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See detailMeshless methods for shear-deformable beams and plates based on mixed weak forms
Hale, Jack UL

Postdoctoral thesis (2013)

Thin structural theories such as the shear-deformable Timoshenko beam and Reissner-Mindlin plate theories have seen wide use throughout engineering practice to simulate the response of structures with ... [more ▼]

Thin structural theories such as the shear-deformable Timoshenko beam and Reissner-Mindlin plate theories have seen wide use throughout engineering practice to simulate the response of structures with planar dimensions far larger than their thickness dimension. Meshless methods have been applied to construct numerical methods to solve the shear deformable theories. Similarly to the finite element method, meshless methods must be carefully designed to over- come the well-known shear-locking problem. Many successful treatments of shear-locking in the finite element literature are constructed through the application of a mixed weak form. In the mixed weak form the shear stresses are treated as an independent variational quantity in addition to the usual displacement variables. We introduce a novel hybrid meshless-finite element formulation for the Timoshenko beam problem that converges to the stable First-order/zero-order finite element method in the local limit when using maximum entropy meshless basis functions. The resulting formulation is free from the effects shear-locking. We then consider the Reissner-Mindlin plate problem. The shear stresses can be identified as a vector field belonging to the Sobelov space with square integrable rotation, suggesting the use of rotated Raviart-Thomas-Nedelec elements of lowest-order for discretising the shear stress field. This novel formulation is again free from the effects of shear-locking. Finally we consider the construction of a generalised displacement method where the shear stresses are eliminated prior to the solution of the final linear system of equations. We implement an existing technique in the literature for the Stokes problem called the nodal volume averaging technique. To ensure stability we split the shear energy between a part calculated using the displacement variables and the mixed variables resulting in a stabilised weak form. The method then satisfies the stability conditions resulting in a formulation that is free from the effects of shear-locking. [less ▲]

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See detailMeshless Methods for the Reissner-Mindlin Plate Problem based on Mixed Variational Forms
Hale, Jack UL

Presentation (2013, October 31)

Meshless numerical methods such as the element free Galerkin (EFG) method and $hp$-clouds method rely on a field of particles to construct a basis for the solution of partial differential equations (PDEs ... [more ▼]

Meshless numerical methods such as the element free Galerkin (EFG) method and $hp$-clouds method rely on a field of particles to construct a basis for the solution of partial differential equations (PDEs). This is in contrast with methods such as the finite element method (FEM) and finite difference method (FDM) which rely upon a mesh or grid. Because of this increased flexibility, meshfree methods have shown themselves to be effective tools for simulating difficult problems such as those with discontinuities, complex geometries and large deformations. The Reissner-Mindlin problem is widely used by engineers to describe the deformation of a plate including the effects of transverse shear. A well-known problem which must be overcome when designing an effective numerical method for the Reissner-Mindlin problem is shear-locking. Shear-locking is the inability of the constructed approximation space (meshless or otherwise) to richly represent the limiting Kirchhoff mode. This inability manifests itself as an entirely incorrect solution as the thickness of the plate approaches zero. We will demonstrate and explain the shear-locking problem and potential solutions to it using a simple one-dimensional example. The most effective, robust and general approaches to the shear-locking problem developed in the FEM literature are based on mixed variational forms, where a combination of displacements, stresses and strains are approximated directly. In our approach we start with a mixed variational form before eliminating the extra stress unknowns using the local patch projection technique of A Ortiz et. al. We will discuss the issues presented by the well-known LBB stability conditions and present a solution based upon the stabilising properties of both the augmented Lagrangian and additional `bubble' type functions. We will then show the good performance of the method and its shear-locking free properties. [less ▲]

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See detailMeshless methods: A review and computer implementation aspects
Nguyen, V. P.; Rabczuk, T.; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in Mathematics & Computers in Simulation (2008), 79(3), 763-813

The aim of this manuscript is to give a practical overview of meshless methods (for solid mechanics) based on global weak forms through a simple and well-structured MATLAB code, to illustrate our ... [more ▼]

The aim of this manuscript is to give a practical overview of meshless methods (for solid mechanics) based on global weak forms through a simple and well-structured MATLAB code, to illustrate our discourse. The source code is available for download on our website and should help students and researchers get started with some of the basic meshless methods; it includes intrinsic and extrinsic enrichment, point collocation methods, several boundary condition enforcement schemes and corresponding test cases. Several one and two-dimensional examples in elastostatics are given including weak and strong discontinuities and testing different ways of enforcing essential boundary conditions. © 2008 IMACS. [less ▲]

