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See detailIrregular holonomic kernels and Laplace transform
Kashiwara, Masaki; Schapira, Pierre UL

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (6 UL)
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See detailDie Irrelevanz und Konvergenz des Organisationsstatuts für Investmentfonds
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in ZVglRWiss – Zeitschrift für vergleichende Rechtswissenschaften (2012), (111), 371-390

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 UL)
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See detailIrrespect de la règle du droit ou construction d'un droit vivant: les pratiques coopératives au Mali
Hiez, David UL

in l'Effectivité du droit économique dans l'espace OHADA (2016)

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See detailIrresponsible Ordoliberalism and the Imperialistic Fantasy That We All Might Become Good Germans One Day
Van Der Walt, Johan Willem Gous UL

in New Perspectives: Interdisciplinary Journal of Central and East European Politics and International Relations (2017), 25(2), 145-182

What follows is a reply to the critical responses of Malte Dold and Tim Krieger, Josef Hien, Charlotte Heath-Kelly, Emmanuel Pierre Guittet, Filipe dos Reis and Ben Kamis to my 2016 New Perspectives ... [more ▼]

What follows is a reply to the critical responses of Malte Dold and Tim Krieger, Josef Hien, Charlotte Heath-Kelly, Emmanuel Pierre Guittet, Filipe dos Reis and Ben Kamis to my 2016 New Perspectives intervention ‘When One Religious Extremism Unmasks Another: Reflections on Europe’s States of Emergency as a Legacy of Ordo-liberal De-hermeneuticisation’ (hereafter ODH – for “Ordoliberal Dehermeneutisation”). My reply will be divided into two main parts. The first part will focus on what I will call ‘a disciplinary instruction not to think.’ The second will focus on what I will call ‘constructive invitations to think further.’ The first part focuses on Dold and Krieger’s arguments. The second focuses predominantly on those of the rest of the interlocutors listed above. What ultimately emerges out of this second section is a reflection on the need to consider both order and disorder as constitutive elements of human freedom, and to sustain the tension between them. Of concern, here, I argue, is a freedom that refuses to be subjected conclusively to any “order of liberty” that a liberal government in general and an ordoliberal government in particular may wish to establish. [less ▲]

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See detailIrreversible thermodynamics of open chemical networks. I. Emergent cycles and broken conservation laws
Polettini, Matteo UL; Esposito, Massimiliano UL

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2014), 141

chemical reaction networks, with special regard to metabolic networks regulating cellular physiology and biochemical functions. We first introduce closed networks “in a box”, whose thermodynamics is ... [more ▼]

chemical reaction networks, with special regard to metabolic networks regulating cellular physiology and biochemical functions. We first introduce closed networks “in a box”, whose thermodynamics is subjected to strict physical constraints: the mass-action law, elementarity of processes, and detailed balance. We further digress on the role of solvents and on the seemingly unacknowledged property of network independence of free energy landscapes. We then open the system by assuming that the concentrations of certain substrate species (the chemostats) are fixed, whether because promptly regulated by the environment via contact with reservoirs, or because nearly constant in a time window. As a result, the system is driven out of equilibrium. A rich algebraic and topological structure ensues in the network of internal species: Emergent irreversible cycles are associated with nonvanishing affinities, whose symmetries are dictated by the breakage of conservation laws. These central results are resumed in the relation a + b = sY between the number of fundamental affinities a, that of broken conservation laws b and the number of chemostats sY. We decompose the steady state entropy production rate in terms of fundamental fluxes and affinities in the spirit of Schnakenberg’s theory of network thermodynamics, paving the way for the forthcoming treatment of the linear regime, of efficiency and tight coupling, of free energy transduction, and of thermodynamic constraints for network reconstruction. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Irritationen der Childhood Studies über sich selbst. Bericht über die Jubiläumstagung der Zeitschrift "Childhood"
Honig, Michael-Sebastian UL

in Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation (2019), 39(1), 104-106

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (1 UL)
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See detailIs a Policy of Free Movement of Workers Sustainable?
Picard, Pierre M UL; Worrall, Tim

E-print/Working paper (2014)

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed by the long term benefits that result from better labor market flexibility and income smoothing. We show that such policies are less likely to be adopted when workers are impatient and less risk averse workers, when production technologies display decreasing returns and when countries trade a share of their products. [less ▲]

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See detailIs a Policy of Free Movemet of Workers Sustainable?
Picard, Pierre M UL; Worrall, Tim

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2015)

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed by the long term benefits that result from better labor market flexibility and income smoothing. We show that such policies are less likely to be adopted when workers are impatient and less risk averse workers, when production technologies display decreasing returns and when countries trade a share of their products. [less ▲]

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See detailIs A Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland A Suitable Polishing Treatment For Micropollutant Removal In Medium-sized WWTPs? A Case Of Study
Venditti, Silvia UL; Hansen, Joachim UL

in 16th IWA Wetland System for Water Pollution Control, ICWS2018 (2018)

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See detailIs a visuo-haptic differentiation of zebra mussel and quagga mussel based on a single external morphometric shell character possible?
Teubner, Diana; Wesslein, Ann-Katrin; Roenne, Peter UL et al

in Aquatic Invasions (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 153 (2 UL)
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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichios; Lapatinas, Athanasios

Scientific Conference (2015)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichis; Lapatinas, Athanasios

Scientific Conference (2014, November)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 UL)
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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichis; Lapatina, Athanasios

