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See detailPlasma glucocorticoids differentially modulate phasic and tonic GABA inhibition during early postnatal development in rat spinal lamina II.
Zell, Vivien; Hanesch, Ulrike UL; Poisbeau, Pierrick et al

in Neuroscience letters (2014), 578

Nociceptive processing is tuned by GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition in the spinal cord dorsal horn that undergoes postnatal maturation in rodents. These GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs ... [more ▼]

Nociceptive processing is tuned by GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition in the spinal cord dorsal horn that undergoes postnatal maturation in rodents. These GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) are modulated by 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids during early postnatal development in spinal cord lamina II. Thus an enhanced phasic inhibition is present in neonates and decreases over time. GABA can also activate extrasynaptic receptors, giving rise to tonic inhibition. In this study, we characterized the contribution of plasma corticosterone (CORT) to postnatal maturation of spinal phasic and, for the first time, tonic GABAergic inhibitions. We used Fisher and Lewis rat strains displaying respectively high and low hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity, compared to control Sprague-Dawley rats. Measured plasma CORT levels were significantly higher in Fisher rats, which also displayed significantly higher mechanical nociceptive thresholds, supporting the hypothesis of an antinociceptive action of CORT. Recorded GABAA IPSCs shortened during maturation in all strains while remaining larger in Fisher rats. Blocking the 5alpha-reduction of steroids in Fisher rats produced a further decrease of IPSC deactivation time constant. In contrast, GABAA tonic inhibition progressively increased during maturation, without any difference among strains. In conclusion, we show that both phasic and tonic GABAergic inhibitions undergo postnatal maturation in lamina II. Moreover spinal production of 3alpha5alpha-reduced steroids that presumably derive from plasma CORT is correlated to spinal GABAA phasic (but not tonic) inhibition and to mechanical nociceptive thresholds. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase 4 is required for sperm motility and male fertility.
Schuh, Kai; Cartwright, Elizabeth J.; Jankevics, Eriks et al

in The Journal of biological chemistry (2004), 279(27), 28220-6

Calcium and Ca(2+)-dependent signals play a crucial role in sperm motility and mammalian fertilization, but the molecules and mechanisms underlying these Ca(2+)-dependent pathways are incompletely ... [more ▼]

Calcium and Ca(2+)-dependent signals play a crucial role in sperm motility and mammalian fertilization, but the molecules and mechanisms underlying these Ca(2+)-dependent pathways are incompletely understood. Here we show that homozygous male mice with a targeted gene deletion of isoform 4 of the plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA), which is highly enriched in the sperm tail, are infertile due to severely impaired sperm motility. Furthermore, the PMCA inhibitor 5-(and-6)-carboxyeosin diacetate succinimidyl ester reduced sperm motility in wild-type animals, thus mimicking the effects of PMCA4 deficiency on sperm motility and supporting the hypothesis of a pivotal role of the PMCA4 on the regulation of sperm function and intracellular Ca(2+) levels. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Plasma Membrane Calcium ATPase 4 Signaling in Cardiac Fibroblasts Mediates Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Mohamed, TMA; Abou-Leisa, R et al

in Nature Communications (2016)

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium ATPase and its relationship to nitric oxide signaling in the heart.
Cartwright, Elizabeth J.; Oceandy, Delvac; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2007), 1099

The plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin-dependent ATPase (PMCA) is a ubiquitously expressed calcium-extruding enzymatic pump. In the majority of cells the main function of PMCA is as the only system to ... [more ▼]

The plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin-dependent ATPase (PMCA) is a ubiquitously expressed calcium-extruding enzymatic pump. In the majority of cells the main function of PMCA is as the only system to extrude calcium from the cytosol, however, in the excitable cells of the heart it has only a minor role in the bulk removal of calcium compared to the sodium-calcium exchanger. There is increasing evidence to suggest that PMCA has an additional role as a potential modulator of a number of signal transduction pathways. Of key interest in the heart is the functional interaction between the calcium/calmodulin-dependent enzyme neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and isoform 4 of PMCA. Nitric oxide production from nNOS is known to be important in the regulation of excitation-contraction (EC) coupling and subsequently contractility. This article will focus on recent evidence suggesting that PMCA4 has a regulatory role in the nitric oxide signaling pathway in the heart. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium ATPase isoform 4 inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated angiogenesis through interaction with calcineurin.
Baggott, Rhiannon R.; Alfranca, Arantzazu; Lopez-Maderuelo, Dolores et al

in Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology (2014), 34(10), 2310-20

