Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
See detailPolicy and research priorities of the World Young Leaders in Dementia (WYLD) network
Leist, Anja UL

Scientific Conference (2018, October 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolicy Coherence for Development and Migration: Analysing US and EU Policies through the Lens of Normative Transformation
Koff, Harlan UL

in Regions & cohesion = Regiones y Cohesión = Regions and Cohesion (2017), 7(2), 5-33

The European Union’s (EU) 2015–2016 “migration/asylum crisis” gave discussions over the relationships between migration, security and development renewed prominence in global affairs. In response to ... [more ▼]

The European Union’s (EU) 2015–2016 “migration/asylum crisis” gave discussions over the relationships between migration, security and development renewed prominence in global affairs. In response to record migratory flows, the EU, like the United States (US), has implemented security responses to migration aimed at protecting territorial integrity. This article addresses the migration–security–development nexus through the lens of policy coherence for development (PCD). It compares EU and US migration policies within the framework of the “transformative development” associated with the Sustainable Development Goals. It contends that these donors have undermined transformative development through the regionalization of development aid, which has contributed to the securitization of both development and migration policies. Thus, the article contends that new mechanisms for change need to be identified. It introduces the notion of “normative coherence” and proposes a potential role for regional human rights courts in fostering migration-related PCD. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolicy Experimentation in Committees: A Case Against Veto Rights Under Redistributive Constraints
Anesi, Vincent UL; Bowen, Renee

in American Economic Journal. Microeconomics (in press)

We study optimal policy experimentation by a committee. We consider a dynamic bargaining game in which committee members choose either a risky reform or a safe alternative each period. When no ... [more ▼]

We study optimal policy experimentation by a committee. We consider a dynamic bargaining game in which committee members choose either a risky reform or a safe alternative each period. When no redistribution is allowed the unique equilibrium outcome is generically inefficient. When redistribution is allowed (even small amounts), there always exists an equilibrium that supports optimal experimentation for any voting rule without veto players. With veto players, however, optimal policy experimentation is possible only with a sufficient amount of redistribution. We conclude that veto rights are more of an obstacle to optimal policy experimentation than the constraints on redistribution themselves. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe policy narratives of European capital markets union
Howarth, David UL; Quaglia, Lucia

in Journal of European Public Policy (2018), 25(7), 990-1009

This paper examines the ‘making’ of Capital Markets Union (CMU) through the theoretical lens of ‘actor-centred constructivism’, by considering the ‘policy narratives’ that bureaucratic actors have ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the ‘making’ of Capital Markets Union (CMU) through the theoretical lens of ‘actor-centred constructivism’, by considering the ‘policy narratives’ that bureaucratic actors have employed strategically to promote the project. It is argued that two main narratives were articulated by the European Commission in order to mobilize the political support necessary to push forward CMU and reduce potential opposition to it. The first narrative was to boost the size and internal and external competitiveness of European Union capital markets. The second narrative was the increased funding to the real economy, especially to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and infrastructural projects. The Commission used these narratives instrumentally in ‘framing’ CMU as a positive-sum game, rather than a zero-sum game with potential winners and losers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 230 (3 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolicy Recommendations
Ligeti, Katalin UL; Giuffrida, Fabio UL

Report (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (5 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolicy Report on Migration and Asylum (2016)
Petry, David UL; Jacobs, Sarah UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2017)

The present report provides an overview of the main debates and developments in relation to migration and asylum in Luxembourg in 2016. The issue of migration remained on the forefront of public and ... [more ▼]

