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See detailLa psychiatrie au XXe siècle
Majerus, Benoît UL

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailPsychiatrie im Wandel. Das Fallbeispiel Karl-Bonhoeffer-Nervenklinik (1960-1980)
Majerus, Benoît UL

in Medizinhistorisches Journal (2008), 43(3/4), 344--371

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See detailPsychische Auffälligkeiten bei Müttern von Patientinnen mit Essstörungen im Vergleich zu Müttern gesunder Mädchen
Rost, Silke UL; Sarrar, Lea; Kappel, Viola et al

Scientific Conference (2013, March 09)

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See detailPsychische Auffälligkeiten bei Müttern von Patientinnen mit Essstörungen im Vergleich zu Müttern gesunder Mädchen
Rost, Silke UL; Woldt, Lea; Jucksch, Viola et al

Scientific Conference (2010, November)

Einleitung: In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurde die Familienpsychopathologie als Risikofaktor zur Genese von Anorexia nervosa (AN) und Bulimia nervosa (BN) vor allem in US-amerikanischen Studien untersucht ... [more ▼]

Einleitung: In den letzten Jahrzehnten wurde die Familienpsychopathologie als Risikofaktor zur Genese von Anorexia nervosa (AN) und Bulimia nervosa (BN) vor allem in US-amerikanischen Studien untersucht. Aufgrund der mangelnden Datenlage im deutschsprachigen Raum, soll die vorliegende Arbeit, als Fortführung der Studie von Woldt et al. (2010), psychische Auffälligkeiten bei Müttern jugendlicher Patientinnen mit AN und BN mit denen bei Müttern einer gesunden Kontrollgruppe vergleichen. Methode: Zur Erfassung von Achse-I-Störungen wurde das diagnostische Expertensystem für psychische Störungen (CIDI-DIA-X; Wittchen & Pfister, 1997) und zur Erfassung von Achse-II-Störungen das Strukturierte Klinische Interview für DSM-IV Persönlichkeitsstörungen (SKID-II; Wittchen, Zaudig & Fydrich, 1997) eingesetzt. Der diesbezügliche Vergleich zwischen ersten Pilotdaten von acht Müttern gesunder Mädchen zwischen 12 und 17 Jahren (MAlter = 15,1 ; SD = 2,2) und zwei Zufallsstichproben von jeweils 8 Müttern jugendlicher Patientinnen mit AN und BN wurde mittels ?2-Test berechnet. Diskussion/Ergebnisse: Die vorliegenden Pilotdaten zeigen keine signifikanten Unterschiede in der Auftrittshäufigkeit von Achse-I- und Achse-II-Störungen zwischen den Müttern gesunder Mädchen (50 % & 0 %) und Müttern von Patientinnen mit AN (87,5 % & 25 %) und BN (75 % & 12,5 %) auf. Angestrebt ist die Erhebung weiterer Daten um hinreichende Aussagen bezüglich der Familienpsychopathologie essgestörter Mädchen in Deutschland treffen zu können. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychische Erkrankungen
Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in KiTa aktuell HRS- Fachzeitschrift für Leitungen, Fachkräfte und Träger der Kindertagesbetreuung (2013), 21(11), 255

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See detailPsychische Störungen bei HIV-Infektion und Aids: Klinisch-psychologische Diagnostik und Intervention
Vögele, Claus UL

in Psychotherapeut (2010), 55(3), 194-202

Noch nie zuvor waren so viele Menschen mit dem „human immunodeficiency virus“ (HIV) infiziert wie heute. Mehr als 39 Mio. Menschen leben mit der HIV-Infektion. Durch die Fortschritte der medizinischen ... [more ▼]

Noch nie zuvor waren so viele Menschen mit dem „human immunodeficiency virus“ (HIV) infiziert wie heute. Mehr als 39 Mio. Menschen leben mit der HIV-Infektion. Durch die Fortschritte der medizinischen Behandlung leben die Betroffenen heute sehr viel länger als vor der Einführung der modernen Kombinationstherapie („highly active anti-retroviral therapy“, HAART; s. Abschn. „Medizinische Behandlung“). Dadurch ist die HIV-Infektion/Aids zu einer chronischen Erkrankung geworden, die vom betroffenen Patienten ein hohes Maß an Anpassungsleistungen verlangt. Sie ist nicht heilbar und in unserer Gesellschaft immer noch stigmatisiert. Psychische Störungen sind häufig, werden aber oft nicht erkannt oder behandelt. Dabei könnten psychologische Interventionen entscheidend zur Verbesserung der Lebensqualität und Behandlungsadhärenz, zur Behandlung psychischer Begleiterkrankungen und zur Stärkung des Immunsystems beitragen. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychoanalysis
Kirchhoff, Christine; Traue, Boris UL

in Wagner-Egelhaaf, Martina (Ed.) International Handbook of Autobiography/Autofiction (2019)