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a crucial regulator of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Among the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by VEGF ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been identified as a crucial regulator of physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Among the intracellular signaling pathways triggered by VEGF, activation of the calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling axis has emerged as a critical mediator of angiogenic processes. We and others previously reported a novel role for the plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) as an endogenous inhibitor of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway, via interaction with calcineurin, in cardiomyocytes and breast cancer cells. However, the functional significance of the PMCA/calcineurin interaction in endothelial pathophysiology has not been addressed thus far. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using in vitro and in vivo assays, we here demonstrate that the interaction between PMCA4 and calcineurin in VEGF-stimulated endothelial cells leads to downregulation of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway and to a significant reduction in the subsequent expression of the NFAT-dependent, VEGF-activated, proangiogenic genes RCAN1.4 and Cox-2. PMCA4-dependent inhibition of calcineurin signaling translates into a reduction in endothelial cell motility and blood vessel formation that ultimately impairs in vivo angiogenesis by VEGF. CONCLUSIONS: Given the importance of the calcineurin/NFAT pathway in the regulation of pathological angiogenesis, targeted modulation of PMCA4 functionality might open novel therapeutic avenues to promote or attenuate new vessel formation in diseases that occur with angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe plasma membrane calcium ATPase modulates calcium homeostasis, intracellular signaling events and function in platelets.
Jones, S.; Solomon, A.; Sanz-Rosa, D. et al

in Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH (2010), 8(12), 2766-74

BACKGROUND: The plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) regulates localized signaling events in a variety of cell types, although its functional role in platelets remains undefined. OBJECTIVES: To ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The plasma membrane calcium ATPase (PMCA) regulates localized signaling events in a variety of cell types, although its functional role in platelets remains undefined. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of PMCA in determining platelet intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2)(+) ](i) ) at rest and following agonist stimulation, and to define the corresponding effects upon different stages of platelet activation. METHODS: [Ca(2)(+) ](i) was continuously measured in Fura-2-loaded platelets and in vitro and in vivo functional analyses performed in the presence of the PMCA inhibitor carboxyeosin (CE). RESULTS: Concentrations of CE that selectively inhibited Ca(2)(+) extrusion through PMCA were established in human platelets. [Ca(2)(+) ](i) was elevated by CE in resting platelets, although collagen-stimulated Ca(2)(+) release was reduced. Impaired Ca(2)(+) mobilization upon agonist stimulation was accompanied by reduced dense granule secretion and impaired platelet aggregation. Platelet aggregation responses were also reduced in PMCA4(-/-) mice and in an in vivo mouse model of platelet thromboembolism. Conversely, inhibition of PMCA promoted the early and later stages of platelet activation, observed as enhanced adhesion to fibrinogen, and accelerated clot retraction. Investigations into the signaling mechanisms underlying CE-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation implicated cGMP-independent vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation. CONCLUSIONS: Disruption of PMCA activity perturbs platelet Ca(2)(+) homeostasis and function in a time-dependent manner, demonstrating that PMCA differentially regulates Ca(2)(+) -dependent signaling events, and hence function, throughout the platelet activation process. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium ATPase proteins as novel regulators of signal transduction pathways.
Holton, Mary Louisa; Wang, Weiguang; Emerson, Michael et al

in World Journal of Biological Chemistry (2010), 1(6), 201-8

Emerging evidence suggests that plasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) play a key role as regulators of calcium-triggered signal transduction pathways via interaction with partner proteins. PMCAs ... [more ▼]

