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See detailSocial and temporal comparisons, health and life satisfaction old age
Ferring, Dieter UL

in Abstracts of the 9th European Congress of Psychology, Granada (Spain), 3.-7. July 2005. (2005)

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See detailSocial background effects on school and job opportunities
Tampieri, Alessandro UL

in Education Economics (2015)

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See detailSocial Change for Sustainable Localized Food Sovereignty. Convergence between Prosumers and Ethical Entrepreneurs.
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Sociologia del Lavoro (2018), 152(4),

Some resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have recently appeared in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paradoxically paired with high consumer ... [more ▼]

Some resourceful community-driven initiatives for local food production and retail have recently appeared in Luxembourg, where low organic agricultural rates are paradoxically paired with high consumer demands. This niche of social innovators combines agroecology with circular economy practices. Four cases of alternative food networks are presented here – studied with qualitative interviews and participant observation. One was established in the 1980s and has about 200 employees, partly linked to social assistance. The more recent and smaller initiatives are characterised by cooperative governance, a community-supported agricultural outlook, hands-on workshops and time banks, all enabled by social media. These initiatives are more radical in their agro-ecological or permaculture practices, focusing on regenerative land use without relying on imports and fostering the integration of consumers with varying degrees of prosumer involvement. This politicised step goes further than mere (and possibly industrialised) organic production. It represents a cultural shift in the food system by attracting media and policy interest, diverting attention away from individuals and focusing instead on the collective efforts that are necessary to build a more resilient food system. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Change Vital to Sustainability Goals
Norström, Albert et al.; Kyriakopoulou, Efthymia UL

in Nature (2013)

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See detailLe social chez René Demogue
Hiez, David UL; Boulaire, Jérémy

in Revue Interdisciplinaire d'Etudes Juridiques [= RIEJ] (2006), (56), 21-56

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See detailSOCIAL CLAUSES IN OUTSOURCING PROCESSES. SOCIAL RIGHTS VERSUS ECONOMIC FREEDOMS IN THE PRISM OF THE MULTILEVEL LEGAL ORDER
Marchi, Giulia UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

The aim of the thesis is to study the different provisions included in the notion of social clause and offer an in-depth and systematic analysis of some types of social clauses in the Italian and European ... [more ▼]

The aim of the thesis is to study the different provisions included in the notion of social clause and offer an in-depth and systematic analysis of some types of social clauses in the Italian and European Union legal order, their characteristics, their regulation, and the legal interests that are aimed at protecting, as well as their classification in the multilevel legal order. This study is preliminary for the assessment on the legitimacy of such clauses in relation to economic freedoms. Indeed, the application of social clauses is one of the fields in which the contrast between fundamental social rights and economic freedoms emerges most clearly and in relation to which some differences occur in the reconciliation of interests made by the Courts at national and EU level. The most relevant distinction for this research relies on the classification developed by Italian scholars, who, on the basis of contents and interests protected by social clauses, usually distinguish between equal treatment or first-generation social clauses and rehiring or second-generation social clauses. Also the nature of the procurement contract, public or private, may condition the judgment on the legitimacy of social clauses with regard to economic freedoms, due to the different regulations applicable in the two fields and the tension between the protection of competition and social objectives, which historically characterizes the action of the public administration in the field of public procurements. The thesis investigates the legislation and the case law concerning the first- and second-generation social clauses, both statutory and contractual, at European and Italian level, with reference to public and private procurements. From this study, it is clear that there are problems of effectiveness and applicability concerning first- and second-generation social clauses, as well as of conflicting interests: social clauses may hinder the competition, negatively condition the entrepreneur’s freedom to conduct a business, affect the entrepreneurs’ freedom of association, and, therefore, risk to contrast with the constitutional and European provisions protecting those freedoms. In this reasoning, the different levels of protection and the importance recognised to social rights and economic freedoms in the Italian and European Union legal systems, the legal framework generated by their interaction, and the type of balancing in the two legal orders must be considered. In the search for a reasonable balance between economic freedoms and social rights, the thesis explores whether the various interests protected by the different types of social clauses can fall within that notion of employment protection which constitutes an overriding reason relating to the public interest justifying a limitation of the economic freedoms and investigates to what extent the prevention of unfair competition and social dumping, the protection of workers’ rights and employment stability can justify a restriction of fundamental economic freedoms. In conclusion, the aim of the study is to investigate if it is possible to achieve a fair balance between opposing interests, social rights, on the one hand, and economic freedoms and free competition, on the other, and comprehend how the interests contrasting with them in relation to the case of social clauses can be balanced. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial comparison and anxious mood in pulmonary rehabilitation: The role of cognitive focus
Petersen, Sibylle UL; Taube, Karin; Lehmann, Kirsten et al

in British Journal of Health Psychology (2012), 17(3), 463-476

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (0 UL)
See detailThe social construction of ‘school failure’ and ‘language problems’ Insights from the project Plurilingual Literacies in Luxembourg
Mick, Carola UL

in Penser l'éducation de demain. Etudes en l'honneur de Dominique Portante (2011)

