Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowing up in the shadow of the Second World War: European perspectives
Venken, Machteld UL; Röger, Maren

in European Review of History (2015), 22(2), 199-220

In this Special Issue, the authors explore the various ways in which the Second WorldWar shaped children’s experiences in the post-war period. They map the multifacetedinterest or non-interest of states ... [more ▼]

In this Special Issue, the authors explore the various ways in which the Second WorldWar shaped children’s experiences in the post-war period. They map the multifacetedinterest or non-interest of states all over Europe for children in the years after the war,filter out groups of children who recall that the consequences of the Second World Warsignificantly influenced their childhood, and investigate the childhood policies directedtowards them, as well as their childhood experiences and the memories they fosterabout their childhood. In addition, they have included case studies from Western,Central and Eastern Europe with the aim of sparking a debate as to whether it was onlya similar lifecycle that war children in early post-war Europe shared, or if they also hadsome life experiences in common. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth and characterisation of AlGaN/GaN-HEMTs on silicon substrates,
Kalisch, H.; Dikme, Y.; Gerstenbrandt, G. et al

in Physica Status Solidi A. Applications and Materials Science (2002), 194(2), 464-467

In order to analyse and to compare the properties of AlGaN/GaN HEMT on silicon and on sapphire substrates, studies on both layers and device types have been performed. Besides the substantially lower ... [more ▼]

In order to analyse and to compare the properties of AlGaN/GaN HEMT on silicon and on sapphire substrates, studies on both layers and device types have been performed. Besides the substantially lower substrate costs compared to SiC, the use of silicon as substrate provides the advantage of a higher thermal conductivity compared to sapphire allowing a more efficient heat removal from the device and thus higher RF power densities. On silicon, up to 900 nm of GaN as well as HEMT structures have been deposited and characterised regarding their structural, optical and electrical properties. HEMT devices with various gate lengths were processed and measured onwafer under continuous and pulsed operation conditions. The properties of the layers and devices on silicon substrates are developing to become comparable to those based on sapphire and silicon carbide. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth and properties of GaN and AlN layers on silver substrates
Mikulics, Martin; Kočan, Martin; Rizzi, Angela et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2005), 87

We report on the preparation and properties of GaN and AlN layers grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on silver metal substrates. X-ray diffraction rocking curves show polycrystalline character of GaN with ... [more ▼]

We report on the preparation and properties of GaN and AlN layers grown by molecular-beam epitaxy on silver metal substrates. X-ray diffraction rocking curves show polycrystalline character of GaN with high preferential GaN 11-22 orientation. An intermetallic phase of Ga3Ag is found at the GaN/Ag interface. On the other hand, AlN layers exhibit a monocrystalline structure with a growth direction of 0002 . Schottky diodes prepared on GaN layers show good rectifying behavior and relatively low leakage current 10−3 A/cm2 . These results indicate that the III-nitride growth on metallic substrates might be used for low-cost and large-area electronic and photonic devices. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth and Welfare: Shifts in Labour Market Policies
Sneessens, Henri UL

in Iglesias-Rodriguez, Pablo; Triandafyllidou, Anna; Gropas, Ruby (Eds.) After the Financial Crisis. Shifting Legal, Economic and Political Paradigms (2016)

This chapter focuses on labour market policies in the European Union in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Labour market policies have two objectives: promoting growth and welfare, and enhancing the ... [more ▼]

This chapter focuses on labour market policies in the European Union in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Labour market policies have two objectives: promoting growth and welfare, and enhancing the resilience to economic shocks. They are typically implemented through institutional arrangements like job protection legislation, unemployment insurance schemes, formal wage bargaining processes, and so on. Institutions are only slowly changed, and the same applies to the labour market’s. Pressures for changes are not new. They appeared with world globalisation and the development of knowledge-based economies. They gained strength however after 2010, three years after the start of the crisis. We explain the motivation for this shift and why it did not take place earlier in the crisis. Although this policy shift should be seen as a change of emphasis rather than a sudden change of paradigm, it may ultimately contribute to a complete overhaul of labour market institutions in the current context of world globalization. The chapter is organised as follows. We first document the main consequences of the crisis on income and employment, and the rise of inequalities and of cross-country imbalances. We next discuss how (in-)effective market mechanisms have been in paving the way towards recovery. Against that background, we discuss the motivation and the relevance of the economic policies implemented in EU countries. We distinguish two sub-periods, before and after 2010. Until 2010, the focus was on the « European Economic Recovery Plan » and its national counterparts. With the onset of the sovereign debt crisis and the implementation of EU-wide fiscal consolidation policies, the focus shifted towards labour market policies and « competitiveness recovery » plans. We discuss the contents and motivation of such plans, and the difficulty to implement them successfully at a time of fiscal austerity. We conclude the chapter with a discussion about conflicting economic paradigms and their connection with ongoing economic changes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth differences between North American and European children at risk for type 1 diabetes
Nucci, A.M.; Becker, D.J.; Virtanen, S.M. et al

in Pediatric Diabetes (2012)

