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See detail'Avoir Fiscal' and Its Legacy in Thirty Years of Direct Tax Jurisprudence of the Court of Justice
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Intertax, International Tax Review (2016), 44(5), 374-391

On occasion of the thirty-year anniversary of the Court of Justice of the European Unions (CJEU’s) landmark judgment Commission v. France, 270/83 (‘Avoir Fiscal’), this article reviews the decision of the ... [more ▼]

On occasion of the thirty-year anniversary of the Court of Justice of the European Unions (CJEU’s) landmark judgment Commission v. France, 270/83 (‘Avoir Fiscal’), this article reviews the decision of the Court and its lasting impact on EU tax law. It finds that most of the principles developed in that case remain relevant in current doctrine. At the same time, several questions that were left open in 1986 are still unresolved today. [less ▲]

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See detailOs avós na literatura infantil: envelhecimento, educação e relações entre gerações
Ramos, Anne Carolina UL

in Educação e Realidade (2015), 40(1), 191-225

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See detailAvouerie et châteaux dans le discours monastique. Quelques réflexions d'ordre historiographique à partir du cas du comté de Luxembourg (Xe - début XIIe siècles)
Margue, Michel UL

in Chantinne, Frédéric; Charruadas, Paulo; Sosnowska, Philippe (Eds.) Trulla et cartae. De la culture matérielle aux sources écrites. Liber discipulorum et amicorum in honorem Michel de Waha (2014)

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See detailAwareness of breathing: The structure of language descriptors of respiratory sensations
Petersen, Sibylle UL; Orth, Bernhard; Ritz, Thomas

in Health Psychology (2008), 27(1), 122-127

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See detailAwareness of time distortions and its relation with time judgment: A metacognitive approach
Lamotte, Mathilde UL; Izaute, Marie; Droit-Volet, Sylvie

in Consciousness & Cognition (2012), 21(2), 835-842

The perception of time cannot be reduced to a simple percept produced by an internal clock. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the role of the individual consciousness of time on ... [more ▼]

The perception of time cannot be reduced to a simple percept produced by an internal clock. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the role of the individual consciousness of time on temporal judgments. In the present study, the participants’ awareness of attention-related time distortions was assessed using a metacognitive ques- tionnaire. The participants were also required to verbally judge a series of stimulus dura- tions in a single or a dual task condition. The results revealed that time was underestimated in the dual task compared to the single task. However, the accuracy of time judgments improved in line with the participants’ individual awareness of attentional time distortion: The more aware they were of the role of attention in time perception, the lower the time distortions they exhibited. Conscious awareness of time therefore plays a role in the accuracy of the time judgments made by human beings. [less ▲]

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See detailAwareness-Driven Phase Transitions in Very Large Scale Distributed Systems
Scholtes, Ingo; Botev, Jean UL; Höhfeld, Alexander et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO) (2008)

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See detailAwareness-raising, Legitimation or Backlash? Effects of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on Education Systems in Germany
Powell, Justin J W UL; Edelstein, Benjamin; Blanck, Jonna M.

in Globalisation, Societies and Education (2016), 13(2), 227-250

Global discourse about human rights, Education for All, and inclusive education has altered social norms relating to dis/ability and schooling, especially through awareness raising, by legitimating ... [more ▼]