Emerging evidence suggests that plasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) play a key role as regulators of calcium-triggered signal transduction pathways via interaction with partner proteins. PMCAs regulate these pathways by targeting specific proteins to cellular sub-domains where the levels of intracellular free calcium are kept low by the calcium ejection properties of PMCAs. According to this model, PMCAs have been shown to interact functionally with the calcium-sensitive proteins neuronal nitric oxide synthase, calmodulin-dependent serine protein kinase, calcineurin and endothelial nitric oxidase synthase. Transgenic animals with altered expression of PMCAs are being used to evaluate the physiological significance of these interactions. To date, PMCA interactions with calcium-dependent partner proteins have been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system via regulation of the nitric oxide and calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cells pathways. This new evidence suggests that PMCAs play a more sophisticated role than the mere ejection of calcium from the cells, by acting as modulators of signaling transduction pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) as potential targets for the treatment of essential hypertension.
Little, Robert; Cartwright, Elizabeth J.; Neyses, Ludwig UL et al

in Pharmacology & therapeutics (2016), 159

The incidence of hypertension, the major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is increasing. Thus, there is a pressing need for the development of new and more effective strategies to ... [more ▼]

The incidence of hypertension, the major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is increasing. Thus, there is a pressing need for the development of new and more effective strategies to prevent and treat hypertension. Development of these relies on a continued evolution of our understanding of the mechanisms which control blood pressure (BP). Resistance arteries are important in the regulation of total peripheral resistance and BP; changes in their structure and function are strongly associated with hypertension. Anti-hypertensives which both reduce BP and reverse changes in resistance arterial structure reduce cardiovascular risk more than therapies which reduce BP alone. Hence, identification of novel potential vascular targets which modify BP is important. Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder which may include a genetic component. Genome wide association studies have identified ATP2B1, encoding the calcium pump plasma membrane calcium ATPase 1 (PMCA1), as having a strong association with BP and hypertension. Knockdown or reduced PMCA1 expression in mice has confirmed a physiological role for PMCA1 in BP and resistance arterial regulation. Altered expression or inhibition of PMCA4 has also been shown to modulate these parameters. The mechanisms whereby PMCA1 and 4 can modulate vascular function remain to be fully elucidated but may involve regulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis and/or comprise a structural role. However, clear physiological links between PMCA and BP, coupled with experimental studies directly linking PMCA1 and 4 to changes in BP and arterial function, suggest that they may be important targets for the development of new pharmacological modulators of BP. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Plasma Membrane Calcium ATPases and Their Role as Major New Players in Human Disease.
Stafford, Nicholas; Wilson, Claire; Oceandy, Delvac et al

in Physiological reviews (2017), 97(3), 1089-1125

The Ca2+ extrusion function of the four mammalian isoforms of the plasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) is well established. There is also ever-increasing detail known of their roles in global and local ... [more ▼]

The Ca2+ extrusion function of the four mammalian isoforms of the plasma membrane calcium ATPases (PMCAs) is well established. There is also ever-increasing detail known of their roles in global and local Ca2+ homeostasis and intracellular Ca2+ signaling in a wide variety of cell types and tissues. It is becoming clear that the spatiotemporal patterns of expression of the PMCAs and the fact that their abundances and relative expression levels vary from cell type to cell type both reflect and impact on their specific functions in these cells. Over recent years it has become increasingly apparent that these genes have potentially significant roles in human health and disease, with PMCAs1-4 being associated with cardiovascular diseases, deafness, autism, ataxia, adenoma, and malarial resistance. This review will bring together evidence of the variety of tissue-specific functions of PMCAs and will highlight the roles these genes play in regulating normal physiological functions and the considerable impact the genes have on human disease. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma membrane calcium pump (PMCA4)-neuronal nitric-oxide synthase complex regulates cardiac contractility through modulation of a compartmentalized cyclic nucleotide microdomain.
Mohamed, Tamer M. A.; Oceandy, Delvac; Zi, Min et al

in The Journal of biological chemistry (2011), 286(48), 41520-9

Identification of the signaling pathways that regulate cyclic nucleotide microdomains is essential to our understanding of cardiac physiology and pathophysiology. Although there is growing evidence that ... [more ▼]

