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See detailIntergenerational relations in an ageing society: Emerging topics in Europe
Ferring, Dieter UL

in Journal of Intergenerational Relationships (2010), 8

Continued increase in longevity and continuing low birth rates will challenge the European community in a way that is unprecedented in its history. According to extrapolations of the European Commission ... [more ▼]

Continued increase in longevity and continuing low birth rates will challenge the European community in a way that is unprecedented in its history. According to extrapolations of the European Commission (2005), society will experience drastic structural changes in an increasingly globalized world; there will be fewer children, young people, and adults of working age on one side and more elderly workers (55–64 years), old (65–79 years), and very old people (80+ years) on the other side. The impacts of social change on the individual and on society will be manifold and they will concern several levels of the socioecological context. Most notably, the gross national product in Europe will drop significantly, from 2–2.25% today to 1.25% in 2040. In general, financial and social resources of the society will be dramatically challenged. Migration and integration, intergenerational relations—especially solidarity between generations, social exclusion, and social inequalities will therefore be areas of concern. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relations in the light of migration and ageing
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Valsiner, Jaan

in Psychology & Health (2013, July), 28(SI Supplement: 1), 164

Ageing and migration constitute two current key issues in Europe. Regarding potential physical and functional impairments in old age, individuals have to rely on support and care from their families and ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration constitute two current key issues in Europe. Regarding potential physical and functional impairments in old age, individuals have to rely on support and care from their families and/or on assistance from the public sector. As first generation immigrants now approach retirement age in many European countries, the question how their families will deal with issues of old-age care gains increasingly importance. In the present study, a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. Firstly, we will examine similarities and differences in identity constructions of older parents and their adult children. Secondly, we will investigate how intergenerational relations are regulated in migrant compared to nonmigrant families. Finally, we will explore how these aspects influence subjective well-being (SWB) of older individuals. Qualitative and quantitative methods will be applied. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Relations: European Perspectives on Family and Society
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Book published by Policy Press (2013)

Population ageing today affects most industrialised countries and this will have an impact on many facets of the social system. Intergenerational relationships will play a key role in dealing with ... [more ▼]

Population ageing today affects most industrialised countries and this will have an impact on many facets of the social system. Intergenerational relationships will play a key role in dealing with demographical and societal change. The present book provides innovative views in the multidisciplinary research field of intergenerational family relations in society with a focus on Europe. Different, but complementary, perspectives are integrated in one volume bringing together international scholars from sociology, psychology and economics. Book chapters are regrouped into three thematic sections which cover conceptual issues, multigenerational and cross-cultural perspectives, as well as applied issues. Implications for research, policy and practice are addressed and suggestions for future directions are discussed. By raising recent discussions on controversial issues, this book will stimulate the current discourse at various levels. It will be equally interesting for researchers, advanced-level students and stakeholders in the fields of social policy, population ageing and intergenerational family relationships [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relationship regulation in the light of migration and ageing: The case of (young) adult children and their parents from Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish families.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In ... [more ▼]

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In the context of migration, an acculturation gap between parents and their adult children might lead to different identity constructions and mutual expectations with regard to intergenerational solidarity and support. These differences in expectations and beliefs can affect relationship quality between the family members from different generations as well as their well-being. In the present study, we focus on a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents from immigrant and Luxembourgish families, all living in Luxembourg. Portuguese adult children were born resp. had grown up in Luxembourg. First results show a high cohesion in both Portuguese immigrant and luxembourgish families; however, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents were higher in Portuguese families. The findings further suggest that ambivalence might be experienced in particular when individual striving for independence seems difficult to reconcile with norms of family obligation. Implications for well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed taking into account an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Solidarity in Adulthood: The Role of Family Norms in Intergenerational Support and Ambivalence
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter

in Drustvena Istrazivanja (2018), 1

Starting from Bengtson’s solidarity paradigm, we will investigate the role of internalized family norms in intergenerational support as well as experienced ambivalence from the adult child perspective. We ... [more ▼]

