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See detailInterpreting Finite Automata for Sequential Data
Hammerschmidt, Christian UL; Verwer, S.; Lin, Q. et al

in Interpretable Machine Learning for Complex Systems: NIPS 2016 workshop proceedings (2016)

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See detailInterpreting Thermal 3D Models of Indoor Environments for Energy Efficiency
Demisse, Girum UL; Borrman, Dorit; Nuchter, Andreas

in In Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems, Springer (2014)

In recent years 3D models of buildings are used in maintenance and inspection, preservation, and other building related applications. However, the usage of these models is limited because most models are ... [more ▼]

In recent years 3D models of buildings are used in maintenance and inspection, preservation, and other building related applications. However, the usage of these models is limited because most models are pure representations with no or little associated semantics. In this paper we present a pipeline of techniques used for interior interpretation, object detection, and adding energy related semantics to windows of a 3D thermal model. A sequence of algorithms is presented for building the fundamental semantics of a 3D model. Among other things, these algorithms enable the system to differentiate between objects in a room and objects that are part of the room, e.g. floor, windows. Subsequently, the thermal information is used to construct a stochastic mathematical model - namely Markov Random Field - of the temperature distribution of the detected windows. As a result, the MAP (Maximum a posteriori) framework is used to further label the windows as either open, closed or damaged based upon their temperature distribution. The experimental results showed the robustness of the techniques. Furthermore, a strategy to optimize the free parameters is described, in cases where there is ample training dataset. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpretive Interactions among Legal Systems and Argumentation Schemes
Malerba, Alessandra UL

Doctoral thesis (2017)

This thesis is about argumentation schemes that help to deal with interactions between national and foreign canons of interpretation in private international law cases. In fact, many legal orders, like ... [more ▼]

This thesis is about argumentation schemes that help to deal with interactions between national and foreign canons of interpretation in private international law cases. In fact, many legal orders, like Italy, require that, in conflict of laws disputes, courts apply the relevant foreign law using canons of interpretation and rules of application of the original foreign system. Our research hypothesis is that, in interpreting the foreign rule, domestic courts incur interpretive divergences of many kinds among the involved legal systems. Foreign law interpretation may result in linguistic and/or conceptual misalignments, in normative and/or interpretive gaps, and in specific incompatibilities between inner and foreign canons of interpretation. By focusing on interpretive conflicts within one legal system, legal theorists and AI and Law scholars have not yet paid sufficient attention to the issue, even if pluralist logics and argumentation have been generally applied to legal pluralism and conflict of laws. The present study fills this gap in the literature: it explores the feasibility of a theory for arguing and interpreting in private international law contexts, providing an argument-based conceptual framework that encompasses plausible interpretive interactions. To this end, and after addressing the epistemic concerns foreign law raises for domestic judges, the thesis gives a definition of cross-border interpretive incompatibilities and proposes argumentation schemes to reason with interpretive canons coming from different legal systems. An illustrative list of critical questions is used to evaluate the correctness of such interpretive reasoning. Lastly, the thesis presents the first formal developments of the study, based on the concept of meta-argumentation. It is possible to detect two main contributions to knowledge. First, this work identifies the components of foreign law interpretation, an interpretation activity with significant practical implications for legal systems today. In so doing, it also indirectly contributes to better understand interpretation at large. Secondly, its argument-based analysis paves the way for further formal applications in the domain of AI and Law. [less ▲]

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See detailINTERPRO
Apweiler, R.; Attwood, T. K.; Bairoch, A. et al

in Bioinformatics (2000)

InterPro is a new integrated documentation resource for protein families, domains and functional sites, developed as a means of rationalising the complementary efforts of the PROSITE, PRINTS, Pfam and ... [more ▼]