The present report provides an overview of the main debates and developments in relation to migration and asylum in Luxembourg in 2016. The issue of migration remained on the forefront of public and political debate, a debate axed on both planned legislative changes as well as the concrete migratory situation in Luxembourg. Four topics dominated public and policy discussions over the course of the year: the reform on Luxembourgish nationality, economic migration, the organisation of reception, as well as support and integration measures, linked to the continued inflow of applicants for international protection (AIPs) in 2016 and steps taken to adapt formal and informal education to the increasing heterogeneity of Luxembourg’s population. The debate on international protection that arose in 2015 was carried onward in 2016, the focus shifting towards reception, support and integration measures. As the inflow of AIPs remained relatively high in 2016 with 2.043 applications, Luxembourg’s Reception and Integration Agency (OLAI) warned throughout the year that the country’s structures would soon reach the limits of their capacity. Linked to the high recognition rate, the legal challenges that local residents put to the plans for the construction of new reception facilities and the difficulty of beneficiaries of international protection (BIPs) in finding appropriate accommodation, the perceived dearth of housing was discussed broadly by the public, the media, as well as civil society and political actors. The continued inflow of AIPs also put a strain on the concerned administrations, both in terms of financial and human resources, leading to discussions regarding the duration of procedures and the variations of this duration. Moreover, the question of integration or support measures for beneficiaries and applicants stepped to the forefront: the changed profile of people arriving in Luxembourg posed new challenges to language learning and education for the newly arrived, and overall, emphasised the need to adapt existing and create new integration and support measures for beneficiaries and applicants. At the same time, the role of non-governmental organisations in supporting the government in the reception of applicants and in establishing new projects facilitating their integration also grew over the course of 2016, not least due to over 80 projects being granted funding by the Oeuvre Nationale de Secours Grande Duchesse Charlotte (henceforth Oeuvre). The Luxembourgish Centre for Integration and Social Cohesion (LISKO), part of the Red Cross and supported by convention to the Ministry for Family and Integration opened its doors in April 2016. The newly created centre will take care of the integration of BIPs into Luxembourg’s society, putting its emphasis on facilitating access to housing. The planned extension of the maximum period of detention for families with children and unaccompanied minors (UAMs) from 72 hours to 7 days precipitated strong reactions from civil society and the public. Luxembourg furthermore followed through on its resettlement and relocation commitments made in 2015, with 167 persons being relocated from Greece and Italy to Luxembourg and with 52 being resettled in the context of the EU-Turkey agreement over the course of 2016. The adaptation of Luxembourg’s legislation in the domain of legal migration also took shape over in 2016 and was broadly debated during the law-making process, while warranting less public attention. With the introduction of one bill, the legislator started the process of transposing Directive 2014/36/EU on seasonal workers and Directive 2014/66/EU on intra-corporate transfers into national law. The same bill furthermore introduced an authorisation of stay for investors, the aspect most commented on by civil society; a mechanism for continuation of activity; detailed the conditions under which a TCN (third country national) corporate officer (mandataire social) can apply for an authorisation of stay, extended the period of validity of the "European Blue Card" residence permit from two to four years, modified dispositions regarding the change of status of students and facilitated family reunification. These developments are to be framed within a wider context of economic diversification, encouragement of entrepreneurship and the repositioning of the financial centre. The reform of the Luxembourgish nationality, another major subject of discussion, was recognised as the best way to counteract Luxembourg’s increasing democratic deficit after the electorate’s refusal to extend legislative voting rights to foreign residents, decided in the referendum of 2015. This reform further proceeded over the course of 2016, reintroduced the perennial language debate in Luxembourg, a larger debate on the role and status of the Luxembourgish language as well as its relation to integration of migrants into Luxembourgish society. In order to increase foreign residents’ participation in the upcoming municipal elections of October 2017, the government launched an awareness campaign encouraging foreign residents to register on the electoral roll, and provided support for organisations wishing to organise complementary actions. The Ministry of National Education and Youth made efforts to find responses to the growing heterogeneity of Luxembourg’s population, aiming to diversify and broaden the post-primary school offer, to develop plurilingual education in nurseries and to develop non-formal education by reforming in-kind benefits, this with the aim of promoting integration and equal opportunity. The transposition of Directive 2013/55/EU on the recognition of professional qualifications was also completed in 2016. The law further amended several national provisions, recast the legislation in the field of recognition of diplomas, combined all applicable provisions in a single legislative text and simplified the procedure for recognition. The debate regarding the return of irregular migrants circled around a number of issues in 2016: the exclusion of Kosovar nationals from the AVRRL programme, the Schengen evaluation and the aforementioned resulting changes to provisions on detention, the debate on the enforcement of the EU-Afghanistan ‘Joint way forward on migration issues’ agreement, as well as the continuation of the elaboration of readmission agreements. Luxembourg’s government took further steps in the fight against trafficking in human beings (THB) over the course of 2016. The Council of Government adopted the National Action Plan on trafficking in human beings, which focuses on the detection and protection of victims, the prosecution and punishment of perpetrators and a policy to combat trafficking. Luxembourg’s strategy on prostitution was presented, consisting of a National Action Plan on prostitution and a bill strengthening the fight against the exploitation of prostitution, procuring and THB. Additionally, the Consultative Commission on Human Rights (Commission Consultative des Droits de l’Homme – CCDH) published its first report on THB, which reviewed the years 2014-2016. In reference to migration and development, Luxembourg continued putting emphasis on vocational training and integration programmes in its indicative cooperation programmes with partner countries. Additionally, the Council of Government approved the bill on the agreement between the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Republic of Cape Verde on the concerted management of migratory flows and solidarity-based development, facilitating the movement of persons and to encourage temporary circular professional migration between Luxembourg and Cape Verde. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (6 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolicy Report on migration and asylum 2010 - Luxembourg
Baltes-Löhr, Christel UL; Koch, Anne UL; Besch, Sylvain