Starting from Bengtson’s solidarity paradigm, we will investigate the role of internalized family norms in intergenerational support as well as experienced ambivalence from the adult child perspective. We assume that internalized family norms are an important determinant of relationship regulation as they have an impact both on the selection of specific behavior as well as on its evaluation. As a consequence, own and others’ behavior should be most positively evaluated if it is in line with internalized norms and values. In contrast, if intergenerational solidarity and support exchange do not converge with internalized norms and expectations, ambivalence might be experienced. These assumptions are examined in a sample of N = 131 middle-aged adults living in Luxembourg and Germany, who reported on their relations toward their mothers and fathers. Findings showed that normative aspects of intergenerational solidarity were less important compared to affective aspects when predicting support exchange between adult children and their parents; however, family values had a moderating role in the relation between support exchange and ambivalence. Results are discussed with respect to the centrality of values in implicitly and explicitly guiding support behavior within families. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational support and life satisfaction: a comparison of Chinese, Indonesian, and German elderly mothers.
Schwarz, Beate; Albert, Isabelle UL; Trommsdorff, Gisela et al

in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (2010), 41(5-6), 706-722

The exchange of support between generations is a fundamental feature of intergenerational relationships. Although most studies have concentrated on the impact of social support on the receiver, effects on ... [more ▼]

The exchange of support between generations is a fundamental feature of intergenerational relationships. Although most studies have concentrated on the impact of social support on the receiver, effects on subjective well-being of the provider of support have been studied less often. Given cultural differences in the norms and values of intergenerational relationships, the present study compared samples from rural and urban China, Indonesia, and Germany. The results showed that in the different cultural contexts elderly mothers’ well-being was differently related to help that they provided to their adult daughters. The results are discussed from a culture-informed perspective on intergenerational relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value continuity in the context of migration: The case of Portuguese families in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2019, April 04)

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values is not only essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations, but also within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity and regulate intergenerational relations and exchange. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. However, although parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit their values to the next generation, their offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture. This leads to the question of how value continuity evolves in migrant compared to non-migrant families. Earlier studies have conceptualized the process of intergenerational transmission by drawing on the two step model of internalization by Grusec and Goodnow, with an accurate perception of the parental message and the acceptance of the message by the child as prerequisites for successful transmission. Several recent studies have provided evidence in particular for the importance of parental socialization values and parental motivation for intergenerational transmission. Taking aspects of communication and bidirectionality into account, we argue here that apart from the explicit motivation to transmit values from one generation to the next, also more implicit processes occur within the process of intergenerational value transfer. Our theoretical assumptions are illustrated by findings from quantitative as well as qualitative data collected within the framework of the FNR-funded research project IRMA (“Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing”), including a cross-cultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg as well as in-depth interviews with n = 20 family dyads from both subgroups. Results show that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families, although no differences in perceived value similarity between the subsamples occurred. Concerning consensus in values, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailINTERGENERATIONAL VALUE TRANSMISSION AND THE ROLE OF MOTIVATIONAL PROCESSES IN MIGRANT AND NON-MIGRANT FAMILIES
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie; Coimbra, Susana

Scientific Conference (2019, September 01)

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations and ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is essential for the continuity of a society as it facilitates communication between members of different generations and within families, where shared values constitute a part of the family identity. In the context of acculturation, traditions can provide a secure base for migrants who have to adapt to a new living context. On the one hand, parents in migrant families might find it particularly important to transmit traditional values to the next generation, on the other hand offspring can be confronted with diverse value orientations in the receiving culture, and therefore special efforts might be needed to transmit traditional values. The current study is part of the larger FNR-funded IRMA project and presents a crosscultural comparison of n = 154 triads of parents and their (young) adult children from Luxembourgish native and Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg, as well as a subsample of Portuguese families living in Portugal. Participants from both generations filled out a standardized questionnaire assessing general value orientations, perceived value similarity as well as parental motivation to transmit respectively children’s motivation to take over parental values. Results showed that parental motivation to transmit values was particularly high in Portuguese families (in Portugal and Luxembourg), although no differences in perceived value similarity between the three subsamples occurred. Whereas parental motivation for transmission was related to the value of tradition in all three subsamples, perceived similarity between parents and their adult children was related to their selforiented values. Concerning consensus in value profiles, the role of motivational processes will be further explored, and effects of culture and migration will be discussed in an integrative framework of intergenerational relations in light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value transmission within the family and the role of emotional relationship quality
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Family Science (2012), 3(1), 4-12

