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See detailLOTUS – Gesprächsgruppen für hochbegabte Jugendliche (Materialband).
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL; Preckel, Franzis

Diverse speeches and writings (2016)

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See detailLOTUS – Gesprächsgruppen für hochbegabte Jugendliche (Trainingsmanual).
Baudson, Tanja Gabriele UL; Preckel, Franzis

Book published by Karg-Stiftung (2016)

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See detailLe lourd héritage de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1945-années 1980) 
Hoffmann, Elisabeth UL

in Scuto, Denis; Lesch, Paul; Steichen, Yves (Eds.) Un journal dans son siècle. Tageblatt 1913-2013 (2013)

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See detailLOVBench: Ontology Ranking Benchmark
Kolbe, Niklas UL; Vandenbussche, Pierre-Yves; Kubler, Sylvain UL et al

in Proceedings of The Web Conference 2020 (WWW '20) (2020, April)

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See detailLove as a Fictitious Commodity: Gift-for-Sex Barters as Contractual Carriers of Intimacy
Swader, Christopher; Strelkova, Olga; Sutormina, Alena et al

in Sexuality & Culture (2013), 17

Gift-for-sex (GFS) barters are a niche practice potentially representing the commodification of everyday dating practices. We inquire how GFS exchanges are practiced and understood in contemporary Russia ... [more ▼]

Gift-for-sex (GFS) barters are a niche practice potentially representing the commodification of everyday dating practices. We inquire how GFS exchanges are practiced and understood in contemporary Russia. Second, we situate these in relation to contemporary economic culture. Our project provides answers in two steps based on online content. First, we identify GFS exchange practices within a major dating website. Next, we take the signals exchanged in those dating profiles and display their intersubjective meanings in Russia based on blogs and discussion fora. Our analysis focuses on gender roles and inter-gender conflicts, the use of economic jargon, the link between luxury consumption and sexuality, and under- standings of gift-giving and generosity, in order to show how GFS barters, despite being contractual, carry emotional and romantic content. As such, love is under a constant conversion process, through the medium of the contractual gift, into the fictitious commodity form. [less ▲]

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See detailLove in intercultural relationships: Affection, commitment, romantic beliefs and conflicts
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Mathes, Magali

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2021)

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing ... [more ▼]

Differences in culture and mother tongue can have an important impact on the dynamics of an intercultural relationship. In this study the focus lies on the influence of culture and language on expressing love and affection and on other factors like commitment and romantic beliefs in intercultural romantic relationships, and the conflicts that might occur due to the cultural and linguistic differences in intercultural romantic relationships. Two intercultural couples participated in this study. They were interviewed using a semi-structured approach and were recorded. These were transcribed and coded with the coding scheme based on the Grounded Theory. The findings suggest that culture and language have a quite significant influence on expressing love and affection in intercultural romantic relationships. Furthermore, cultural and linguistic differences can have an influence on becoming committed to another person. The expression of romantic beliefs can also be influenced by the different cultural backgrounds. Cultural and linguistic differences can predict conflicts in intercultural romantic relationships. In this study, barriers in communication, differences in religion and different perspectives on concepts such as homosexuality are at the core of these conflicts. [less ▲]

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See detailLow B field magneto-phonon resonances in single-layer and bilayer graphene
Neumann, Christoph; Reichardt, Sven UL; Drögeler, Marc et al

in Nano Letters (2015), 15(3), 1547--1552

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See detailLow Complexity Predistortion and Equalization in Nonlinear Multicarrier Satellite Communications
Zenteno, Efrain; Piazza, Roberto UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL et al

in EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing (2015)

Aiming to reduce the power/mass requirements in satellite transponders and to reduce mission costs, joint amplification of multiple carriers using a single high-power amplifier (HPA) is being considered ... [more ▼]

Aiming to reduce the power/mass requirements in satellite transponders and to reduce mission costs, joint amplification of multiple carriers using a single high-power amplifier (HPA) is being considered. In this scenario, a careful investigation of the resulting power efficiency is essential as amplification is nonlinear, and multicarrier signals exhibit enlarged peak-to-average power ratio. Thus, operating the amplifier close to saturation vastly increases signal distortion resulting in a severe degradation of performance, especially for higher order modulations. This paper proposes a reduced-complexity digital predistortion (DPD) scheme at the transmitter and a corresponding equalizer (EQ) at the receiver to mitigate these nonlinear effects. Scenarios include both the forward as well as the return links. In particular, the paper exploits the MIMO Volterra representation and builds on a basis pursuit approach using a LASSO (least absolute shrinkage and selection operator) algorithm to achieve an efficient basis representation, avoiding large computational complexity, to describe the selection of predistorter/equalizer model. The work further compares and contrasts the two mitigation techniques taking various system aspects into consideration. The gains in performance and amplification efficiency demonstrated by the use of DPD/ EQ motivate their inclusion in next-generation satellite systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLow Complexity Symbol-Level Design for Linear Precoding Systems
Krivochiza, Jevgenij UL; Kalantari, Ashkan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Heusdens, Richard; Weber, Jos H. (Eds.) PROCEEDINGS of the 2017 Symposium on Information Theory and Signal Processing in the Benelux (2017, May 11)

