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See detailSocial, behavioral, and contextual influences on cognitive function and decline over the life course.
Leist, Anja UL; Mackenbach, Johan P.

in Leist, Anja; Kulmala, Jenni; Nyqvist, Fredrica (Eds.) Health and cognition in old age. From biomedical and life course factors to policy and practice. (2014)

Maintaining cognitive function is a prerequisite for living autonomously in older age, and it is highly desirable to postpone cognitive decline for as long as possible. In order to understand how ... [more ▼]

Maintaining cognitive function is a prerequisite for living autonomously in older age, and it is highly desirable to postpone cognitive decline for as long as possible. In order to understand how cognitive function is shaped across the life course, it is necessary to focus on life course influences on cognitive aging. The chapter gives a selective review of current knowledge on life course influences on later-life cognitive function with a particular focus on the most recent developments in research on cognitive reserve between 2008 and 2013. First, the theoretical framework of cognitive reserve and life course epidemiology is introduced. Then, an overview is given on life course influences that have been shown to shape later cognitive function, with a focus on important factors of social and behavioral nature, such as education, work environment, and social and physical activities. New research on contextual factors, such as neighborhood socioeconomic status, schooling laws and retirement policies is then presented. The chapter ends with prospects for further research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (7 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Socialisation of Hierarchic Self-Interest?Value Socialization in the Family
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Baier, Dirk; Boehnke, Klaus

in Young : Nordic Journal of Youth Research (2008), 16(3), 279-301

The article reports research on family socialization of dominance values among adolescents. Dominance values were studied as expressed in Hierarchic Self-Interest (HSI), a value pattern that is typical ... [more ▼]

The article reports research on family socialization of dominance values among adolescents. Dominance values were studied as expressed in Hierarchic Self-Interest (HSI), a value pattern that is typical for highly competitive market-oriented societies and has negative behavioural consequences. In analyzing socialization, the study concentrates on authoritarian and achievement-focused parenting, as well as structural and ideological predictors thereof. The relevance of HSI for attitudes and behaviours is studied by considering xenophobia and delinquency as its consequences. Using panel data of 443 families (mothers, fathers, and adolescent offspring) from Berlin (Germany), a structural equation model is estimated. Results show that adolescent HSI can be traced back to social-structural variables and parenting modes, but also develops through intergenerational value transmission. It has assumed negative consequences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (0 UL)
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See detailSociality and Self-Organisation in Next-Generation Distributed Environments
Botev, Jean UL

Doctoral thesis (2011)

The proliferation of computationally powerful, interconnected devices entails a new generation of networked applications and social utilities characterized by a strong growth in scale and dynamics.<br ... [more ▼]

The proliferation of computationally powerful, interconnected devices entails a new generation of networked applications and social utilities characterized by a strong growth in scale and dynamics.<br />Distributed virtual environments constitute a privileged example, involving a high degree of interactivity as well as tightened constraints and requirements. As a response to these issues, this dissertation explores and substantiates sociality as a fundamental principle both in and for the design of such systems.<br />A specialized, dual peer-to-peer architecture is introduced, combining a highly-structured backbone overlay with a loosely-structured geometric client overlay synergistically complementing each other. To enable a global-scale, single-instanced environment, it is imperative to include as many client-side resources as possible and unburden the backbone. The focus of this dissertation therefore lies upon the latter, geometric overlay.<br />By taking an interdisciplinary perspective and leveraging different aspects of sociality, a series of self-organized approaches addressing major problem areas are proposed: a collaborative filtering mechanism for the handling of information overload created from the soaring amounts of users and objects; a confidentiality framework for the protection of sensitive data more likely exposed due to an increased interactivity; and two resource allocation schemes for fairly distributing surplus capacities in the face of critical regional surges.<br />Detailed evaluations show that these decentralized algorithms operate robustly and effectively, while yielding well-converging results in comparison to optimal, global-knowledge scenarios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (21 UL)
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See detailSocially assistive robots for teaching emotional abilities to children with autism spectrum disorder
Pinto Costa, Andreia UL; Steffgen, Georges UL; Rodriguez Lera, Francisco Javier UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017, March)

Socially assistive robots, when used in a way that takes into consideration children’s needs and developmental characteristics, can be useful tools to enable children’s development. More specifically, due ... [more ▼]

Socially assistive robots, when used in a way that takes into consideration children’s needs and developmental characteristics, can be useful tools to enable children’s development. More specifically, due to their characteristics (predictability, simplicity, and repetition) robots can be especially helpful to teach emotional abilities to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous research has provided preliminary evidence that robots can help children improve in some domains such as joint attention and imitation. However, no studies have examined how robots can be integrated in intervention protocols targeting the acquisition of emotional abilities in children with ASD. This paper presents a work in progress on an emotional ability training developed for children with ASD using the QT socially assistive robot. This training aims to test whether children with ASD can benefit from a robot-mediated training to improve emotional ability. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 441 (15 UL)
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See detailSocially Augmented Content Distribution in Hybrid Networks
Klasen, Bernd UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

