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See detailPotential Component Leaks in Android Apps: An Investigation into a new Feature Set for Malware Detection
Li, Li UL; Allix, Kevin UL; Li, Daoyuan UL et al

in The 2015 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS 2015) (2015, August)

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See detailPotential Contributions to Geoscience from GNSS Observations of the King Edward Point Geodetic Observatory, South Georgia, South Atlantic Ocean
Teferle, Felix Norman UL; Hunegnaw, Addisu UL; Ahmed, Furqan UL et al

Poster (2013, September 01)

During February 2013 the King Edward Point (KEP) Geodetic Observatory was established in South Georgia, South Atlantic Ocean, through a University of Luxembourg funded research project and in ... [more ▼]

During February 2013 the King Edward Point (KEP) Geodetic Observatory was established in South Georgia, South Atlantic Ocean, through a University of Luxembourg funded research project and in collaboration with the United Kingdom’s National Oceanography Centre, British Antarctic Survey and Unavco, Inc. Due to its remote location in the South Atlantic Ocean, as well as, being one of few subaerial exposures of the Scotia plate, South Georgia Island has been a key location for a number of global monitoring networks, e.g. seismic, geomagnetic and oceanic. However, no geodetic monitoring station has been established, e.g. by the International Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Service (IGS) community, despite the lack of such observations from this region. In this study we will present an evaluation of the GNSS observations from the KEP Geodetic Observatory for the period from February to August 2013. We calculate multipath and positioning statistics and compare these to those from IGS stations. The on-site meteorological data is compared to those from the nearby KEP meteorological station and global numerical weather models, and the impact of these data sets on delay and integrated water vapour estimates will be evaluated. We will discuss the installation in terms of its potential contributions to sea level observations using tide gauges and satellite altimetry, studies of tectonics, glacio-isostatic adjustment and atmospheric processes. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential energy landscape of monolayer-surface systems governed by repulsive lateral interactions: The case of (3 x 3)-I-Pt(111)
Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Batina, Nikola; Galvan, Marcelo

in PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS (2006), 97(3),

Combined density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo (MC) approach is applied to study the potential energy landscape of four iodine atoms adsorbed on the Pt(111) surface in a (3x3) unit cell. Three ... [more ▼]

Combined density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo (MC) approach is applied to study the potential energy landscape of four iodine atoms adsorbed on the Pt(111) surface in a (3x3) unit cell. Three critical points were identified: (3x3)-sym and (3x3)-asym, corresponding to structures well known from experimental studies, while the third one (3x3)-zigzag is a new structure not reported before. An interaction model fitted to DFT calculations allows us to explain the difference between arrangements of iodine monolayer in vacuum, air, and solution environments as a result of different repulsion regimes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe potential of including the UK in comparisons with other European countries in research on teenage pregnancy
Franz, Anke; Worrell, Marcia; Gilvarry, Catherine et al

in Critical Social Policy (2009), 29

This article is a response to Arai (2003) ‘British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries’ (Critical Social Policy 23: 89–102). It ... [more ▼]

This article is a response to Arai (2003) ‘British policy on teenage pregnancy and childbearing: The limitations of comparisons with other European countries’ (Critical Social Policy 23: 89–102). It discusses the arguments put forward by Arai there that cross-cultural comparisons in the area of teenage pregnancy are often problematic due to the unique demographics of the UK. While Arai’s considerations are important for cross-cultural research, they need to be more sensitive to the differences between countries included in these comparisons. Our article illustrates the potential value of cross-cultural research, using Germany as an exam- ple, and concludes that, as long as countries for such comparisons are cho- sen carefully, the merit of cross-cultural research on topics such as teenage pregnancy far exceeds its limitations. [less ▲]

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See detailThe potential of Language Technology and AI
Schommer, Christoph UL

Speeches/Talks (2020)

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See detailThe Potential of Precipitable Water Vapour Measurements from Global Navigation Satellite Systems in Luxembourg
Ahmed, Furqan UL

Doctoral thesis (2015)

The primary objectives of this research were to investigate the potential of precipitable water vapour (PWV) estimates derived from Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) measurements, firstly, for ... [more ▼]

