Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
See detailThe Sharing Economy and EU Anti-discrimination Law
Ratti, Luca UL; Countouris, Nicola

in Davidson, Nestor; Finck, Michèle; Infranca, John (Eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of the Law of the Sharing Economy (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSharing seeing: Exploring photo-elicitation with children in two different cultural contexts
Siry, Christina UL; Ali-Khan, Carolyne

in Teaching and Teacher Education (2014), 37

This work uses text and photos to explore research into visual methods with children in Pakistan and Luxembourg. Children are typically positioned as unable to participate as actors in the knowledge ... [more ▼]

This work uses text and photos to explore research into visual methods with children in Pakistan and Luxembourg. Children are typically positioned as unable to participate as actors in the knowledge economy. Their insights and voices are seldom heard in educational spaces. Using image-based research the authors solicited the voices of children by encouraging them to speak to adults though multiple mediums. The children in this research responded by creating and analyzing images and communicating to adults across difference in new ways. In addition they were able to use images as a base from which to re-see their worlds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSHARP 2020: The 1st Shape Recovery from Partial Textured 3D Scans Challenge Results
Saint, Alexandre Fabian A UL; Kacem, Anis UL; Cherenkova, Kseniya UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, August 23)

The SHApe Recovery from Partial textured 3D scans challenge, SHARP 2020, is the first edition of a challenge fostering and benchmarking methods for recovering complete textured 3D scans from raw ... [more ▼]

The SHApe Recovery from Partial textured 3D scans challenge, SHARP 2020, is the first edition of a challenge fostering and benchmarking methods for recovering complete textured 3D scans from raw incomplete data. SHARP 2020 is organized as a workshop in conjunction with ECCV 2020. There are two complementary challenges, the first one on 3D human scans, and the second one on generic objects. Challenge 1 is further split into two tracks, focusing, first, on large body and clothing regions, and, second, on fine body details. A novel evaluation metric is proposed to quantify jointly the shape reconstruction, the texture reconstruction, and the amount of completed data. Additionally, two unique datasets of 3D scans are proposed, to provide raw ground-truth data for the benchmarks. The datasets are released to the scientific community. Moreover, an accompanying custom library of software routines is also released to the scientific community. It allows for processing 3D scans, generating partial data and performing the evaluation. Results of the competition, analyzed in comparison to baselines, show the validity of the proposed evaluation metrics and highlight the challenging aspects of the task and of the datasets. Details on the SHARP 2020 challenge can be found at https://cvi2.uni.lu/sharp2020/ [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (6 UL)
See detailShe Figures 2009 – Statistics and Indicators on Gender Equality in Science
O'Dorchai, Sile; Meulders, Danièle; Crippa, Francesca et al

Report (2009)

She Figures 2009 is the third publication (following She Figures 2003 and She Figures 2006) of a key set of indicators that are essential to correctly comprehend the situation of women in science and ... [more ▼]

She Figures 2009 is the third publication (following She Figures 2003 and She Figures 2006) of a key set of indicators that are essential to correctly comprehend the situation of women in science and research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 737 (14 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail« She will never be a mason » : Interacting about gender and negotiating a woman's place in adult training and education.
de Saint-Georges, Ingrid UL

in Ostrouch, Joanna; Ollagnier, Edmée (Eds.) Researching gender in Adult Learning (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSheaf quantization of Hamiltonian isotopies and applications to nondisplaceability problems
Guillermou, Stéphane; Kashiwara, Masaki; Schapira, Pierre UL

in Duke Mathematical Journal (2012), 161(2), 201-245

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (2 UL)
See detailShear Connections in Composite Flexural Members of Steel and Concrete
Leskelä, M.; Aribert, J-M.; Ciutina, A. et al

Report (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 259 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShear strength and stiffness degradation of geomaterials in cyclic loading
Pytlik, Robert Stanislaw UL; Van Baars, Stefan UL

in Soils and Rocks (2016), 39(3), 273-283

Cyclic loading on civil structures can lead to a reduction of strength and stiffness in the loaded materials. The life span of many cyclically loaded structures such as wind turbines, high-speed train ... [more ▼]

