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See detailPost-collusion security and distance bounding
Mauw, Sjouke UL; Smith, Zachary Daniel UL; Trujillo Rasua, Rolando UL et al

in Post-collusion security and distance bounding (2019, November 11)

Verification of cryptographic protocols is traditionally built upon the assumption that participants have not revealed their long-term keys. However, in some cases, participants might collude to defeat ... [more ▼]

Verification of cryptographic protocols is traditionally built upon the assumption that participants have not revealed their long-term keys. However, in some cases, participants might collude to defeat some security goals, without revealing their long-term secrets. We develop a model based on multiset rewriting to reason about collusion in security protocols. We introduce the notion of postcollusion security, which verifies security properties claimed in sessions initiated after collusion occurred. We use post-collusion security to analyse terrorist fraud on protocols for securing physical proximity, known as distance-bounding protocols. In a terrorist fraud attack, agents collude to falsely prove proximity, whilst no further false proximity proof can be issued without further collusion. Our definitions and the Tamarin prover are used to develop a modular framework for verification of distance-bounding protocols that accounts for all types of attack from literature. We perform a survey of over 25 protocols, which include industrial protocols such as Mastercard’s contactless payment PayPass and NXP’s MIFARE Plus with proximity check. For the industrial protocols we confirm attacks, propose fixes, and deliver computer-verifiable security proofs of the repaired versions [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (2 UL)
See detailPost-Colonial Theory and Literatures
Weber, Jean-Jacques UL; Childs, Peter; Williams, Patrick

Book published by Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 UL)
See detailPOST-COMMUNIST EUROPE AND THE THEORY OF RECOGNITION: MODERN STRUGGLES FOR RECOGNITION OF THE CROATIAN PEOPLE
Bebić, Džoen Dominique UL

Doctoral thesis (2020)

Political Philosophy has been analysing various political scenarios and governments for centuries. It is therefore very surprising that contemporary political philosophy has not contributed much to the ... [more ▼]

Political Philosophy has been analysing various political scenarios and governments for centuries. It is therefore very surprising that contemporary political philosophy has not contributed much to the analysis of the social experiences of the Croatian people during the war and events leading up to the war from 1990 to 1995 compared to other sciences. This research thus envisions to use the philosophical theory of recognition (and reification) to fulfil the extremely difficult task of analysing the social experiences and struggles for recognition of the Croatian people from the Habsburg monarchy until the end of the war of the Former Yugoslavia. As recognition as a concept was elaborated by various philosophers, this research presents different concepts of recognition developed by Rousseau, Fichte, Hegel, and Taylor while focusing on the recognition theory conceptualised by Honneth. This allows for the reconstruction of the evolution of the theory of recognition and the presentation of the interconnectedness of these different interpretations. Through the presentations of the different interpretations and the subsequent arguments and illustrations demonstrating their inadequacies to grasp the complex social experiences of the Croatian people throughout the different time periods, only Honneth’s theory of recognition can ultimately be used to capture and contextualise all the different forms of disrespect the Croatian people faced as well as the struggles for social appreciation of the Croatian culture and language and legal recognition of their right of political participation followed as a result of the deeply felt psychological consequences of the endured long-term disrespects. The extremely violent war of the Former Yugoslavia, however, falls out of what recognition theory can offer. This is where Honneth’s interpretation of Lukács reification theory comes to the fore. Using Honneth’s interpretation of reification, the different social experiences of the Croatian people during the war on the Croatian territory (1990-1992) and the territory of Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995) are analysed and examined through the three forms of reification namely intersubjective reification of people, objective reification of their environment and self-reification of the perpetrators. As the relations between the Serbian and Croatian population of Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina remain rather tense to this day, this research also adopts Honneth’s conditions for peace and reconciliation between two states. While taking into account the valuable and important attempts of peace and reconciliation in the region, this research tries to offer an additional path of reconciliation between the Serbian and Croatian state and people in Croatia and in Bosnia-Herzegovina. A future joint research between representatives of the nations part of the Former Yugoslavia would allow for an objectification of the existentially subjective experiences of all the different nations and subsequently also offer a new path of reconciliation in the region. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (21 UL)
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See detailPost-deposition treatment of Cu2ZnSnSe4 with alkalis
Rey, Germain UL; Babbe, Finn UL; Weiss, Thomas UL et al

in Thin Solid Films (2016), 633

Low temperature post-deposition treatment of Cu2ZnSnSe4 with NaF and KF significantly improved the solar cell efficiency (from 6.4% to 7.8% and 7.7% on average, respectively) due to enhanced fill factor ... [more ▼]

