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See detailHouston We Have a Law. A Model for National Regulation of Space Resources Activities.
Salmeri, Antonino UL

in Proceedings of the 70th International Astronautical Congress 2018 (2019, October)

The field of space resources activities is rapidly maturing, but we still do not have a legal regime able to cope with such development. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space ... [more ▼]

The field of space resources activities is rapidly maturing, but we still do not have a legal regime able to cope with such development. The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space finally started to debate whether commercialization of space resources is permitted under current international space law only in 2018, and yet declaring that space resources activities are lawful is barely the start. In fact, the real challenge is how to regulate them in light of the obligations set forth in international space law, without jeopardizing their economic convenience. The present paper addresses precisely this question by presenting a draft law redacted in articles, coupled with a comprehensive explanatory note. Inter alia, the paper introduces a new “space resources activities” license and proposes a detailed authorization regime based on the grant of priority rights limited in size, number and time extension. Based on the above, the paper concludes praising the importance of domestic regulation of space resources activities, when based on the same language and spirit of the OST and coordinated through mutual recognition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 146 (1 UL)
See detailHow a Brexit Would Influence the British Economy. A Four-Part Brexit Blog
Herzog, Mechthild UL

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 224 (3 UL)
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See detailHow Acceptable Is This? How User Experience Factors Can Broaden our Understanding of the Acceptance of Privacy Trade-Offs
Distler, Verena UL; Lallemand, Carine UL; Koenig, Vincent UL

in Computers in Human Behavior (2019)

Privacy is a timely topic that is increasingly scrutinized in the public eye. In spite of privacy and security breaches, people still frequently compromise their privacy in exchange for certain benefits ... [more ▼]

Privacy is a timely topic that is increasingly scrutinized in the public eye. In spite of privacy and security breaches, people still frequently compromise their privacy in exchange for certain benefits of a technology or a service. This study builds on both technology acceptance (TA) and user experience (UX) research in order to explore and build hypotheses regarding additional dimensions that might play a role in the acceptability of privacy tradeoffs that are not currently accounted for in TA models. Using four scenarios describing situations with potential privacy trade-offs, we conducted a focus group study with 8 groups of participants (N = 32). Our results suggest that factors influencing privacy trade-offs go beyond existing TA factors alone. A technology's perceived usefulness plays an important role, as well as dimensions related to context, previous experiences, perceived autonomy and the feeling of control over the data being shared. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (4 UL)
See detailHow bystanders cope with cyberbullying
Steffgen, Georges UL

Presentation (2014, July 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (4 UL)
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See detailHow can coaching make a positive impact within educational settings?
Devine, Mary; Meyers, Raymond UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2013), 93

There is growing acceptance that large scale educational reform is needed to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The contribution that coaching can make in these settings has been the focus of recent ... [more ▼]

There is growing acceptance that large scale educational reform is needed to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The contribution that coaching can make in these settings has been the focus of recent discussions and research. Much of the research comes from the UK, USA and Australia and these will be reviewed to provide an overview of some of the approaches that have been used. A systematic literature search has been done using the keywords “coaching” and “education”, followed by a manual search based on references. Articles, books and reports were read in order to extract the most relevant and the most interesting studies. There is an emerging evidence-base that coaching is a powerful tool to support learning and development for students, teachers, school leaders and their educational establishments. A variety of coaching approaches have been used successfully. These approaches are outlined: behavioral coaching, solution-focused coaching, cognitive and cognitive-behavioral coaching, instructional coaching, executive coaching, peer coaching, and positive organizational leadership. The coaching approaches are also reviewed based on their focus on the three main educational actors: students, teachers, and school leaders. The contributions made by positive psychology for creating learning cultures within schools are also reviewed. All coaching approaches can provide valuable contributions, but ultimately school improvement will fail if coaching remains on an individual level. Therefore, systems of collective and collaborative learning are necessary to generate a collective learning culture. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 337 (6 UL)
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See detailHow can entrepreneurs choose their cooptative networks?
Geraudel, Mickaël UL

