Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailOdpowiedzialność podmiotów zbiorowych we francuskim i polskim prawie karnym. Analiza porównawcza
Tosza, Stanislaw UL

in Czasopismo Prawa Karnego i Nauk Penalnych (2008), 1

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe OECD and Cold War Culture: thinking historically about PISA
Tröhler, Daniel UL

in Meyer, Heinz-Dieter; Benavot, Aaron (Eds.) PISA, Power, and Policy. The emergence of global educational governance (2013)

In this article, the Cold War is understood as an encompassing cultural agenda according to which an enduring global peace and welfare under the leadership either of the United States or the Soviet Union ... [more ▼]

In this article, the Cold War is understood as an encompassing cultural agenda according to which an enduring global peace and welfare under the leadership either of the United States or the Soviet Union was being promised. In the West the notion of ‘One World’ had become popular; it indicated the idea of a safe and united world based on the security and well-being of common people throughout the world, provided by US world leadership. However, when one of the former allies, the Soviet Union, started to express similar ambitions on its own agenda it became an increasingly distracting factor for the global vision of ‘One World’ under the leadership of the United States. As much as the 'Weltanschauungen' and the political legitimation rhetoric between the two competitors for world peace differed, many of its means and measures – especially in the field of education – were surprisingly similar. This chapter demonstrates this thesis, taking the example of the genealogy of PISA, understanding it as a tool whose roots have been developed ideologically and methodologically in the course of the Cold War. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 600 (10 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe OECD and Higher Education Policy: Agenda-Setting, Organizational Dynamics and the Construction of Convening Authority
Harmsen, Robert UL; Braband, Gangolf

in Higher Education Policy (2021), 34(3), 582-602

The article examines the engagement of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with the higher education sector. Detailed empirical case studies probe the ultimate failure to ... [more ▼]

The article examines the engagement of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with the higher education sector. Detailed empirical case studies probe the ultimate failure to launch of the OECD’s Assessment of Higher Education Learning Outcomes (AHELO) initiative, as well as the recent demise of the long-established Institutional Management in Higher Education (IMHE) programme and the development of a new initiative on the evaluation of higher education system performance. The analysis is informed by a theoretical framework drawn from the wider international organization literature, focusing on internal organizational dynamics and the manner in which international organizations seek to construct their external authority. A complex portrait of the OECD as a policy actor correspondingly emerges, focused on agenda-setting within the organization in terms which highlight the interplay of organizational, governmental and stakeholder interests. This is further suggestive of a broader research agenda exploring emerging international-level policy processes in higher education. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 233 (19 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe OECD and Higher Education Policy: Bureaucratic Politics and the Dynamics of Agenda-Setting
Harmsen, Robert UL; Braband, Gangolf UL

Scientific Conference (2015, July 08)

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) appeared poised, in the late 1990s and early 2000s, to assume a significant role on the international higher education policy landscape ... [more ▼]

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) appeared poised, in the late 1990s and early 2000s, to assume a significant role on the international higher education policy landscape. The Paris-based international organisation, deploying its classic mix of governance instruments privileging cross-national comparison and the forging of a shared policy understanding, seemed to be strategically positioning itself in response to the growing internationalisation of the sector. Many in the higher education community, indeed, saw it as one of the major drivers of a neo-liberal agenda. Yet, in recent years, the OECD appears substantially to have withdrawn from the sector. Its flagship AHELO (Advanced Higher Education Learning Outcomes) initiative has failed to progress, while the organisation has also not proven able to sustain a broader portfolio of activities in the area. The present paper seeks to understand this paradoxical retrenchment, using a ‘bureaucratic politics’ approach that focuses on the understanding of organisational structures and processes. Both the organisation’s general policy drift in the higher education area and the more specific case of the apparent failure of AHELO are examined in detail. Lessons are drawn in terms of the dynamics of agenda-setting within the organisation, as well as in relation to the framing of policy issues by wider higher education stakeholder communities at the international level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 242 (67 UL)
Full Text
See detailOECD Report : The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021: Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship and Self Employment
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Report (2021)