Global discourse about human rights, Education for All, and inclusive education has altered social norms relating to dis/ability and schooling, especially through awareness raising, by legitimating advocates’ positions, and by facilitating policy reforms. Affected by societal and educational change, special education systems and their participants have also transformed societies. Widespread recognition of education’s impact—and of institutionalized discrimination that disabled pupils face—galvanizes contemporary debates. If special education successfully provided learning opportunities to previously excluded pupils, the goal has shifted to inclusive education. In such settings, all children, regardless of their characteristics, attend neighbourhood schools where they are supported to reach their individual learning goals in diverse classrooms. This global ideal has gained legitimacy, as most countries have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (UN-CRPD), which mandates inclusive education, specifying facilitated access and meaningful educational opportunities. This has considerable implications for all learners. Ex-amining the effects of the UN-CRPD in Germany, one of the most highly stratified and segregated education systems in Europe, provides a hard test case of the (potential) impact of this international charter on national education systems. To meet its mandate, Germany’s sixteen states (Bundesländer) would have to radically reform their education systems, whose segregated structures remain antithetical to inclu-sive education. Examining education policy reform processes since the 1970s, we find contrasting reactions: In Schleswig-Holstein, inclusive education has diffused broadly and attained broad legitimacy, but in Bavaria its development has stalled; school segregation remains pervasive. Below national level, the UN-CRPD’s potential to affect the pace and scope of change—depends on the structures in place at ratification. [less ▲]

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See detailAwareness-raising, Legitimation or Backlash? Effects of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on Education Systems in Germany
Powell, Justin J W UL; Edelstein, Benjamin; Blanck, Jonna M.

in Resnik, Julia (Ed.) The Power of Numbers and Networks (2018)

Global discourse about human rights, education for all, and inclusive education has altered social norms relating to dis/ability and schooling, especially through awareness-raising, by legitimating ... [more ▼]

Global discourse about human rights, education for all, and inclusive education has altered social norms relating to dis/ability and schooling, especially through awareness-raising, by legitimating advocates' positions and by facilitating policy reforms. Affected by societal and educational change, special education systems and their participants have also transformed societies. Widespread recognition of education's impact--and of institutionalised discrimination that disabled pupils face--galvanises contemporary debates. If special education successfully provided learning opportunities to previously excluded pupils, the goal has shifted to inclusive education. In such settings, all children, regardless of their characteristics, attend neighbourhood schools where they are supported to reach their individual learning goals in diverse classrooms. This global ideal has gained legitimacy, as most countries have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN-CRPD), which mandates inclusive education, specifying facilitated access and meaningful educational opportunities. This has considerable implications for all learners. Examining the effects of the UN-CRPD in Germany, one of the most highly stratified and segregated education systems in Europe, provides a hard test case of the (potential) impact of this international charter on national education systems. To meet its mandate, Germany's 16 states ("Bundesländer") would have to radically reform their education systems, whose segregated structures remain antithetical to inclusive education. Examining education policy reform processes since the 1970s, we find contrasting path-dependent reactions: In Schleswig-Holstein, inclusive education has diffused broadly and attained broad legitimacy, but in Bavaria its development has stalled; school segregation remains pervasive. Below national level, the UN-CRPD's potential to affect the pace and scope of change depends considerably on the structures in place at ratification. [less ▲]

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See detailLes axes directeur de la loi du 22 mars 2004 sur la titrisation
Prüm, André UL

in Couret, Alain; Dupont, Philippe; Spang, Jean-Paul (Eds.) et al La titrisation (2008)

Faisant figure d'innovation parmi les plus marquantes du droit bancaire et financier luxembourgeois, la loi du 22 mars 2004 relative à la titrisation connaît un grand succès. Le présent ouvrage propose d ... [more ▼]

Faisant figure d'innovation parmi les plus marquantes du droit bancaire et financier luxembourgeois, la loi du 22 mars 2004 relative à la titrisation connaît un grand succès. Le présent ouvrage propose d'en découvrir l'approche originale autant que les solutions techniques, sans toutefois la soustraire à un examen critique. Une perspective transversale axée sur les fondements de la loi s'y conjugue avec des éclairages ciblés sur le régime des organismes de titrisation, les mécanismes particuliers de protection contre la faillite et le traitement fiscal. Une étude conceptuelle et pratique destinée à tous ceux qui souhaitent se familiariser avec une technique performante et sophistiquée. [less ▲]

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See detailAXES-RESEARCH — A user-oriented tool for enhanced multimodal search and retrieval in audiovisual libraries
van der Kreeft, Peggy; Macquarrie, Kay; Kemman, Max UL et al

in 2014 12th International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI) (2014)