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See detailPsychoanalytic Approach. Methods and Ethics
Weber, Jean-Marie UL; Voynova, Ruzhena UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailPsychological and physiological reactivity to stress: an experimental study on bulimic patients, restrained eaters and controls
Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL

in Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics (1999), 68

BACKGROUND: Binge eating behavior in bulimic patients is thought to play a crucial role in the regulation of psychophysiological arousal in stressful situations. Previous results suggest that ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Binge eating behavior in bulimic patients is thought to play a crucial role in the regulation of psychophysiological arousal in stressful situations. Previous results suggest that interpersonal stress and achievement challenge are perceived as particularly stressful by bulimic individuals. It is not clear, however, whether bulimic individuals respond to stress with an increased desire to binge, and whether this increase is accompanied by higher psychophysiological reactivity compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with bulimia nervosa (DSM-IV), 27 restrained eaters, and 27 controls participated in two experimental sessions in which continuous measures of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rat e, and ecectrodermal activity were monitored under conditions of achievement challenge (mental arithmetic, Stroop test) and interpersonal stress provoking feelings of loneliness and social rejection (film, imagery task). Ratings of desire to binge, negative mood, and hunger were obtained between experimental trials. Groups were matched for age and body mass index. RESULTS: There was a marked difference in subjective ratings during interpersonal stress. Bulimic patients responded to the imagery task with increases in both desire to binge and hunger, whereas restrained eaters and controls showed no change. There were no substantial group differences in psychophysiological reactivity. CONCLUSIONS: The dissociation between emotional responses and physiological activation may have important therapeutic implications. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological contact violation or basic need frustration? Psychological mechanisms behind the effects of workplace bullying.
Sischka, Philipp UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

Scientific Conference (2018, July 12)

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. However, research that examines the mechanisms behind these ... [more ▼]

Workplace bullying is a serious phenomenon that has serious detrimental effects on victim’s health, attitudes, and work-related behavior. However, research that examines the mechanisms behind these relations is still sparse. Two theories that may explain the links between workplace bullying and various negative outcomes are social exchange theory and self-determination theory. Drawing on these theories, we hypothesized that the relationship between workplace bullying and various outcomes is mediated by perceptions of psychological contract violation and the frustration of basic psychological needs (i.e. autonomy, competence, relatedness). Therefore, the aim of our study was to test these mediators separately and simultaneously to see whether they have an incremental mediation effect between workplace bullying and well-being, work satisfaction, engagement, performance, burnout, workplace deviance and turnover intentions. An online survey design was employed and data were collected among U.S. employees. The final sample consists of 1,408 respondents (56.6% females, n=798, age: M=37.3, SD =10.4). Single mediation analysis within a structural equation modeling framework revealed that psychological contract violation acted as a mediator for all outcome variables. Furthermore, basic need frustrations were also meaningfully mediators between workplace bullying and all outcomes, but different need frustration were differently linked with them. The multiple mediation analyses mainly supported the hypothesized importance of the mediators for the different outcomes. The study findings advance the field through identifying the most important mediators between workplace bullying and several outcome variables guiding possible interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological factors associated with the uptake of measles immunization. Findings and implications for prevention.
Weitkunat, Rolf; Markuzzi, Andreas; Vogel, Susanne et al

in Journal of Health Psychology (1998), 3(2)

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See detailPsychological impact of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump therapy in non-selected newly diagnosed insulin dependent (type 1) diabetic children: Evaluation after two years of therapy [IMPACT PSYCHOLOGIQUE D'UN TRAITEMENT PAR PERFUSION SOUS-CUTANEE CONTINUE D'INSULINE DES LE DIAGNOSTIC CHEZ LES ENFANTS DIABETIQUES NON SELECTIONNES: EVALUATIONS APRES DEUX AND DE TRAITEMENT]
Slijper, F.M.E.; De Beaufort, Carine UL; Bruining, G.J. et al

in Diabete et Metabolisme (1990), 16(4), 273-277

Thirty type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic children were treated from diagnosis onwards in a random order (using a table of random permutations) with either continous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump ... [more ▼]

