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See detailBalancing the interests in the context of data retention
Cole, Mark UL; Boehm, Franziska

E-print/Working paper (2013)

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See detailBalancing validity, utility and public health considerations in disorders due to addictive behaviours.
Stein, Dan J.; Billieux, Joël UL; Bowden-Jones, Henrietta et al

in World psychiatry : official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) (2018), 17(3), 363-364

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (1 UL)
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See detailBalduin von Trier, der Luxemburger
Pauly, Michel UL

in Balduin aus dem Hause Luxemburg, Erzbischof und Kurfürst von Trier 1285-1354 (2009)

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See detailBallsportler oder Tänzer? Ballkorobics als Möglichkeit der integrativen Sportvermittlung
Heck, Sandra UL

in Sportunterricht (2009), 58(11), 7-12

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 UL)
See detailDas Baltikum - 3 unabhängige Staaten?
Nienaber, Birte UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2010)

The presentation showed to the broader public similarities and differences of the Baltic States.

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See detailBanana starch nanocomposite with cellulose nanofibers isolated from banana peel by enzymatic treatment: In vitro cytotoxicity assessment
Tibolla, H.; Pelissari, F. M.; Martins, J. T. et al

in Carbohydrate Polymers (2019), 207

The potential use of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) as a reinforcing agent in banana starch-based nanocomposite films was investigated. CNFs were isolated from banana peel (Musa paradisiaca) by enzymatic ... [more ▼]

The potential use of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) as a reinforcing agent in banana starch-based nanocomposite films was investigated. CNFs were isolated from banana peel (Musa paradisiaca) by enzymatic hydrolysis. Banana starch-based nanocomposite films were prepared with CNFs using the casting method. CNFs effect on cell viability and on nanocomposite films properties’ was investigated. The cytotoxicity of CNFs was assessed on Caco-2 cell line. CNFs were not cytotoxic at 50–2000 μg/mL. However, CNFs above 2000 μg/mL significantly decreased cell viability. Topography analysis showed that the incorporation of CNFs modified the film structure. The nanocomposites exhibited a complex structure due to strong interactions between CNFs and starch matrix, promoting a remarkable improvement on mechanical and water barrier properties, opacity and UV light barrier compared to the control film. CNFs can offer a great potential as reinforcing material for starch-based nanocomposite films, producing a value-added food packaging from a waste material. [less ▲]

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See detailLa "bancabilité" des infrastructures intégratives financés par les Institutions du développement en Afrique de l'Ouest
Bassale, Wilfried UL

Doctoral thesis (2015)

Le terme « bancabilité » est l’une de ses expressions omniprésentes dans le discours des praticiens du financement des grands projets d’infrastructures sans que l’on ne sache précisément ce qu’il désigne ... [more ▼]

Le terme « bancabilité » est l’une de ses expressions omniprésentes dans le discours des praticiens du financement des grands projets d’infrastructures sans que l’on ne sache précisément ce qu’il désigne. Lorsqu’elle est présentée comme étant les prérequis à l’octroi de financements des grands projets d’infrastructures par les institutions financières, la bancabilité ou la « financiabilité » ne demeure pas moins difficile à cerner. Sa nature suscite le débat. D’aucuns doutent qu’il s’agisse d’une notion juridique, d’autres y voient une pratique essentiellement financière assimilable à l’évaluation de la situation financière des candidats à un emprunt bancaire. Son régime est tout aussi incertain. Dès lors que la bancabilité est analysée à travers le prisme de critères ou de paramètres applicables aux promoteurs des projets d’infrastructures, la formation de ces « règles » puisqu’il s’agit effectivement de règles de conduite, de prescriptions, orientant le comportement des candidats-emprunteurs, mais également les conditions de leur mise en œuvre ne peuvent échapper à un encadrement juridique. À défaut de définition textuelle, identifier les déterminants de la bancabilité, saisir sa nature, comprendre cette pratique forgée par les professionnels du crédit, la distinguer de notions similaires – telles que la rentabilité, la solvabilité ou la dignité de crédit - sont d’autant plus essentiels que la bancabilité s’apparente à un concept émergent en droit dont la gestation est en cours. A cet égard, le régime applicable aux cas de manquement lors de l’appréciation de la conformité des projets d’infrastructure eu égard aux prérequis de bancabilité reste encore à définir. La présente étude entreprend une réflexion sur la valeur des critères juridiques de bancabilité tels qu’appliqués par les principales institutions financières du développement en Afrique de l’Ouest et explore les effets de leur mise en œuvre sur les cadres juridiques nationaux et régionaux. À partir de l’analyse de projets d’infrastructure de transport d’énergie favorisant l’intégration régionale des États-membres de la Communauté Économique des États d’Afrique de l’Ouest, l’étude met en lumière les écarts entre les principaux critères juridiques de bancabilité édictés par les institutions financières de développement et la pratique observée en Afrique de l’Ouest puis, elle propose des pistes d’évolution de ces critères de bancabilité. [less ▲]

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See detailThe band gap of Cu2ZnSnSe4: Effect of order-disorder
Rey, Germain UL; Redinger, Alex UL; Sendler, Jan UL et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2014), 105

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See detailBand structure of boron doped carbon nanotubes
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Rubio, A.

