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See detailIs there continuity between categorical and coordinate spatial relations coding? Evidence from a grid/no-gridworking memory paradigm
Martin, Romain UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; Schiltz, Christine UL et al

in Neuropsychologia (2008), 46(2), 576-594

We ask the question whether the coding of categorical versus coordinate spatial relations depends on different neural networks showing hemispheric specialization or whether there is continuity between ... [more ▼]

We ask the question whether the coding of categorical versus coordinate spatial relations depends on different neural networks showing hemispheric specialization or whether there is continuity between these two coding types. The `continuous spatial coding' hypothesis would mean that the two coding types rely essentially on the same neural network consisting of more general-purpose processes, such as visuo-spatial attention, but with a different weighting of these general processes depending on exact task requirements. With event-related fMRI, we have studied right-handed male subjects performing a grid/no-grid visuo-spatial working memory task inducing categorical and coordinate spatial relations coding. Our data support the `continuous spatial coding' hypothesis, indicating that, while based on the same fronto-parieto-occipital neural network than categorical spatial relations coding, the coding of coordinate spatial relations relies more heavily on attentional and executive processes, which could induce hemispheric differences similar to those described in the literature. The results also show that visuo-spatial working memory consists of a short-term posterior store with a capacity of up to three elements in the parietal and extrastriate cortices. This store depends on the presence of a visible space categorization and thus can be used for the coding of categorical spatial relations. When no visible space categorization is given or when more than three elements have to be coded, additional attentional and executive processes are recruited, mainly located in the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex. [less ▲]

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See detailIs there room for attentional impairments in binge drinking? A commentary on Carbia et al. (2018).
Lannoy, Severine; Heeren, Alexandre; Dormal, Valerie et al

in Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews (2019), 98

Binge drinking is an excessive pattern of alcohol use, highly prevalent in adolescents and young adults. Several studies have explored the cognitive impairments associated with binge drinking, and Carbia ... [more ▼]

Binge drinking is an excessive pattern of alcohol use, highly prevalent in adolescents and young adults. Several studies have explored the cognitive impairments associated with binge drinking, and Carbia et al. (2018) recently proposed a systematic review of these impairments. Although this review offers an insightful and up-to-date synthesis of this research field, the authors concluded that binge drinking is not associated with attentional impairments. We argue that such conclusion is premature. We identified published studies not mentioned by Carbia et al. (2018), which documented attentional impairments in binge drinking. In particular, a differential exploration of attentional networks has suggested that binge drinkers not only exhibit impairments for the executive control of attention, but also for its alerting network. We thus recommend a better consideration of attention in future experimental and translational research agendas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (2 UL)
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See detailIs This Time Different? How Digitalization Influences Job Creation and Destruction
Balsmeier, Benjamin UL; Wörter, Martin

in Research Policy (2019), 48(8),

With the process of digitalization now in full swing, many are wondering how the adoption of new technologies influences job creation and destruction. Much hinges upon the specific tasks that machines ... [more ▼]

With the process of digitalization now in full swing, many are wondering how the adoption of new technologies influences job creation and destruction. Much hinges upon the specific tasks that machines take on and how many new tasks are created through the adoption of new digital technologies. Some argue that most tasks that are at risk of automation are those performed by rather low- to medium-skilled employees, while most new tasks that emerge from the adoption of digital technologies complement high-skilled labor. We present evidence derived from representative survey data from Switzerland that is consistent with this view. Specifically, we find that increased investment in digitalization is associated with increased employment of high-skilled workers and reduced employment of low-skilled workers, with a slightly positive net effect. The main effects are almost entirely driven by firms that employ machine-based digital technologies, e.g. robots, 3D printing or the Internet of Things. We do not find any significant employment effects when non-machine-based digital technologies are considered, e.g. ERP, e-commerce or cooperation support systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 271 (9 UL)
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See detailIs timed branching bisimilarity a congruence indeed?
Fokkink, W. J.; Pang, Jun UL; Wijs, A. J.

in Fundamenta Informaticae (2008), 87(3-4), 287311

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)
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See detailIs Transport Infrastructure Effective?
Hesse, Markus UL

in Standort: Zeitschrift für Angewandte Geographie (2000), 24(3), 59-60

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 UL)
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See detailIs Venture Capital really a Local Business? Evidence from U.S. Cross-Border Investment
Kräussl, Roman UL; Wuebker,, Robert; Schulze, William

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (0 UL)
See detailIs what they get, what they want? Freshmen and university’s support services
Kmiotek-Meier, Emilia Alicja UL; Landmann, Mareike

Presentation (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 UL)
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See detailHet is zoals het is en als ik kan helpen graag: Ervaringen van broers en zussen van kinderen met een lichamelijke handicap
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL; Loots, G.M.P.

in Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Kinderrevalidatie (1998), (2), 33-37

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)
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See detailIsabelle de Bourbon-Parme et la rhétorique du désir
Freyermuth, Sylvie UL

in Le Guennec, François (Ed.) Femmes des Lumières et de l'Ombre. Un premier féminisme (1774-1830) (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (8 UL)
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See detailIslam and Reform of Authoritarianism: The Case of Muslim Majority Government
Al Hajjaji, Shams Al Din UL

in International Journal of Legislative Drafting & Legal Reform (2020), 8(1), 3-25