The primary objectives of this research were to investigate the potential of precipitable water vapour (PWV) estimates derived from Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) measurements, firstly, for short-term weather forecasting based on numerical weather prediction (NWP) in Luxembourg and its surroundings and, secondly, for monitoring climate on regional and global scales. The suitability of real-time (RT) zenith total delay (ZTD) estimates obtained from three different precise point positioning (PPP) software packages was assessed by comparing them with the state-of-the-art product from the International GNSS Service (namely the IGS Final troposphere product) as well as collocated radiosonde (RS) observations. It was found that the RT-PPP ZTD estimates from two of the three software packages meet the threshold requirements for NWP nowcasting. The biases between the RT-PPP ZTD and the reference ZTD were found to be stable over time for all the RT-PPP ZTD solutions. A millimetre-level impact on the RT-PPP ZTD estimates was also observed when integer ambiguities were resolved. The impact of assimilating GNSS-derived near real-time (NRT) ZTD in the Applications of Research to Operations at Mesoscale (AROME) NWP model using a three-dimensional, variational (3D-VAR) assimilation scheme on the quality of weather forecasts for Luxembourg was studied. It was found that the assimilation of GNSS-derived ZTD systematically improves the atmospheric humidity short-range forecasts in comparison to other water vapour observing systems (radio soundings, satellite radiances, surface networks). Examination of several case studies revealed the ability of the ZTD observations to modify the intensity and location of predicted precipitation in accordance with previous studies. The addition of ZTD from the dense GNSS network in Wallonie (Belgium) was also found to be beneficial by improving the prediction of rainfall patterns in Luxembourg. The 2D maps of IWV obtained from the hourly NRT system were compared with cloud distribution and precipitation maps from satellite and weather radar data, respectively, and a good agreement in the location of the front system was found. A rise in IWV was recorded during a precipitation event in Luxembourg and it was shown that by observing the IWV change over the ground-based GNSS stations in Luxembourg in NRT, it is possible to determine the speed and direction of the passing fronts and hence storms can also be tracked. A 5-year long global reprocessed GNSS data set containing over 400 ground-based GNSS stations and based on the double differencing strategy has been used to validate the ZTD estimates obtained from the climate reanalysis model of the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) namely the ECMWF ReAnalysis-Interim (ERA-Interim) in different climate zones. It was found that the correlation coefficient between the GNSS-derived ZTD observations and the ZTD modeled by ERA-Interim ranges from 0.87 to 1.00. Higher correlation coefficients were found for the stations belonging to the climate zones with lower amount of water vapour. Furthermore, it was found that the mean, SDev and RMS of the differences depends on periodicity in the residuals, altitude of the stations in a particular zone as well as the topographic variation in the zone. Monthly and seasonal means of GNSS-derived ZTD (ZTDgnss) were computed using a global ZTDgnss dataset consisting of 19-years of data and over 400 stations to study the climate variability in different climate zones. In terms of seasonal means, it was found that the climate zones in the northern hemisphere have ZTD maxima in Boreal Summer (June-July-August) whereas those in the southern hemisphere have ZTD maxima in Austral Summer (December-January-February). Monthly and seasonal variability in ZTDgnss was also studied for the locations of 6 ground-based GNSS (SPSLux) stations in Luxembourg. It was found that all the 6 SPSLux stations experience the same monthly and seasonal variability of ZTDgnss. In terms of monthly variation, it was found that the maxima in ZTDgnss occurs around the month of July for all the 6 SPSLux stations whereas in terms of seasonal variation, the location of maxima was found to be in Summer (June-July-August). The suitability of the ZTD derived using precise point positioning (PPP) strategy for climate monitoring applications was studied through its comparison with the ZTD estimates derived using double differenced positioning (DDP) using a global network of 114 stations and duration of 1 year. The mean differences between the two were found to be ranging from -3.35 to 2.37 mm over different climate zones. Furthermore, correlation coefficients ranging from 0.90 and 1.00 were found between the ZTD obtained using the two processing strategies. It was found that use of higher elevation cut-off angles and tropospheric mapping functions based on NWP improves the agreement between the PPP and DDP solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential of the Deformation Area Difference (DAD)-Method for Condition Assessment of Bridge Structures
Waldmann, Danièle UL; Erdenebat, Dolgion UL

Scientific Conference (2019, August 27)

The construction industry ranks in the back rows in terms of digitalization. The numerous existing bridge structures require considerable effort for inspection and reliable assessment of their condition ... [more ▼]