InterPro is a new integrated documentation resource for protein families, domains and functional sites, developed as a means of rationalising the complementary efforts of the PROSITE, PRINTS, Pfam and ProDom database projects. Merged annotations from PRINTS, PROSITE and Pfam form the InterPro core. Each combined InterPro entry includes functional descriptions and literature references, and links are made back to the relevant parent database(s), allowing users to see at a glance whether a particular family or domain has associated patterns, profiles, fingerprints, etc.. Merged and individual entries (i.e., those that have no counterpart in the companion resources) are assigned unique accession numbers. The first release of InterPro contains around 2,400 entries, representing families, domains, repeats and sites of post-translational modification (PTMs) encoded by 4,300 regular expressions, profiles, fingerprints and Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). Each InterPro entry lists all the matches against SWISS-PROT and TrEMBL (more than 370,000 hits in total). The database is accessible for text-based searches at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ interpro/. [less ▲]

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See detailInterrogating surface length spectra and quantifying isospectrality
Parlier, Hugo UL

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This article is about inverse spectral problems for hyperbolic surfaces and in particular how length spectra relate to the geometry of the underlying surface. A quantitative answer is given to the ... [more ▼]

This article is about inverse spectral problems for hyperbolic surfaces and in particular how length spectra relate to the geometry of the underlying surface. A quantitative answer is given to the following: how many questions do you need to ask a length spectrum to determine it completely? In answering this, a quantitative upper bound is given on the number of isospectral but non-isometric surfaces of a given genus. [less ▲]

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See detailInterrogations autour d'un droit fondamental: l'appel
Ravarani, Georges UL

in Justices et droit du procès, Mélanges en l'honneur de Serge Guinchard (2010)

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See detailInterrupting hope.
Biesta, Gert UL

in Philosophy of Education Yearbook (2007)

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See detailInterrupting the politics of learning
Biesta, Gert UL

in Power and Education (2013), 5(1), 4-15

In this article, the author raises critical questions about the notion of 'learning', the language of 'learning' and the discourse of 'learning'. The analytical and critical device used is the idea of the ... [more ▼]

In this article, the author raises critical questions about the notion of 'learning', the language of 'learning' and the discourse of 'learning'. The analytical and critical device used is the idea of the 'politics of learning', through which the author highlights the powerful work that is being done by, and which at the very same time is hidden behind, the discourse of 'learning'. The author focuses on the field of lifelong learning, not only because it is here that claims about and demands for learning are most explicitly articulated, but also because this field, through both policy and research, is contributing most strongly to an apparent 'common sense' about learning in contemporary societies. Based on this analysis, the author argues that there is a need for an interruption of the politics of learning in order to reclaim the emancipatory potential of education. [less ▲]

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See detailThe interruptive effect of pain in a multitask environment: an experimental investigation.
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Crombez, Geert; Eccleston, Christopher et al

in The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society (2012), 13(2), 131-8

UNLABELLED: Daily life is characterized by the need to stop, start, repeat, and switch between multiple tasks. Here, we experimentally investigate the effects of pain, and its anticipation, in a multitask ... [more ▼]

UNLABELLED: Daily life is characterized by the need to stop, start, repeat, and switch between multiple tasks. Here, we experimentally investigate the effects of pain, and its anticipation, in a multitask environment. Using a task-switching paradigm, participants repeated and switched between 3 tasks, of which 1 predicted the possible occurrence of pain. Half of the participants received low intensity pain (N = 30), and half high intensity pain (N = 30). Results showed that pain interferes with the performance of a simultaneous task, independent of the pain intensity. Furthermore, pain interferes with the performance on a subsequent task. These effects are stronger with high intensity pain than with low intensity pain. Finally, and of particular importance in this study, interference of pain on a subsequent task was larger when participants switched to another task than when participants repeated the same task. PERSPECTIVE: This article is concerned with the interruptive effect of pain on people's task performance by using an adapted task-switching paradigm. This adapted paradigm may offer unique possibilities to investigate how pain interferes with task performance while people repeat and switch between multiple tasks in a multitask environment. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersectionality and Adolescent Mental Well-being: A Cross-Nationally Comparative Analysis of the Interplay Between Immigration Background, Socioeconomic Status and Gender
Kern, Matthias Robert UL; Duinhof, Elisa L.; Walsh, Sophie D. et al