The practical utilization of the symbol-level precoding in MIMO systems is challenging since the implementation of the sophisticated optimization algorithms must be done with reasonable computational ... [more ▼]

The practical utilization of the symbol-level precoding in MIMO systems is challenging since the implementation of the sophisticated optimization algorithms must be done with reasonable computational resources. In the real implementation of MIMO precoding systems, the processing time for each set of symbols is a crucial parameter, especially in the high-throughput mode. In this work, a symbol-level optimization algorithm with reduced complexity is devised. Performance of a symbol-level precoder is shown to improve in terms of the processing times per set of symbols. [less ▲]

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See detailLow Complexity Transmit Processing for Multibeam Satellite Systems with Non-Linear Channels
Mengali, Alberto UL; Kayhan, Farbod UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL et al

in Proceedings of ASMS Conference (2016, September)

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See detailLow Current Dispersion and Low Bias-stress Degradation of Unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs
Bernát, J.; Pierobon, R.; Marso, Michel UL et al

in Physica Status Solidi C. Current Topics in Solid State Physics (2005), 2(7), 2676-2679

The performance of unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs with intentionally undoped and doped barrier structures are extensively studied. No drain current dispersion between DC and 50 ns pulses on doped ... [more ▼]

The performance of unpassivated GaN/AlGaN/GaN/SiC HEMTs with intentionally undoped and doped barrier structures are extensively studied. No drain current dispersion between DC and 50 ns pulses on doped devices and less than 10% dispersion on undoped ones is observed. The full (100%) current recovery on undoped sample was measured in 1μs. The drain current extrapolated from 2 GHz large signal measurements corresponds to the measured static drain current confirming negligible current dispersion of our devices. Insignificant (<5 %) degradation in overall device performance parameters (IDs, gm, fT, fmax, Pout) on both undoped and doped structures after 12-hour-long bias stress was obtained. These results documents that suitable device performances can be obtained also on unpassivated GaN-based HEMTs. [less ▲]

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See detailLow energy and high performance scheduling on scalable computing systems
Pecero, Johnatan UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Barrios, Carlos J.

in Proceedings of the Latin-American Conference on High Performance Computing (CLCAR 2010) (2010, August 28)

With the fast development of supercomputers, energy consumption by large scale computer systems has become a major concern. How to reduce energy consumption is now a critical issue in designing high ... [more ▼]

With the fast development of supercomputers, energy consumption by large scale computer systems has become a major concern. How to reduce energy consumption is now a critical issue in designing high-performance computing systems. Moreover, reducing energy consumption for high-performance computing can bring various benefits such as, reduce monetary operating costs, increase system reliability, and reduction of environmental impacts. Therefore, in this paper we address the problem of scheduling precedence-constrained parallel applications on heterogeneous scalable computing systems with the objectives of minimizing finish time and reduce energy consumption. We provide a scheduling algorithm based on the best-effort idea that adopts dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) to reduce energy consumption. That is, the algorithm firstly looks for nearoptimal solutions employing a list-based scheduling algorithm to find the minimum finish time (besteffort). Then, a fast random local search algorithm that exploits voltage scaling is used to reduce the energy consumption of the generated schedule without any performance degradation. Simulation results on structured graphs representing real-world applications emphasize the interest of the proposed approach. [less ▲]

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See detailLow energy quasiparticle dispersion of graphite by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy
Grueneis, A.; Pichler, T.; Shiozawa, H. et al

in PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI B-BASIC SOLID STATE PHYSICS (2007), 244(11), 4129-4133

The low energy electron dispersion in graphite is measured by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The measured photoemission intensity maxima are compared to a tight-binding calculation of the ... [more ▼]

The low energy electron dispersion in graphite is measured by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The measured photoemission intensity maxima are compared to a tight-binding calculation of the electronic band structure. We observe a strong trigonal warping of the equi-energy contour which is well reproduced by the calculations. Furthermore we clearly show that the concept of Dirac Fermions breaks down for AB stacked graphite. (c) 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. [less ▲]