Thirty type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic children were treated from diagnosis onwards in a random order (using a table of random permutations) with either continous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump therapy (CSII), or with conventional injection therapy (CT). After two years of therapy psychosocial measurements were obtained of fifteen CSII children (8 boys, 7 girls; mean age: 12+/-4 years) and thirteen CT children (6 boys, 7 girls; mean age: 10+/-4 years) and their parents. Two families of the CT group refused to participate. The examination consisted of six tests (for the children: junior dutch personality test, WISC-R intelligence test, family relation test, diabetes questionnaire; for the parents: family interaction scale and assessment of acceptance scale). Parents (and pediatricians) rated CSII children higher on compliance and better on metabolic control. Acceptance of diabetes, physical and psychological condition was rated equally by parents and doctors. Except for the diabetes questionnaire, the children of the two groups scored not significantly different. The CSII group expressed significantly less physical complaints and physical restrictions. CSII children showed a tendency to score higher on recalcitrance compared with CT children. How adequate this coping of CSII children may be, is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological impact of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump therapy in non-selected newly diagnosed insulin dependent (type 1) diabetic children: Evaluation after two years of therapy [IMPACT PSYCHOLOGIQUE D'UN TRAITEMENT PAR PERFUSION SOUS-CUTANEE CONTINUE D'INSULINE DES LE DIAGNOSTIC CHEZ LES ENFANTS DIABETIQUES NON SELECTIONNES: EVALUATIONS APRES DEUX AND DE TRAITEMENT]
Slijper, F. M. E.; De Beaufort, Carine UL; Bruining, G. J. et al

in Diabete et Metabolisme (1990), 16(4), 273-277

Thirty type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic children were treated from diagnosis onwards in a random order (using a table of random permutations) with either continous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump ... [more ▼]

Thirty type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic children were treated from diagnosis onwards in a random order (using a table of random permutations) with either continous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump therapy (CSII), or with conventional injection therapy (CT). After two years of therapy psychosocial measurements were obtained of fifteen CSII children (8 boys, 7 girls; mean age: 12+/-4 years) and thirteen CT children (6 boys, 7 girls; mean age: 10+/-4 years) and their parents. Two families of the CT group refused to participate. The examination consisted of six tests (for the children: junior dutch personality test, WISC-R intelligence test, family relation test, diabetes questionnaire; for the parents: family interaction scale and assessment of acceptance scale). Parents (and pediatricians) rated CSII children higher on compliance and better on metabolic control. Acceptance of diabetes, physical and psychological condition was rated equally by parents and doctors. Except for the diabetes questionnaire, the children of the two groups scored not significantly different. The CSII group expressed significantly less physical complaints and physical restrictions. CSII children showed a tendency to score higher on recalcitrance compared with CT children. How adequate this coping of CSII children may be, is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological predictors of problematic involvement in massively multiplayer online role-playing games: illustration in a sample of male cybercafe players.
Billieux, Joël UL; Chanal, Julien; Khazaal, Yasser et al

in Psychopathology (2011), 44(3), 165-71

BACKGROUND: Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) are video games in which a large number of players interact with one another in a persistent virtual world. MMORPGs can become ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) are video games in which a large number of players interact with one another in a persistent virtual world. MMORPGs can become problematic and result in negative outcomes in daily living (e.g. loss of control on gaming behaviors, compromised social and individual quality of life). The aim of the present study is to investigate psychological predictors of problematic involvement in MMORPGs. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Fifty-four males who played MMORPGs regularly were recruited in cybercafes and screened using the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (which assesses 4 facets of impulsivity) and the Motivation to Play Online Questionnaire (which assesses personal motives to play online). Negative consequences due to excessive time spent on the Internet were assessed with the Internet Addiction Test. RESULTS: Multiple regression analysis showed that problematic use of MMORPGs is significantly predicted by: (1) high urgency (b = 0.45), and (2) a motivation to play for immersion (b = 0.35). CONCLUSION: This study showed that, for certain individuals (who are characterized by a proneness to act rashly in emotional contexts and motivated to play to be immersed in a virtual world), involvement in MMORPGs can become problematic and engender tangible negative consequences in daily life. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological predictors of PTSD symptomatology for victims of motor vehicle accidents
Recchia, Sophie UL; Steffgen, Georges UL; Wampach, Nathalie UL

in Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health (2008)

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See detailPsychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia
Powell, Rachael; Scott, Neal; Manyande, Anne et al

in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online) (2016), (5), 1-279

In a review and meta-analysis conducted in 1993, psychological preparation was found to be beneficial for a range of outcome variables including pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative ... [more ▼]