Low temperature post-deposition treatment of Cu2ZnSnSe4 with NaF and KF significantly improved the solar cell efficiency (from 6.4% to 7.8% and 7.7% on average, respectively) due to enhanced fill factor (from 0.58 to 0.61 and 0.62), open-circuit voltage (Voc) (from 314 mV to 337 mV and 325 mV) and short-circuit current density (from 35.3 mA⋅cm −2 to 38.3 mA⋅cm −2 and 38.6 mA⋅cm −2). Voc improvement was higher for solar cells with NaF treatment due to an increase in radiative efficiency at room temperature and shallower defect activation energy as determined by photoluminescence (PL) and temperature dependent admittance spectroscopy, respectively. In the case of KF treatment, red-shift of the PL, higher band tail density of state and donor activation energy deeper in the band gap were limiting further improvement of the Voc compared to NaF treatment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 191 (10 UL)
See detailPost-Genus: Plädoyer für einen post-binären Sprachwandel
Artuso, Sandy Kathy UL

Article for general public (2014)

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See detailA post-graduation policy perspective on international student mobility in four countries - shoud they stay or should they go?
Epping, Elisabeth UL; Vossensteyn, J. J.

in Th&Ma : Tijdschrift voor Hoger Onderwijs en Management (2012), 2012(1), 39--43

The mobility of international students is a major trend and highly supported in recent years, not only in the frame of exchange programs, but also in the form of degree mobility. Many foreign students ... [more ▼]

The mobility of international students is a major trend and highly supported in recent years, not only in the frame of exchange programs, but also in the form of degree mobility. Many foreign students move abroad to pursue a degree: in 1975, 600.000 students were mobile worldwide, compared to 2.8 million mobile students in 2007. Forecasts expect the number to increase to about 8 million by 2025 (OECD, 2009b). Critics claim that international student mobility typically shows a flow from the South to the North, in other words, from developing to developed countries. This may lead to a brain gain situation for developed countries and a brain drain for developing countries. The current article (based on the situation in 2010) explores to what extent four developed countries take measures to develop such a brain-drain brain-gain situation into a situation of brain-circulation. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-hoc analysis of user traceability in electronic toll collection systems
Chen, Xihui UL; Fonkwe, David; Pang, Jun UL

in Proc. 7th International Workshop on Data Privacy Management (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (6 UL)
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See detailPost-learning cold pressor stress, after a heartbeat perception training, enhances interoceptive accuracy in high blood pressure responders
Breden, Ion-Hideo UL; Fischbach, Jean; Schenk, Lara UL et al

in Abstractband Psychologie und Gehirn 2018 (2018)

Interoceptive accuracy (IAc) plays an important role for generation of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and trainings to enhance IAc reduces the perceived symptom severity of MUS. Post-learning stress ... [more ▼]

Interoceptive accuracy (IAc) plays an important role for generation of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and trainings to enhance IAc reduces the perceived symptom severity of MUS. Post-learning stress may facilitate recognition learning. It is yet unknown, however, if acute stress, when evoked during the memory consolidation phase, could enhance the visceral learning in a heartbeat perception training (HBPT). The present study is the first to investigate the effects of a socially evaluated cold pressor test (SECPT) induced after a HBPT aimed at increasing IAc. The sample consisted of 48 healthy students (28 women). IAc was assessed at three different time points: (1) once as a baseline measure, (2) 30 minutes after the SECPT, and (3) the day after. Assessment of IAc was performed using the heartbeat perception task developed by Schandry (1981). The HBPT followed the baseline IAc assessment and was a replication of the paradigm developed by Schaefer et al. (2014). The SECPT followed immediately after the HBPT. Results showed that post-encoding stress significantly increased IAc between T1 and T3 for participants showing a high blood pressure (BP) response in the SECPT compared to the control group, whereas low BP responders did not show such an effect. This indicates that post-encoding stress enhances visceral memory consolidation in high BP responders compared to low BP responder and non-stressed control participants. Post-learning stress facilitation of visceral learning and memory may represent a mechanism underlying symptom generation, which should be addressed in studies on somatic symptom disorders in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailPost-learning cold pressor stress, after a heartbeat perception training, enhances interoceptive accuracy in high blood pressure responders
Breden, Ion-Hideo UL; Fischbach, Jean; Schenk, Lara UL et al

in Hennig, J.; Stark, R. (Eds.) Abstractband Psychologie und Gehirn 2018 (2018)

Interoceptive accuracy (IAc) plays an important role for generation of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and trainings to enhance IAc reduces the perceived symptom severity of MUS. Post-learning stress ... [more ▼]

