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See detailInternationalization of Vocational and Higher Education Systems — A Comparative-Institutional Approach
Powell, Justin J W UL; Solga, Heike

E-print/Working paper (2008)

This paper sketches a comparative-institutional approach that seeks to enhance our understanding of internationalization and the resultant national dynamics of institutional change in vocational and ... [more ▼]

This paper sketches a comparative-institutional approach that seeks to enhance our understanding of internationalization and the resultant national dynamics of institutional change in vocational and higher education systems. Focusing on change at the nexus of general and vocational skill formation institutions, we discuss shifts in the relationship between higher education and vocational training systems. How are such national systems responding to the exogenous pressures of international diffusion and Europe-wide Bologna and Copenhagen processes more specifically? Changes in the competition between the differentially institutionalized organizational fields of general and vocational education also imply the adjustment of individual pathways, participation rates, and life chances. Three complementary studies serve to compare and contrast the transformation of Germany’s vocational and higher education systems. The comparison of Germany, Great Britain and the United States analyzes the diffusion and cross-national transfer of educational models in specific historical periods. To highlight different national responses to internationalization and Europeanization, Germany will also be compared with Switzerland and Austria as well as with France. If the first study charts primarily the origins of models to be emulated because of their global salience (cultural-cognitive dimension), then the second and third comparative studies analyze the normative and regulative dimensions, showing the consequences of institutional change processes for the on-going competition between these organizational fields. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (2 UL)
See detailInternationalization Strategies in Higher Education Systems. A Variety of Capitalism Analytical Framework
Graf, Lukas UL

in Egbert, Henrik; Esser, Clemens (Eds.) Aspects in Varieties of Capitalism. Dynamics, Economic Crisis, New Players (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (2 UL)
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See detailInternet : A Political Issue for Europe (1970s – 2010s)
Badouard, Romain; Schafer, Valerie UL

in Bishop, Jonathan (Ed.) Transforming Politics and Policy in the Digital Age (2014)

How has the Internet come about in Europe? How did the “network of networks” and ICTs become political stakes for EU institutions? This chapter proposes to shed light on facts, limits and tensions of the ... [more ▼]

How has the Internet come about in Europe? How did the “network of networks” and ICTs become political stakes for EU institutions? This chapter proposes to shed light on facts, limits and tensions of the building of a political Union in the ICT regulation field. It analyses the role of various stakeholders, from technical experts to ordinary citizens, according to an historical approach structured around three key notions: appropriating, governing and using the Internet. By studying a relatively long period (from the 1970s to the early 2010s), and by observing the Internet as a tool for both internal consolidation, and for asserting the EU on the international stage, we intend to map out the main features and trends that structure the European relationship to the “network of networks”. We thus show that the Internet’s political dimension encompasses numerous and heterogeneous issues in the European context. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet addiction: a systematic review of epidemiological research for the last decade.
Kuss, D. J.; Griffiths, M. D.; Karila, L. et al

in Current pharmaceutical design (2014), 20(25), 4026-52

In the last decade, Internet usage has grown tremendously on a global scale. The increasing popularity and frequency of Internet use has led to an increasing number of reports highlighting the potential ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, Internet usage has grown tremendously on a global scale. The increasing popularity and frequency of Internet use has led to an increasing number of reports highlighting the potential negative consequences of overuse. Over the last decade, research into Internet addiction has proliferated. This paper reviews the existing 68 epidemiological studies of Internet addiction that (i) contain quantitative empirical data, (ii) have been published after 2000, (iii) include an analysis relating to Internet addiction, (iv) include a minimum of 1000 participants, and (v) provide a full-text article published in English using the database Web of Science. Assessment tools and conceptualisations, prevalence, and associated factors in adolescents and adults are scrutinised. The results reveal the following. First, no gold standard of Internet addiction classification exists as 21 different assessment instruments have been identified. They adopt official criteria for substance use disorders or pathological gambling, no or few criteria relevant for an addiction diagnosis, time spent online, or resulting problems. Second, reported prevalence rates differ as a consequence of different assessment tools and cut-offs, ranging from 0.8% in Italy to 26.7% in Hong Kong. Third, Internet addiction is associated with a number of sociodemographic, Internet use, and psychosocial factors, as well as comorbid symptoms and disorder in adolescents and adults. The results indicate that a number of core symptoms (i.e., compulsive use, negative outcomes and salience) appear relevant for diagnosis, which assimilates Internet addiction and other addictive disorders and also differentiates them, implying a conceptualisation as syndrome with similar etiology and components, but different expressions of addictions. Limitations include the exclusion of studies with smaller sample sizes and studies focusing on specific online behaviours. Conclusively, there is a need for nosological precision so that ultimately those in need can be helped by translating the scientific evidence established in the context of Internet addiction into actual clinical practice. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (0 UL)
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See detailInternet and social media communication skills: addressing the needs of LLP project teams
Zourou, Katerina; Song, Ju-Youn UL

