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See detailPreface for the special issue of the 12th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Software Engineering (TASE 2018)
Pang, Jun UL; Zhang, Chenyi

in Science of Computer Programming (2020), 187

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See detailPreface of Special issue in Honor of John D. Hey
Neugebauer, Tibor UL; Lau, M.; Schmith, U.

in Theory and Decision (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (4 UL)
See detailPréface: Entre Black Box et White Cube, les lieux du déplacement des corps
Di Felice, Paul UL

in Des annonces faites au corps: danse et arts contemporains (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (0 UL)
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See detailPréface: Un régime démocratique pour l'Union européenne
Poirier, Philippe UL

in Chopin, Thierry (Ed.) La fracture politique de l'Europe. Crise de légitimité et déficit politique (2015)

Au-delà de la question de la légitimité de l’UE, quels sont les dysfonctionnements structurels et concrets de la construction européenne aux niveaux institutionnel et politique ?

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See detailPrefazione
Cicotti, Claudio UL

in Scagnetti, Andrea (Ed.) Gita ad Alberello (2014)

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See detailPreference aggregation with multiple criteria of ordinal significance
Bisdorff, Raymond UL

in Annales du LAMSADE (2004), 3

In this paper we address the problem of aggregating outranking situations in the presence of multiple preference criteria of ordinal significance. The concept of ordinal concordance of the global ... [more ▼]

In this paper we address the problem of aggregating outranking situations in the presence of multiple preference criteria of ordinal significance. The concept of ordinal concordance of the global outranking relation is defined and an operational test for its presence is developed. Finally, we propose a new kind of robustness analysis for global outranking relations taking into account classical dominance, ordinal and classical majority oncordance in a same bipolar-valued logical framework [less ▲]

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See detailPreference for attractiveness and thinness in a partner: Influence of internalization of the thin ideal and shape/weight dissatisfaction in heterosexual women, heterosexual men, lesbians, and gay men
Legenbauer, Tanja; Vocks, Silja; Schäfer, Corinna et al

in Body Image (2009), 6

This study assesses whether characteristics of one’s own body image influences preferences of attractiveness in a partner. The role of gender and sexual orientation is also considered. Heterosexual women ... [more ▼]

This study assesses whether characteristics of one’s own body image influences preferences of attractiveness in a partner. The role of gender and sexual orientation is also considered. Heterosexual women (n = 67), lesbian women (n = 73), heterosexual men (n = 61) and gay men (n = 82) participated in an internet survey assessing attitudes towards the body and preferences of attractiveness in a partner. Men in particular were found to prefer attractive partners, regardless of sexual orientation. Weight/shape dissatisfaction was found to be a negative predictor for heterosexual men and women. For gay men, preferences were better explained by internalization and weight/shape dissatisfaction. No such associations were found in the lesbian group. Levels of weight/shape dissatisfaction and internalization of socio-cultural slenderness ideals influence expectations of thinness and attractiveness in a partner with this effect being modified by gender and sexual orientation. [less ▲]

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See detailPreference in Abstract Argumentation
Kaci, Souhila; van der Torre, Leon UL; Villata, Serena

in Computational Models of Argument (2018)

Consider an argument A that is attacked by an argument B, while A is preferred to B. Existing approaches will either ignore the attack or reverse it. In this paper we introduce a new reduction of ... [more ▼]

Consider an argument A that is attacked by an argument B, while A is preferred to B. Existing approaches will either ignore the attack or reverse it. In this paper we introduce a new reduction of preference and attack to defeat, based on the idea that in such a case, instead of ignoring the attack, the preference is ignored. We compare this new reduction with the two existing ones using a principle-based approach, for the four Dung semantics. The principle-based or axiomatic approach is a methodology to choose an argumentation semantics for a particular application, and to guide the search for new argumentation semantics. For this analysis, we also introduce a fourth reduction, and a semantics for preference-based argumentation based on extension selection. Our classification of twenty alternatives for preference-based abstract argumentation semantics using six principles suggests that our new reduction has some advantages over the existing ones, in the sense that if the set of preferences increases, the sets of accepted arguments increase as well. [less ▲]