Interoceptive accuracy (IAc) plays an important role for generation of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and trainings to enhance IAc reduces the perceived symptom severity of MUS. Post-learning stress may facilitate recognition learning. It is yet unknown, however, if acute stress, when evoked during the memory consolidation phase, could enhance the visceral learning in a heartbeat perception training (HBPT). The present study is the first to investigate the effects of a socially evaluated cold pressor test (SECPT) induced after a HBPT aimed at increasing IAc. The sample consisted of 48 healthy students (28 women). IAc was assessed at three different time points: (1) once as a baseline measure, (2) 30 minutes after the SECPT, and (3) the day after. Assessment of IAc was performed using the heartbeat perception task developed by Schandry (1981). The HBPT followed the baseline IAc assessment and was a replication of the paradigm developed by Schaefer et al. (2014). The SECPT followed immediately after the HBPT. Results showed that post-encoding stress significantly increased IAc between T1 and T3 for participants showing a high blood pressure (BP) response in the SECPT compared to the control group, whereas low BP responders did not show such an effect. This indicates that post-encoding stress enhances visceral memory consolidation in high BP responders compared to low BP responder and non-stressed control participants. Post-learning stress facilitation of visceral learning and memory may represent a mechanism underlying symptom generation, which should be addressed in studies on somatic symptom disorders in the future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (11 UL)
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See detailPost-learning intranasal oxytocin modulates human memory for facial identity
Savaskan, E.; Ehrhardt, R.; Schulz, André UL et al

in Psychoneuroendocrinology (2008), 33(3), 368-374

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (0 UL)
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See detailPost-Monolingual Writing? On the jargon of philology
Dembeck, Till UL; Mein, Georg UL

in Minnaard, Liesbeth; Dembeck, Till (Eds.) Challenging the Myth of Monolingualism (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 133 (4 UL)
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See detailPost-occupancy evaluation of residential buildings in Luxembourgwith centralized and decentralized ventilation systems, focusing onindoor air quality (IAQ). Assessment by questionnaires and physicalmeasurements
Ferreira Silva, Marielle; Maas, Stefan UL; Artur de Souza, Henor et al

in Energy and Buildings (2017), 148

tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving ... [more ▼]

tComplete knowledge about habits of the occupants, including their opinions regarding ventilation sys-tems is an important condition for reducing the consumption of natural resources and improving indoorcomfort. In addition, uncomforted occupants tend to take measures to improve their situation, whichmay increase energy consumption. Advanced thermal models for buildings can perhaps predict interac-tions between the IAQ determinants, e.g. energy consumption, ventilation and comfort, but do not takeinto account the behavior of residents. By questionnaires and physical measurements this study evalu-ated dwellings equipped partly with centralized and partly with decentralized ventilation systems withheat recovery. This field study involved two post-occupied residential buildings situated in the city ofEsch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg, during spring season 2015. Thus, both the physical measurements andquestionnaires were considered. The results obtained demonstrated that more than 80% of the residentswere satisfied and the perceived IAQ was judged “normal”, “good” or even “very good”. Furthermore,the measurements performed detected in some cases malfunction of ventilation devices, wherefore theoccupants were unable. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 533 (20 UL)
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See detailPost-operative deep brain stimulation assessment: Automatic data integration and report generation
Husch, Andreas UL; Petersen, Mikkel V.; Gemmar, Peter et al

in Brain Stimulation (2018)

Background The gold standard for post-operative deep brain stimulation (DBS) parameter tuning is a monopolar review of all stimulation contacts, a strategy being challenged by recent developments of more ... [more ▼]

Background The gold standard for post-operative deep brain stimulation (DBS) parameter tuning is a monopolar review of all stimulation contacts, a strategy being challenged by recent developments of more complex electrode leads. Objective Providing a method to guide clinicians on DBS assessment and parameter tuning by automatically integrating patient individual data. Methods We present a fully automatic method for visualization of individual deep brain structures in relation to a DBS lead by combining precise electrode recovery from post-operative imaging with individual estimates of deep brain morphology utilizing a 7T-MRI deep brain atlas. Results The method was evaluated on 20 STN DBS cases. It demonstrated robust automatic creation of 3D-enabled PDF reports visualizing electrode to brain structure relations and proved valuable in detecting miss placed electrodes. Discussion Automatic DBS assessment is feasible and can conveniently provide clinicians with relevant information on DBS contact positions in relation to important anatomical structures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 140 (8 UL)
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See detailPOST-PROCESS AND IN-PROCESS ANALYSIS METHODS FOR LASER WELDING OF ALUMINUM-COPPER
Schmalen, Pascal Guy UL