Cyclic loading on civil structures can lead to a reduction of strength and stiffness in the loaded materials. The life span of many cyclically loaded structures such as wind turbines, high-speed train tracks and bridges strongly depends on the foundation. The soils and rocks in the foundation can be subjected to cyclic loads from natural and human sources. In order to evaluate the fatigue behaviour of geomaterials, this paper presents static and cyclic triaxial test results for several geomaterials. It was concluded that cyclic loading on different geomaterials can cause different types of effects. The shear strength of cohesionless crumbled limestone increases during cyclic loading; while for cohesive materials, such as gypsum and mortar, the strength decreases. The strength decrease can be seen as a degradation of the cohesion. The most significant factor in the cohesion reduction was found to be the number of applied cycles. It was also noticed that the friction angle for sands does not reduce under cyclic loading. A fatigue limit was not found for cohesive geomaterials; neither a dependence of the strength reduction on the cyclic loading ratios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 200 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShear Stresses Analysis at the Steel-Concrete Interface with the Usage of Bond Eliminating Products
Chrzanowski, Maciej UL; Odenbreit, Christoph UL; Obiala, Renata et al

in Proceedings of the XI CMM 2017 Conference, Coimbra 23-24 November 2017 (2017, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (10 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShear stresses in honeycomb sandwich plates: Analytical solution, finite element method and experimental verification
Wahl, Laurent UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Journal of Sandwich Structures & Materials (2012), 4

Honeycomb composite structures are used in airplanes, railway cars and vehicles. The sandwich panels consist of two stiff face sheets of aluminium, which are bonded to a very lightweight honeycomb core of ... [more ▼]

Honeycomb composite structures are used in airplanes, railway cars and vehicles. The sandwich panels consist of two stiff face sheets of aluminium, which are bonded to a very lightweight honeycomb core of aluminium. Compared to normal plates, sandwich panels have a very high stiffness and simultaneously a low weight. The core of these structures is mainly subjected to shear stresses. The shear stresses depend strongly on the angle of the load application. The distribution and the level of the shear stresses are investigated using analytical calculations. The load direction which induces highest stresses in the honeycomb core is derived. This direction is not the W-direction, which is the most compliant one. When doing finite element simulations of honeycomb cores, often the core is homogenized in order to reduce the calculation time. In this article, some equations are derived in order to calculate the real shear stresses from the shear stresses of the homogeneous core. The equations are validated by finite element simulations and partially by tests. Three-point bending tests and additionally some Food Cart Roller Tests were conducted in order to test the panels in different angles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1137 (11 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShear Stresses in Honeycomb Sandwich Plates: Analytical Solution, Finite Elemente Method and Experimental Verification
Wahl, Laurent UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Journal of Sandwich Structures & Materials (2012), 14(4), 449-468

Honeycomb composite structures are used in airplanes, railway cars and vehicles. The sandwich panels consist of two stiff face sheets of aluminium, which are bonded to a very lightweight honeycomb core of ... [more ▼]

Honeycomb composite structures are used in airplanes, railway cars and vehicles. The sandwich panels consist of two stiff face sheets of aluminium, which are bonded to a very lightweight honeycomb core of aluminium. Compared to normal plates, sandwich panels have a very high stiffness and simultaneously a low weight. The core of these structures is mainly subjected to shear stresses. The shear stresses depend strongly on the angle of the load application. The distribution and the level of the shear stresses are investigated using analytical calculations. The load direction which induces highest stresses in the honeycomb core is derived. This direction is not the W-direction, which is the most compliant one. When doing finite element simulations of honeycomb cores, often the core is homogenized in order to reduce the calculation time. In this article, some equations are derived in order to calculate the real shear stresses from the shear stresses of the homogeneous core. The equations are validated by finite element simulations and partially by tests. Three-point bending tests and additionally some Food Cart Roller Tests were conducted in order to test the panels in different angles. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 155 (12 UL)
Full Text
See detailShear Transfer in Heavy Steel-Concrete Composite Columns with Multiple Encased Steel Profiles
Chrzanowski, Maciej UL

Doctoral thesis (2019)

The PhD Thesis is dealing with the shear transfer in heavy steel-concrete composite columns with multiple encased steel profiles. In the conducted research, a focus was placed on two aspects of shear ... [more ▼]