Report (2011)

The Policy report on migration and asylum is destined for the European Migration Network (EMN) and gives an idea of the main political debates and developments in this area in Luxembourg during the year ... [more ▼]

The Policy report on migration and asylum is destined for the European Migration Network (EMN) and gives an idea of the main political debates and developments in this area in Luxembourg during the year 2010. The year 2010 was highlighted in particular by the financial and economic crisis, which was set off during the first quarter of 2008, and the reform proposals presented by the government in order to meet this crisis. Given this context, it must be understood that in terms of general political preoccupation in Luxembourg, the subject areas of migration, asylum and integration took on a more or less secondary role compared to other subject areas. Notwithstanding, the field of migration was subject to important political debates in 2010, related either to legislative changes or to concrete themes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (5 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolicy Report on Migration and Asylum 2014 - Luxembourg
Li, Lisa UL; Petry, David UL; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

Report (2015)

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national ... [more ▼]

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national elections of 2014 can be found in the Policy Report. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 161 (31 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolicy with or without parties? A comparative analysis of policy priorities and policy change in Belgium, 1991 to 2000
Walgrave, Stefaan; Varone, Frederic; Dumont, Patrick UL

in JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN PUBLIC POLICY (2006), 13(7), 1021-1038

This paper confronts two models of policy: the party model states that policy-making is an orderly process initiated by parties implementing their party programme and carrying out their electoral promises ... [more ▼]

This paper confronts two models of policy: the party model states that policy-making is an orderly process initiated by parties implementing their party programme and carrying out their electoral promises; the external pressure model contends that policy change is a non-orderly process but rather a disjoint process coming in large bursts that are difficult to predict. Drawing upon eight policy agendas in Belgium covering the period from 1991 to 2000 we put both models to the test. Policy measures are operationalized via the budget and legislation. We found that budgets are as good as disconnected from any other policy agenda in Belgium. Legislation and the evolving legislative attention for issues in Belgium can be traced back to some extent to parties and external pressure at the same time. In terms of static policy priorities, we found that the party model indicators, party programmes and government agreements, are fairly good predictors of the lefislative attention an issue will receive during the governmental term. Regarding dynamic policy change from year to year, we found that the external pressure indicators parliamentary pressure, media coverage and street protest - performed much better and were able to grasp some variance in issue emphasis in legislation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPoliMedia - Analysing Media Coverage of Political Debates By Automatically Generated Links to Radio Newspaper Items
Kleppe, Martijn; Hollink, Laura; Kemman, Max UL et al

in D'Aquin, Mathieu; Dietze, Stefan; Drachsler, Hendrik (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the LinkedUp Veni Competition on Linked and Open Data for Education (2014)

