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See detailFundamental rights protection between Strasbourg and Luxembourg: Extending Transnational ne bis in idem Across Administrative and Criminal Procedures
Ligeti, Katalin UL

in Ligeti, Katalin; Robinson, Gavin; ELI (European Law Institute) (Eds.) Preventing and Resolving Conflicts of Jurisdiction in EU Criminal Law (2018)

This chapter analyses the conceptual roots of extended ne bis in idem protection and, in particular, how the concept of ‘criminal charge’ developed by the ECtHR impacts the interpretative outcomes of the ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses the conceptual roots of extended ne bis in idem protection and, in particular, how the concept of ‘criminal charge’ developed by the ECtHR impacts the interpretative outcomes of the CJEU and the ECtHR respectively. The chapter will then present the specific case law of the two Courts on extended ne bis in idem, including the latest developments, and will offer an assessment of the consequences of this jurisprudence for transnational cases in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ). In particular, the transnational application of extended ne bis in idem requires a reconceptualisation and rethinking of the legal framework for preventing and resolving conflicts of criminal jurisdiction in the AFSJ. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamental Solutions and Dual Boundary Element Method for Crack Problems in Plane Cosserat Elasticity
Atroshchenko, Elena; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences (2014)

In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate ... [more ▼]

In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate the analogue of Somigliana stress identity, which can be used to obtain the stress and couple stress fields inside the domain from the boundary values of the displacements, microrotation and stress and couple stress tractions. Using these newly derived fundamental solutions, the boundary integral equations of both types are formulated and solved by the boundary element method. Simultaneous use of both types of the equations (approach known as the dual BEM) allows to treat problems where parts of the boundary are overlapping, such as crack problems, and to do this for general geometry and loading conditions. The high accuracy of the boundary element method for both types of equations is demonstrated for a number of benchmark problems, including a Griffith crack problem and a plate with an edge crack. The detailed comparison of the BEM-results and the analytical solution for a Griffith crack is given, particularly, in terms of stress and couple stress intensity factors, as well as the crack opening displacements and microrotations on the crack faces. A modified method for computing the couple stress intensity factors is also proposed and evaluated. Finally, the asymptotic behavior of the solution to the Cosserat crack problems, in the vicinity of the crack tip is analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamental solutions and dual boundary element methods for fracture in plane Cosserat elasticity
Atroshchenko, Elena; Bordas, Stéphane UL

in Proceedings of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences (2015), 471(2179),

In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate ... [more ▼]

In this paper, both singular and hypersingular fundamental solutions of plane Cosserat elasticity are derived and given in a ready-to-use form. The hypersingular fundamental solutions allow to formulate the analogue of Somigliana stress identity, which can be used to obtain the stress and couple-stress fields inside the domain from the boundary values of the displacements, microrotation and stress and couple-stress tractions. Using these newly derived fundamental solutions, the boundary integral equations of both types are formulated and solved by the boundary element method. Simultaneous use of both types of equations (approach known as the dual boundary element method (BEM)) allows problems where parts of the boundary are overlapping, such as crack problems, to be treated and to do this for general geometry and loading conditions. The high accuracy of the boundary element method for both types of equations is demonstrated for a number of benchmark problems, including a Griffith crack problem and a plate with an edge crack. The detailed comparison of the BEM results and the analytical solution for a Griffith crack and an edge crack is given, particularly in terms of stress and couple-stress intensity factors, as well as the crack opening displacements and microrotations on the crack faces and the angular distributions of stresses and couple-stresses around the crack tip. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamental studies in nanosciences at the Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics, and Nanotechnology (IEMN)
Allan, G.; Barbet, S.; Coffinier, Y. et al

in International Journal of Nanotechnology (2008), 5(6-8), 631-648

This paper gives an overview over the fundamental research in nanosciences at the Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN). We present some highlights from the numerical ... [more ▼]

This paper gives an overview over the fundamental research in nanosciences at the Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology (IEMN). We present some highlights from the numerical simulation of the electronic structure of nanowires and nanotubes, the charge spectroscopy of Si nanoparticles and C nanotubes, the scanning tunnelling spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum dots, to research in surface science for bio-screening. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamentalismus und Terrorismus - Versuch eines Resümees
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

Article for general public (2008)

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See detailFundamentality and Time's Arrow
Loew, Christian UL

in Philosophy of Science (2018), 85(3), 483-500

The distribution of matter in our universe is strikingly time asymmetric. Most famously, the Second Law of Thermodynamics says that entropy tends to increase toward the future but not toward the past. But ... [more ▼]