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See detailA low protein diet during early gestation in sheep detrimentally impacts hepatic glucose metabolism in the adult offspring
Gardner, David S.; Rhodes, Phillip; Karamitri, Angeliki et al

in Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2011 (2011)

Differences in maternal diet can account for variation in the metabolic competence of the subsequent individual as an adult. ‘Developmental programming’ may impair fetal organ development leading to a ... [more ▼]

Differences in maternal diet can account for variation in the metabolic competence of the subsequent individual as an adult. ‘Developmental programming’ may impair fetal organ development leading to a limitation in function as an adult and/or increase the rate of age-related organ decline for example under conditions of obesity. Here, we have tested the interaction between prenatal nutritional ‘thrift’ and postnatal nutritional excess on gluco-regulatory functions in an ovine model. Seventy-four Scottish Blackface ewes were randomly assigned to receive either a control protein diet with adequate energy (18% protein; CP, n 20) or low protein diet (9% protein) fed during early gestation (0–65 d, term ~147 d; LPE, n 37) or late gestation (65–147 d; LPL, n 17). At 65 d a proportion of ewes was euthanised for fetal sampling. At term, remaining ewes lambed naturally, were weaned at 10 weeks and a random sample of offspring studied longitudinally when lean (1.5 years of age) and after 6 months exposure to an obesogenic environment. Body composition was determined by dual-energy absorptiometry and glucose and insulin tolerance tests were conducted with appropriate sampling intervals. At post mortem, muscle and hepatic tissues were sampled for expression and abundance of relevant gluco-regulatory genes. The diets had little effect on maternal weight and body composition through gestation or on fetal weights at 65 d. Term weight was reduced by ~500 g (P = 0.001) in LPL v. other groups but, by weaning, body weight was similar between groups and growth rate to adulthood was not different. Homeostasis model assessment of baseline glucose and insulin concentrations indicated relative insulin resistance in male LPE . Indeed, when challenged with a GTT, the incremental insulin AUC was significantly greater in male LPE when obese but not when lean (unpublished results). Molecular quantification of glucose-insulin pathways in muscle and liver indicated specific down-regulation of the hepatic insulin, but not lipid, pathways in male liver only. Muscle insulin-signalling pathways were unaffected as determined by microarray (Affymetrix, U133 chip; www.arraymining.net). The data suggest that a maternal, low protein, diet during early gestation specifically impacts upon the function of the resulting adult liver, such that the offspring appear more susceptible to large excursions in plasma insulin during gluco-regulatory challenges. The insulin sensitivity of offspring muscle, the largest single source of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, was largely unaffected. Thus, obesity appears to exacerbate any functional deficits inherent in low protein exposed offspring in sheep, but those offspring born of low birth weight were largely unaffected, illustrating that nutritional quality is far more important than nutritional quantity especially during sensitive developmental phases of growth. [less ▲]

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See detailLow stress weekends promote adaptation to stressful weeks: The design principles of the biological response to stress
Yilmaz, Nilgun; Kolodkin, Alexey UL; Plant, Nick et al

Poster (2012)

Robustness is a fundamental and essential property of evolvable biological systems. It provides system to conserve its functionalities against internal/external perturbations and uncertainties. Product ... [more ▼]

Robustness is a fundamental and essential property of evolvable biological systems. It provides system to conserve its functionalities against internal/external perturbations and uncertainties. Product inhibition, feed-forward and feed-back inhibition and stimulation, and regulatory loops within signal transduction networks are a few of the approaches generated by biological systems to maintain both their robustness and adaptability. In this study, we are able to show the interaction of the stress hormone cortisol with its two nuclear receptors, the high affinity glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and the low affinity pregnane X-receptor (PXR) by using a mathematical model based on realistic kinetic parameters. We checked the importance of regulatory loops, within this network, in terms of pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic responses. Then, we demonstrate the alterations in the system response with respect to variable cortisol perturbations, such as initial single peak in cortisol, and repeated stimuli of cortisol with differing frequencies and time frames. As a conclusion, we reveal that the network is robust towards low frequency perturbations, shows adaptation at moderate stress frequencies, but transitions to an altered steady state at high frequency stimulation, which we believe is a predisposing factor towards stress-induced pathologies. [less ▲]

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See detailLow- and High-Level Petri Nets with Individual Tokens
Modica, Tony; Gabriel, Karsten; Ehrig, Hartmut et al

Report (2010)

In this article, we present a new variant of Petri nets with markings called Petri nets with individual tokens, together with rule-based transformation following the double pushout approach. The most ... [more ▼]