Students and researchers of media and communication sciences study the role of media in our society. They frequently search through media archives to manually select items that cover a certain event. When ... [more ▼]

Students and researchers of media and communication sciences study the role of media in our society. They frequently search through media archives to manually select items that cover a certain event. When this is done for large time spans and across media-outlets, this task can however be challenging and laborious. Therefore, up until now the focus of researchers has been on manual and qualitative analyses of newspaper coverage. PoliMedia aims to stimulate and facilitate large-scale, cross-media analysis of the coverage of political events. We focus on the meetings of the Dutch parliament, and provide automatically generated links between the transcripts of those meetings, newspaper articles, including their original lay-out on the page, and radio bulletins. Via the portal at www.polimedia.nl researchers can search through the debates and find related media coverage in two media- outlets, facilitating a more efficient search process and qualitative analyses of the media coverage. Furthermore, the generated links are available via a SPARQL endpoint at data.polimedia.nl allowing quantitative analyses with complex, structured queries that are not covered by the search functionality of the portal, thus challenging the student to go across the academic borders and enter fields that previously have been neglected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPoliMedia - Improving Analyses of Radio, TV Newspaper Coverage of Political Debates
Kemman, Max UL; Kleppe, Martijn

in Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries (2013)

Analysing media coverage across several types of media-outlets is a challenging task for academic researchers. The PoliMedia project aimed to showcase the potential of cross-media analysis by linking the ... [more ▼]

Analysing media coverage across several types of media-outlets is a challenging task for academic researchers. The PoliMedia project aimed to showcase the potential of cross-media analysis by linking the digitised tran- scriptions of the debates at the Dutch Parliament (Dutch Hansard) with three media-outlets: 1) newspapers in their original layout of the historical newspaper archive at the National Library, 2) radio bulletins of the Dutch National Press Agency (ANP) and 3) newscasts and current affairs programs from the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision. In this paper we describe generally how these links were created and we introduce the PoliMedia search user interface developed for scholars to navigate the links. In evaluation it was found that the linking algorithm had a recall of 67 and precision of 75\%. Moreover, in an eye tracking evaluation we found that the interface enabled scholars to perform known-item and exploratory searches for qualitative analysis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)
See detailPolitical and Cultural Impacts of Inequality
Haas, Christina UL; van de Werfhorst, Herman; György Tóth, István et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolitical belonging and fantasies of inclusion. Romanians in London and Paris.
Paraschivescu, Claudia UL

in The Age of Human Rights Journal (2016), (7), 120-140

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (3 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolitical Communication at the World Exhibitions: Transnational Negotiation of Social and Education Policy, 1889-1904
Dittrich, Klaus UL; Kaiser, Wolfram

in Albert, Mathias; Bluhm, Gesa; Helmig, Jan (Eds.) et al Transnational Political Spaces. Agents – Structures – Encounters (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPolitical Correctness unter dem Aspekt der Anerkennung in der Migrationsgesellschaft: Eine kritische Reflexion von Schulbüchern in der Primar- und Sekundarstufe
Paraschou, Athina; Andersen, Katja Natalie UL

in Jahrbuch für Pädagogik (2020), 2018(1), 119-134

Political Correctness (PC) has been mainly discussed in the focus of language so far; this paper widens the viewpoint by the dimension of PC in the context of language and pictures. PC should activate ... [more ▼]

Political Correctness (PC) has been mainly discussed in the focus of language so far; this paper widens the viewpoint by the dimension of PC in the context of language and pictures. PC should activate pupils to reflect human images linguistically and visually. Language and pictures as powerful instruments of representations can contribute to the inclusion or exclusion of people. With increasing heterogeneity and diversity, school has a particular responsibility to support children and youths in their development to self-critical citizens and to prepare them for social interaction with the 'other'. This paper asks which constructive moments for the questioning of ambiguities and which opportunities but also limitations primary and secondary schoolbooks for natural sciences and ethics comprise for reflection of PC in focus of recognition and participation. Along examples of language and pictures, it will be shown how the medium schoolbook activates pupils to reflect and articulate about oneself and about the 'other' focusing on recognition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 163 (11 UL)