E-print/Working paper (2014)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (5 UL)
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See detailIs adding 48 + 25 and 45 + 28 the same? How addend compatibility influences the strategy execution in mental addition.
Guillaume, Mathieu UL; Nys, Julie; Content, Alain

in Journal of cognitive psychology (2012), 24(7), 836-843

A recent study revealed that adults frequently start to add two two-digit numbers from the larger one, suggesting that addend magnitudes are compared at an early stage of processing. However, several ... [more ▼]

A recent study revealed that adults frequently start to add two two-digit numbers from the larger one, suggesting that addend magnitudes are compared at an early stage of processing. However, several studies showed that symbolic number comparison involves compatibility effects: such numerical comparison is easier when the larger number also contains the larger unit (48_25) than in the opposite, incompatible case (45_28). In this context, whether the compatibility between tens and units across operands affects the execution of arithmetic solving strategies remains an open question. In this study, we used two kinds of verbal protocols to assess how addend compatibility influences the implementation of magnitude-based strategies. We observed that participants started their computations from the larger operand more frequently when solving compatible additions than they did when solving incompatible ones. The presence of a compatibility effect extends the view that multi-digit number processing is componential rather than holistic, even in an arithmetic task that did not explicitly require a number magnitude comparison. Further, the findings corroborate the notion that number magnitude is used in mental calculation and influences the way calculation strategies are implemented. [less ▲]

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See detailIs Adult Education and Training Policy (1999-2011) in Portugal based on a Dilemma? The Critical Construction of the Employable Learner
Guimarães, Paula; Alves, Natália; Cavaco, Carmen et al

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2014)

The concepts of competences and employability have been oftenly used in educational policy discourses. They have been based on a category, the employable learner both in the European Union and Portugal ... [more ▼]

The concepts of competences and employability have been oftenly used in educational policy discourses. They have been based on a category, the employable learner both in the European Union and Portugal. This paper set out to discuss how is the adult learner constructed within adult education and training policy, that is, under two programmes launched since 1999 in Portugal within the European Union's lifelong learning guidelines. A qualitative and interpretative approach was preferred for this paper. Two national policy discourses were subjected to content analysis. The conclusions state an ambiguous understanding of the employable learner. [less ▲]

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See detailIs appropriate management of atrial fibrillation in primary care a utopia?
Lygidakis, Charilaos UL; Argyriadou, Stella; Lygera, Anastasia

in Journal of primary care & community health (2010), 1(1), 17-21

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at reporting on whether or not primary care doctors follow atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment protocols, and on the mental distress of such patients. METHODS: A total of 138 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at reporting on whether or not primary care doctors follow atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment protocols, and on the mental distress of such patients. METHODS: A total of 138 patients with first detected or recurrent AF were examined in a health center. Demographic data were collected and their lifestyle and medical history for rhythm-related pathologies and chronic medication were investigated. Physical examination, electrocardiogram (EKG), and in selected cases, lab analysis were carried-out. CHADS2 index was used for assessing the stroke risk in patients with AF, while the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) for personal health perception was performed in all patients. RESULTS: According to CHADS2 the majority of the patients had at least 1 risk factor and half of those receiving oral vitamin K antagonists presented an out-of-range international normalized ratio (INR). In 24 cases, patients used both aspirin and oral anticoagulants, while in 41 cases, medication was corrected according to index. GHQ-12 seemed to be significantly worse in paroxysmal and persistent cases, as well as in women with recurrent AF. Many paroxysmal AF patients under 75 years continued caffeine intake, whereas an extensive use of benzodiazepines was noticed in the majority of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Shortages and limitations of the peripheral or rural units and health centers and inadequate knowledge and application of the guidelines, seemed to be major factors responsible for mismanaging AF patients. More education in prehospital cardiology may contribute in improving management of arrhythmias in primary care. [less ▲]

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See detailIs Big Data Sufficient for a Reliable Detection of Non-Technical Losses?
Glauner, Patrick UL; Migliosi, Angelo UL; Meira, Jorge Augusto UL et al

in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Intelligent System Applications to Power Systems (ISAP 2017) (2017, September)

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to ... [more ▼]

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to 40% of the total electricity distributed. In order to detect NTLs, machine learning methods are used that learn irregular consumption patterns from customer data and inspection results. The Big Data paradigm followed in modern machine learning reflects the desire of deriving better conclusions from simply analyzing more data, without the necessity of looking at theory and models. However, the sample of inspected customers may be biased, i.e. it does not represent the population of all customers. As a consequence, machine learning models trained on these inspection results are biased as well and therefore lead to unreliable predictions of whether customers cause NTL or not. In machine learning, this issue is called covariate shift and has not been addressed in the literature on NTL detection yet. In this work, we present a novel framework for quantifying and visualizing covariate shift. We apply it to a commercial data set from Brazil that consists of 3.6M customers and 820K inspection results. We show that some features have a stronger covariate shift than others, making predictions less reliable. In particular, previous inspections were focused on certain neighborhoods or customer classes and that they were not sufficiently spread among the population of customers. This framework is about to be deployed in a commercial product for NTL detection. [less ▲]

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See detailIs childhood onset type1 diabetes a wealth-related disease. An ecological analysis of European incidence rates
Patterson, C.C.; Dahlquist, G.; Soltesz, G. et al

in Diabetologia (2001), 44

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)