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See detailKonstruktvalidität des Komplexen Problemlösens unter besonderer Berücksichtigung moderner diagnostischer Ansätze
Kretzschmar, André UL

Doctoral thesis (2015)

This thesis addresses the question whether Complex Problem Solving (CPS) could be seen as a distinct cognitive ability construct that is not considered sufficiently in the context of established theories ... [more ▼]

This thesis addresses the question whether Complex Problem Solving (CPS) could be seen as a distinct cognitive ability construct that is not considered sufficiently in the context of established theories of intelligence. For this purpose, an introduction into the research field of CPS is provided in the first part of this thesis (chapter 1). It is shown that CPS research has always been strongly influenced by the quality of the assessment tools. Therefore, to evaluate whether CPS is an independent construct requires a particular emphasis on the quality of the CPS assessment tools. Consequently, the second part of this work deals with the assessment of CPS. In chapter 2, the general challenges for CPS assessment as well as important advantages and disadvantages of contemporary CPS assessment tools (using the example of MicroDYN) are discussed. In chapter 3, the development and first empirical results of a new CPS assessment tool called MicroFIN are presented. Chapter 4 covers a particular relevant topic of computer-based CPS assessment: the influence of ICT literacy (i.e. the competence in using computers) on specific CPS assessment tools. For this purpose, the impact of ICT literacy on MicroDYN performance is examined in three different samples (N1 = 222, N2 = 341, N3 = 389). In addition, based on a sample of a pilot study (N = 91) the influence of ICT literacy on MicroFIN performance is presented. The results indicate that the impact of ICT Literacy appears neither for MicroDYN nor for MicroFIN as a threat of test validity. The third part of this work covers the central question of this thesis, that is whether CPS could be seen as a distinct cognitive ability construct that is independent of established intelligence constructs. Therefore, several criteria for an independent ability construct are discussed in chapter 5. Taking current research findings for CPS into account, open research questions for the assumption of a distinct CPS construct are examined in two empirical studies. Study 2 (chapter 6; N = 1908) focuses on the incremental validity of CPS beyond verbal reasoning in explaining the variance of school grades. For the first time in current CPS research, additional predictors for school grades (i.e. school competencies) in the mathematical and the reading domain are considered. The results indicate an incremental validity of CPS in the mathematical, but not in the reading domain. In addition, the study provides evidence that the incremental validity of CPS holds only to a small degree if relevant predictors of school grades are simultaneously taken into account. In study 3 (chapter 7; N = 227), the validity of CPS is examined with a comprehensive operationalisation of several intelligence constructs. The results indicate evidence for convergent and discriminant validity. Consequently, CPS could be seen as a specific cognitive ability that is less covered by traditional intelligence tests. With regard to the incremental validity of CPS, evidence for a statistical prediction of school grades beyond established intelligence constructs is only found for a specific, but not for a construct-representative operationalisation of intelligence. In chapter 8, an alternative interpretation of the specific CPS variance is discussed. Based on that interpretation, which has not been considered in CPS research yet, CPS can be seen as a specific content facet of cognitive tasks, but not as an independent cognitive ability. In the last part of this thesis (chapter 9), the findings and considerations concerning the assessment and construct validity of CPS are summarized. Considering current CPS assessment tools and the results for MicroFIN, research questions that are still open and the potential for future CPS assessment are presented. Furthermore, the findings from study 2 and 3 are reviewed with regard to the criteria for an independent ability construct. Finally, the assumption of a distinct CPS construct in the nomological network of intelligence is evaluated. Although further research is needed to clarify this issue, currently the assumption of a distinct CPS construct independent from established intelligence constructs does not seem justified. [less ▲]

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See detailKonstruktvalidität eines Fragebogens zur Erfassung der Angstsensitivität
Kemper, Christoph UL; Ziegler, M.

Scientific Conference (2007, September)

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See detailKonstytucjonalizacja sieci w prawie publicznym UE
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Piontek, E.; Karasiewicz, K. (Eds.) Quo Vadis Europo ? (2009)

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See detailKonsum und die Modernisierung des Kaiserreichs
Lenz, Thomas UL

Presentation (2013)

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See detailKonsum und Großstadt
Lenz, Thomas UL

in Jäckel, Michael (Ed.) Ambivalenzen des Konsums und der werblichen Kommunikation. (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (3 UL)
See detailKonsum und Modernisierung. Die Debatte um das Warenhaus als Diskurs um die Moderne.
Lenz, Thomas UL

Book published by transcript (2011)

Warenhäuser waren von Beginn an Orte, an denen moderne Konsum- und Weltverhältnisse ausgestellt und erfahrbar wurden. Damit wurden sie auch zu Kristallisationspunkten einer moralisch aufgeladenen, mit ... [more ▼]

Warenhäuser waren von Beginn an Orte, an denen moderne Konsum- und Weltverhältnisse ausgestellt und erfahrbar wurden. Damit wurden sie auch zu Kristallisationspunkten einer moralisch aufgeladenen, mit antisemitischen und misogynen Stereotypen durchsetzten Auseinandersetzung um den beginnenden Massenkonsum und die Modernisierung des Kaiserreichs. Thomas Lenz analysiert den Diskurs um Warenhaus und (Massen-)Konsum in den Wissenschaften, der Öffentlichkeit und in den Literaturen zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Der soziologische Blick auf den Konsum um 1900 wird hierbei – am Beispiel der Positionen von Weber, Simmel, Sombart und Veblen – mit der Debatte um die »unerwünschte Betriebsform« Warenhaus verknüpft. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (1 UL)
See detailKonsumierende Frauen, produzierende Männer? Zum Zusammenhang von Konsumverhältnissen und Geschlechterzuschreibungen.
Lenz, Thomas UL

in Wolf, Katja; Reuter, Julia (Eds.) GeschlechterLeben im Wandel. (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (2 UL)
See detailKontaktraum für die einen, Filter für die anderen
Nienaber, Birte UL

Article for general public (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (1 UL)
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See detailKontinuität der Form? Zum Verhältnis von Philologie, Charakteristik und Literaturgeschichtsschreibung bei Friedrich Schlegel
Busch, Christopher UL

in Athenäum. Jahrbuch der Friedrich Schlegel-Gesellschaft (2011), 21

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See detailKontrollüberzeugnungen und subjektives Wohlbefinden: Ein Vergleich von vier Stichproben mit unterschiedlicher Betroffenheit durch eine Krebserkrankung.
Ferring, Dieter UL; Filipp, Sigrun-Heide

in M. Lasar (Ed.), Wille und Kognition bei chronischer Erkrankung. Einterdisziplinärer Austausch (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)
See detailKonventionen und Tabus? Deutschlandbilder in Lüttich im langen 19. Jahrhundert
Brüll, Christoph UL

Scientific Conference (2017, November 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 UL)
See detailDas Konzept des Bachelor-Studiengangs in Sozial- und Erziehungswissenschaften
Haas, Claude UL

in Arc (2011), (121), 43-45

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See detailKonzepte der Interkulturalität
Heimböckel, Dieter UL; Weinberg, Manfred

in Becher, Peter; Höhne, Steffen; Krappmann, Jörg (Eds.) et al Handbuch der deutschen Literatur Prags und der Böhmischen Länder (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)