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See detailPreference reasoning for argumentation: non-monotonicity and algorithms
Kaci, S.; van der Torre, Leon UL

in Proceedings of the NMR'06 (2006)

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See detailPreference-based argumentation: Arguments supporting multiple values
Kaci, Souhila; van der Torre, Leon UL

in International Journal of Approximate Reasoning (2008), 48(3), 730751

In preference-based argumentation theory, an argument may be preferred to another one when, for example, it is more specific, its beliefs have a higher probability or certainty, or it promotes a higher ... [more ▼]

In preference-based argumentation theory, an argument may be preferred to another one when, for example, it is more specific, its beliefs have a higher probability or certainty, or it promotes a higher value. In this paper we generalize Bench-Capon’s value-based argumentation theory such that arguments can promote multiple values, and preferences among values or arguments can be specified in various ways. We assume in addition that there is default knowledge about the preferences over the arguments, and we use an algorithm to derive the most likely preference order. In particular, we show how to use non-monotonic preference reasoning to compute preferences among arguments, and subsequently the acceptable arguments, from preferences among values. We show also how the preference ordering can be used to optimize the algorithm to construct the grounded extension by proceeding from most to least preferred arguments. [less ▲]

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See detailPreference-Based Genetic Algorithm for Solving the Bio-Inspired NK Landscape Benchmark
Ferreira Torres, Christof UL; Nielsen, Sune Steinbjorn UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL et al

in 7th European Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Mathematics (ESCIM) (2015, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (28 UL)
See detailPreferences and the Dynamic Representative Consumer
Koulovatianos, Christos UL

Report (2005)

This paper provides families of time-separable, twice continuously differentiable, and strictly concave utility functions of a group of consumers that are both suffcient and necessary in order to have ... [more ▼]

This paper provides families of time-separable, twice continuously differentiable, and strictly concave utility functions of a group of consumers that are both suffcient and necessary in order to have linear aggregation in a single-commodity-type deterministic dynamic environment, in the presence of consumer wealth-, labor-productivity, and preference heterogeneity, for alternative settings where the rates of time preference can be the same or different across consumers. The employed concept of linear aggregation pertains the existence of a representative consumer with a time-separable utility function. It is proved that when the rates of time preference are choice-independent and heterogeneous across consumers, a representative consumer exists if, and only if, the momentary utility functions of all consumers are exponential. Results are also provided for, (i) common across consumers choice-independent rates of time preference, and, (ii) heterogeneous choice-dependent rates of time preference, and compared with previously identified sufficient conditions for aggregation in the existing literature. [less ▲]

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See detailPreferences for redistribution after the economic crisis
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

in Economics and Business Letters (2014), 3(3), 137-145

This paper analyses the effects of the recent Economic Crisis on individual preferences for redistribution in 23 European countries. After implementing a decomposition of the variation in these ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses the effects of the recent Economic Crisis on individual preferences for redistribution in 23 European countries. After implementing a decomposition of the variation in these preferences, it is showed that the crisis was highly significant in increasing support for redistribution. It is found that more unemployment and, in particular, youth unemployment has considerably raised the citizens’ demand for redistribution. [less ▲]

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See detailPreferences for Redistribution in Europe
Olivera Angulo, Javier UL

in IZA Journal of European Labor Studies (2015), 4(14), 1-18

This paper uses pseudo panel techniques and a fixed effects estimator to analyse the determinants of preferences for redistribution in 34 European countries over the period 2002–2012. The data is drawn ... [more ▼]

This paper uses pseudo panel techniques and a fixed effects estimator to analyse the determinants of preferences for redistribution in 34 European countries over the period 2002–2012. The data is drawn from the six available waves of the European Social Survey. The main result is that changes in income inequality positively affect changes in preferences for redistribution over time. Though this result is predicted by standard political economy models, it has found little previous empirical support. This study shows that, at least in Europe, growing income inequality leads to more individual support for redistribution. The empirical results hold after performing a variety of robustness checks regarding the construction of pseudo panels, the use of lags and different measures of income inequality. [less ▲]