Scientific Conference (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL)
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See detailHow can Evidence-based Policy Emerge from Empirical Data?
Berg, Charles UL; Milmeister, Marianne UL; Weis, Christiane UL

in Youth Voice Journal (2014), 4

Over the last three decades knowledge driven governance in the youth field has gained in importance. A conditional prerequisite is that evidence-based policy making emerges from empirical data analysis ... [more ▼]

Over the last three decades knowledge driven governance in the youth field has gained in importance. A conditional prerequisite is that evidence-based policy making emerges from empirical data analysis. This does not happen by magic. The following article starts from an in-depth analysis of a surprising indicator value, concerning young people’s electoral participation in Luxembourg and finally, develops a view on how evidence could ideally be produced. Measuring a concept is obviously not enough; evidence should namely be firmly grounded in a new role of the researcher, a reflective professionalization going beyond traditional confines and embedded organizational structures allowing a fruitful interaction between social research and decision making. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (47 UL)
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See detailHow can Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services help understanding and steering agroecological transitions?
Dendoncker, Nicolas; Boeraeve, Fanny; Crouzat, Emilie et al

in Ecology and Society (2018), 23(1), 12

Agroecology has been proposed as a promising concept to foster the resilience and sustainability of agroecosystems and rural territories. Agroecological practices are based on optimizing ecosystem ... [more ▼]

Agroecology has been proposed as a promising concept to foster the resilience and sustainability of agroecosystems and rural territories. Agroecological practices are based on optimizing ecosystem services (ES) at the landscape, farm, and parcel scales. Recent progress in research on designing agroecological transitions highlights the necessity for coconstructed processes that draw on various sources of knowledge based on shared concepts. But despite the sense of urgency linked to agroecological transitions, feedbacks from real-world implementation remain patchy. The ability of integrated and participatory ES assessments to support this transition remains largely underexplored, although their potential to enhance learning processes and to build a shared territorial perspective is widely recognized. The overarching question that will be asked in this paper is thus: what is the potential of the ES framework to support the understanding and steering of agroecological transitions? We argue that conducting collaborative and integrated assessments of ES bundles can (i) increase our understanding of the ecological and social drivers that support a transition toward agroecological systems, and (ii) help design agroecological systems based on ES delivery and effectively accompany transition management based on shared knowledge, codesigned future objectives, and actual on-the-ground implementation. In this paper, we discuss this question and propose a four-step integrated ES assessment framework specifically targeted at understanding and steering agricultural transitions that is generic enough to be applied in different contexts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 145 (11 UL)
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See detailHow Can Path Diversity Help Transmission Protocols in the Achievement of a Better Connection Qos?
Melakessou, Foued UL; Sorger, Ulrich UL; Suchanecki, Zdzislaw UL

in Proceedings of the 6th ACS/IEEE International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications AICCSA'08 (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 101 (0 UL)
See detailHow can philosophy of education be critical? How critical can philosophy of education be? Deconstructive reflections on children's rights
Biesta, Gert UL

in Heyting, F.; White, J.; Lenzen, D. (Eds.) Methods in Philosophy of Education. (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (0 UL)
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See detailHow can photo sharing inspire sharing genomes?
Cogo, Vinicius Vielmo; Bessani, Alysson; Couto, Francisco M. et al

in 11th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics 2017 (2017)

People usually are aware of the privacy risks of publish-ing photos online, but these risks are less evident when sharing humangenomes. Modern photos and sequenced genomes are both digital rep ... [more ▼]

People usually are aware of the privacy risks of publish-ing photos online, but these risks are less evident when sharing humangenomes. Modern photos and sequenced genomes are both digital rep-resentations of real lives. They contain private information that maycompromise people’s privacy, and still, their highest value is most oftimes achieved only when sharing them with others. In this work, wepresent an analogy between the privacy aspects of sharing photos andsharing genomes, which clarifies the privacy risks in the latter to thegeneral public. Additionally, we illustrate an alternative informed modelto share genomic data according to the privacy-sensitivity level of eachportion. This article is a call to arms for a collaborative work between ge-neticists and security experts to build more effective methods to system-atically protect privacy, whilst promoting the accessibility and sharingof genomes [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 152 (39 UL)
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See detailHow Can Route Diversity Improve the Internet Traffic?
Melakessou, Foued UL; Sorger, Ulrich UL; Suchanecki, Zdzislaw UL

in ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Communications (2008), 6(2), 93105

