody inhibition experiments, we provide evidence that the integrin beta3-talin rod interaction relies on a helix-helix association between alpha-helix 50 of the talin rod domain and the membrane-proximal alpha-helix of the beta3 integrin cytoplasmic tail. Moreover, charge complementarity between the highly conserved talin rod IBS2 lysine residues and integrin beta3 glutamic acid residues is necessary for this interaction. Our results support a model in which talin IBS2 binds to the same face of the beta3 subunit cytoplasmic helix as the integrin alphaIIb cytoplasmic tail helix, suggesting that IBS2 can only interact with the beta3 subunit following integrin activation. [less ▲]

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See detail"Talk around objects": designing trajectories of belonging in an urban Inuit community
Budach, Gabriele UL; Patrick, Donna; Mackey, Teevi

in Social Semiotics (2015), 25(4), 446-464

In this study, we present findings from a collaborative ethnographic study with urban Inuit in Ottawa, Canada. We investigate “talk around objects” as a meaningful learning activity and a prism of human ... [more ▼]

In this study, we present findings from a collaborative ethnographic study with urban Inuit in Ottawa, Canada. We investigate “talk around objects” as a meaningful learning activity and a prism of human-object relationships. Focusing on Inuit clothing – namely the Inuit-made parka (winter coat) and amauti (a traditional Inuit baby carrier) – we examine the impact of everyday objects on social interaction, with a particular emphasis on the effects of materiality on talk. More specifically, we explore the role of objects and object design in mobilizing particular forms of narratives, which project meaning across contexts of time, space, activity, and generations. Accordingly, we conceptualize the impact of objects as “joins” in trans-contextual meaning-making and point to their significance in Inuit learning and in serving to shape human-object relationships. We see the contribution of this article to this special issue as twofold. Not only does it explore “talk around objects” as an instance of coagency, in which humans and objects contribute jointly to the shaping of talk; but it also emphasizes the role of objects as “joins”, enabling and sustaining the connection of people with each other and with the environment, within and across contexts. Such a perspective relates to post-human theory, which considers the agency of things in social interaction, while acknowledging an Inuit worldview, which rejects anthropocentrism. [less ▲]

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See detailTalking Borders. From Local Expertise to Global Exchange
Venken, Machteld UL

in Heigl, Florian; Ernst, Marlene (Eds.) Austrian Citizen Science Conference 2018. Abstract book (2018)

On July 10-14, 2018, the Association for Borderlands Studies (ABS) held its Second World Conference in Vienna and Budapest. The meeting was attended by around 450 participants from 54 countries, including ... [more ▼]

On July 10-14, 2018, the Association for Borderlands Studies (ABS) held its Second World Conference in Vienna and Budapest. The meeting was attended by around 450 participants from 54 countries, including renowned experts and practitioners, spanning all fields of the humanities and the social sciences. The ABS is the world’s largest academic organization dedicated to the systematic study and exchange of ideas, information and analysis of international border, and the processes and communities engendered by such borders. The Second ABS World Conference had as its central topic Border-Making and its Consequences: Interpreting Evidence from the “post-Colonial” and “post-Imperial” 20th Century and was co-organized by the University of Vienna and the Central European University on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. [less ▲]

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See detailTalking ideas into being: Reasoning about science phenomena in the elementary classroom.
Max, Charles UL

Scientific Conference (2013, August 30)

The paper emphasises processes of growing understanding and reasoning about water-related phenomena in open inquiry-based science activities. It highlights the interplay of multiple cultural resources ... [more ▼]

The paper emphasises processes of growing understanding and reasoning about water-related phenomena in open inquiry-based science activities. It highlights the interplay of multiple cultural resources, which 4 to 8 year old children from diverse sociocultural backgrounds draw upon, to create shared meaning and attention when ‘doing science’ as cultural enactment in classroom contexts. The rationale is to deepen our understanding about the nature of learning from a dialectical perspective, i.e. how processes of personal inquiry and collective knowledge creation mutually develop. ‘Doing science’ unfolds through a dynamic, non-linear and creative combination of culturally given tools and children’s specific multimodal repertoires. The research draws close attention on the context-sensitive organization of this interactional achievement, i.e. the quality of the interactionally achieved convergence of multiple repertoires, their context-sensitive use and creative transformations The study is supported by a multi-method framework allowing to embrace multiple perspectives on the children’s inquiry processes. Two excerpts are discussed in detail – one from kindergarten, one from 2d grade – which address the children’s inquiry processes in different ways. The data reveal an astonishing depth of discussion and scientific reasoning of children at this age. Children’s critical conversations display awareness of relevant discourse elements and related explanations from other curriculum areas, which are confronted and actively worked into each other as an active accomplishment done by the children in dialogical interchange. The study is of substantial significance for conceiving sustainable science learning environments in multilingual and -cultural school contexts. [less ▲]

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See detailTalking with Scholars: Developing a Research Environment for Oral History Collections
Kemman, Max UL; Scagliola, Stef; de Jong, Franciska et al

in Bolikowski, Łukasz; Casarosa, Vittore; Goodale, Paula (Eds.) et al Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries -- TPDL 2013 Selected Workshops (2014)

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See detailThe Talmudic Logic Project, Ongoing Since 2008
Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Schild, Uri; David, Esther

in Logica Universalis (2019), 13(4), 425--442

We describe the state of the Talmudic Logic project as of end of 2019. The Talmud is the most comprehensive and fundamental work of Jewish religious law, employing a large number of logical components ... [more ▼]