in International Journal for Innovation and Quality and in Learning (2014), 2(3),

The effective use of Internet and social media tools and their embeddedness in a communication strategy are becoming fundamental to the success of cross-border cooperation projects, such as those ... [more ▼]

The effective use of Internet and social media tools and their embeddedness in a communication strategy are becoming fundamental to the success of cross-border cooperation projects, such as those subsidised by the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) of the European Commission. This paper reports on the results of a Europe-wide survey on skills needed by members of LLP projects in order to communicate their project results and engage with the target audience. The results of the survey show trends in the use of social media based digital communication strategies, as well as areas in which skills need to be developed. They also allow us to identify digital communication opportunities that are of interest in the context of dissemination of project results, despite the fact that little attention is drawn to them by survey respondents. We discuss how the findings of the needs analysis have been used in the design of the training components (materials and courses, face-to-face and online). We conclude with some priority activities that we believe are needed at policy-making level, to allow project results to increase their visibility and impact. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 159 (4 UL)
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See detailThe Internet and the EU Market from a historical perspective
Schafer, Valerie UL; Fickers, Andreas UL

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020), (2),

This special issue is the result of an open call launched two years ago in connection with the activities of the Robert Schuman Initiative, led at the University of Luxembourg by Prof. David Howarth. Our ... [more ▼]

This special issue is the result of an open call launched two years ago in connection with the activities of the Robert Schuman Initiative, led at the University of Luxembourg by Prof. David Howarth. Our call for papers invited scholars to historically analyse the relationship between the EU single market and the internet from a critical perspective. This interdisciplinary issue mainly analyses how the development of the Internet has created major regulatory challenges at the EU level. It looks at the various stakeholders and their changing roles, the regulatory framework and its turning points, underlining policy changes but also strong legacies and continuities within EU policies and debates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (3 UL)
See detailThe Internet and the EU Market from a historical perspective
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2020, January 29)

Co-organization of the conference: This conference, organised by the Robert Schuman Initiative for European Affairs with the support of the C²DH, aims to examine the relationship between the Internet, EU ... [more ▼]

Co-organization of the conference: This conference, organised by the Robert Schuman Initiative for European Affairs with the support of the C²DH, aims to examine the relationship between the Internet, EU regulation and market integration from a historical perspective. The speakers will analyse how the development of the Internet has facilitated market integration while also creating major regulatory challenges at the EU level, e.g. peering between ISPs, the taxation of electronic commerce, data protection issues, etc. We are also honoured to welcome Dr Viviane Reding, who will speak about her action as European Commissioner for Information Society and Media (2004-2010). Speakers: Elena Danescu (C²DH, University of Luxembourg), Stefan Gadringer (University of Salzburg), Christian Henrich-Franke (University of Siegen), and Dr Viviane Reding, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Luxembourg (since 2018) and Member of the European Commission (1999-2014) – the first European Commissioner with responsibility for the Information Society and Media. Moderation by Frédéric Allemand, Andreas Fickers, David Howarth and Valérie Schafer (University of Luxembourg). [less ▲]