The construction industry ranks in the back rows in terms of digitalization. The numerous existing bridge structures require considerable effort for inspection and reliable assessment of their condition. However, the state-of-the-art for inspecting these structures still relies on the visual inspection realized by bridge inspectors. The current paper summarizes several research projects in the field of condition assessment of bridge structures at the University of Luxembourg by analysing the structural response due to dynamic excitation and static loading tests. The latest development aims at using the most modern measurement techniques by combining them to a new method, the Deformation Area Difference (DAD)-Method in order to simplify and automatize at most the inspection process. The proposed DAD-Method is based on conventional static load deflection tests. It allows the localization of stiffness-reducing damage by using a very precise measurement of the deflection line and by combining this outcome to the deflection line generated by a simplified finite element model of the bridge. In order to investigate the condition of a bridge by the DAD-Method modern measurement techniques such as photogrammetry and laser scanning are used. In the framework of the conducted research, these techniques are also compared to traditional measurement systems such as total station and inductive displacement sensors as well as to digital levelling sensors. By theoretical examples and experimental tests, it can be shown that the DAD-Method is able to detect and localize damage when the damage level is dominant on the measurement noise. This paper investigates also the application of the method on a real bridge structure in Luxembourg. All of the above-mentioned measurement techniques were used, whereby the photogrammetry is applied using both, stable tripods and an autonomous flying drone. This allows examining the accuracy of the different measurement systems when applied on a real-size structure. [less ▲]

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See detailThe potential scaling of urban heat island and nitrogen dioxide with urban population: a systematic review
Wei, Yufei UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL; Lemoy, Rémi

Scientific Conference (2019, September 08)

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See detailThe Potential Short- and Long-Term Disruptions and Transformative Impacts of 5G and Beyond Wireless Networks: Lessons Learnt from the Development of a 5G Testbed Environment
PATWARY, MOHMAMMAD; NAWAZ, SYED JUNAID; RAHMAN, MD. ABDUR et al

in IEEE Access (2020)

The capacity and coverage requirements for 5th generation (5G) and beyond wireless connectivity will be significantly different from the predecessor networks. To meet these requirements, the anticipated ... [more ▼]

The capacity and coverage requirements for 5th generation (5G) and beyond wireless connectivity will be significantly different from the predecessor networks. To meet these requirements, the anticipated deployment cost in the United Kingdom (UK) is predicted to be between £30bn and £50bn, whereas the current annual capital expenditure (CapEX) of the mobile network operators (MNOs) is £2.5bn. This prospect has vastly impacted and has become one of the major delaying factors for building the 5G physical infrastructure, whereas other areas of 5G are progressing at their speed. Due to the expensive and complicated nature of the network infrastructure and spectrum, the second-tier operators, widely known as mobile virtual network operators (MVNO), are entirely dependent on the MNOs. In this paper, an extensive study is conducted to explore the possibilities of reducing the 5G deployment cost and developing viable business models. In this regard, the potential of infrastructure, data, and spectrum sharing is thoroughly investigated. It is established that the use of existing public infrastructure (e.g., streetlights, telephone poles, etc.) has a potential to reduce the anticipated cost by about 40% to 60%. This paper also reviews the recent Ofcom initiatives to release location-based licenses of the 5G-compatible radio spectrum. Our study suggests that simplification of infrastructure and spectrum will encourage the exponential growth of scenario-specific cellular networks (e.g., private networks, community networks, micro-operators) and will potentially disrupt the current business models of telecommunication business stakeholders – specifically MNOs and TowerCos. Furthermore, the anticipated dense device connectivity in 5G will increase the resolution of traditional and non-traditional data availability significantly. This will encourage extensive data harvesting as a business opportunity and function within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as well as large social networks. Consequently, the rise of new infrastructures and spectrum stakeholders is anticipated. This will fuel the development of a 5G data exchange ecosystem where data transactions are deemed to be high-value business commodities. The privacy and security of such data, as well as definitions of the associated revenue models and ownership, are challenging areas – and these have yet to emerge and mature fully. In this direction, this paper proposes the development of a unified data hub with layered structured privacy and security along with blockchain and encrypted off-chain based ownership/royalty tracking. Also, a data economy-oriented business model is proposed. The study found that with the potential commodification of data and data transactions along with the low-cost physical infrastructure and spectrum, the 5G network will introduce significant disruption in the Telco business ecosystem. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential socio-economic and lifestyle factors associated with sexual dissatisfaction among men and women
Anquetil, M.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology. (2009)