The distribution of matter in our universe is strikingly time asymmetric. Most famously, the Second Law of Thermodynamics says that entropy tends to increase toward the future but not toward the past. But what explains this time-asymmetric distribution of matter? In this paper, I explore the idea that time itself has a direction by drawing from recent work on grounding and metaphysical fundamentality. I will argue that positing such a direction of time, in addition to time-asymmetric boundary conditions (such as the so-called "past hypothesis"), enables a better explanation of the thermodynamic asymmetry than is available otherwise. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamentalproperties of Ca2+ signals
Thurley, K. UL; Skupin, Alexander UL; Thul, R. et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects (2012), 1820(8), 1185-94

Background Ca2 + is a ubiquitous and versatile second messenger that transmits information through changes of the cytosolic Ca2 + concentration. Recent investigations changed basic ideas on the dynamic ... [more ▼]

Background Ca2 + is a ubiquitous and versatile second messenger that transmits information through changes of the cytosolic Ca2 + concentration. Recent investigations changed basic ideas on the dynamic character of Ca2 +signals and challenge traditional ideas on information transmission. Scope of review We present recent findings on key characteristics of the cytosolic Ca2 + dynamics and theoretical concepts that explain the wide range of experimentally observed Ca2 +signals. Further, we relate properties of the dynamical regulation of the cytosolic Ca2 + concentration to ideas about information transmission by stochastic signals. Major conclusions We demonstrate the importance of the hierarchal arrangement of Ca2 + release sites on the emergence of cellular Ca2 + spikes. Stochastic Ca2 +signals are functionally robust and adaptive to changing environmental conditions. Fluctuations of interspike intervals (ISIs) and the moment relation derived from ISI distributions contain information on the channel cluster open probability and on pathway properties. General significance Robust and reliable signal transduction pathways that entail Ca2 + dynamics are essential for eukaryotic organisms. Moreover, we expect that the design of a stochastic mechanism which provides robustness and adaptivity will be found also in other biological systems. Ca2 + dynamics demonstrate that the fluctuations of cellular signals contain information on molecular behavior. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Biochemical, biophysical and genetic approaches to intracellular calcium signaling. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamentals and advances in magnetic hyperthermia
Perigo, Elio Alberto UL; Hemery, Gauvin; Sandre, Olivier et al

in Applied Physics Reviews (2015), 2

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See detailThe funding of the online press: from its origin to the temporary state subsidies.
Kies, Raphaël UL; Hamdi, Mohamed Amin UL

Report (2019)

Following the objectives of the Media Pluralism Monitor, this section aims to analyse to what extent the introduction of public funding dedicated to the online journalism contributes to reinforce the ... [more ▼]

Following the objectives of the Media Pluralism Monitor, this section aims to analyse to what extent the introduction of public funding dedicated to the online journalism contributes to reinforce the independence, plurality and the quality of the journalistic offer in the country. We will first provide an overview of the issues online media face in Luxembourg before dealing more in detail withthe new national regulation on online media funding. Specifically, we will analyse how it differs from the existing public subsidies for the print media and to what extend online media have benefited from these fundings. This analysis should allow us to evaluate whether the introduction of the subsidies for online journalism positively affects the media concentration, the linguistic and ideological plurality and whether it contributes to improving the quality of the media production. [less ▲]

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See detailFunds and EU Tax Directives
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

in Haslehner, Werner (Ed.) Investment Fund Taxation (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (12 UL)
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See detailFunds Rating: the predictive power
Terraza, Virginie UL; Toque, Carole UL

in Euro-Mediterranean Economics and Finance Review (2009), 4(4),

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 UL)
See detailFundus omnium communicativum oder Das Al(e)phabet des Kommunikativen Konstruktivismus
Schnettler, Bernt; Tuma, René; Dirk vom, Lehn et al

Book published by Springer VS (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (4 UL)
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See detailFunerary Culture and Modernisation in the State of Luxembourg (1800-2000)
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire (2017), 95

This article discusses funerary politics in relationship to the political culture of the small state of Luxembourg in northwest Europe during the age of modernisation. During the long nineteenth century ... [more ▼]

This article discusses funerary politics in relationship to the political culture of the small state of Luxembourg in northwest Europe during the age of modernisation. During the long nineteenth century, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg experienced several political changes which affected sepulcral culture, but this did not lead to a 'Kulturkampf' over cemeteries between the Church and the State as is occurred in neighbouring countries. Disputes were resolved at the local level. We apply small power theory to explain the relatively harmonious co-existence of State power with the Catholic clergy, and hightlight the important role of local government. For the top-down introduction of cremation, we need ot change scale and focus on an urban elite setting the national agenda. Luxembourg was one of the last member states of the European Union to place body/earth burial andd cremation on an equal legal footing and its own 'national' crematorium only opened in the 1990s. [less ▲]