We describe the state of the Talmudic Logic project as of end of 2019. The Talmud is the most comprehensive and fundamental work of Jewish religious law, employing a large number of logical components centuries ahead of their time. In many cases the basic principles are not explicitly formulated, which makes it difficult to formalize and make available to the modern student of Logic. This project on Talmudic Logic, aims to present logical analysis of Talmudic reasoning using modern logical tools. We investigate principles of Talmudic Logic and publish a series of books, one book or more for each principle. http://www.collegepublications.co.uk/stl/ The series begins with the systematic analysis of Talmudic inference rules. The first book shows that we can present Talmudic reasoning intuitions as a systematic logical system basic to modern non-deductive reasoning, such as Argumentum A Fortiori, Abduction and Analogy. The second book offers a systematic common sense method for intuitively defining sets and claims that this method adequately models the Talmudic use of the rules Klal uPrat. These books also criticize modern Talmudic research methodology. Later books deal with additional topics like Deontic logic, and Temporal logic, Agency and processes in the Talmud and more. The aims of the project are two fold: 1. To import into the Talmudic study modern logical methods with a view to help understand complicated Talmudic passages, which otherwise cannot be addressed. 2. To export from the Talmud new logical principles which are innovative and useful to modern contemporary logic. [less ▲]

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See detailTame Galois realizations of $ GL_2(\Bbb F_l)$ over $\Bbb Q$
Arias De Reyna Dominguez, Sara UL; Vila, Núria

in Journal of Number Theory (2009), 129(5), 1056--1065

This paper concerns the tame inverse Galois problem. For each prime number l, we construct infinitely many semistable elliptic curves over Q with good supersingular reduction at l. The Galois action on ... [more ▼]

This paper concerns the tame inverse Galois problem. For each prime number l, we construct infinitely many semistable elliptic curves over Q with good supersingular reduction at l. The Galois action on the l-torsion points of these elliptic curves provides tame Galois realizations of GL_2(F_l) over Q. [less ▲]

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See detailTame Galois realizations of $ GSp_4(\Bbb F_łl)$ over $\Bbb Q$
Arias De Reyna Dominguez, Sara UL; Vila, Núria

in International Mathematics Research Notices (2011), (9), 2028--2046

In this paper, we obtain realizations of the 4-dimensional general symplectic group over a prime field of characteristic l> 3 as the Galois group of a tamely ramified Galois extension of Q. The strategy ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we obtain realizations of the 4-dimensional general symplectic group over a prime field of characteristic l> 3 as the Galois group of a tamely ramified Galois extension of Q. The strategy is to consider the Galois representation ρ_l attached to the Tate module at l of a suitable abelian surface. We need to choose the abelian surfaces carefully in order to ensure that the image of ρ_l is large and simultaneously maintain a control on the ramification of the corresponding Galois extension. We obtain an explicit family of curves of genus 2 such that the Galois representation attached to the l-torsion points of their Jacobian varieties provides tame Galois realizations of the desired symplectic groups. [less ▲]

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See detailTaming asynchrony for attractor detection in large Boolean networks
Mizera, Andrzej UL; Pang, Jun UL; Qu, Hongyang et al

in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (2019), 16(1), 31-42

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See detailTaming Liquid Crystal Self-Assembly: The Multifaceted Response of Nematic and Smectic Shells to Polymerization.
Noh, Junghyun UL; henx, Benjamin; Lagerwall, Jan UL

in Advanced Materials (2016)

By photopolymerizing liquid crystal shells, their rich variety of self-assembled structures can be rendered permanent and the lifetime extended from days to months, without removing the characteristic ... [more ▼]

By photopolymerizing liquid crystal shells, their rich variety of self-assembled structures can be rendered permanent and the lifetime extended from days to months, without removing the characteristic responsiveness. If polymerization is carried out close to either boundary of the nematic phase, the process triggers the transition into the adjacent phase, to higher or to lower degree of order. [less ▲]

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See detailTAMING THE LOCUSTS? EMBATTLED HEDGE FUNDS IN THE EU
Seretakis, Alexandros UL

in NYU Journal of Law & Business (2013), 10(1),

The recent financial crisis and the ongoing sovereign debt crisis have put the spotlight on the traditionally secretive and opaque hedge fund industry. Widespread financial losses have provoked popular ... [more ▼]

The recent financial crisis and the ongoing sovereign debt crisis have put the spotlight on the traditionally secretive and opaque hedge fund industry. Widespread financial losses have provoked popular suspicion against hedge funds, which are viewed as speculators that destabilize the financial system. Adhering to the pattern of crisis-driven financial regulation, the European Union has enacted legislation that is expected to radically transform the hedge fund industry in Europe. While it may seem at first glance that only the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive and its complex and burdensome requirements for hedge funds and their managers is expected to directly impact the hedge fund industry, the effect of the Short Selling Regulation and the Proposal for a Financial Transaction Tax will be equally devastating for hedge funds by curtailing their investment techniques and market operations. This article argues that the European Union has engaged in a crisis-driven regulatory spree and that this regulatory overhaul is founded on perceptions and popular beliefs rather than actual evidence. In regulating hedge funds, the E. U. has moved forward with regulating not only hedge funds and their managers, but also their investment techniques and market operations. The cumulative impact of the E. U.'s regulatory spree is expected to be a sharp increase in costs for hedge funds operating in Europe and a decline in investor returns with negative consequences for European investors and markets. Thus the term "embattled" hedge funds. [less ▲]

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See detailTanaka structures modeled on extended Poincaré algebras
Santi, Andrea UL; Altomani, Andrea UL

in Indiana University Mathematics Journal (2014), 63(1), 91-117

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See detailTanaka's SDE on the circle and stochastic flows
Hajri, Hatem UL; Raimond, Olivier

in Latin American Journal of Probability and Mathematical Statistics (2013)

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