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly ... [more ▼]

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly selected subjects completed a postal questionnaire gathering socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, living alone, income, tobacco use, alcohol abuse (Deta questionnaire), heath status, fatigue, sleep disorders, diseases, depression/sadness and sexual dissatisfaction. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Sexual dissatisfaction affected 36% of men and 43% of women (p<0.001). Among men sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 60 years), living alone (increased risk IR 2-fold), not-good health (IR 1.8-fold), respiratory disease (IR 34%), physical disability (IR 51%), cognitive disability (IR 69%), fatigue (IR 43%), depression/sadness (IR 65%), and upper professionals. Among women, sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 50 years), primary education (IR 38%), living alone (IR 2.4-fold), not-good health (IR 52%), physical disability (IR 28%), cognitive disability (IR 57%), fatigue (IR 33%), depression/sadness (IR 48%), insufficient income (36%), and upper professionals. In conclusion, sexual dissatisfaction related to a number socio-economic and lifestyle factors and their associations differed between men and women in the general population. These findings highlight the benefit of improving living conditions, lifestyle, health status and related risk factors. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential-energy surfaces for charge exchange between singly charged ions and a LiF surface
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Burgdorfer, J.; Dallos, M. et al

in Physical Review. A (2003), 68(3),

We analyze the adiabatic potential-energy surfaces relevant for neutralization of singly charged ions in slow vertical incidence onto a lithium fluoride surface. The surface is represented by a cluster of ... [more ▼]

We analyze the adiabatic potential-energy surfaces relevant for neutralization of singly charged ions in slow vertical incidence onto a lithium fluoride surface. The surface is represented by a cluster of varying size augmented by point charges of alternating sign in order to include the proper Madelung potential of the ionic crystal. Our calculation proceeds on the multiconfiguration self-consistent-field and multireference configuration-interaction levels. Size-consistency corrections based on the Davidson correction and multireference averaged quadratic coupled cluster methods are included as well. We emphasize the importance of a proper treatment of electron correlation signifying the polarization of the surrounding cluster environment in ab initio calculations of charge transfer at surfaces. From the topology of the surfaces, in particular the existence or absence of avoided crossings (or, more generally, conical intersections), qualitative predictions for the neutralization process can be made. The comparative analysis of potential curves for H+, C+, S+, and Ne+ projectiles provides an explanation for the recently observed threshold behavior for potential sputtering. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiale technologiebasierter Kompetenzerfassung. Das Beispiel Komplexes Problemlösen
Greiff, Samuel UL; Funke, Joachim

Presentation (2013, October)

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See detailPotentials for Realising a Consistent Transition Between Function Modelling with the IFM Framework and Early System Simulation
Eisenbart, Boris UL; Dohr, Fabio; Gericke, Kilian UL et al

in Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (2013)

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. Sound decision-making across ... [more ▼]

Conceptual design is considered one of the most demanding design tasks requiring a joint effort of the involved designers, particularly in interdisciplinary design. Sound decision-making across disciplines on alternative solution concepts may be considerably facilitated through early system simulation. A consistent transition of the available information in function modelling to early system simulation may thus support designers in this task. The IFM framework intends to support cross-disciplinary collaboration of involved designers by providing an integrated function modelling approach. In the paper it is analysed in how far a consistent transition from the IFM framework to established modelling techniques for simulation may be realised. The paper compares the information required for early system simulation in an interdisciplinary design context to the specific information conveyed in the different views of the IFM framework. The analysis identifies specific potentials and barriers for a consistent transition between them. Finally, the implications of the derived insights are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentials of assessment of 21st century skills in technical environments
Greiff, Samuel UL; Reeff, J.-P.

Presentation (2012, October 15)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 UL)
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See detailLe potentiel diagnostique des épreuves standardisées au Luxembourg
Dierendonck, Christophe UL; Burton, Réginald UL; Fagnant, Annick

Scientific Conference (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 UL)
See detailDas Potenzial fantastischer Literatur im Deutschunterricht
Klose, Anne-Christine UL

Presentation (2017, March 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (3 UL)