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (0 UL)
See detailHow can university writing centers rise to the challenge of societal multilingualism?
Huemer, Birgit UL; Rheindorf, Markus; Wetschanow, Karin et al

Presentation (2013, June 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL)
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See detailHow can we conceptualize behavioural addiction without pathologizing common behaviours?
Kardefelt-Winther, Daniel; Heeren, Alexandre; Schimmenti, Adriano et al

in Addiction (2017), 112(10), 1709-1715

Following the recent changes to the diagnostic category for addictive disorders in DSM-5, it is urgent to clarify what constitutes behavioural addiction to have a clear direction for future research and ... [more ▼]

Following the recent changes to the diagnostic category for addictive disorders in DSM-5, it is urgent to clarify what constitutes behavioural addiction to have a clear direction for future research and classification. However, in the years following the release of DSM-5, an expanding body of research has increasingly classified engagement in a wide range of common behaviours and leisure activities as possible behavioural addiction. If this expansion does not end, both the relevance and the credibility of the field of addictive disorders might be questioned, which may prompt a dismissive appraisal of the new DSM-5 subcategory for behavioural addiction. We propose an operational definition of behavioural addiction together with a number of exclusion criteria, to avoid pathologizing common behaviours and provide a common ground for further research. The definition and its exclusion criteria are clarified and justified by illustrating how these address a number of theoretical and methodological shortcomings that result from existing conceptualizations. We invite other researchers to extend our definition under an Open Science Foundation framework. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 176 (2 UL)
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See detailHow can we enhance girl’s interest in scientific topics?
Kerger, Sylvie UL; Martin, Romain UL; Brunner, Martin UL

in British Journal of Educational Psychology (2011), 81(4), 606-628

Detailed reference viewed: 155 (1 UL)
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See detailHow can we promote cognitive reserve during the life course? Social, behavioral, contextual factors
Leist, Anja UL

in Gerontologist (2015), 55(Suppl 2), 210

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (9 UL)
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See detailHow can we support lecturers in English-medium instruction?
Deroey, Katrien UL

Scientific Conference (2019, April 13)

English-medium instruction (EMI) is a worldwide phenomenon. EMI language and communication issues (e.g. Hu et al., 2014; Murray, 2015; Werther et al., 2014) have led to calls for EAP practitioners to ... [more ▼]

English-medium instruction (EMI) is a worldwide phenomenon. EMI language and communication issues (e.g. Hu et al., 2014; Murray, 2015; Werther et al., 2014) have led to calls for EAP practitioners to collaborate with lecturers and other HE stakeholders to explore ways in which these lecturers can be supported and teaching standards ensured (Coleman, 2006; Doiz et al., 2013; Dubow & Gundermann, 2017). The design and implementation of EMI training and support programmes can be an especially challenging task for EAP practitioners. First, lecturers may not recognize the need for support and may be reluctant to be assessed. Second, we need to factor in practical considerations such as their limited availability and possible reluctance to attend ‘classes’ with colleagues. Third, we have limited resources in terms of specialized standardized tests, training materials and research literature that could inform our 'course' design. Innovative approaches are therefore needed to factor in all these circumstances. This paper has two main parts. First I summarize research on the challenges EMI lecturers face, including the results of a needs analysis among lecturers at the University of Luxembourg and my work on lecture discourse organization (Deroey, 2015). From the relatively few studies that exist, we will see that lecturers tend to believe they have sufficient English language skills and that reduced interactivity is a particularly common issue. Second, I survey different support and training schemes at HE institutions across the world. Here, it will become clear that work on relevant pedagogical skills needs to be included and an apparently ‘remedial’ approach should be avoided if we want to get lecturers on board. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 UL)