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See detail“The internet and the European market” from a multidisciplinary perspective: a “round-doc” discussion
Schafer, Valerie UL; Fickers, Andreas UL; Howarth, David UL et al

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020), (2),

Received 24 February 2020 Accepted 28 February 2020 KEYWORDS EU Market; Internet; Digital Market; Governance; Digital Europe; Regulation ABSTRACT David Howarth, Francesca Musiani, Julia Pohle and Dwayne ... [more ▼]

Received 24 February 2020 Accepted 28 February 2020 KEYWORDS EU Market; Internet; Digital Market; Governance; Digital Europe; Regulation ABSTRACT David Howarth, Francesca Musiani, Julia Pohle and Dwayne Winseck were invited to discuss the main topic of this special issue, “The internet and the EU market.” This conversation at the crossroads of several research areas (communication studies, soci- ology, science and technology studies and political science) brought together leading experts who shared their experience, research and expertise on the internet, European integration, gov- ernance issues, etc. They referred to several topics that are addressed in the papers in this issue, such as the taxation of digital services, net neutrality and the openness of networks, as they discussed questions related to the realities and limits of the notion of “Digital Europe”, changing discourses on the EU’s digital economy, the concept of European governance and the turning points and key events in the relationship between the internet and the EU market since the 1990s. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet et avant ?
Schafer, Valerie UL

in Le Tonturier, Eric (Ed.) Les réseaux (2012)

Si en moins de quarante années, l’informatique s’est diffusée dans le grand public, permettant de faire circuler des données, du son, de l’image, si cette société de l’information et de la communication ... [more ▼]

Si en moins de quarante années, l’informatique s’est diffusée dans le grand public, permettant de faire circuler des données, du son, de l’image, si cette société de l’information et de la communication est incarnée par l’Internet, d’autres réseaux ont apporté leur contribution à une histoire dont l’étude éclaire les possibles, les futurs, les modèles, positifs ou répulsifs, qui traversent des imaginaires des réseaux, qui ne commencent pas avec Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet et le Web: l’illusion du social, la fin de l’idéal égalitaire?
Schafer, Valerie UL; Le Crosnier, Hervé

in Terminal : Technologie de l'Information, Culture, Société (2012), 111

En prenant pour point de départ la neutralité de l’Internet, objet d’un vaste débat commencé aux États-Unis en 2003, cet article souhaite montrer que les questions techniques, celles qui portent sur les ... [more ▼]

En prenant pour point de départ la neutralité de l’Internet, objet d’un vaste débat commencé aux États-Unis en 2003, cet article souhaite montrer que les questions techniques, celles qui portent sur les architectures et modèles de l’Internet, ont des implications économiques et politiques, et convoquent des valeurs et imaginaires puissants et divergents selon les acteurs. Ces réflexions ne peuvent être dissociées de celles sur les usages et les pratiques du Web et sur les rapports de pouvoir à l’œuvre dans l’économie Internet. Elles invitent à (re)penser la place de chacun des acteurs de la chaîne de l’Internet, des FAI aux usagers, en passant par celle des États, des autorités de régulation ou encore celle des citoyens, dans un écosystème à l’équilibre fragile et en perpétuel mouvement. Derrière le discours social que véhiculent les réseaux socionumériques, l’image d’horizontalité du Web 2.0, l’accent mis sur le partage et l’ouverture que permet Internet, celui-ci tend à se verticaliser, certains acteurs à se concentrer, et à cet égard « l’espace virtuel » est traversé par les tensions qui s’expriment dans la société réelle et matérielle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (2 UL)
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See detailInternet gaming addiction: The case of massively multiplayer online role playing games
Billieux, Joël UL; Deleuze, Jory; Griffiths, Mark et al

in El-Guebaly, N.; Galanter, M.; Carrá, G. (Eds.) The Textbook of Addiction Treatment: International Perspectives (2014)

Internet gaming disorder is one of the main types of Internet-related disorders. Recently, and despite inconsistencies in classification and limited data regarding the etiology of the condition, Internet ... [more ▼]