in Journal of Adolescent Health (2020), 66(6), 12-20

Purpose: Intersectionality theory highlights the importance of the interplay of multiple social group memberships in shaping individual mental well-being. This article investigates elements of adolescent ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Intersectionality theory highlights the importance of the interplay of multiple social group memberships in shaping individual mental well-being. This article investigates elements of adolescent mental well-being (life dissatisfaction and psychosomatic complaints) from an intersectional perspective. It tests mental well-being consequences of membership in combinations of multiple social groups and examines to what extent such intersectional effects depend on the national context (immigration and integration policies, national-level income, and gender equality). Methods: Using Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory Accuracy, we assessed the role of the national context in shaping the interplay between immigration background, socioeconomic status, and gender, using data from 33 countries from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. Results: We found no uniform intersectionality effects across all countries. However, when allowing the interplay to vary by national context, results did point toward some intersectional effects. Some aggravated negative effects were found for members of multiple disadvantaged social groups in countries with low levels of income equality and restrictive migration policies, whereas enhanced positive effects were found for members of multiple advantaged groups in these countries. Similarly, mitigated negative effects of membership in multiple disadvantaged groups were shown in countries with higher levels of income equality and more inclusive migration policies, whereas mitigated positive effects were found for multiply advantaged individuals. Although for national-level gender equality results pointed in a similar direction, girls’ scores were counterintuitive. High national-level gender equality disproportionately benefitted groups of disadvantaged boys, whereas advantaged girls were doing worse than expected, and reversed effects were found for countries with low gender equality. Conclusions: To fully understand social inequalities in adolescent mental well-being, the interplay between individual-level and national-level indicators must be explored. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersections of Finitely Generated Maximal Partial Clones
Couceiro, Miguel UL; Haddad, Lucien

in Journal of Multiple-Valued Logic & Soft Computing (2012), 19(1-3), 85-94

Let A be a finite non-singleton set. For A ={0, 1} we show that the set of all self-dual monotonic partial functions is a not finitely generated partial clone on {0, 1} and that it contains a family of ... [more ▼]

Let A be a finite non-singleton set. For A ={0, 1} we show that the set of all self-dual monotonic partial functions is a not finitely generated partial clone on {0, 1} and that it contains a family of partial subclones of continuum cardinality. Moreover, for |A| ≥ 3, we show that there are pairs of finitely generated maximal partial clones whose intersection is a not finitely generated partial clone on A. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersections with Slupecki Partial Clones on a Finite Set
Schölzel, Karsten UL; Haddad, Lucien

in Multiple-Valued Logic (ISMVL), 2013 IEEE 43rd International Symposium on (2013, May)

We study intersections of partial clones on the k-element set with k ≥ 2. More precisely we consider intersections of Slupecki partial clones with non-Slupecki maximal partial clones on k.

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See detailIntersektionalität und Gouvernementalität. Die Problematisierung der Prostitution in Luxemburg um 1900 bis zum Ende der Zwischenkriegszeit
Mauer, Heike UL

Doctoral thesis (2015)

My dissertation “Intersektionalität und Gouvernementalität. Die Problematisierung der Prostitution in Luxemburg um 1900 bis zum Ende der Zwischenkriegszeit” pursues three scientific aims: first it ... [more ▼]