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and ... [more ▼]

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there are substantial untapped opportunities for entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and immigrants and highlights the need for more differentiated government entrepreneurship policies that respond to the specific barriers they face. The report includes an assessment of the impact of COVID-19 across these populations of entrepreneurs and the effectiveness of the policy response. It also contains thematic policy chapters on microfinance and leveraging the potential of immigrant entrepreneurs. These chapters present the range of current policy actions in EU and OECD countries and make recommendations for future policy directions. Finally, the report contains country profiles for each of the 27 EU Member States that identify for each county the major recent trends in entrepreneurship by women, youth, seniors and immigrants, the key policy issues and the recent policy actions. See section on Luxembourg country profile. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (0 UL)
See detailOECD/G20 und BEPS - Entwicklungen im Bereich der Besteuerung digitalisierter Geschäftsmodelle
Sinnig, Julia UL; Schmittmann, Jens M.

in Der Steuerberater (2021), 72(4), 97-101

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOestrogen action on the myocardium in vivo: specific and permissive for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition.
Pelzer, Theo; de Jager, Tertia; Muck, Jenny et al

in Journal of hypertension (2002), 20(5), 1001-6

OBJECTIVES: In contrast to the vasculature, it remains unclear whether oestrogens also directly affect the myocardium. In this study, we addressed basic questions regarding oestrogen effects on the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: In contrast to the vasculature, it remains unclear whether oestrogens also directly affect the myocardium. In this study, we addressed basic questions regarding oestrogen effects on the myocardium, including specificity, pathophysiological relevance and potential clinical implications, with a special focus on interactions between oestrogen and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in an established in-vivo model of cardiac hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were ovarectomized (OVX) or sham-operated and treated with 17beta-oestradiol (2 microg/kg per day subcutaneously), the oestrogen receptor antagonist ZM-182780 (250 microg/kg per day subcutaneously) and the ACE-inhibitor moexipril (10 mg/kg per day orally) alone or in combination for 3 months. Hormone replacement restored physiological oestradiol serum levels and prevented uterus atrophy. Whereas moexipril alone was ineffective in OVX rats, substitution of oestradiol restored the beneficial effect of moexipril on systolic blood pressure (-30 +/- 5 mmHg) and relative heart weight (-11 +/- 3%) in OVX rats. Oestradiol upregulated alpha-myosin heavy chain (MHC) mRNA (+37 +/- 7%) and protein expression (+43 +/- 6%) in spite of increased blood pressure in OVX rats. Simultaneous treatment with oestradiol plus moexipril most effectively shifted the ratio of alpha-/beta-MHC mRNA and protein expression towards alpha-MHC in OVX animals. Oestradiol (10 nmol/l) also upregulated alpha-MHC mRNA and protein in cultured cardiac myocytes. The oestrogen receptor antagonist ZM-182780 significantly inhibited the observed oestrogen effects. CONCLUSIONS: Oestrogen replacement is permissive for the beneficial effects of ACE-inhibition in female SHR rats. Oestrogen effects on the myocardium in vivo are specific (i.e. oestrogen receptor mediated) because they are inhibited by a pure oestrogen receptor antagonist and occur at physiological hormone levels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 102 (0 UL)
See detailL'Oeuvre dramatique de Batty Weber
De Toffoli, Ian UL

in Millim, Anne-Marie (Ed.) Batty Weber. Werk und Wirkung (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailL’oeuvre en fuite : oscillation et instabilité dans les récits de Jean Genet
Jeusette, Julien UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (6 UL)
Full Text
See detailLes oeuvres complètes de Laurent Menager
Sagrillo, Damien UL; Nitschké, Alain UL

Report (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOeuvres pour orchestre à vents de compositeurs (m/f) luxembourgeois(es)
Sagrillo, Damien UL