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See detailMesophilic and Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Model Kitchen Waste with Variation of Fat Content
Sobon-Muehlenbrock, Elena UL; Greger, Manfred UL; Schlienz, Markus UL

in Mesophilic and Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion of Model Kitchen Waste with Variation of Fat Content (2018, October)

Synthetic kitchen waste, produced on basis of a real kitchen waste, and two of its variations are studied. Previous study showed that the fermentation of kitchen waste was similar to the degradation of ... [more ▼]

Synthetic kitchen waste, produced on basis of a real kitchen waste, and two of its variations are studied. Previous study showed that the fermentation of kitchen waste was similar to the degradation of synthetic kitchen waste, further called model kitchen waste (MKW) with the same amounts of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. In this study the anaerobic degradation of this MKW (named MKW1; 23 % rapeseed oil) was investigated under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions at 2 different loadings. Additional experiments were performed with lower (MKW2; 14.7 %) and higher (MKW3; 27.2 %) rapeseed oil content at the expense of starch. An organic loading of 5 gVS/l leads to a fast and undisturbed degradation under mesophilic conditions. The volatile fatty acids (mainly acetic acid) appeared only during the first 3 days. Finally the amount of biogas been produced is weakly correlated with the oil content. Under thermophilic conditions the biogas production was retarded and the concentrations of the volatile fatty acids were generally higher whereas acetic acid was present for a period of 10 days. The final biogas amount was higher than compared to mesophilc conditions. At a higher loading of 25 gVS/l a strong retardation of biogas production was observed which correlates with very high concentrations of volatile fatty acids over the whole runtime period of 50 days. [less ▲]

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See detailMesoscopic behavior from microscopic Markov dynamics and its application to calcium release channels.
Christian, Nils UL; Skupin, Alexander UL; Morante, Silvia et al

in Journal of Theoretical Biology (2014), 343

A major challenge in biology is to understand how molecular processes determine phenotypic features. We address this fundamental problem in a class of model systems by developing a general mathematical ... [more ▼]

A major challenge in biology is to understand how molecular processes determine phenotypic features. We address this fundamental problem in a class of model systems by developing a general mathematical framework that allows the calculation of mesoscopic properties from the knowledge of microscopic Markovian transition probabilities. We show how exact analytic formulae for the first and second moments of resident time distributions in mesostates can be derived from microscopic resident times and transition probabilities even for systems with a large number of microstates. We apply our formalism to models of the inositol trisphosphate receptor, which plays a key role in generating calcium signals triggering a wide variety of cellular responses. We demonstrate how experimentally accessible quantities such as opening and closing times and the coefficient of variation of inter-spike intervals, and other, more elaborated, quantities can be analytically calculated from the underlying microscopic Markovian dynamics. A virtue of our approach is that we do not need to follow the detailed time evolution of the whole system, as we derive the relevant properties of its steady state without having to take into account the often extremely complicated transient features. We emphasize that our formulae fully agree with results obtained by stochastic simulations and approaches based on a full determination of the microscopic system's time evolution. We also illustrate how experiments can be devised to discriminate between alternative molecular models of the inositol trisphosphate receptor. The developed approach is applicable to any system described by a Markov process and, owing to the analytic nature of the resulting formulae, provides an easy way to characterize also rare events that are of particular importance to understand the intermittency properties of complex dynamic systems. [less ▲]

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See detailMessage Encryption in Robot Operating System: Collateral Effects of Hardening Mobile Robots
Rodriguez Lera, Francisco Javier UL; Matellán-Olivera, Vicente; Balsa-Comerón, Jesús et al

in Frontiers in ICT (2018), 5

In human-robot interaction situations, robot sensors collect huge amounts of data from the environment in order to characterize the situation. Some of the gathered data ought to be treated as private ... [more ▼]

In human-robot interaction situations, robot sensors collect huge amounts of data from the environment in order to characterize the situation. Some of the gathered data ought to be treated as private, such as medical data (i.e., medication guidelines), personal and safety information (i.e., images of children, home habits, alarm codes, etc.). However, most robotic software development frameworks are not designed for securely managing this information. This paper analyzes the scenario of hardening one of the most widely used robotic middlewares, Robot Operating System (ROS). The study investigates a robot’s performance when ciphering the messages interchanged between ROS nodes under the publish/subscribe paradigm. In particular, this research focuses on the nodes which manage cameras and LIDAR sensors, which are two of the most extended sensing solutions in mobile robotics, and analyzes the collateral effects on the robot's achievement under different computing capabilities and encryption algorithms (3DES, AES and Blowfish) to robot performance. The findings present empirical evidence that simple encryption algorithms are lightweight enough to provide cyber-security even in low-powered robots when carefully designed and implemented. Nevertheless, these techniques come with a number of serious drawbacks regarding robot autonomy and performance if they are applied randomly. To avoid these issues, we define a taxonomy that links the type of ROS message, computational units, and the encryption methods. As a result, we present a model to select the optimal options for hardening a mobile robot using ROS. [less ▲]