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See detailPreferential extracellular generation of the active parkinsonian toxin MPP+ by transporter-independent export of the intermediate MPDP+
Schildknecht, Stefan; Pape, Regina; Meiser, Johannes et al

in Antioxidants & redox signaling (2015)

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See detailPrehistoric genomes reveal the genetic foundation and cost of horse domestication.
Schubert, Mikkel; Jonsson, Hakon; Chang, Dan et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2014), 111(52), 5661-9

The domestication of the horse approximately 5.5 kya and the emergence of mounted riding, chariotry, and cavalry dramatically transformed human civilization. However, the genetics underlying horse ... [more ▼]

The domestication of the horse approximately 5.5 kya and the emergence of mounted riding, chariotry, and cavalry dramatically transformed human civilization. However, the genetics underlying horse domestication are difficult to reconstruct, given the near extinction of wild horses. We therefore sequenced two ancient horse genomes from Taymyr, Russia (at 7.4- and 24.3-fold coverage), both predating the earliest archeological evidence of domestication. We compared these genomes with genomes of domesticated horses and the wild Przewalski's horse and found genetic structure within Eurasia in the Late Pleistocene, with the ancient population contributing significantly to the genetic variation of domesticated breeds. We furthermore identified a conservative set of 125 potential domestication targets using four complementary scans for genes that have undergone positive selection. One group of genes is involved in muscular and limb development, articular junctions, and the cardiac system, and may represent physiological adaptations to human utilization. A second group consists of genes with cognitive functions, including social behavior, learning capabilities, fear response, and agreeableness, which may have been key for taming horses. We also found that domestication is associated with inbreeding and an excess of deleterious mutations. This genetic load is in line with the "cost of domestication" hypothesis also reported for rice, tomatoes, and dogs, and it is generally attributed to the relaxation of purifying selection resulting from the strong demographic bottlenecks accompanying domestication. Our work demonstrates the power of ancient genomes to reconstruct the complex genetic changes that transformed wild animals into their domesticated forms, and the population context in which this process took place. [less ▲]

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See detailPreimplantation development regulatory pathway construction through a text-mining approach.
Donnard, Elisa; Barbosa Da Silva, Adriano UL; Guedes, Rafael L. M. et al

in BMC genomics (2011), 12 Suppl 4

BACKGROUND: The integration of sequencing and gene interaction data and subsequent generation of pathways and networks contained in databases such as KEGG Pathway is essential for the comprehension of ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The integration of sequencing and gene interaction data and subsequent generation of pathways and networks contained in databases such as KEGG Pathway is essential for the comprehension of complex biological processes. We noticed the absence of a chart or pathway describing the well-studied preimplantation development stages; furthermore, not all genes involved in the process have entries in KEGG Orthology, important information for knowledge application with relation to other organisms. RESULTS: In this work we sought to develop the regulatory pathway for the preimplantation development stage using text-mining tools such as Medline Ranker and PESCADOR to reveal biointeractions among the genes involved in this process. The genes present in the resulting pathway were also used as seeds for software developed by our group called SeedServer to create clusters of homologous genes. These homologues allowed the determination of the last common ancestor for each gene and revealed that the preimplantation development pathway consists of a conserved ancient core of genes with the addition of modern elements. CONCLUSIONS: The generation of regulatory pathways through text-mining tools allows the integration of data generated by several studies for a more complete visualization of complex biological processes. Using the genes in this pathway as "seeds" for the generation of clusters of homologues, the pathway can be visualized for other organisms. The clustering of homologous genes together with determination of the ancestry leads to a better understanding of the evolution of such process. [less ▲]

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See detailPréjudice causé par le dépassement d'un mandat de gestion, Note sous Cass. com., 6 déc. 2017
Riassetto, Isabelle UL

in Revue de Droit Bancaire et Financier (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (5 UL)