In this article, we present a new variant of Petri nets with markings called Petri nets with individual tokens, together with rule-based transformation following the double pushout approach. The most important change to former Petri net transformation approaches is that the marking of a net is no longer a collective set of tokens, but each each has an own identity leading to the concept of Petri nets with individual tokens. This allows us to formulate rules that can change the marking of a net arbitrarily without necessarily manipulating the structure. As a first main result that depends on nets with individual markings we show the equivalence of transition firing steps and the application of firing-simulating rules. We define categories of low-level and of algebraic high-level nets with individual tokens, called PTI nets and AHLI nets, respectively and relate them with each other and their collective counterparts by functors. To be able to use the properties and analysis results of \MCALM-adhesive HLR systems (formerly know as weak adhesive high-level replacement systems) we show in further main results that both categories of PTI nets and AHLI nets are \MCALM-adhesive categories. By showing how to construct initial pushouts we also give necessary and sufficient conditions for the applicability of transformation rules in these categories, known as gluing condition in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-bias phosphopeptide enrichment from scarce samples using plastic antibodies
Chen, Jing; Shinde, Sudhirkumar; Koch, Markus-Hermann et al

in Scientific reports (2015), 5

Phosphospecific enrichment techniques and mass spectrometry (MS) are essential tools for comprehending the cellular phosphoproteome. Here, we report a fast and simple approach for low sequence-bias ... [more ▼]

Phosphospecific enrichment techniques and mass spectrometry (MS) are essential tools for comprehending the cellular phosphoproteome. Here, we report a fast and simple approach for low sequence-bias phosphoserine (pS) peptide capture and enrichment that is compatible with low biological or clinical sample input. The approach exploits molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs, "plastic antibodies") featuring tight neutral binding sites for pS or pY that are capable of cross-reacting with phosphopeptides of protein proteolytic digests. The versatility of the resulting method was demonstrated with small samples of whole-cell lysate from human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293T cells, human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, mouse brain or human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Following pre-fractionation of trypsinized proteins by strong cation exchange (SCX) chromatography, pS-MIP enrichment led to the identification of 924 phosphopeptides in the HEK 293T whole-cell lysate, exceeding the number identified by TiO2-based enrichment (230). Moreover, the phosphopeptides were extracted with low sequence bias and showed no evidence for the characteristic preference of TiO2 for acidic amino acids (aspartic and glutamic acid). Applying the method to human CSF led to the discovery of 47 phosphopeptides belonging to 24 proteins and revealed three previously unknown phosphorylation sites. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-Complexity Estimators for Distributed Sources
Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2000), 48(8), 21852194

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See detailLow-density lipoprotein receptor is a calcium/magnesium sensor - role of LR4 and LR5 ion interaction kinetics in low-density lipoprotein release in the endosome.
Martinez-Olivan, Juan; Rozado-Aguirre, Zurine; Arias-Moreno, Xabier et al

in The FEBS journal (2014), 281(11), 2638-58

The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) captures circulating lipoproteins and delivers them in the endosome for degradation. Its function is essential for cholesterol homeostasis, and mutations in the ... [more ▼]

The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) captures circulating lipoproteins and delivers them in the endosome for degradation. Its function is essential for cholesterol homeostasis, and mutations in the LDLR are the major cause of familiar hypercholesterolemia. The release of LDL is usually attributed to endosome acidification. As the pH drops, the affinity of the LDLR/LDL complex is reduced, whereas the strength of a self-complex formed between two domains of the receptor (i.e. the LDL binding domain and the beta-propeller domain) increases. However, an alternative model states that, as a consequence of a drop in both pH and Ca2+ concentration, the LDLR binding domain is destabilized in the endosome, which weakens the LDLR/LDL complex, thus liberating the LDL particles. In the present study, we test a key underlying assumption of the second model, namely that the lipoprotein binding repeats of the receptor (specifically repeats 4 and 5, LR4 and LR5) rapidly sense endosomal changes in Ca2+ concentration. Our kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of Ca2+ and Mg2+ binding to LR4 and LR5, as well as to the tandem of the two (LR4-5), shows that both repeats spontaneously release Ca2+ in a time scale much shorter than endosomal delivery of LDL, thus acting as Ca2+ sensors that become unfolded under endosomal conditions. Our analysis additionally explains the lower Ca2+ affinity of repeat LR4, compared to LR5, as arising from a very slow Ca2+ binding reaction in the former, most likely related to the lower conformational stability of apolipoprotein LR4, compared to apolipoprotein LR5, as determined from thermal unfolding experiments and molecular dynamics simulations. [less ▲]

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