Identification of the signaling pathways that regulate cyclic nucleotide microdomains is essential to our understanding of cardiac physiology and pathophysiology. Although there is growing evidence that the plasma membrane Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent ATPase 4 (PMCA4) is a regulator of neuronal nitric-oxide synthase, the physiological consequence of this regulation is unclear. We therefore tested the hypothesis that PMCA4 has a key structural role in tethering neuronal nitric-oxide synthase to a highly compartmentalized domain in the cardiac cell membrane. This structural role has functional consequences on cAMP and cGMP signaling in a PMCA4-governed microdomain, which ultimately regulates cardiac contractility. In vivo contractility and calcium amplitude were increased in PMCA4 knock-out animals (PMCA4(-/-)) with no change in diastolic relaxation or the rate of calcium decay, showing that PMCA4 has a function distinct from beat-to-beat calcium transport. Surprisingly, in PMCA4(-/-), over 36% of membrane-associated neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) protein and activity was delocalized to the cytosol with no change in total nNOS protein, resulting in a significant decrease in microdomain cGMP, which in turn led to a significant elevation in local cAMP levels through a decrease in PDE2 activity (measured by FRET-based sensors). This resulted in increased L-type calcium channel activity and ryanodine receptor phosphorylation and hence increased contractility. In the heart, in addition to subsarcolemmal calcium transport, PMCA4 acts as a structural molecule that maintains the spatial and functional integrity of the nNOS signaling complex in a defined microdomain. This has profound consequences for the regulation of local cyclic nucleotide and hence cardiac beta-adrenergic signaling. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasma-Coated Polycaprolactone Nanofibers with Covalently Bonded Platelet-Rich Plasma Enhance Adhesion and Growth of Human Fibroblasts.
Miroshnichenko, Svetlana; Timofeeva, Valeriia; Permykova, Elizaveta et al

in Nanomaterials (2019), 9(4),

Biodegradable nanofibers are extensively employed in different areas of biology and medicine, particularly in tissue engineering. The electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers are attracting growing ... [more ▼]

Biodegradable nanofibers are extensively employed in different areas of biology and medicine, particularly in tissue engineering. The electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers are attracting growing interest due to their good mechanical properties and a low-cost structure similar to the extracellular matrix. However, the unmodified PCL nanofibers exhibit an inert surface, hindering cell adhesion and negatively affecting their further fate. The employment of PCL nanofibrous scaffolds for wound healing requires a certain modification of the PCL surface. In this work, the morphology of PCL nanofibers is optimized by the careful tuning of electrospinning parameters. It is shown that the modification of the PCL nanofibers with the COOH plasma polymers and the subsequent binding of NH(2) groups of protein molecules is a rather simple and technologically accessible procedure allowing the adhesion, early spreading, and growth of human fibroblasts to be boosted. The behavior of fibroblasts on the modified PCL surface was found to be very different when compared to the previously studied cultivation of mesenchymal stem cells on the PCL nanofibrous meshes. It is demonstrated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) that the freeze-thawed platelet-rich plasma (PRP) immobilization can be performed via covalent and non-covalent bonding and that it does not affect biological activity. The covalently bound components of PRP considerably reduce the fibroblast apoptosis and increase the cell proliferation in comparison to the unmodified PCL nanofibers or the PCL nanofibers with non-covalent bonding of PRP. The reported research findings reveal the potential of PCL matrices for application in tissue engineering, while the plasma modification with COOH groups and their subsequent covalent binding with proteins expand this potential even further. The use of such matrices with covalently immobilized PRP for wound healing leads to prolonged biological activity of the immobilized molecules and protects these biomolecules from the aggressive media of the wound. [less ▲]

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See detailThe plasmamembrane calmodulin-dependent calcium pump: a major regulator of nitric oxide synthase I.
Schuh, K.; Uldrijan, S.; Telkamp, M. et al

in The Journal of cell biology (2001), 155(2), 201-5

The plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) (Shull, G.E., and J. Greeb. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263:8646-8657; Verma, A.K., A.G. Filoteo, D.R. Stanford, E.D. Wieben, J.T. Penniston ... [more ▼]