Internet gaming disorder is one of the main types of Internet-related disorders. Recently, and despite inconsistencies in classification and limited data regarding the etiology of the condition, Internet gaming disorder has been included in Sect. 3 (research appendix) of the DSM-5. The focus of the current chapter was the dysfunctional involvement in a specific type of video game which has some inherent characteristics reinforcing its addictive nature: Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs). MMORPGs are indeed one of the most recent and popular types of video games played worldwide, and problematic and uncontrolled involvement in playing MMORPGs is the most frequently reported activity by people seeking help for an Internet-related problem. In this chapter, we first described the specific structural characteristics of MMORPGsthemselves (e.g., permanent world, reinforcement schedule, advancement systems, interface favoring social exchanges) and explained how they can increase their “addictive potential”. Then, the main psychological factors (motives to play, impulsivity traits) were reviewed alongside neurobiological features (e.g., changes in neural circuitry involved in controlled regulation of behavior and reward drive) related to the development and maintenance of MMORPG addiction. The few available studies having tested the efficacy of treatments targeting Internet and video game addictions were also briefly considered. Limitations of existing data are emphasized, and avenues for further research proposed (both at the theoretical and clinical levels). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 172 (3 UL)
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See detailInternet Gaming Disorder as a formative construct: Implications for conceptualization and measurement.
van Rooij, Antonius J.; Van Looy, Jan; Billieux, Joël UL

in Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences (2017), 71(7), 445-458

Some people have serious problems controlling their Internet and video game use. The DSM-5 now includes a proposal for 'Internet Gaming Disorder' (IGD) as a condition in need of further study. Various ... [more ▼]

Some people have serious problems controlling their Internet and video game use. The DSM-5 now includes a proposal for 'Internet Gaming Disorder' (IGD) as a condition in need of further study. Various studies aim to validate the proposed diagnostic criteria for IGD and multiple new scales have been introduced that cover the suggested criteria. Using a structured approach, we demonstrate that IGD might be better interpreted as a formative construct, as opposed to the current practice of conceptualizing it as a reflective construct. Incorrectly approaching a formative construct as a reflective one causes serious problems in scale development, including: (i) incorrect reliance on item-to-total scale correlation to exclude items and incorrectly relying on indices of inter-item reliability that do not fit the measurement model (e.g., Cronbach's alpha); (ii) incorrect interpretation of composite or mean scores that assume all items are equal in contributing value to a sum score; and (iii) biased estimation of model parameters in statistical models. We show that these issues are impacting current validation efforts through two recent examples. A reinterpretation of IGD as a formative construct has broad consequences for current validation efforts and provides opportunities to reanalyze existing data. We discuss three broad implications for current research: (i) composite latent constructs should be defined and used in models; (ii) item exclusion and selection should not rely on item-to-total scale correlations; and (iii) existing definitions of IGD should be enriched further. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (0 UL)
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See detailInternet gaming disorder should qualify as a mental disorder
King, Daniel L; Delfabbro, Paul H; Potenza, Marc N et al

in Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (2018), 52(7), 615617

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (2 UL)
See detailInternet Histories
Brügger, Niels; Goggin, Gerard; Milligan, Ian et al

Book published by Routledge (2018)

This book comprises short thought-provoking pieces that invite to discussions, raise and suggest the issues, challenges, opportunities, tensions, conceptual and research terrain, cultural, political ... [more ▼]

This book comprises short thought-provoking pieces that invite to discussions, raise and suggest the issues, challenges, opportunities, tensions, conceptual and research terrain, cultural, political, social, economic and industrial dynamics, distinctive historiographic and theoretical underpinning that characterise the emergent field of Internet histories. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (4 UL)
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See detailInternet histories early career researcher award
Schafer, Valerie UL; Brugger, Niels; Goggin, Gerard et al

in Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society (2020), (3),

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original ... [more ▼]