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2003), 685

We present ab initio and self-consistent tight-binding calculations on the band structure of single wall semiconducting carbon nanotubes with high degrees (up to 25 %) of boron substitution. Besides a ... [more ▼]

We present ab initio and self-consistent tight-binding calculations on the band structure of single wall semiconducting carbon nanotubes with high degrees (up to 25 %) of boron substitution. Besides a lowering of the Fermi energy into the valence band, a regular, periodic distribution of the p-dopants leads to the formation of a dispersive "acceptor"-like band in the band gap of the undoped tube. This comes from the superposition of acceptor levels at the boron atoms with the delocalized carbon pi-orbitals. Irregular (random) boron-doping leads to a high concentration of hybrids of acceptor and unoccupied carbon states above the Fermi edge. [less ▲]

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See detailBandes dessinées im Fremdsprachenunterricht Französisch - Annäherung an eine empirisch fundierte Teilbereichsdidaktik
Morys, Nancy UL

Book published by Peter Lang Verlag - Kolloquium Fremdsprachenunterricht (2018)

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See detail"Bandes dessinées" im Fremdsprachenunterricht Französisch
Morys, Nancy UL

Presentation (2017, September 29)

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See detailBank of France: The challenge of escaping politicization
Howarth, David UL

in Dyson, Kenneth; Marcussen, Martin (Eds.) Central Banks in the Age of the Euro: Europeanization, Convergence, and Power (2009)

This contribution will show that Europeanization since 1993—the independence of the Bank of France in 1994 and the transfer of monetary policy powers to the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999—had a clear ... [more ▼]

This contribution will show that Europeanization since 1993—the independence of the Bank of France in 1994 and the transfer of monetary policy powers to the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999—had a clear and direct impact on the power and roles of the Governor and the members of the Conseil de la Politique Monétaire (MPC), but a less obvious impact on the organisation and responsibilities of the Bank itself. Independence and the 1999 transfer have also had a direct impact upon the Bank’s role in public life. Well over a decade since independence, monetary policy remains more politicized in France than in most Eurosystem member states, thus bucking the trend of a politicisation. In terms of the Bank’s core operations, however, political hostility has created only marginal difficulties. [less ▲]

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See detailBank off-balance-sheet leverage: Some lessons to be learned from the financial crisis
Papanikolaou, Nikolaos UL

in Galizia, Federico (Ed.) Managing systemic exposures: A risk management framework for SIFIs and their markets (2013)

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See detailBank power and public policy since the financial crisis
Howarth, David UL; James, Scott; Macartney, Huw

in Business and Politics (2020), 22(1), 1-24

Despite much commentary in the media and the popular assumption that the banking industry exerts undue influence on government policy-making, the academic literature on the role of the banks since the ... [more ▼]

Despite much commentary in the media and the popular assumption that the banking industry exerts undue influence on government policy-making, the academic literature on the role of the banks since the 2008 financial crisis remains theoretically and empirically under-specified. In particular, we argue that different forms of financial power are often conflated, while favorable policy outcomes are too-readily assumed to be evidence of regulatory capture. In short, we still know relatively little about how bank influence varies over time and in different national contexts, the extent to which banking interests are unified or divided, and the conditions under which banks are capable of producing meaningful variation in policy outcomes. This article has three objectives: 1) to explain why the debate on bank influence matters; 2) to examine the evidence of bank influence since the international financial crisis; and 3) to set out a range of conceptual tools for thinking about bank power. [less ▲]

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See detailBank Proprietary Trading and Investment in Private Funds: Is the Volcker Rule a Panacea or Yet Another Maginot Line?
Nabilou, Hossein UL

in Banking & Finance Law Review (2017), 32(2), 297-341

The Volcker Rule is part of the post-financial-crisis regulatory reforms that partly aim at addressing problems associated with proprietary trading by banking entities and the risks associated with the ... [more ▼]

The Volcker Rule is part of the post-financial-crisis regulatory reforms that partly aim at addressing problems associated with proprietary trading by banking entities and the risks associated with the interconnectedness of private funds (e.g., hedge funds and private equity funds) with Large Complex Financial Institutions (LCFIs). This mission is pursued by introducing provisions that prohibit proprietary trading and banking entities’ investment in and sponsorship of private funds. These prohibitions have three specific objectives: addressing problems arising from the interconnectedness of private funds with LCFIs; preventing cross-subsidization of private funds by depository institutions having access to government explicit and implicit guarantees; and regulation of conflicts of interest in the relationship between banks, their customers, and private funds. Having studied the provisions of the Volcker Rule in light of its objectives, this article highlights the potential problems with the Rule and provides an early assessment as to how successful the Rule is in achieving its objectives. With respect to achieving these objectives, the Volcker Rule can only be partially successful for various reasons. The foremost reason is the numerous built-in exceptions (i.e., ‘permitted activities’) in the Rule included as a result of political compromises. Although the permitted activities under the Rule are backed by sound economic reasoning, there are serious practical problems with these exceptions. The main problem involves distinguishing prohibited activities from permitted activities. Such determinations require regulatory agencies to make subjective and case-by-case evaluations of activities. It is not known what the costs of such determinations would be in practice or how regulators would react if the costs of such determinations exceed their benefits. Regarding concerns about moral hazard, the Volcker Rule strikes a reasonable balance between preventing such an opportunistic behavior (i.e., taking advantage of government subsidies) while not stifling the investment by the banking industry in start-up private funds. However, with regard to mitigation of conflicts of interest, the Volcker Rule only marginally addresses such concerns. This limited regulatory intervention in mitigating conflicts of interest could be partially understood in light of the fact that market forces and private law have been successful in addressing conflict-of-interest concerns originating from the relationships between hedge funds and the banking industry. [less ▲]

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See detailBank runs und Staatliche Interventionen
Papanikolaou, Nikolaos UL

Article for general public (2013)

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