Emotional relationship quality of adolescents/emerging adults toward their mothers is addressed: (1) as a transmission belt for the intergenerational transfer of general values and (2) regarding the two ... [more ▼]

Emotional relationship quality of adolescents/emerging adults toward their mothers is addressed: (1) as a transmission belt for the intergenerational transfer of general values and (2) regarding the two-step model of value internalization. The sample consisted of N = 73 dyads of mothers and their 12–25–year-old children (51 daughters, 22 sons) living in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Mothers and adolescents/emerging adults reported on their general value orientations; in addition, adolescents/emerging adults reported on emotional relationship quality toward mothers. In a subsample of n = 46 mother-adolescent/emerging adult dyads, additional information was available regarding maternal socialization goals, adolescents’/emerging adults’ perceptions of these goals, and adolescents’/emerging adults’ perceived value similarity with mothers. Attachment/closeness of adolescents/emerging adults toward their mothers was related to higher, whereas dislike and worry were related to lower value consensus/congruence. Furthermore, dislike was linked to lower accuracy of value perception, whereas closeness/attachment and worry corresponded with higher perceived similarity to mothers. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational value transmission within the family and the role of emotions.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Michels, Tom; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Proceedings of 5th Congress of the European Society of Family Relations 2010 (2010)

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is a crucial task of the family as primary socialization agent. Aspects that characterize the family context (such as parenting ... [more ▼]

The intergenerational transmission of values from one generation to the next is a crucial task of the family as primary socialization agent. Aspects that characterize the family context (such as parenting, communication style, relationship quality) may serve as transmission belts enhancing (or hindering) the intrafamilial transfer of values. Although the importance of emotions of parents and their children has been acknowledged, their role in the transmission process has only rarely been addressed empirically. For several reasons one can assume that emotions have an essential function in the transfer of values from parents to their offspring. As demonstrated by cognitive psychology, contents that are linked to emotions are remembered more easily. Further, one can assume that the valence of emotions influences the internalization process: While positive emotions towards the transmitter should enhance attention to value messages and willingness of the recipient to take over these values, negative emotions should reduce the recipient’s readiness to take over specific values. The aim of the present study is to investigate in how far value similarity between mothers and adolescents is linked to their positive or negative emotions towards each other. A sample of N = 95 mother-adolescent dyads living in Luxembourg was studied by means of a standardized questionnaire measuring four general value orientations, namely self-direction, hedonism, conformism and benevolence as well as positive and negative emotions of both mothers and adolescents. Results indicate that positive emotions of adolescents towards their mothers were related with higher value similarity, whereas negative and ambivalent emotions were related to lower value similarity. Also for mothers, negative emotions were related to lower value similarity with their children. Results are discussed with respect to intrafamilial processes underlying the regulation of intergenerational relations and the transmission of values. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Familienbeziehungen im Übergang und Ambivalenzerfahrungen zwischen jungen Erwachsenen und ihren Eltern
Albert, Isabelle UL

in angewandte Forschung: Magazin für Psychogerontologie und Entwicklung über die Lebensspanne (2020), 6(Frühjahr),

Der Auszug der erwachsenen Kinder aus dem Elternhaus stellt für Eltern und junge Erwachsene gleichermaßen eine Transition in der Lebensspanne dar, die eine Regulation der familiären Beziehungen ... [more ▼]