The PhD Thesis is dealing with the shear transfer in heavy steel-concrete composite columns with multiple encased steel profiles. In the conducted research, a focus was placed on two aspects of shear transfer: (1) local shear transfer at the steel-concrete interface and (2) global shear transfer between the embedded steel profiles. With reference to the current practice, gaps in the knowledge and in the available solutions have been identified. The development of a novel, easy-applicable and efficient type of shear connectors for an application in composite columns with one or multiple-encased steel profiles satisfies the improvement need to assure local shear transfer between steel and concrete materials. The novel type of flat shear connectors has a form of reinforcement bars welded to the flanges of steel profiles. Three main orientations, in accordance to the steel beam longitudinal axis, were investigated: 1) transversal, 2) longitudinal and 3) angled under 45° - V-shaped. The force transfer mechanism of the proposed shear connectors considers the usage of the external stirrups to anchorage the compression struts and bear the tensile forces. In parallel, the steel-concrete bond phenomenon was examined and analysed. In the consideration of the global shear transfer and in respect to the mechanical engineering model and behaviour of large composite columns with more than one embedded steel profile, the common practice so far is to assume a homogenous system with one stiffness and analyse it based on the Bernoulli beam theory. However, the results of the recent tests caused some doubts whether this approach is correct. The derivation away from the Bernoulli beam behaviour leads to a changed stiffness of the column and hence changed critical buckling load. An innovative hybrid conception has been proposed, where a transition towards the Vierendeel truss model embedded into the Timoshenko beam model is considered in order to govern the identified significant effects of shear deformation. Within this objective, big-scale beam/column members with two embedded steel profiles were examined in order to investigate an internal forces distribution and its bending and shear stiffness. A complex interaction between the materials and lack of knowledge regarding composite behaviour in columns with multiple encased steel profiles opens opportunities to develop novel systems and design methods. The described objectives are investigated experimentally and by the FE numerical simulations. As an outcome, an analytical model for the resistance of the developed novel shear connectors and innovative mechanical engineering model for the description of the structural behaviour, as well as effective stiffness, of a composite member with more than one embedded steel profile are given. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 183 (34 UL)
Full Text
See detailSheaves and D-modules on Lorentzian manifolds
Schapira, Pierre UL; Jubin, Benoît Michel UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Sheffer-criterion for partial 4-valued logic
Schölzel, Karsten UL

in Journal of Multiple-Valued Logic & Soft Computing (2012), 18(2), 167-199

We determine the minimal covering of maximal partial clones in 4-valued logic. That means a necessary and sufficient condition for partial Sheffer functions in 4-valued logic in terms of the maximal ... [more ▼]

We determine the minimal covering of maximal partial clones in 4-valued logic. That means a necessary and sufficient condition for partial Sheffer functions in 4-valued logic in terms of the maximal partial clones is established. Furthermore several statements about members of the minimal covering of the maximal partial clones for any finite-valued logic are established. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShelf Life and Controlled Cure of Epoxies by Loaded Zeolite
Gaukler, J. Ch; Müller, Ulrich UL; Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL et al

in Composite Interfaces (2010)

Epoxy formulations based on the multi-functional amine hardener, dicyandiamide (Dicy), regularly contain a free accelerator for reducing the curing temperature and the time needed to complete the network ... [more ▼]

Epoxy formulations based on the multi-functional amine hardener, dicyandiamide (Dicy), regularly contain a free accelerator for reducing the curing temperature and the time needed to complete the network formation. Unfortunately, all accelerators reduce the shelf life of these adhesives at 25◦C. In order to solve this problem, accelerator-loaded zeolites fillers were developed, optimised with respect to host–guest interactions and characterised by Fraunhofer IFAM (Bremen, Germany) with regard to the release and curing behaviour in epoxy adhesive formulations. They are added to an epoxy adhesive (diglycidylether of bisphenol A (EP) and dicyandiamide (Dicy), mass ratio 100:6.7), stored at 25◦C in regular air or cured (heated with β = 10 K/min to 170◦C subsequent isothermal curing for 45 min). That shelf life and curing behaviour are investigated by FT-IR spectroscopy and modulated DSC. Compared to the EP containing free accelerator, the zeolite-filled EP possesses a threefold increase in shelf life at 25◦C due to the immobilization of the accelerator in the pores of the zeolites. While the free accelerator acts steadily during heating, it is shown that the loaded zeolite releases the accelerator at about 76◦C. Surprisingly, the released accelerator is not only involved in the chemical formation of the epoxy network but it accelerates the dissolution of Dicy considerably. As the result, network formation at 170◦C finishes after not more than 19 min and the starting temperature for curing could be reduced to 140◦C. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailA shift in paradigm towards human biology-based systems for cholestatic-liver diseases.
Noor, Fozia UL

in The Journal of physiology (2015), 593(23), 5043-55

Cholestatic-liver diseases (CLDs) arise from diverse causes ranging from genetic factors to drug-induced cholestasis. The so-called diseases of civilization (obesity, diabetes, metabolic disorders, non ... [more ▼]