My dissertation “Intersektionalität und Gouvernementalität. Die Problematisierung der Prostitution in Luxemburg um 1900 bis zum Ende der Zwischenkriegszeit” pursues three scientific aims: first it advances political and feminist theory, secondly it contributes to Luxembourgian social, political and gender history by developing thirdly a fresh methodology. The object of investigation is the historical problematization of prostitution in Luxembourg – that is the perception and 'government' of prostitution as a problem of societal and individual moral conduct. My thesis is the first major historical publication, dedicated to the analysis of prostitution in Luxembourg. The main research question pursued was to identify the intersectional dimensions of this problematization of prostitution and to identify its inherent logics of power. The innovative, theory-driven method used for investigation rested on the connection of two theoretical concepts: intersectionality (a tool to understand gender as always related to other dimensions of power and inequality such as class, race, nation, citizenship, etc.) and governmentality (a distinct mode of power, which is - unlike sovereignty or discipline – characterized by the capacity to govern the conduct of others as well as by “technologies of the self” [Foucault]). By developing this methodology, my thesis also advances political and feminist theory. I highlight actual shortfalls of intersectional approaches and strengthen the tools analytical capacities to investigate power relations. I developed an understanding of intersectionality focusing on the processes and modes of how power is exercised, transcending static approaches, which perceive intersectionality solely in terms of inequalities. Empiricaly I demonstrated, that power was exercised intersectionally through the problematization of prostitution, while the problematization adressed different intersectional subjects differently: the prostitute was identified by a logic of suspicion as a poor foreign woman, who was deported in order to 'morally cleanse' the nation. Through the government of moral conduct, Luxembourgian working class women were encouraged to be good housewives in order to prevent their husbands from falling for prostitution in bars. [less ▲]

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See detailIntersymbol and Intercarrier Interference in OFDM Transmissions Through Highly Dispersive Channels
Alves Martins, Wallace UL; Cruz-Roldán, Fernando; Moonen, Marc et al

in Proc. of the 27th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO-2019) (2019, September)

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See detailIntertemporal Material Deprivation
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Ceriani, Lidia et al

in Betti, Gianni; Lemmi, Achille (Eds.) Poverty and Social Exclusion (2014)

Individual well-being is multidimensional and various aspects of the quality of life need to be jointly considered in its measurement. The literature on the subject has proposed many indices of ... [more ▼]

Individual well-being is multidimensional and various aspects of the quality of life need to be jointly considered in its measurement. The literature on the subject has proposed many indices of multidimensional poverty and deprivation and explored the properties that are at the basis of these measures. The purpose of this chapter is to add intertemporal considerations to the analysis of material deprivation. We employ the EU-SILC panel data set, which includes information on different aspects of well-being over time. EU countries are compared based on measures that take this additional intertemporal information into consideration. If we follow the path of material deprivation experienced by each individual over time we obtain a picture which differs from the annual results. Since the measurement of material deprivation is used by the EU member states and the European Commission to monitor national and EU progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion, our results suggest that time cannot be neglected. Countries should not only be compared based on their year by year results but additional information is gained by following individuals over time and producing an aggregate measure once time is taken into account. [less ▲]

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See detailIntertemporal material deprivation: a proposal and an application to EU countries
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in Dasgupta, Indraneel; Mitra, Manipushpak (Eds.) Deprivation, Inequality and Polarization: Essays in Honour of Satya Ranjan Chakravarty (2019)

This paper analyzes the effects of the inclusion of past experiences in measuring current material deprivation. The method followed generalizes the proposal of Bossert, Ceriani, Chakravarty and D'Ambrosio ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the effects of the inclusion of past experiences in measuring current material deprivation. The method followed generalizes the proposal of Bossert, Ceriani, Chakravarty and D'Ambrosio (2014) by adapting the class of indices on the measurement of poverty over time of Dutta, Roope and Zank (2013). An application to the analysis of material deprivation within EU countries is then provided. Following the path of material deprivation experienced by each individual over time yields a picture which differs from that in the annual results. Since the measurement of material deprivation is used by the EU member states and the European Commission to monitor national and EU progress in the fight against poverty and social exclusion, the results suggest that time cannot be neglected. Countries should not only be compared based on their year-by-year results, but additional information is gained by following individuals over time and producing an aggregate measure once dynamic considerations are taken into consideration. [less ▲]

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See detailIntertemporal pro-poorness
Palmisano, Flaviana UL; Bresson, Florent; Duclos, Jean-Yves

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (1 UL)