Scientific Conference (2008, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (1 UL)
See detail"Of all affairs, communication is the most wonderful."
Biesta, Gert UL

in Breault, Donna Adair; Breault, Rick (Eds.) Experiencing Dewey: Insights for today's classrooms. Second edition. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 860 (2 UL)
See detail'"Of all affairs, communication is the most wonderful." Education as communicative praxis.'
Biesta, Gert UL

in Hansen, D. T. (Ed.) John Dewey and our educational prospect. A critical engagement with Dewey’s Democracy and Education. (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 532 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOf Dark Clouds and Their Silver Linings: Crisis as Opportunity in the Economic and Social Rights Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights
Lichuma, Caroline Omari UL

in Goettingen Journal of International Law (2021), 12(1), 1-35

We live in a world in crisis. These crises are experienced globally, regionally, by individual States and mostly by individuals themselves. Despite our differences, we are all united by crisis. However ... [more ▼]

We live in a world in crisis. These crises are experienced globally, regionally, by individual States and mostly by individuals themselves. Despite our differences, we are all united by crisis. However, adopting a regional outlook, this paper focuses on Europe, which,like much of the rest of the world, has in recent times been buffeted by multiple crises ranging from the financial and economic crisis that begun in 2008, to the climate change crisis, to the migrant and refugee crisis, to the Brexit crisis, to the COVID-19 pandemic that has rocked the entire globe. In times of crisis, it is commonplace to turn to legal and institutional frameworks in the hopes of finding some reprieve. Within Europe, one such institution is the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). This Court, also known as the Strasbourg court, was established in 1959 under Article 19 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Despite its primarily Civil and Political Rights (CPRs) mandate, the ECtHR has in numerous cases proven to be fertile ground for planting the seeds of Economic and Social Rights (ESRs) protection,1 which is/was inevitable, given the widely accepted indivisible, interdependent and interrelated nature of all human rights, whether CPRs or ESRs. The ECtHR explicates that “the Convention is a living instrument which […] must be interpreted in the light of present-day conditions.” In the present day conditions of numerous crises that have only exacerbated the already precarious conditions of numerous vulnerable rightsholders in the family of European States, the question then becomes what jurisprudential trends, prospects and pitfalls exist for the ECtHR in its dynamic interpretation of the ECHR to include ESRs. In seeking answers to this question, this paper analyzes the ESRs jurisprudence of the ECtHR with the intention of illuminating how the Court has, and ought to utilize its institutional role as an enforcer of human rights in general and ESRs in particular in the quest to mitigate the effects on rightsholders, of the crises being experienced within Europe. At the heart of this inquiry lies the assertion that in line with the ECtHR’s ESRs jurisprudence thus far, which evinces a willingness on the part of the Court to vindicate ESRs in order to bring these rights to life for the vulnerable rightsholders who need them the most, the myriad crises currently plaguing Europe continue to create opportunities for the ECtHR to craft a principled and consistent ESRs jurisprudence while simultaneously respecting the margin of appreciation enjoyed by the respective European States. This paper does not analyze State responses under Article 15 of the ECHR, which specifically allows the High Contracting Parties to derogate from their obligations under the Convention in times of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation. Rather, the analysis will be restricted to the ESRs jurisprudence of the ECtHR in times of the specific crises outlined below and where the States in question have not made an Article 15 derogation. The paper will proceed in three parts. Part A will give a brief overview of how the ECtHR has vindicated ESRs through its interpretation of the primarily CPRs found in the ECHR. Part B will thereafter briefly analyze three specific crises that have shaped the more recent ESRs jurisprudence of the Court: the financial and economic crisis, the migrant and refugee crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, Part C will offer some tentative recommendations on the way forward, arguing that while some progress has been made by the ECtHR in centering ESRs as a very necessary part of its response to contemporary European and global crises, the battle is far from won. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOf dice and men. Subjective priors, gauge invariance, and nonequilibrium thermodynamics
Polettini, Matteo UL

Scientific Conference (2013, July)

"Ceci n'est pas une pipe" wrote Ren\'e Magritte on what was only the representation of a pipe. Phenomena and their physical descriptions differ, and in particular the laws ruling the former might enjoy ... [more ▼]