Internet traffic is experiencing a great growth whose end cannot be foreseen. Whether it will always be possible to upgrade the infrastructure fast enough to keep up with the increasing demand is ... [more ▼]

Internet traffic is experiencing a great growth whose end cannot be foreseen. Whether it will always be possible to upgrade the infrastructure fast enough to keep up with the increasing demand is uncertain. On any account this undertaking will be expensive and the consequences that arise from the thereby growing complexity are hard to predict. For many files delivered via Internet a large degree of redundancy can be observed. Since such transfers use unicast transmission mode, the induced traffic increases linearly with the number of downloads. This is a challenge for the delivery network used and for the servers. This thesis argues that the peaks in Internet traffic can be truncated and the aggregated amount of bytes transferred be significantly reduced by shifting this redundant traffic to a broadcast network. Thereby the unicast and broadcast network are combined by means of a hybrid network that allows dynamic routing of data via either of them. Based on this infrastructure a socially augmented content distribution model relying on P2P technology is defined that manages the network selection and the delivery of data. It aims at delivering files to user caches prior to the demand and thus can level out the fluctuations in Internet and server load. Thereby it makes use of social networks by means of capitalizing information about social ties, similarities and mutual influence among individuals. It is shown that by this approach the Internet traffic can be significantly reduced while only requiring a comparatively small amount of broadcast network capacity. At the same time the user perceived quality of service is increased by means of a reduced delivery time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (10 UL)
See detailA Socially Balanced European Economic Governance?
Muñoz, Susana UL

Scientific Conference (2019, June 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL)
See detailSocially Constructed Trust for Distributed Authorization
Barker, Steve; Genovese, Valerio UL

in Computer Security – ESORICS 2011 (2011)

We describe an approach for distributed access control that is based on the idea of using a community-constructed repository of expressions of propositional attitudes. We call this repository an oracle ... [more ▼]

We describe an approach for distributed access control that is based on the idea of using a community-constructed repository of expressions of propositional attitudes. We call this repository an oracle. Members of a community may consult the oracle and use the expressions of belief and disbelief in propositions that are expressed by community members about requesters for access to resources. Our conceptual model and access control policies are described in terms of a computational logic and we describe an implementation of the approach that we advocate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)
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See detailSocially-Sensitive Systems Design
Bellman, Kirstie; Botev, Jean UL; Hildmann, Hanno et al

in IEEE Technology & Society Magazine (2017), 36(3), 72-80

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (5 UL)
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See detailSocially-Sensitive Systems Design – Working Group on "Understanding Social Concepts in Self-Organising Systems"
Lewis, Peter R.; Bellman, Kirstie; Botev, Jean UL et al

in Dagstuhl Reports (2016), 5(11), 142-147

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 UL)
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See detailThe Societas Unius Personae (SUP): A Passport for Job Creation and Growth
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in European Company and Financial Law Review (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 210 (5 UL)
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See detailLa société anonyme unipersonnelle au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Le droit des affaires = Het ondernemingsrecht (2008), (85), 3-14

Detailed reference viewed: 198 (8 UL)
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See detailSociété de gestion de portefeuille et traçabilité
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Revue de Droit Bancaire et Financier (2019), (5),

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (0 UL)
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See detailDe Société de Médecine Mentale de Belgique in transnationaal perspectief (1869-1900)
Andersen, Eva UL

in Journal of Belgian History = Revue Belge d'Histoire Contemporaine = Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis (2017), 47(4),

The Société de Médecine Mentale de Belgique (SMMB) was created in the 19 th century. This society united the Belgian psychiatrists, made knowledge sharing possible and raised awareness of problems in the ... [more ▼]

The Société de Médecine Mentale de Belgique (SMMB) was created in the 19 th century. This society united the Belgian psychiatrists, made knowledge sharing possible and raised awareness of problems in the Belgian psychiatric world. During the meetings of the society, ideas and opinions of Belgian physicians as well as their foreign colleagues, were exchanged. Until now, research on these transnational contacts, particularly in Belgium, had been very superficial. Yet, the 19th century did not only see the advent of the nation, but also of more and more transnational networks. This article aspires to fill this void by focusing on the international profiling of the SMMB and by studying the impact of foreign alienists on Belgian psychiatry. To gain scientific status in Belgium as well as abroad, the SMMB needed to position itself outside the national borders. Furthermore, the society used its foreign connections to put pressure on the government in an attempt to bring Belgian psychiatry to the same level as in its neighbouring countries. The adaptation of (inter)national ideas and debates was central to its policy and resulted, within the psychiatric community, in tensions between the national and the international level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (25 UL)
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See detailLa société en commandite spéciale : finalités et caractéristiques
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

in Journal des Tribunaux Luxembourg (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (7 UL)