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See detailInternal Finance and Capital Accumulation in a Dynamic General Equilibrium Model with Credit Constraints
Sneessens, Henri UL; Stefani, Maria Lucia

in Louvain Economic Review - Recherches Economiques de Louvain (1996), 62(2-3), 255-86

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
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See detailThe Internal Market in a Concetxt of Deepening Integration - Long on Content and Short on Modes of Delivery?
Hofmann, Herwig UL

in Bradley, Kieran; Travers, Noel; Whelan, Anthony (Eds.) Of Courts and Constitutions (2014)

This paper explores the diversifying limits to integration by harmonisation of national law for the ‘establishment and functioning of the internal market’ (Article 114 TFEU) by the adoption of substantive ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the diversifying limits to integration by harmonisation of national law for the ‘establishment and functioning of the internal market’ (Article 114 TFEU) by the adoption of substantive and procedural ‘measures’ under EU law in the past decade and a half – all the way to the CJEU’s ruling regarding ESMA powers in Short Selling. [less ▲]

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See detailInternal validity of inter-digital web pinching as a model for perceptual diffuse inhibitory controls -induced hypoalgesia in healthy humans
Streff, Anouk; Michaux, Gilles; Anton, Fernand UL

in European Journal of Pain (London, England) (2011), 15(1), 45-52

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See detailAn internal version of epistemic logic
Aucher, Guillaume UL

in Studia Logica (2010), 94(1), 1-22

Representing an epistemic situation involving several agents obviously depends on the modeling point of view one takes. We start by identifying the types of modeling points of view which are logically ... [more ▼]

Representing an epistemic situation involving several agents obviously depends on the modeling point of view one takes. We start by identifying the types of modeling points of view which are logically possible. We call the one traditionally followed by epistemic logic the perfect external approach, because there the modeler is assumed to be an omniscient and external observer of the epistemic situation. In the rest of the paper we focus on what we call the internal approach, where the modeler is one of the agents involved in the situation. For this approach we propose and axiomatize a logical formalism based on epistemic logic. This leads us to formalize some intuitions about the internal approach and about its connections with the external ones. Finally, we show that our internal logic is decidable and PSPACE-complete. [less ▲]

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See detailInternalization of Age Stereotypes Into the Self-Concept via Future Self-Views: A General Model and Domain-Specific Differences
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Rothermund, Klaus

in PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING (2012), 27(1), 164-172

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample ... [more ▼]

We investigated a pathway through which age stereotypes (AS) become internalized into the self. Domain-specific AS, as well as future self-views (FS) and current self-views (CS), were assessed in a sample of middle-aged and older adults. AS were positively related to CS and this effect was mediated via FS. These relations were stronger for older persons, indicating that the internalization process depends on a self-categorization as being old. A comparison of life domains revealed that an age-dependent internalization of AS emerged mainly for those domains in which age-related changes are expected to occur during later phases of life. [less ▲]

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See detailInternalization of the interleukin 6 signal transducer gp130 does not require activation of the Jak/STAT pathway
Thiel, S.; Behrmann, Iris UL; Dittrich, E. et al

in Biochemical Journal (1998), 330 (Pt 1)

Signalling receptors often undergo receptor-mediated endocytosis. In many cases this internalization is stimulated by ligand binding and activation of intrinsic receptor tyrosine kinases, resulting in a ... [more ▼]

Signalling receptors often undergo receptor-mediated endocytosis. In many cases this internalization is stimulated by ligand binding and activation of intrinsic receptor tyrosine kinases, resulting in a receptor down-regulation. We have analysed whether internalization of the interleukin 6 signal transducer gp130 is dependent on the activation of receptor-associated Jak kinases. By using a chimaeric receptor system we found that receptor mutants that lack box1 and therefore are not capable of activating Jak and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins are still endocytosed efficiently. A chimaeric receptor with the recently identified dileucine internalization motif being replaced by two alanine residues was not efficiently internalized but still capable of recruiting STATs. Furthermore an antagonistic antibody that inhibits the signalling of all interleukin-6-type cytokines via gp130 was internalized as efficiently as an agonistic one that activates the Jak/STAT pathway. Our findings suggest that the endocytosis of gp130 is signal-independent. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Arbitration - Czech Republic
Lickova, Magdalena UL; Janda, Ivo

in International Comparative Legal Guide (2009)

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See detailInternational Arbitration - Czech Republic
Lickova, Magdalena UL; Janda, Ivo

in International Comparative Legal Guide (2008)

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See detailAn international case-vignette study to assess general practitioners’ willingness to deprescribe (LESS)
Tabea Jungo, Katharina; Mantelli, Sophie; Rozsnyai, Zsofia et al

in Collins, Claire (Ed.) Abstract Book of the 87th EGPRN Meeting (2018, November 14)

Background: Globally, many oldest-old (>80 years of age) suffer from several chronic conditions and take multiple medications. Ideally, their general practitioners (GPs) regularly and systematically ... [more ▼]