The plasma membrane calcium/calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) (Shull, G.E., and J. Greeb. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263:8646-8657; Verma, A.K., A.G. Filoteo, D.R. Stanford, E.D. Wieben, J.T. Penniston, E.E. Strehler, R. Fischer, R. Heim, G. Vogel, S. Mathews, et al. 1988. J. Biol. Chem. 263:14152-14159; Carafoli, E. 1997. Basic Res. Cardiol. 92:59-61) has been proposed to be a regulator of calcium homeostasis and signal transduction networks of the cell. However, little is known about its precise mechanisms of action. Knock-out of (mainly neuronal) isoform 2 of the enzyme resulted in hearing loss and balance deficits due to severe inner ear defects, affecting formation and maintenance of otoconia (Kozel, P.J., R.A. Friedman, L.C. Erway, E.N. Yamoah, L.H. Liu, T. Riddle, J.J. Duffy, T. Doetschman, M.L. Miller, E.L. Cardell, and G.E. Shull. 1998. J. Biol. Chem. 273:18693-18696). Here we demonstrate that PMCA 4b is a negative regulator of nitric oxide synthase I (NOS-I, nNOS) in HEK293 embryonic kidney and neuro-2a neuroblastoma cell models. Binding of PMCA 4b to NOS-I was mediated by interaction of the COOH-terminal amino acids of PMCA 4b and the PDZ domain of NOS-I (PDZ: PSD 95/Dlg/ZO-1 protein domain). Increasing expression of wild-type PMCA 4b (but not PMCA mutants unable to bind PDZ domains or devoid of Ca2+-transporting activity) dramatically downregulated NO synthesis from wild-type NOS-I. A NOS-I mutant lacking the PDZ domain was not regulated by PMCA, demonstrating the specific nature of the PMCA-NOS-I interaction. Elucidation of PMCA as an interaction partner and major regulator of NOS-I provides evidence for a new dimension of integration between calcium and NO signaling pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmon Hybridization in Compressible Metal-Insulator-Metal Nano-Cavities: an Optical Approach for Sensing Deep Sub-Wavelength Deformation
Carrara, Angelica; Maccaferri, Nicolò UL; Cerea, Andrea et al

in Advanced Optical Materials (2020), 8(18), 2000609

We present a pressure-induced deformation-sensitive device based on 2D matrices of plasmonic gold nanodisks coupled to a metal thin layer through a compressible dielectric spacer, namely a deformable ... [more ▼]

We present a pressure-induced deformation-sensitive device based on 2D matrices of plasmonic gold nanodisks coupled to a metal thin layer through a compressible dielectric spacer, namely a deformable metal-insulator-metal (MIM) nanocavity, to report deep sub-wavelength size variations (< λ/200). The system is characterized by two hybrid branches, which are resonant in the visible/near infrared spectral region. The fundamental mode, owing to the near-field interaction between the plasmonic nanostructures and the metal film, exhibits a remarkable sensitivity to the gap size, exceeding that of a planar “macroscopic” optical cavity and extending its operational domain to the sub-wavelength range, where excellent opportunities towards truly multiscale MIMs-based pressure sensors can be envisioned. Concurrently, its intrinsic plasmonic nature synergistically combines into a single platform multi-purpose functionalities, such as ultrasensitive detection, remote temperature readout etc., with practical perspectives in ultra-compact inspection tools for structural and functional information at the nanoscale. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmonic mid-infrared third harmonic generation in germanium nanoantennas
Fischer, Marco P.; Riede, Aaron; Gallacher, Kevin et al

in Light: Science and Applications (2018)

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See detailPlasmonic Nanopore Prepared on MoS2 Membrane - Hybrid Nanostructures Based on Site Selective Deposition
Mosconi, Dario; Miele, Ermanno; Giovannini, Giovannini et al

in Proceedings of SPIE : The International Society for Optical Engineering (2019), 10894

Here, we propose easy and robust strategies for the versatile integration 2D material flakes on plasmonic nanoholes by means of site selective deposition of MoS2. The methods can be applied both to simple ... [more ▼]