The five papers of this special issue were candidates for the first Internet Histories Early Career Researcher Award. They represent the next generation of scholarship and show creative, original approaches to the study of internet history. These papers all help enrich our perspectives and broaden them in many ways, from Brazil to China, from Cyberactivitst to Civil Society at large, from Gender Studies to Platform Studies, from Emails to Interfaces, while demonstrating again that there is no unique path to write “Internet Histories.” [less ▲]

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See detailInternet of Things in the 5G Era: Enablers, Architecture and Business Models
Palattella, Maria Rita UL; Dohler, Mischa; Grieco, Luigi Alfredo et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications (2016)

The IoT paradigm holds the promise to revolutionize the way we live and work by means of a wealth of new services, based on seamless interactions between a large amount of heterogeneous devices. After ... [more ▼]

The IoT paradigm holds the promise to revolutionize the way we live and work by means of a wealth of new services, based on seamless interactions between a large amount of heterogeneous devices. After decades of conceptual inception of the IoT, in recent years a large variety of communication technologies has gradually emerged, reflecting a large diversity of application domains and of communication requirements. Such heterogeneity and fragmentation of the connectivity landscape is currently hampering the full realization of the IoT vision, by posing several complex integration challenges. In this context, the advent of 5G cellular systems, with the availability of a connectivity technology which is at once truly ubiquitous, reliable, scalable, and cost-efficient, is considered as a potentially key driver for the yet-to emerge global IoT. In the present paper, we analyze in detail the potential of 5G technologies for the IoT, by considering both the technological and standardization aspects. We review the present-day IoT connectivity landscape, as well as the main 5G enablers for the IoT. Last but not least, we illustrate the massive business shifts that a tight link between IoT and 5G may cause in the operator and vendors ecosystem. [less ▲]

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See detailInternet of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles—A Multilayer Low-Altitude Airspace Model for Distributed UAV Traffic Management
Samir Labib, Nader UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL; Musial, Jedrzej UL et al

in Sensors (2019), 19(21), 22

The rapid adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) has encouraged the integration of new connected devices such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to the ubiquitous network. UAVs promise a pragmatic solution ... [more ▼]

The rapid adoption of Internet of Things (IoT) has encouraged the integration of new connected devices such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to the ubiquitous network. UAVs promise a pragmatic solution to the limitations of existing terrestrial IoT infrastructure as well as bring new means of delivering IoT services through a wide range of applications. Owning to their potential, UAVs are expected to soon dominate the low-altitude airspace over populated cities. This introduces new research challenges such as the safe management of UAVs operation under high traffic demands. This paper proposes a novel way of structuring the uncontrolled, low-altitude airspace, with the aim of addressing the complex problem of UAV traffic management at an abstract level. The work, hence, introduces a model of the airspace as a weighted multilayer network of nodes and airways and presents a set of experimental simulation results using three UAV traffic management heuristics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (6 UL)
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See detailInternet shopping with price sensitive discounts
Blazewicz, Jacek; Bouvry, Pascal UL; Kovalyov, Mikhael et al

in 4OR: a quarterly journal of operations research (2014), 12(1), 35-48

A customer would like to buy a given set of products in a given set of Internet shops. For each Internet shop, standard prices for the products are known as well as a concave increasing discounting ... [more ▼]

A customer would like to buy a given set of products in a given set of Internet shops. For each Internet shop, standard prices for the products are known as well as a concave increasing discounting function of total standard and delivery price. The problem is to buy all the required products at the minimum total discounted price. Computational complexity of various special cases is established. Properties of optimal solutions are proved and polynomial time and exponential time solution algorithms based on these properties are designed. Two heuristic algorithms are suggested and computationally tested. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (2 UL)
See detailInternet voting and opinion formation: the potential impact of a pre-voting sphere
Kies, Raphaël UL; Kriesi, Hanspeter

in Trechsel, Alexander; Mendez, Fernando (Eds.) The European Union and e-Voting. Addressing the European Parliament's internet voting challenge (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (1 UL)
See detailInternet, ICT en historische pedagogiek
Catteeuw, Karl; Thyssen, Geert UL

in Paradoxen van pedagogisering: Handboek pedagogische historiografie (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 UL)