Background: Globally, many oldest-old (>80 years of age) suffer from several chronic conditions and take multiple medications. Ideally, their general practitioners (GPs) regularly and systematically search for inappropriate medications and, if necessary, deprescribe those. However, deprescribing is challenging due to numerous barriers not only within patients, but also within GPs. Research questions: How does the willingness to deprescribe in oldest-old with polypharmacy differ in GPs from different countries? What factors do GPs in different contexts perceive as important for deprescribing? Method: We assess GPs' willingness to deprescribe and the factors GPs perceive to influence their deprescribing decisions in a cross-sectional survey using case-vignettes of oldest-old patients with polypharmacy. We approach GPs in 28 European countries as well as in Israel, Brazil and New Zealand through national coordinators, who administer the survey in their GP network. The case vignettes differ in how dependent patients are and whether or not they have a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). For each case vignette, GPs are asked if and which medication they would deprescribe. GPs further rate to what extent pre-defined factors influence their deprescribe decisions. We will compare the willingness to deprescribe and the factors influencing deprescribing across countries. Multilevel models will be used to analyze the proportions of the deprescribed medications per case along the continuum of dependency and history of CVD and to analyze the factors perceived as influencing deprescribing decisions. Results: As of early-July 2018, the survey has been distributed in 14 countries and >650 responses have been returned. We will present first results at the conference. Conclusions: First, assessing GPs’ willingness to deprescribe and comparing the factors influencing GPs’ deprescribing decisions across countries will allow an understanding of the expected variation in the willingness to deprescribe across different contexts. Second, it will enable the tailoring of specific interventions that might facilitate deprescribing in oldest-old patients. Points for discussion: How can we explain differences across countries? How can the results be translated into practice in order to help GPs to optimize deprescribing practices? What factors could help GPs to implement deprescribing in oldest-old patients with polypharmacy? [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Center for Earth Tides (ICET)
Ducarme, Bernard; Francis, Olivier UL

in Mueller, Ivan (Ed.) Science Services IAG/FAGS (1997)

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See detailAn International Comparative Analysis of Employers’ Hiring Decisions
Imdorf, Christian; Samuel, Robin UL; Shi, Lulu P.

Presentation (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailInternational Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters in Walferdange (Luxembourg) of November 2003
Francis, Olivier UL; van Dam, Tonie UL

Book published by Centre Européen de Géodynamique et de Séismologie (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (5 UL)
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See detailInternational Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Burch, Susan (Ed.) Encyclopedia of American Disability History (2009)

The United Nations General Assembly in New York City adopted the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (ICRPD) on December 13, 2006. The overarching goal of this ... [more ▼]

The United Nations General Assembly in New York City adopted the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (ICRPD) on December 13, 2006. The overarching goal of this international treaty is to promote and protect the human rights, dignity, and freedom of disabled people around the world. The result of many years of negotiation, the ICRPD was crafted by a diverse coalition of non-governmental, international and local organizations and by dedicated individuals around the world. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 137 (2 UL)
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See detailThe International Criminal Court and Reparations: Judicial Innovation or Judicialisation of a Political Process?
Owiso, Owiso UL

in International Criminal Law Review (2019), 19(3), 505-531

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court bestows reparative powers upon the court, a significant development in international criminal justice. However, the court still struggles to ... [more ▼]

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court bestows reparative powers upon the court, a significant development in international criminal justice. However, the court still struggles to effectively exercise this mandate. This article proceeds on the assumption that reparations for mass atrocities are best handled through domestic political processes rather than international criminal justice processes. The article interrogates the effectiveness of the court’s reparative powers by testing them as against the court’s practice, specifically in the Lubanga, Katanga and Al-Mahdi cases. The article concludes that despite noble intentions, practical realities and difficulties make doubtful the court’s suitability as a reparative forum for mass atrocities. Nevertheless, in the absence of a more suitable alternative for effective and meaningful reparations, the article proposes policy reforms to achieve robust reparative complementarity between the court and transitional states, and complementarity between the court’s reparative mandate and the Trust Fund for Victims’ assistance mandate. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 124 (20 UL)
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See detailThe International Criminal Court and the Lord’s Resistance Army
Happold, Matthew UL

in Melbourne Journal of International Law (2007), 8

Detailed reference viewed: 143 (3 UL)
See detailInternational criminal law between pragmatism and normativity: The principle of equality of arms and the discretionary power of international criminal tribunals to obtain additional evidence through subpoenas
Pichou, Maria UL

Presentation (2014, November 11)

A typical problem that international criminal tribunals face regarding criminal evidence is how to deliver justice and ascertain the truth with limited resources, time and mandate while respecting the ... [more ▼]

A typical problem that international criminal tribunals face regarding criminal evidence is how to deliver justice and ascertain the truth with limited resources, time and mandate while respecting the requirements for a fair trial, the fundamental rights of the accused and the underlying objective of peace. In this respect, international criminal courts and tribunals are called to respect the normative rules established for a fair trial but also to consider the pragmatic objective of the court’s mandate and of the peace process. The case law developed by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the Special Court of Sierra Leone (SCSL) on granting a defendant’s request to obtain a witness testimony puts forth the debate on pragmatism and normativity in international criminal justice. The article addresses this issue, by reviewing the relevant ICTY, ICTR and SCSL jurisprudence on subpoenas’ requests. After establishing the definition of the different types of subpoenas and the legal implications that the distinctions bear, the article grapples with the different tests applied by the courts in an attempt to clarify the elaborate legal standards developed by these courts for issuing subpoenas ad testificandum. It then proceeds to examine how by adding more requirements and burden on the side of the defendant to prove the necessity of a subpoena, the international courts’ interpretation of the relevant rule may compromise the procedural fairness and the principle of equality of arms. The analysis shows that when the court had to adjudicate a subpoena request, it adapted the relevant legal standard by taking into consideration the object of the subpoena, the prospective witness and the court’s role and mandate. The recent ICC jurisprudence on the nature of witness summonses enhances the timeliness of this question. By closely examining the conditions laid down by the international criminal tribunals on issuing subpoenas, the article, sheds new light on the rarely acknowledged issue of the defendants’ right to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses under the same conditions as witnesses against him in international criminal law. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (1 UL)