"Ceci n'est pas une pipe" wrote Ren\'e Magritte on what was only the representation of a pipe. Phenomena and their physical descriptions differ, and in particular the laws ruling the former might enjoy symmetries that have to be spent to attain the latter. So, inertial frames are necessary to draw numbers out of Newtonian mechanics and confront with experiment, but ultimately the laws of mechanics are independent of reference frames. Generalizing work done in Ref. [M. Polettini, EPL 97 (2012) 30003] to continuous systems, we discuss from a foundational point of view how subjectivity in the choice of reference prior probability is a (gauge) symmetry of thermodynamics. In particular, a change of priors corresponds to a change of coordinates. Employing an approach based on the stochastic thermodynamics of continuous state-space diffusion processes, we discuss the difference between thermostatic and thermodynamic observables and show that, while the quantification of entropy depends on priors, the second law of thermodynamics is formulated in terms of invariant quantities, in particular the curvature of the thermodynamic force (gauge potential), which we calculate in a few examples of processes led by different nonequilibrium mechanisms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 152 (2 UL)
See detailOf Jam and Bombs: Surviving the War in 1917
Camarda, Sandra UL

Article for general public (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOf larks and hearts – morningness/eveningness, heart rate variability and cardiovascular stress response at different times of the day
Roeser, Karolin; Obergfell, Friederike; Meule, Adrian et al

in Physiology and Behavior (2012), 106 (2)

Inter-individual differences in the circadian period of physical and mental functions can be described on the dimension of morningness/eveningness. Previous findings support the assumption that ... [more ▼]

Inter-individual differences in the circadian period of physical and mental functions can be described on the dimension of morningness/eveningness. Previous findings support the assumption that eveningness is related to greater impulsivity and susceptibility to stress than morningness. Heart rate variability (HRV) serves as a physiological correlate of self- and emotional regulation and has not yet been investigated in relation to chronotypes. The study explores differences in HRV and other cardiovascular measures in morning- and evening-types at rest and under stress at different times of day (8-11 a.m. or 4-7 p.m.). Students (N = 471) were screened for chronotype and n = 55 females (27 morning- and 28 evening-types) were recruited for testing. These participants performed a mental arithmetic task while heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were recorded. Spectral components and a time-domain measure of HRV were calculated on HR data from resting and mental stress periods. Evening-types had significantly higher HR and systolic BP, but lower HRV than morning-types both at baseline and during stress. Stress induced in the evening had a significantly stronger impact on absolute and baseline corrected physiological measures in both chronotypes. The interaction of chronotype and testing time did not reach the level of significance for any of the dependent variables. The enhanced physiological arousal in evening-types might contribute to increased vulnerability to psychological distress. Hence, previous behavioral findings are supported by the physiological data of this study. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOf princesses, paladins, and player motivations: Gender stereotypes and gendered perceptions in video games
Melzer, André UL

in Breuer, Johannes; Pietschmann, Daniel; Liebold, Benny (Eds.) et al Evolutionary psychology and digital games. Digital hunter-gatherers (2019)

Video games have been labeled a male space, and playing video games an activity created by men and for men (Fox & Tang, 2014; see also Lange & Schwab, this volume). The present chapter analyses the ... [more ▼]

Video games have been labeled a male space, and playing video games an activity created by men and for men (Fox & Tang, 2014; see also Lange & Schwab, this volume). The present chapter analyses the typical roles of male and female video game characters, their presentation in games, their effects, and how players perceive these characters. To this end, gender in video games will be analyzed on different levels. Although women and men share the same overall interest in playing video games as a medium for entertainment, they differ substantially with regard to genres and game titles they prefer. These gender differences have been attributed to the overrepresentation of male characters in video games, uninviting game contents that strongly rely on competition and physical aggression, and the stereotypical portrayal and scripted behavioral patterns of hyper-masculine or “macho” male and sexualized female game characters. The issue of gender portrayals in video games will be discussed in the light of theoretical considerations on evolved dispositions that differ by sex versus the social structural account that attributes sex differences to the differing placement of women and men in the social structure. It will be argued that both theoretical approaches make similar predictions regarding gender-specific video game preferences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1344 (14 UL)