Doctoral thesis (2019)

Copper is well-known for excellent conductivity and corrosion resistance, whereas aluminium is known for low density and great formability. The laser joining of Al and Cu combines those properties, e.g ... [more ▼]

Copper is well-known for excellent conductivity and corrosion resistance, whereas aluminium is known for low density and great formability. The laser joining of Al and Cu combines those properties, e.g. in manufacturing of solar absorbers and wiring harnesses. Furthermore, the joining of Al and Cu is an enabler of new products, e.g. the manufacturing of battery modules, where a reliable joining process for numerous Al-Cu connections, the tabs of the Li-ion batteries, is needed. The joining of Al and Cu is considered as complex due to the formation of intermetallic compounds inside the joint, which are causing a brittle joint with increased resistance. The focus of this work is the improvement and extension of the laser welding process of Al and Cu. It was found that the determination of suitable process parameters is one of the major restrictions in the application of the process. Hence, this work deals with the analysis of methods to determine process parameters, which was performed in three main parts: o The comprehensive process understanding is one essential part to improve the joint quality. The formation of the intermetallics inside the joint is a process, which takes place in a short time frame of a few μs and a scale of few hundreds of μm. Metallographic studies were performed to gain insights into the local formation of specific intermetallic compounds. Furthermore, intensive research on etchants was combined with the information gained from a micro-XRD analysis in order to identify and localize the most critical phases. o The post–process quality measurements are the essential part to quantify and evaluate the properties of the joint and thus to adapt process parameters. Yet, the quality measurements are varying in recent literature. In this work, the mechanical, electrical and optical methods were combined with hardness measurements and metallographic studies. The methods were enhanced and it was found that especially electrical methods have a great potential to assist the determination of process parameters. o In-process analysis methods were studied to identify the potential of process monitoring of Al-Cu weld seams. It was found that the optical analysis of the vapour plume, which is formed during the keyhole welding, can be used to estimate the joint quality. Chromatic filters were used to analyse specific process radiation of Al and Cu, which contains information about the current intermixture of the joint. The investigations were carried out with a spectroscope. Concluding, it will be shown that the present work assists the choice of suitable process parameters, and thus supports the future implementation of laser technology to join Al and Cu. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (21 UL)
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See detailPost-Quantum Anonymous Veto Networks
Ding, Jintai; Emery, Doug; Mueller, Johannes UL et al

in E-Vote-ID 2020 (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 UL)
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See detailPost-Wachstums-Ökonomien – (k)ein Thema für die Wirtschaftsgeographie?
Schulz, Christian UL

in Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie (2012), 56(4), 264-273

Detailed reference viewed: 434 (6 UL)
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See detailPost-war voters as fiscal liberals: local elections, spending, and war trauma in contemporary Croatia
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Vukovic, Vuk

in East European Politics (2018), 34(2), 173-193

This study exposes post-war voters’ fiscal liberalism using individual level and aggregate-level data covering a decade and a half of local electoral competition in post-war Croatia. Aggregate-level ... [more ▼]

This study exposes post-war voters’ fiscal liberalism using individual level and aggregate-level data covering a decade and a half of local electoral competition in post-war Croatia. Aggregate-level analysis shows Croatian voters’ fiscal liberalism to be conditional on their communities’ exposure to war violence: greater exposure to violence leads to greater support for fiscally expansionist incumbents. Individual-level analysis, on the other hand, shows post-war voters’ fiscal liberalism as rooted in their different levels of war-related trauma: more feelings of war-related trauma lead to greater economic expectations from the government. Our analysis also shows that voters’ war-conditioned preferences for fiscally expansionist incumbents show little sign of abating over time – a testament to the challenge presented by post-war recovery, and to the impact war exerts on political life long after the bloodshed has ended. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 152 (27 UL)
See detailDer postapokalyptische Robinson. Imagination, Medien und Kalter Krieg in David Bourlas The Noah.
Pause, Johannes UL

in Höltgen, Stefan; Gradinari, Irina (Eds.) Heiße Drähte. Medien im Kalten Krieg. (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (0 UL)
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See detailPostcolonial ideologies of language in education: Teachers and parents on English and local language(s) in The Gambia
Van Camp, Kirsten; Juffermans, Kasper UL

in Cuvelier, Pol; Vandekerckhove, Reinhild; Aerts, Ann (Eds.) Multilingualism from Below: Proceedings MIDP Colloquium (2009, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 UL)