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See detailMessage from ESSS 2013 Workshop Co-chairs
Pang, Jun UL; Liu, Yang; Mauw, Sjouke UL

in 6th IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation Workshops Proceedings (2013)

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See detailMessage from T4CIA workshop co-chairs
Pang, Jun UL; Tang, Bao

in Proc. 3rd IEEE Conference on Secure Software Integration and Reliability Improvement (2009)

This is an editorial.

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (1 UL)
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See detailMesse in C-Dur für vierstimmigen Männerchor (TTBB) mit Orgelbegleitung
Sagrillo, Damien UL; Nitschké, Alain UL

in Messe in C-Dur für vierstimmigen Männerchor (TTBB) mit Orgelbegleitung (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 UL)
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See detailMessen (Mittelalter/Frühe Neuzeit)
Pauly, Michel UL

in Historisches Lexikon Bayerns (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)
See detailMessen, Jahrmärkte und Stadtentwicklung in Europa = Foires, marchés annuels et développement urbain en Europe
Irsigler, Franz; Pauly, Michel UL

Book published by Porta Alba Verl. (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (0 UL)
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See detailMessianismes et projets politiques. Le cas de l'Afrique Noire
Sosoe, Lukas UL

Scientific Conference (2013, March 22)

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See detailMessinvarianz von Leistungsängstlichkeit über Schulfächer hinweg. Ein Vergleich von Äpfeln mit Birnen?
Schneider, R.; Sparfeldt, J.; Niepel, Christoph UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, February)

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See detailMessir: A Text-First DSL-Based Approach for UML Requirements Engineering (Tool Demo)
Ries, Benoît UL; Capozucca, Alfredo UL; Guelfi, Nicolas UL

in Proceedings of the 11th ACM SIGPLAN International Conference on Software Language Engineering SLE'18 (2018)

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See detailMesstechnische Ermittlung der U-Werte von Altbaufassaden im Vergleich mit Typologiewerten für den Gebäudebestand
Hoos, Thorsten UL; Merzkirch, Alexander UL; Maas, Stefan UL et al

in Bauphysik (2015)

Die Wirtschaftlichkeit von Renovierungsvorhaben an Altbauten hängt im Wesentlichen von der erwarteten Wertsteigerung, der Miethöhe und den zu erreichenden Energieeinsparungen ab. Um diese Einsparungen zu ... [more ▼]

Die Wirtschaftlichkeit von Renovierungsvorhaben an Altbauten hängt im Wesentlichen von der erwarteten Wertsteigerung, der Miethöhe und den zu erreichenden Energieeinsparungen ab. Um diese Einsparungen zu berechnen, wird ein rechnerischer Vergleich zwischen dem aktuellen Verbrauch und dem Verbrauch nach der Sanierung angestrebt. Zahlreiche Studien zeigen auf, dass der rechnerische Energiebedarf von Gebäuden häufig von dem tatsächlichen Verbrauch abweicht. Dies gilt vor allem für vor 1970 errichtete Altbauten. Ein wichtiger Eingangsparameter der Berechnungsmethodik sind die U-Werte der Aussenwände, welche typischerweise vom Energieexperten vor Ort aus Typologien des Gesetzgebers für die jeweilige Wandkonstruktion ausgewählt werden. In dieser Veröffentlichung werden Mess- und Simulationsergebnisse von verschiedenen Wandtypen präsentiert. Die ermittelten Werte lagen zwischen 0.9 und 1,2 W/(m2K) und somit deutlich unter den in Luxemburg angenommenen Typologiewerten von 1,4 bis 2,1 W/(m2K). Die beschriebenen Abweichungen zwischen Energiebedarfsberechnung und tatsächlichem Energieverbrauch können somit zum Teil auf fehlerhafte Annahmen des ausstellenden Experten vor Ort zurückgeführt werden, welche sich an Typologiewerten orientieren. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 160 (22 UL)