Der Auszug der erwachsenen Kinder aus dem Elternhaus stellt für Eltern und junge Erwachsene gleichermaßen eine Transition in der Lebensspanne dar, die eine Regulation der familiären Beziehungen erforderlich macht und somit eine wichtige Familienentwicklungsaufgabe darstellt. Eltern sehen sich mit einer „empty nest“-Situation konfrontiert und mitunter kann sich das Loslassen für die Eltern als schwierig erweisen (Perrig-Chiello, 2014). Gerade im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter wird jedoch eine Anpassung der Beziehungen hin zu mehr Autonomie erforderlich, wohingegen Kontrolle und Einmischen seitens der Eltern zunehmend negativ erlebt wird. Insbesondere können sich hier unterschiedliche Zielsetzungen in den Beziehungen zwischen den Eltern und ihren erwachsenen Kindern ergeben, die mit dem Begriff des „intergenerational stake“ von Bengtson und Kollegen eingehend beschrieben wurden – junge Erwachsene streben einerseits nach Autonomie und Selbständigkeit, deren Eltern andererseits nach Kontinuität in den Beziehungen. Gleichzeitig bleiben Eltern für junge Erwachsene eine wichtige Quelle der Unterstützung und eine stabile Eltern-Kind-Beziehung bildet die Grundlage für eine gelungene Individuation (Buhl, 2003). Die Aushandlung der beiden fundamentalen Bedürfnisse nach Autonomie und Verbundenheit kennzeichnet Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen also ein Leben lang (Albert & Barros, 2017; Trommsdorff, 2006; Rothbaum & Trommsdorff, 2007). Was bedeuten diese widerstreitenden Tendenzen nun für die Qualität der Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen und insbesondere für das Erleben von Ambivalenz? Wie verändern sich die Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen mit dem Auszug aus dem Elternhaus? Diesen Fragen ist eine Studie an der Universität Luxemburg nachgegangen. Die Studie beschäftigte sich unter anderem mit den Ambivalenzerfahrungen junger Erwachsener und der Rolle des Auszugs aus dem Elternhaus. Befragt wurden junge Erwachsene im Alter zwischen 17 und 30 Jahren. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Familiensolidarität
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2020, April 02)

Dieser Vortag geschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen. Im ersten Teil wird das Konzept der Generation sowie Konzepte zur Beschreibung von intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen ... [more ▼]

Dieser Vortag geschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen. Im ersten Teil wird das Konzept der Generation sowie Konzepte zur Beschreibung von intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen (Solidarität, Ambivalenz, Konflikt) eingeführt. Im zweiten Teil werden ausgewählte Ergebnisse aus einem Forschungsprojekt zu erwachsenen Kind-Eltern-Beziehungen im Kontext von Migration dargestellt. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Werteähnlichkeit, Distanz zu gesellschaftlichen Mainstream-Werten und subjektives Wohlbefinden von MigrantInnen
Hadjar, Andreas UL; Boehnke, Klaus; Knafo, Ariel et al

in Weiss, Hilde; Schnell, Philipp; Gülay, Ates (Eds.) Zwischen den Generationen. Transmissionsprozesse in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund (2014)

Intergenerationale Wertetransmissionsprozesse – und damit auch die Ähnlichkeit zwischen den Werteprioritäten der Eltern und denen der Kinder als Produkt dieser Prozesse – sind essentiell für die ... [more ▼]

Intergenerationale Wertetransmissionsprozesse – und damit auch die Ähnlichkeit zwischen den Werteprioritäten der Eltern und denen der Kinder als Produkt dieser Prozesse – sind essentiell für die Reproduktion der Kultur einer Gesellschaft. Ein wesentliches Motiv, die Werthaltungen der Eltern bzw. der Gesellschaft zu übernehmen, kann aus der rationalen Perspektive der Theorie der sozialen Produktionsfunktionen (Ormel et al. 1999) darin gesehen werden, dass über Verhaltensbestätigung subjektives Wohlbefinden produziert werden kann. Die Dimension der Verhaltensbestätigung wird als „the feeling of doing ‚the right thing‘ in the eyes of relevant others (including yourself)“ (Lindenberg 2002, S. 649) beschrieben, wobei dies auch die Übereinstimmung hinsichtlich verhaltensrelevanter Normen und Werten von Bezugspersonen und –gruppen beinhaltet. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Wertetransmission im Akkulturationskontext: Ein Vergleich von in Luxemburg lebenden Eltern-Kind-Triaden im Erwachsenenalter
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, August 31)

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a ... [more ▼]