AXES, Access for Audiovisual Archives, is a research project developing tools for new engaging ways to interact with audiovisual libraries, integrating advanced audio and video analysis technologies. The ... [more ▼]

AXES, Access for Audiovisual Archives, is a research project developing tools for new engaging ways to interact with audiovisual libraries, integrating advanced audio and video analysis technologies. The presented prototype is targeted at academic researchers and journalists. The tool allows them to search and retrieve video segments through metadata, audio analysis, as well as visual concepts and similarity searches. Presented here is a user-based vision on the research-oriented tool provided by AXES. [less ▲]

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See detailAxiom Systems for Category Theory in Free Logic
Benzmüller, Christoph UL; Scott, Dana S.

in Archive of Formal Proofs (2018)

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See detailAn axiomatic approach of the discrete Choquet integral as a tool to aggregate interacting criteria
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

in IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems (2000), 8(6), 800-807

The most often used operator to aggregate criteria in decision making problems is the classical weighted arithmetic mean. In many problems however, the criteria considered interact, and a substitute to ... [more ▼]

The most often used operator to aggregate criteria in decision making problems is the classical weighted arithmetic mean. In many problems however, the criteria considered interact, and a substitute to the weighted arithmetic mean has to be adopted. We show that, under rather natural conditions, the discrete Choquet integral is an adequate aggregation operator that extends the weighted arithmetic mean by the taking into consideration of the interaction among criteria. The axiomatic that supports the Choquet integral is presented and an intuitive approach is proposed as well. [less ▲]

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See detailAn axiomatic approach of the discrete Sugeno integral as a tool to aggregate interacting criteria in a qualitative framework
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

in IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems (2001), 9(1), 164-172

We present a model allowing to aggregate decision criteria when the available information is of a qualitative nature. The use of the Sugeno integral as an aggregation function is justified by an axiomatic ... [more ▼]

We present a model allowing to aggregate decision criteria when the available information is of a qualitative nature. The use of the Sugeno integral as an aggregation function is justified by an axiomatic approach. It is also shown that the mutual preferential independence of criteria reduces the Sugeno integral to a dictatorial aggregation. [less ▲]

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See detailAn axiomatic approach to firewall rule update
Booth, Richard UL; Noisanguan, Wijittra

Scientific Conference (2009)

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See detailThe Axiomatic Approach to Risk Measures for Capital Determination
Föllmer, Hans UL; Weber, S.

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailAn axiomatic approach to the definition of the entropy of a discrete Choquet capacity
Kojadinovic, Ivan; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in Information Sciences (2005), 172(1-2), 131-153

To extend the classical Shannon entropy to non-additive measures, Marichal recently introduced the concept of generalized entropy for discrete Choquet capacities. We provide a first axiomatization of this ... [more ▼]

To extend the classical Shannon entropy to non-additive measures, Marichal recently introduced the concept of generalized entropy for discrete Choquet capacities. We provide a first axiomatization of this new concept on the basis of three axioms: the symmetry property, a boundary condition for which the entropy reduces to the Shannon entropy, and a generalized version of the well-known recursivity property. We also show that this generalized entropy fulfills several properties considered as requisites for defining an entropy-like measure. Lastly, we provide an interpretation of it in the framework of aggregation by the discrete Choquet integral. [less ▲]

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See detailAn axiomatic approach to the definition of the entropy of a discrete Choquet capacity
Kojadinovic, Ivan; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Roubens, Marc

in Proc. 9th Int. Conf. on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems (IPMU 2002), Annecy, France, July 1-5, 2002 (2002, July)

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See detailAn Axiomatic Approach to the Measurementof Poverty Reduction Failure
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya

in Economic Modelling (2013), 35

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of ... [more ▼]

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of poverty reduction failures. The ordering can be easily implemented using the generalized Lorenz or the Three I’s of poverty (TIP) curve dominance criterion. We also characterize an existing index of poverty reduction failure using an axiomatic structure. [less ▲]

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