Cholestatic-liver diseases (CLDs) arise from diverse causes ranging from genetic factors to drug-induced cholestasis. The so-called diseases of civilization (obesity, diabetes, metabolic disorders, non-alcoholic liver disease, cardiovascular diseases, etc.) are intricately implicated in liver and gall bladder diseases. Although CLDs have been extensively studied, there seem to be important gaps in the understanding of human disease. Despite the fact that many animal models exist and substantial clinical data are available, translation of this knowledge towards therapy has been disappointingly limited. Recent advances in liver cell culture such as in vivo-like 3D cultivation of human primary hepatic cells, human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived hepatocytes; and cutting-edge analytical techniques such as 'omics' technologies and high-content screenings could play a decisive role in deeper mechanistic understanding of CLDs. This Topical Review proposes a roadmap to human biology-based research using omics technologies providing quantitative information on mechanisms in an adverse outcome/disease pathway framework. With modern sensitive tools, a shift in paradigm in human disease research seems timely and even inevitable to overcome species barriers in translation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShift-symmetric configurations in two-dimensional cellular automata: Irreversibility, insolvability, and enumeration
Banda, Peter UL; Caughman, John; Cenek, Martin et al

in Chaos (2019), 29(6), 063120

The search for symmetry as an unusual yet profoundly appealing phenomenon, and the origin of regular, repeating configuration patterns have long been a central focus of complexity science and physics. To ... [more ▼]

The search for symmetry as an unusual yet profoundly appealing phenomenon, and the origin of regular, repeating configuration patterns have long been a central focus of complexity science and physics. To better grasp and understand symmetry of configurations in decentralized toroidal architectures, we employ group-theoretic methods, which allow us to identify and enumerate these inputs, and argue about irreversible system behaviors with undesired effects on many computational problems. The concept of so-called configuration shift-symmetry is applied to two-dimensional cellular automata as an ideal model of computation. Regardless of the transition function, the results show the universal insolvability of crucial distributed tasks, such as leader election, pattern recognition, hashing, and encryption. By using compact enumeration formulas and bounding the number of shift-symmetric configurations for a given lattice size, we efficiently calculate the probability of a configuration being shift-symmetric for a uniform or density-uniform distribution. Further, we devise an algorithm detecting the presence of shift-symmetry in a configuration. Given the resource constraints, the enumeration and probability formulas can directly help to lower the minimal expected error and provide recommendations for system’s size and initialization. Besides cellular automata, the shift-symmetry analysis can be used to study the non-linear behavior in various synchronous rule-based systems that include inference engines, Boolean networks, neural networks, and systolic arrays. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShifting Epistemologies for Discipline and Rigour in Educational Research: Challenges and Opportunities from Digital Humanities
Priem, Karin UL; Fendler, Lynn

in European Educational Research Journal (2019)

This paper historicizes “rigour”, discipline” and “systematic” as inventions of a certain rational spirit of Enlightenment that was radicalized during the 19th century. These terms acquired temporary ... [more ▼]

This paper historicizes “rigour”, discipline” and “systematic” as inventions of a certain rational spirit of Enlightenment that was radicalized during the 19th century. These terms acquired temporary value in a transition during the 19th century when a culture of research was established within a modern episteme. Beginning in the 20th century, this development was perceived as problematic, triggering criticism from philosophy and the arts, and even within the sciences. “Discipline”, “rigour” and “systematic” have changed meanings over time, and recent contributions from Digital Humanities are promising for a renewed critical debate about rigour in research. Both digital humanities and quantitative research deal with big data sets aimed at providing a large-scale analysis. However, unlike most quantitative research, digital humanities explore uncertainties as their main focus. Attention to the human-machine collaboration has led to more expansive thinking in scientific research. Digital humanities go further by advancing a metaperspective that deals with the material hermeneutics of data accumulation itself. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (38 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailShifting Martingale Measures and the Birth of a Bubble as a Submartingale
Föllmer, Hans UL; Biagini, Francesca; Nedelcu, Sorin

in Finance and Stochastics (2014), 18(2), 297-326

In an incomplete financial market model, we study a flow in the space of equivalent martingale measures and the corresponding shifting perception of the fundamental value of a given asset. This allows us ... [more ▼]

In an incomplete financial market model, we study a flow in the space of equivalent martingale measures and the corresponding shifting perception of the fundamental value of a given asset. This allows us to capture the birth of a perceived bubble and to describe it as an initial submartingale which then turns into a supermartingale before it falls back to its initial value zero. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (6 UL)