In a review and meta-analysis conducted in 1993, psychological preparation was found to be beneficial for a range of outcome variables including pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect. Since this review, more detailed bibliographic searching has become possible, additional studies testing psychological preparation for surgery have been completed and hospital procedures have changed. The present review examines whether psychological preparation (procedural information, sensory information, cognitive intervention, relaxation, hypnosis and emotion-focused intervention) has impact on the outcomes of postoperative pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect. Selection criteria We included randomized controlled trials of adult participants (aged 16 or older) undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia. We excluded studies focusing on patient groups with clinically diagnosed psychological morbidity. We did not limit the search by language or publication status. We included studies testing a preoperative psychological intervention that included at least one of these seven techniques: procedural information; sensory information; behavioural instruction; cognitive intervention; relaxation techniques; hypnosis; emotion-focused intervention. We included studies that examined any one of our postoperative outcome measures (pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay, negative affect) within one month post-surgery. Data collection and analysis One author checked titles and abstracts to exclude obviously irrelevant studies. We obtained full reports of apparently relevant studies; two authors fully screened these. Two authors independently extracted data and resolved discrepancies by discussion. Where possible we used random-effects meta-analyses to combine the results from individual studies. For length of stay we pooled mean differences. For pain and negative affect we used a standardized effect size (the standardized mean difference (SMD), or Hedges’ g) to combine data from different outcome measures. If data were not available in a form suitable for meta-analysis we performed a narrative review. Main results Searches identified 5116 unique papers; we retrieved 827 for full screening. In this review, we included 105 studies from 115 papers, in which 10,302 participants were randomized. Mainly as a result of updating the search in July 2015, 38 papers are awaiting classification. Sixty-one of the 105 studies measured the outcome pain, 14 behavioural recovery, 58 length of stay and 49 negative affect. Participants underwent a wide range of surgical procedures, and a range of psychological components were used in interventions, frequently in combination. In the 105 studies, appropriate datawere provided for themeta-analysis of 38 studiesmeasuring the outcome postoperative pain (2713 participants), 36 for length of stay (3313 participants) and 31 for negative affect (2496 participants). We narratively reviewed the remaining studies (including the 14 studies with 1441 participants addressing behavioural recovery). When pooling the results for all types of intervention there was low quality evidence that psychological preparation techniques were associated with lower postoperative pain (SMD -0.20, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.35 to -0.06), length of stay (mean difference -0.52 days, 95% CI - 0.82 to -0.22) and negative affect (SMD -0.35, 95% CI -0.54 to -0.16) compared with controls. Results tended to be similar for all categories of intervention, although there was no evidence that behavioural instruction reduced the outcome pain. However, caution must be exercised when interpreting the results because of heterogeneity in the types of surgery, interventions and outcomes. Narratively reviewed evidence for the outcome behavioural recovery provided very low quality evidence that psychological preparation, in particular behavioural instruction, may have potential to improve behavioural recovery outcomes, but no clear conclusions could be reached. Generally, the evidence suffered from poor reporting, meaning that few studies could be classified as having low risk of bias. Overall,we rated the quality of evidence for each outcome as ‘low’ because of the high level of heterogeneity in meta-analysed studies and the unclear risk of bias. In addition, for the outcome behavioural recovery, too few studies used robust measures and reported suitable data for meta-analysis, so we rated the quality of evidence as ’very low’. Authors’ conclusions The evidence suggested that psychological preparation may be beneficial for the outcomes postoperative pain, behavioural recovery, negative affect and length of stay, and is unlikely to be harmful. However, at present, the strength of evidence is insufficient to reach firm conclusions on the role of psychological preparation for surgery. Further analyses are needed to explore the heterogeneity in the data, to identify more specifically when intervention techniques are of benefit. As the current evidence quality is low or very low, there is a need for well-conducted and clearly reported research. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia (Protocol)
Powell, Rachael; Bruce, Julie; Johnston, Marie et al

in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online) (2010), (8), 1-15

Objective: To review the effects of psychological preparation on postoperative outcomes in adults undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthetic.

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See detailPsychological quality of life and employability skills among newly registered first-year students:
Baumann, Michèle UL; Karavdic, Senad UL

in Health (2013), 5(3), 617-626

In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objective was to evaluate influences on the relationship between psychological quality of life (QoL) and the ... [more ▼]

In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objective was to evaluate influences on the relationship between psychological quality of life (QoL) and the acquisition of academic employability skills (AES) among first-year students at the Univer- sity in Luxembourg. At the beginning (2 months in) and the end (9 months) of the academic year, 973 newly registered students participated in this study involving two cross-university sur- veys. Students who redoubled or who had stud- ied at other universities were excluded. Data were collected with an online questionnaire com- prising the psychological Whoqol-bref subscale, AES scale, and questions about other related factors. The AES score decreased from 74.2 to 65.6. At both time points, the psychological Whoqol-bref was positively correlated with en-vironmental and social relations QoL and per- ceived general health. Multiple regression mod-els including interaction terms showed that a higher psychological QoL was associated with better general health (difference satisfied-dis- satisfied 9.44), AES (slope 0.099), social rela- tionships QoL (0.321), and environmental QoL (0.298). No interaction with time effects was sig- nificant, which indicates that the effects remain stable with time. If the university could maintain the QoL indicators at appropriate levels or man- age decreases as they occur, it would have im- plications for health promotion and the crea- tion of new student support systems. The SQA- LES project provides valuable information for universities aiming to develop a European High- er Educational Area. [less ▲]

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