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See detailFünf Minuten täglich: Kompass - eine stationäre Kurzintervention für junge Cannabis-/Partydrogenpatienten nach dem "Bonner Modell - Junge Sucht"
Dau, Wolfgang; Schmidt, Axel; Schmidt, Alexander F. UL et al

in Sucht (2011), 57

ragestellung: Zur stationären Behandlung von Cannabis-/Partydrogenkonsumenten wurde eine Kurzinterventionsmethode „Kompass“ mit einem Zeitaufwand von täglich fünf Minuten entwickelt und auf ihre ... [more ▼]

ragestellung: Zur stationären Behandlung von Cannabis-/Partydrogenkonsumenten wurde eine Kurzinterventionsmethode „Kompass“ mit einem Zeitaufwand von täglich fünf Minuten entwickelt und auf ihre Wirksamkeit insbesondere hinsichtlich der depressiven Symptomatik und den besonderen Bedürfnissen der Patientengruppe überprüft. Methodik: 104 Patienten im Alter von 23, davon 66 Cannabis- und 21 Partydrogenkonsumenten , die sich in der LVR-Klinik Bonn stationär in Behandlung befanden, wurden anhand standardisierter Fragebögen (BDI, Hautzinger, Bailer, Worrall & Keller, 1995; IIP-C, Horowitz, Strauß & Kordy, 2000; STAI, Laux, Glanzmann, Schaffner & Spielberger, 1981; SCL-90-R, Franke, 2005) und Interviews (EuropASI, Gsellhofer & Blanken, 1999) in einem quasi-experimentellem Design untersucht. Der Therapieerfolg (Symptomreduktion) wurde über die korrigierte Effektstärke erfasst. Ergebnisse: Die Kurzinterventionsmethode „Kompass“ ist ein in der stationären Behandlung wirksames Zusatztreatment. Im Vergleich zu einer „Treatment-as-usual“-Gruppe wurden mit dkorr = 0.70 für interpersonale Probleme, dkorr = 0.60 für Trait-Angst, dkorr = 0.56 für Depressivität und dkorr = 0.60 für psychische Belastung mittlere Effektstärken gefunden. Schlussfolgerung: Der „Kompass“ kann effektiv und effizient als Zusatzbehandlung in die stationäre Therapie für Cannabis-/Partydrogenkonsumentent integriert werden. [less ▲]

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See detailFünf Tage voller Kuriositäten – Der Olympische Winterfünfkampf 1948
Heck, Sandra UL

in FdSnow (2011), 38

The fifth Winter Games of St. Moritz were the first Olympic event organized after the Second World War. Clouded by the consequences of war – the lack of financial and human resources could still be felt ... [more ▼]

The fifth Winter Games of St. Moritz were the first Olympic event organized after the Second World War. Clouded by the consequences of war – the lack of financial and human resources could still be felt in 1948 –, the strict interpretation of the amateur rules raised additional conflicts. Even though Germany and Japan were excluded from the Games due to their war engagement, the organizers seemed not to care much about including demonstration events which were strongly military related and moreover practised by professional officers. Among was the winter pentathlon, a combined event composed of cross country skiing, shooting, alpine skiing, fencing and horse-riding. It only differed in the cross country and alpine skiing from the Olympic modern pentathlon which instead included swimming and a cross country run. Just like in summer times Swedish athletes also dominated the winter pentathlon but in comparison to its estival counterpart it was only one time in history realized during the Olympics. This paper analyzes the history of an (almost) forgotten winter sport and aims to prove the background of its Olympic implementation as well as reasons for its failure to be legitimized as permanent part of the Olympic program. [less ▲]

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See detailFunktionieren musst du wie eine Maschine Leben und Überleben in deutschen und österreichischen Kinderheimen der 1950er und 1960er Jahre
Backes, Susanne UL

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2012)

In diesem Buch wird die "Totale Institution Kinderheim" der 1950er und 1960er Jahre anhand soziologischer Bezugstheorien systematisiert und mittels Stimmen ehemaliger Heimkinder lebensweltnah dargestellt ... [more ▼]

In diesem Buch wird die "Totale Institution Kinderheim" der 1950er und 1960er Jahre anhand soziologischer Bezugstheorien systematisiert und mittels Stimmen ehemaliger Heimkinder lebensweltnah dargestellt. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Rekonstruktion selbstgeschaffener Inseln, Fluchten und Seitennischen des Überlebens. Ergänzend wird ein Überblick über die Heimlandschaft und die sie prägenden historischen Erziehungsideologien gegeben. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 218 (13 UL)