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
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See detailIslamic Banking and Economic Growth
Kchouri, Bilal; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

in Rafay, Abdul (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Theory and Practice of Global Islamic Finance (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 132 (12 UL)
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See detailIslamic Banking and Economic Growth: New Evidence
Kchouri, Bilal UL; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

E-print/Working paper (2018)

While extensive work has shown that conventional banking development is generally conducive to economic growth, there are only a limited number of studies that investigate the impact of Islamic banking ... [more ▼]

While extensive work has shown that conventional banking development is generally conducive to economic growth, there are only a limited number of studies that investigate the impact of Islamic banking. Importantly, the literature on conventional banking claims that a reverse causality from economy performance to banking may exists, but existing studies on Islamic banking fail to address this potential endogeneity problem. This paper tackles this problem and explores the relationship between Islamic banking development and economic performance in a sample of 32 developed and developing countries based on data spanning the 2000 to 2016 period. The findings show that, although Islamic banks are considered small relative to the total size of the financial sector, Islamic banking is positively correlated with economic growth even after controlling for financial structure, macroeconomic factors and other variables. The outcome is robust across different econometric specifications like pooling OLS, fixed effects, panel data with over-identified GMM, and dynamic difference GMM. The results are confirmed on two different indicators of Islamic banking and hold for different time periods. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (10 UL)
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See detailIslamic Banking Development and access to credit
Leon, Florian UL; Weill, Laurent

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The recent expansion of Islamic banks raises questions on its economic implications. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking development on access to credit. We combine data ... [more ▼]

The recent expansion of Islamic banks raises questions on its economic implications. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking development on access to credit. We combine data from a unique hand-collected database that covers Islamic banks over the period of 2000 to 2005 with firm-level data covering developing and emerging countries. We find that Islamic banking development has overall no impact on credit constraints, while banking development and conventional banking development alleviate obstacles to financing. However Islamic banking development exerts a positive impact on access to credit when conventional banking development is low. Hence we support the view that Islamic banking does not overall alleviate obstacles to financing, but it can act as substitute to conventional banking. [less ▲]

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See detailIslamic banking development and access to credit
Leon, Florian UL; Weill, Laurent

in Pacific-Basin Finance Journal (2018), 52

The recent expansion of Islamic banks raises questions on its economic implications. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking development on access to credit. We combine data ... [more ▼]

The recent expansion of Islamic banks raises questions on its economic implications. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking development on access to credit. We combine data from a unique hand-collected database that covers Islamic banks with firm-level data covering developing and emerging countries over the period of 2006 to 2009. We find that Islamic banking development has overall no impact on credit constraints, while banking development and conventional banking development alleviate obstacles to financing. However Islamic banking development exerts a positive impact on access to credit when conventional banking development is low. Hence we support the view that Islamic banking does not overall alleviate obstacles to financing, but it can act as substitute to conventional banking. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 179 (7 UL)
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See detailIslamic Finance and Economic Growth: New Evidence
Lehnert, Thorsten UL

Scientific Conference (2019, January 24)

While extensive work has shown that conventional banking development is generally conducive to economic growth, there are only a limited number of studies that investigate the impact of Islamic banking ... [more ▼]

While extensive work has shown that conventional banking development is generally conducive to economic growth, there are only a limited number of studies that investigate the impact of Islamic banking. Importantly, the literature on conventional banking claims that a reverse causality from economy performance to banking may exists, but existing studies on Islamic banking fail to address this potential endogeneity problem. This paper tackles this problem and explores the relationship between Islamic banking development and economic performance in a sample of 32 developed and developing countries based on data spanning the 2000 to 2016 period. The findings show that, although Islamic banks are considered small relative to the total size of the financial sector, Islamic banking is positively correlated with economic growth even after controlling for financial structure, macroeconomic factors and other variables. The outcome is robust across different econometric specifications like pooling OLS, fixed effects, panel data with over-identified GMM, and dynamic difference GMM. The results are confirmed on two different indicators of Islamic banking and hold for different time periods. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 436 (5 UL)
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See detailIslands and a Carceral Environment: Maltese Policy in Terms of Irregular Migration
Lemaire, Léa UL

in Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies (2014), 12(2), 143-160

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (3 UL)
See detailIsmertetés Kerezsi Klára „Kontroll vagy támogatás” c. könyvéről
Ligeti, Katalin UL

in Miskolci Jogi Szemle (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
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See detailIsogeometric analysis of functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composite plates using higher-order shear deformation theory
P., Phung-Van; M., Abdel-Wahab; K.M., Liew et al

in Composite Structures (2015), 123

This paper presents a simple and effective formulation based on isogeometric Analysis (IGA) and higher-order shear deformation theory (HSDT) to investigate the static and dynamic vibration behaviour of ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a simple and effective formulation based on isogeometric Analysis (IGA) and higher-order shear deformation theory (HSDT) to investigate the static and dynamic vibration behaviour of functionally graded carbon nano-reinforced composite plates. The material properties of functionally graded carbon nanotube-reinforced composites (FG-CNTRCs) are assumed to be graded through the thickness direction according to several linear distributions of the volume fraction of carbon nanotubes. The governing equation is approximated according to the HSDT model using isogeometric elements based on Non-Uniform Rational B-Spline (NURBS) basis functions. This achieves naturally any desired degree of continuity through the choice of the interpolation order, so that the method easily fulfils the C1-continuity requirement of the HSDT model. The accuracy and reliability of the proposed method is verified by comparing its numerical predictions with those of other available numerical approaches. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 235 (12 UL)