Here, we propose easy and robust strategies for the versatile integration 2D material flakes on plasmonic nanoholes by means of site selective deposition of MoS2. The methods can be applied both to simple metallic flat nanostructures and to complex 3D metallic structures comprising nanoholes. The deposition methods allow the decoration of large ordered arrays of plasmonic structures with single or few layers of MoS2. We show that the plasmonic field generated by the nanohole can interact significantly with the 2D layer, thus representing an ideal system for hybrid 2DMaterial/ Plasmonic investigation. The controlled/ordered integration of 2D materials on plasmonic nanostructures opens a pathway towards new investigation of the following: enhanced light emission; strong coupling from plasmonic hybrid structures; hot electron generation; and sensors in general based on 2D materials. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmonic nanopores for single-molecule detection and manipulation: towards sequencing applications
Garoli, Denis; Yamazaki, Hirohito; Maccaferri, Nicolò UL et al

in Nano Letters (2019), 19(11), 7553-7562

Solid-state nanopore-based sensors are promising platforms for next-generation sequencing technologies, featuring label-free single-molecule sensitivity, rapid detection, and low-cost manufacturing. In ... [more ▼]

Solid-state nanopore-based sensors are promising platforms for next-generation sequencing technologies, featuring label-free single-molecule sensitivity, rapid detection, and low-cost manufacturing. In recent years, solid-state nanopores have been explored due to their miscellaneous fabrication methods and their use in a wide range of sensing applications. Here, we highlight a novel family of solid-state nanopores which have recently appeared, namely plasmonic nanopores. The use of plasmonic nanopores to engineer electromagnetic fields around a nanopore sensor allows for enhanced optical spectroscopies, local control over temperature, thermophoresis of molecules and ions to/from the sensor, and trapping of entities. This Mini Review offers a comprehensive understanding of the current state-of-the-art plasmonic nanopores for single-molecule detection and biomolecular sequencing applications and discusses the latest advances and future perspectives on plasmonic nanopore-based technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailPlasmonic zero mode waveguide for highly confined and enhanced fluorescence emission
Ponzellini, Paolo; Zambrana-Puyalto, Xavier; Maccaferri, Nicolò UL et al

in Nanoscale (2018), 10(36), 17362-17369

We fabricate a plasmonic nanoslot that is capable of performing enhanced single molecule detection at 10 muM concentrations. The nanoslot combines the tiny detection volume of a zero-mode waveguide and ... [more ▼]

We fabricate a plasmonic nanoslot that is capable of performing enhanced single molecule detection at 10 muM concentrations. The nanoslot combines the tiny detection volume of a zero-mode waveguide and the field enhancement of a plasmonic nanohole. The nanoslot is fabricated on a bi-metallic film formed by the sequential deposition of gold and aluminum on a transparent substrate. Simulations of the structure yield an average near-field intensity enhancement of two orders of magnitude at its resonant frequency. Experimentally, we measure the fluorescence stemming from the nanoslot and compare it with that of a standard aluminum zero-mode waveguide. We also compare the detection volume for both structures. We observe that while both structures have a similar detection volume, the nanoslot yields a 25-fold fluorescence enhancement. [less ▲]

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See detailPLASTIC DESIGN FOR COMPOSITE BEAMS - ARE THERE ANY LIMITS?
Schäfer, Markus UL; Zhang, Qingjie UL; Braun et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Steel and Aluminium Structures ICSAS19 (2019, July)

Due to the demand for sustainable constructions, composite structures have become more important and lead to slim and economic solutions with a low structural self-weight. EN 1994-1-1 differentiate four ... [more ▼]

Due to the demand for sustainable constructions, composite structures have become more important and lead to slim and economic solutions with a low structural self-weight. EN 1994-1-1 differentiate four different cross-section classes for the determination of moment resistance. For the plastic design of the moment resistance it is assumed, that each cross-sectional fibre can plastify without any limitation of the strains. For standard composite beams in case of sagging moments and a high-lying plastic neutral axis, plastic design and strain-limited design give similar results. In the case of sections with a large compression zone height xpl and limited rotation capacity, a concrete failure in the compression zone can occur before the plastic moment resistance Mpl,Rd, is reached. The strain limit design becomes decisive. This paper points out the impact of the concrete part on the design of composite beams. A parametric study comparing plastic and strain limited moment resistance of a considerable variety of cross-sections has been carried out to develop the beam design methods considering high compression zone height of next generation of Eurocodes. [less ▲]

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See detailPlateformes en ligne : portée de l’obligation de loyauté
Poillot, Elise UL

in Recueil Dalloz (2016)

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