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See detailSocial disparities and correlates of domestic accidents.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Ravaud, J. et al

in Psychology & Health (2009)

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health ... [more ▼]

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health, obesity, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, fatigue/sleep disorders, and physical, sensorial and cognitive disabilities. Methods: 6,198 people aged ≥15, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire including domestic accident(s) during the last two years. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Domestic accidents affected 3.1% of subjects. Manual workers and clerks had higher risks (age-gender adjusted OR 1.6, 95%CI 1.1-2.6 and 1.5, 1.0-2.4) compared with the other socioeconomic groups. These differences became non significant when controlling for all covariates of which those significant were: sex, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and fatigue/sleep disorders (adjusted odds ratios 1.48-1.88). Discussion: There are social disparities in domestic accidents, and they are confounded by sex, substance use, and fatigue/sleep disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial division in the market: conspicous consumption with nationalist feelings
Zanaj, Skerdilajda UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

In this paper, we explore the effects of conspicuous goods as a means of social division between native citizens and migrants. We push forward the hypothesis that choosing a particular good can confer a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we explore the effects of conspicuous goods as a means of social division between native citizens and migrants. We push forward the hypothesis that choosing a particular good can confer a sense of place. We introduce this idea in an international vertical differentiation market with two variants and two social groups: migrants and natives. Natives are narrow-minded since they attribute a positive social value to the variant that complies with their own consumption culture. Migrants are open-minded. When consumers belonging to different groups meet, they exchange information about their consumption habits and consumption well-being that reveals their consumption culture: narrow-minded versus open-minded. Consequently, after meeting, some consumers may change beliefs (narrow-minded to open-minded or vice versa) and consumption choices. Using a dynamic model, we fully elucidate the steady-state equilibrium and highlight the impact of nationalism on migrant integration. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial epidemiology
Chauvel, Louis UL; Leist, Anja UL

in Wright, James D. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (2015)

The search of social determinants of health and disease has advanced substantially over the last decade. We present recent theoretical advancements, methodological approaches, and a selection of empirical ... [more ▼]

The search of social determinants of health and disease has advanced substantially over the last decade. We present recent theoretical advancements, methodological approaches, and a selection of empirical evidence for the three main research strands: First, social inequalities can explain health differences. Here, we first focus on hierarchic social stratification with regard to socioeconomic and social class differences influencing health, then we extend the view towards non-hierarchic social stratification with regard to ethno-cultural differences, lifestyle, and cognitive and non-cognitive abilities. We shortly mention social relations and social network as determinants of health. Last, we use the concept of social times to distinguish age, period, and cohort effects in population health. After presenting evidence on contextual social determinants of health, we close with methodological challenges, social policy implications, and translation to practice. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial Epistemology, the Reason of “Reason” and the Curriculum Studies
Popkewitz, Thomas S. UL

in Education Policy Analysis Archives (2014), 22(22),

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (5 UL)
See detailSocial generations and the transformation of consumption
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Ning, Wang; Davis, D.; Herpin, N. (Eds.) An Exploration into the Sociology of Consumption (2011)

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See detailA social gradient in fatal opioids and cocaine related overdoses?
Origer, Alain; Le Bihan, Etienne UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in PLoS ONE (2015), 4(10(5)),

To determine the existence of a social gradient in fatal overdose cases related to non-prescribed opioids and cocaine use, recorded in Luxembourg between 1994 and 2011. METHODS: Overdose cases were ... [more ▼]

To determine the existence of a social gradient in fatal overdose cases related to non-prescribed opioids and cocaine use, recorded in Luxembourg between 1994 and 2011. METHODS: Overdose cases were individually matched with four controls in a nested case-control study design, according to sex, year of birth, drug administration route and duration of drug use. The study sample, composed of 272 cases and 1,056 controls, was stratified according to a Social Inequality Accumulation Score (SIAS), based on educational attainment, employment, income, financial situation of subjects and the professional status of their father or legal guardian. Least squares linear regression analysis on overdose mortality rates and ridit scores were applied to determine the Relative Index of Inequality (RII) of the study sample. RESULTS: A negative linear relationship between the overdose mortality rate and the relative socioeconomic position was observed. We found a difference in mortality of 29.22 overdose deaths per 100 drug users in the lowest socioeconomic group compared to the most advantaged group. In terms of the Relative Inequality Index, the overdose mortality rate of opioid and cocaine users with lowest socioeconomic profiles was 9.88 times as high as that of their peers from the highest socioeconomic group (95% CI 6.49-13.26). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the existence of a marked social gradient in opioids and cocaine related overdose fatalities. Harm reduction services should integrate socially supportive offers, not only because of their general aim of social (re)integration but crucially in order to meet their most important objective, that is to reduce drug-related mortality [less ▲]

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See detailThe Social Impacts of Informal Sectors in Border Regions: Cross-regional Perspectives
Koff, Harlan UL; Du Bry, Travis UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (1 UL)
See detailThe social inclusion of students with physical disabilities
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Stevenson, Jim

Scientific Conference (2017, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL)