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See detailIs a Policy of Free Movemet of Workers Sustainable?
Picard, Pierre M UL; Worrall, Tim

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2015)

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the costs and benefits of the adoption of the policy of free movement for workers. For the countries to agree on uncontrolled movement of workers, the short run costs must be outweighed by the long term benefits that result from better labor market flexibility and income smoothing. We show that such policies are less likely to be adopted when workers are impatient and less risk averse workers, when production technologies display decreasing returns and when countries trade a share of their products. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (6 UL)
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See detailIs A Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland A Suitable Polishing Treatment For Micropollutant Removal In Medium-sized WWTPs? A Case Of Study
Venditti, Silvia UL; Hansen, Joachim UL

in 16th IWA Wetland System for Water Pollution Control, ICWS2018 (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 UL)
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See detailIs a visuo-haptic differentiation of zebra mussel and quagga mussel based on a single external morphometric shell character possible?
Teubner, Diana; Wesslein, Ann-Katrin; Roenne, Peter UL et al

in Aquatic Invasions (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 144 (2 UL)
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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichios; Lapatinas, Athanasios

Scientific Conference (2015)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichis; Lapatinas, Athanasios

Scientific Conference (2014, November)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 UL)
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See detailIs Abatement Effective in the Presence of Corruption? A Theoretical Exploration
Litina, Anastasia UL; Sartzetakis, Eftichis; Lapatina, Athanasios

E-print/Working paper (2014)

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of ... [more ▼]

The paper introduces an additional channel via which corruption may adversely affect environmental quality. It is argued that, in the presence of corruption, politicians may allocate a large fraction of public funds to environmental projects aiming not at improving environmental quality, but rather at increasing their ability to extract rents. This type of behavior has a direct and an indirect effect on environmental quality. First, due to extensive rent-seeking, the effectiveness of environmental projects is disproportional to the amount of public funds allocated to them. Second, citizens who observe the poor outcome of environmental projects, increase tax evasion thus reducing public funds. A vicious circle of extensive tax evasion and rent seeking activities emerges, that has a detrimental effect on environmental quality. Anecdotal evidence from a number of countries that experience high levels of corruption, shows little or no improvements in environmental quality despite the implementation of environmental projects. In line with our theoretical findings, this ineffectiveness of the environmental policy is present even when the technology involved is advanced. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (5 UL)
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See detailIs adding 48 + 25 and 45 + 28 the same? How addend compatibility influences the strategy execution in mental addition.
Guillaume, Mathieu UL; Nys, Julie; Content, Alain

in Journal of cognitive psychology (2012), 24(7), 836-843

A recent study revealed that adults frequently start to add two two-digit numbers from the larger one, suggesting that addend magnitudes are compared at an early stage of processing. However, several ... [more ▼]

A recent study revealed that adults frequently start to add two two-digit numbers from the larger one, suggesting that addend magnitudes are compared at an early stage of processing. However, several studies showed that symbolic number comparison involves compatibility effects: such numerical comparison is easier when the larger number also contains the larger unit (48_25) than in the opposite, incompatible case (45_28). In this context, whether the compatibility between tens and units across operands affects the execution of arithmetic solving strategies remains an open question. In this study, we used two kinds of verbal protocols to assess how addend compatibility influences the implementation of magnitude-based strategies. We observed that participants started their computations from the larger operand more frequently when solving compatible additions than they did when solving incompatible ones. The presence of a compatibility effect extends the view that multi-digit number processing is componential rather than holistic, even in an arithmetic task that did not explicitly require a number magnitude comparison. Further, the findings corroborate the notion that number magnitude is used in mental calculation and influences the way calculation strategies are implemented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 UL)
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See detailIs Adult Education and Training Policy (1999-2011) in Portugal based on a Dilemma? The Critical Construction of the Employable Learner
Guimarães, Paula; Alves, Natália; Cavaco, Carmen et al

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2014)

The concepts of competences and employability have been oftenly used in educational policy discourses. They have been based on a category, the employable learner both in the European Union and Portugal ... [more ▼]

The concepts of competences and employability have been oftenly used in educational policy discourses. They have been based on a category, the employable learner both in the European Union and Portugal. This paper set out to discuss how is the adult learner constructed within adult education and training policy, that is, under two programmes launched since 1999 in Portugal within the European Union's lifelong learning guidelines. A qualitative and interpretative approach was preferred for this paper. Two national policy discourses were subjected to content analysis. The conclusions state an ambiguous understanding of the employable learner. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (0 UL)
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See detailIs appropriate management of atrial fibrillation in primary care a utopia?
Lygidakis, Charilaos UL; Argyriadou, Stella; Lygera, Anastasia

in Journal of primary care & community health (2010), 1(1), 17-21

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at reporting on whether or not primary care doctors follow atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment protocols, and on the mental distress of such patients. METHODS: A total of 138 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at reporting on whether or not primary care doctors follow atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment protocols, and on the mental distress of such patients. METHODS: A total of 138 patients with first detected or recurrent AF were examined in a health center. Demographic data were collected and their lifestyle and medical history for rhythm-related pathologies and chronic medication were investigated. Physical examination, electrocardiogram (EKG), and in selected cases, lab analysis were carried-out. CHADS2 index was used for assessing the stroke risk in patients with AF, while the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) for personal health perception was performed in all patients. RESULTS: According to CHADS2 the majority of the patients had at least 1 risk factor and half of those receiving oral vitamin K antagonists presented an out-of-range international normalized ratio (INR). In 24 cases, patients used both aspirin and oral anticoagulants, while in 41 cases, medication was corrected according to index. GHQ-12 seemed to be significantly worse in paroxysmal and persistent cases, as well as in women with recurrent AF. Many paroxysmal AF patients under 75 years continued caffeine intake, whereas an extensive use of benzodiazepines was noticed in the majority of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Shortages and limitations of the peripheral or rural units and health centers and inadequate knowledge and application of the guidelines, seemed to be major factors responsible for mismanaging AF patients. More education in prehospital cardiology may contribute in improving management of arrhythmias in primary care. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (1 UL)
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See detailIs Big Data Sufficient for a Reliable Detection of Non-Technical Losses?
Glauner, Patrick UL; Migliosi, Angelo UL; Meira, Jorge Augusto UL et al

in Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Intelligent System Applications to Power Systems (ISAP 2017) (2017, September)

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to ... [more ▼]

Non-technical losses (NTL) occur during the distribution of electricity in power grids and include, but are not limited to, electricity theft and faulty meters. In emerging countries, they may range up to 40% of the total electricity distributed. In order to detect NTLs, machine learning methods are used that learn irregular consumption patterns from customer data and inspection results. The Big Data paradigm followed in modern machine learning reflects the desire of deriving better conclusions from simply analyzing more data, without the necessity of looking at theory and models. However, the sample of inspected customers may be biased, i.e. it does not represent the population of all customers. As a consequence, machine learning models trained on these inspection results are biased as well and therefore lead to unreliable predictions of whether customers cause NTL or not. In machine learning, this issue is called covariate shift and has not been addressed in the literature on NTL detection yet. In this work, we present a novel framework for quantifying and visualizing covariate shift. We apply it to a commercial data set from Brazil that consists of 3.6M customers and 820K inspection results. We show that some features have a stronger covariate shift than others, making predictions less reliable. In particular, previous inspections were focused on certain neighborhoods or customer classes and that they were not sufficiently spread among the population of customers. This framework is about to be deployed in a commercial product for NTL detection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 131 (12 UL)
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See detailIs childhood onset type1 diabetes a wealth-related disease. An ecological analysis of European incidence rates
Patterson, C.C.; Dahlquist, G.; Soltesz, G. et al

in Diabetologia (2001), 44

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
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See detailIs diversification of farm households still an option for integrated rural development? Evidences from Slovenia and Saarland, Germany
Nienaber, Birte UL; Potočnik Slavič, Irma

in Quaestiones Geographicae (2013), 32(4), 39-48

Multifunctionality of rural areas in Europe has become an important aspect of rural development in the last years. An important instrument to ameliorate the multifunctionality is diversification of farm ... [more ▼]

Multifunctionality of rural areas in Europe has become an important aspect of rural development in the last years. An important instrument to ameliorate the multifunctionality is diversification of farm income. As various forms of farm income diversification have been developed throughout Europe the paper will survey the effectiveness of undertaken measures. First the issue of farm diversification will be argued theoretically. Then case studies from Saarland, Germany and from Slovenia analyse the importance of diversification for rural areas. A comparison two regions will dissect the chances and risks of diversification in a comparable new and old EU member state. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (1 UL)
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See detailIs Dysfunctional Use of the Mobile Phone a Behavioural Addiction? Confronting Symptom-Based Versus Process-Based Approaches.
Billieux, Joël UL; Philippot, Pierre; Schmid, Cecile et al

in Clinical psychology & psychotherapy (2015), 22(5), 460-8

UNLABELLED: Dysfunctional use of the mobile phone has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioural addiction' that shares most features with drug addictions. In the current article, we challenge the ... [more ▼]

UNLABELLED: Dysfunctional use of the mobile phone has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioural addiction' that shares most features with drug addictions. In the current article, we challenge the clinical utility of the addiction model as applied to mobile phone overuse. We describe the case of a woman who overuses her mobile phone from two distinct approaches: (1) a symptom-based categorical approach inspired from the addiction model of dysfunctional mobile phone use and (2) a process-based approach resulting from an idiosyncratic clinical case conceptualization. In the case depicted here, the addiction model was shown to lead to standardized and non-relevant treatment, whereas the clinical case conceptualization allowed identification of specific psychological processes that can be targeted with specific, empirically based psychological interventions. This finding highlights that conceptualizing excessive behaviours (e.g., gambling and sex) within the addiction model can be a simplification of an individual's psychological functioning, offering only limited clinical relevance. KEY PRACTITIONER MESSAGE: The addiction model, applied to excessive behaviours (e.g., gambling, sex and Internet-related activities) may lead to non-relevant standardized treatments. Clinical case conceptualization allowed identification of specific psychological processes that can be targeted with specific empirically based psychological interventions. The biomedical model might lead to the simplification of an individual's psychological functioning with limited clinical relevance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (2 UL)
See detailIs Europe listening to Us? Successes and Failures of the European Citizen Consultation
Kies, Raphaël UL; Nanz, Patrizia

Book published by Ashgate/Roehampton University Press (2013)

How can the European Union engage and connect with the people it aims to represent? What initiatives and schemes have been used to engage EU citizens? To what extent can such procedures be considered a ... [more ▼]

How can the European Union engage and connect with the people it aims to represent? What initiatives and schemes have been used to engage EU citizens? To what extent can such procedures be considered a move forward towards a more participative and democratic Europe? This collection of internationally recognised specialists in European integration and innovative democratic practices seek to answer these key questions, explore European citizens’ thoughts and opinions about the EU and evaluate the governing elite’s attempts to engage with the public. It offers critical analysis of EU justifications and strategies for implementing Deliberative Citizens Involvement Projects and focuses on some of the major participative experiences trialled and implemented by EU institutions. By comparing these different attempts to increase and bolster the participation of EU citizens and evaluating their impact the book offers valuable and original material on the civic involvement of EU citizens and the legitimacy of the EU decision making process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (3 UL)
See detailIs European CBC policy creating cohesion in the Serbia-Croatia borderland?
Blondel, Cyril UL

Scientific Conference (2012, March 15)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
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See detailIs Gender in the Eye of the Beholder? Identifying Cultural Attitudes with Art Auction Prices
Penasse, Julien UL; Ren´ee, Adams; Roman, Kr¨aussl et al

Speeches/Talks (2018)

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See detailIs gender in the eye of the beholder? Identifying cultural attitudes with art auction prices
Kräussl, Roman UL; Adams, Renée; Navone, Marco et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 156 (3 UL)
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See detailIs income equality also better for your cognitive health? A multilevel analysis on trajectories of cognitive function at older ages
Leist, Anja UL; Chauvel, Louis UL

in PAA website (2016)

This paper contributes to research on contextual associations with older-age cognitive function by investigating to which extent country-level income inequality is associated with older-age cognitive ... [more ▼]

This paper contributes to research on contextual associations with older-age cognitive function by investigating to which extent country-level income inequality is associated with older-age cognitive function and decline. Data came from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), providing information on cognitive function (fluency, immediate and delayed recall) of respondents aged 50-80 years coming from a total of 16 European countries that participated in at least two waves of SHARE. A total of 44,303 observations were available at first and second measurement, 13,509 observations at third measurement, and 9,736 observations at fourth measurement. Three-level hierarchical models (measurements nested within individuals nested within countries) were run, showing that income inequality was negatively associated with cognitive level but not with decline. The findings suggest that income inequality is not associated with cognitive trajectories. Mechanisms of maintaining cognitive function at older ages may not be susceptible to country-level income inequalities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 182 (5 UL)