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a) Werthaltungen von Einwanderern und Einheimischen sich annähern, b) Werthaltungen im Akkulturationskontext in der Familie von einer Generation an die nächste weitergegeben werden. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit der Werteähnlichkeit von Eltern und erwachsenen Kindern in portugiesischen Immigrantenfamilien in Luxemburg im Vergleich zu luxemburgischen Familien. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zu Werthaltungen, wahrgenommener intergenerationeller Werteähnlichkeit sowie subjektiver Wichtigkeit der Wertetransmission an N=40 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie N=41 luxemburgischen Vater-Mutter-Kind-Triaden erhoben. Erste Ergebnisse weisen auf eine Angleichung der Werteprofile der portugiesischen Teilnehmer in der zweiten Generation an die Werthaltungen der luxemburgischen Teilnehmer hin. Dennoch bleiben Unterschiede in der Wichtigkeit spezifischer Werthaltungen über beide Generationen erhalten. So schätzen die portugiesischen Kinder und Eltern Sicherheit und Tradition höher ein als die luxemburgischen Teilnehmer. Die Ergebnisse werden vor dem Hintergrund theoretischer Ansätze der intergenerationalen Wertetransmission sowie unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Ambivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter: Theoretische Reflexionen und Möglichkeiten der quantitativen Analyse
Albert, Isabelle UL; Steinhoff, Annekatrin

in Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation = Journal for Sociology of Education and Socialization (2016), 36(2), 178-194

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship ... [more ▼]

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship formation and identity development during adolescence and young adulthood. We outline the desideratum of an (process-oriented) investigation of ambivalences during these stages of life. Based on this background, we discuss the options and implications of direct and indirect measures of ambivalences, followed by the various analytic strategies used in quantitative ambivalence re-search. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Beziehnungen in Familien: Solidarität oder Konflikt?
Michels, Tom UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Article for general public (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 UL)
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See detailIntergenerationelle Solidarität im Kontext von Migration: Gegenseitige Erwartungen, familienbezogene Werthaltungen und filiale Angst in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 20)

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend ... [more ▼]

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend an Bedeutung. Ein Verbleiben im Aufnahmeland könnte im Einklang mit kulturspezifischen Werthaltungen mit besonderen Erwartungen an die erwachsenen Kinder einhergehen. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich ausgehend von Bengtson’s Solidaritätsmodell mit der Frage, wie sich die intergenerationelle Solidarität im Migrationskontext ausgestaltet, insbesondere welche gegenseitigen Erwartungen Eltern und erwachsene Kinder haben und wie der gegenseitige Austausch reguliert wird. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zur Familienkohäsion, zu gegenseitigen Erwartungen bezüglich Unterstützung und familienbezogenen Werthaltungen sowie zur filialen Angst und zum subjektiven Wohlbefinden an n = 67 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie n = 87 luxemburgischen Familien (Vater, Mutter und jeweils ein erwachsenes Kind) erhoben. Während luxemburgische und portugiesische Familien eine ähnlich hohe Familienkohäsion aufwiesen, zeigten sich Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung des gegenseitigen Austauschs. Portugiesische Teilnehmer berichteten höhere Erwartungen bezüglich Kontakthäufigkeit und Unterstützung, wohingegen der Zusammenhalt luxemburgischer Familien eher durch eine generelle Verfügbarkeit bei Bedarf gekennzeichnet war. Es zeigte sich kein Mittelwertsunterschied der portugiesischen und luxemburgischen erwachsenen Kinder bezüglich filialer Angst. Während allerdings ein starker wahrgenommener Familienzusammenhalt mit geringerer filialer Angst in beiden Gruppen einherging, war ein stärkeres Bedürfnis nach Unabhängigkeit aber insbesondere bei den portugiesischen Kindern mit höherer filialer Angst verbunden. Die Ergebnisse werden unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation im Rahmen eines integrativen Modells von Familienbeziehungen im Kontext von Altern und Migration diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelles Lernen, Bildungsprozesse und politische Pädagogik
Karl, Ute UL

in Journal für Politische Bildung (2012), 2(2), 8-15

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (4 UL)