AIM: To evaluate the relationships between early growth and regional variations in type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence in an international cohort of children with familial and genetic risk for T1D. METHODS ... [more ▼]

AIM: To evaluate the relationships between early growth and regional variations in type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence in an international cohort of children with familial and genetic risk for T1D. METHODS: Anthropometric indices between birth to 5 yr of age were compared among regions and T1D proband in 2160 children participating in the Trial to Reduce Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the Genetically at Risk study. RESULTS: Children in Northern Europe had the highest weight z-score between birth to 12 months of age, while those in Southern Europe and U.S.A. had the lowest weight and length/height z-scores at most time points (p < 0.005 to p < 0.001). Few differences in z-score values for weight, height, and body mass index were found by maternal T1D status. Using International Obesity Task Force criteria, the obesity rates generally increased with age and at 5 yr were highest in males in Northern Europe (6.0%) and in females in Canada (12.8%). However, no statistically significance difference was found by geographic region. In Canada, the obesity rate for female children of mothers with and without T1D differed significantly at 4 and 5 yr (6.0 vs. 0.0% and 21.3 vs. 1.9%, respectively; p < 0.0125) but no differences by maternal T1D status were found in other regions. CONCLUSIONS: There are regional differences in early childhood growth that are consistent with the higher incidence of T1D in Northern Europe and Canada as compared to Southern Europe. Our prospective study from birth will allow evaluation of relationships between growth and the emerging development of autoimmunity and progression to T1D by region in this at-risk population of children [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth intention and sales revenues growth in small business: The mediating effect of firm size growth
Cesinger, Beate; Gundolf, Katherine; Geraudel, Mickaël UL

in International Journal of Technology Management (2018), 78(3), 163-181

While the direct influence of growth intention on small business growth has been examined in entrepreneurship literature, little research distinguishes the different forms of growth and how they are ... [more ▼]

While the direct influence of growth intention on small business growth has been examined in entrepreneurship literature, little research distinguishes the different forms of growth and how they are interrelated. This article draws upon growth intention to examine whether firm size growth is the channel through which growth intention influences sales revenue growth. Results from the analysis of a dataset of 20,472 French new ventures reveal that: (1) growth intention has a positive impact on sales revenue growth; (2) firm size growth has a positive impact on sales revenue growth; and (3) firm size growth mediates the effect of growth intention on sales revenue growth. These findings show that firm size growth is a means to achieve sales revenue growth and not only a finality per se. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrowth kinetics of solid-liquid interface
Turci, Francesco UL; Schilling, Tanja UL; Oettel, Martin

Poster (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (5 UL)
Full Text
See detailGrowth-Friendly Dictatorships
Da Luca, Giacomo; Litina, Anastasia UL; Sekeris, Petros

E-print/Working paper (2012)

In this paper we show that in highly unequal societies, different societal groups may support a rent-seeking dicator serving their interests better than the median voter in a democratic regime ... [more ▼]

In this paper we show that in highly unequal societies, different societal groups may support a rent-seeking dicator serving their interests better than the median voter in a democratic regime. Importantly, it is the stakes of dictator in the economy, in the form of capital ownership, that drives the support of individuals. In particular, in highly societies ruled by a capital-rich dictator endowed with the power to tax and appropriate at will, the elites support dictatorial policies that generate higher growth rates than the ones obtained under democracy. Such support arises despite the total absence of checks and balances on the dictator. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 169 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDie ‚große Divergenz‘ und ihre Schließung: Krieg und Militär
Kolnberger, Thomas UL

in Sieder, Reinhard; Langthaler, Ernst (Eds.) Weltgeschichte 1800 – 2000 (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 UL)
See detailDie "Große Siechenbande" : Kriminalität unter dem Deckmantel der Armenfürsorge
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Scientific Conference (2006, October 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailDas Großherzogtum Luxemburg (1815-1866)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

Cartographic material (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (3 UL)
See detailDie Großregion SaarLorLux - Une communauté de destin
Wille, Christian UL

in Mendgen, Eva (Ed.) Im Reich der Mitte / Le berceau de la Civilisation européenne. Savoir-faire / savoir-vivre (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailDie Großregion SaarLorLux: Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen
Nienaber, Birte UL

in Wille, Christian (Ed.) Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion SaarLorLux: Wirtschaft – Politik – Alltag – Kultur. (2015)

What is the SaarLorLux Greater Region? Is it one or more realities of life? One or more political constructions? Or: Is the SaarLorLux Greater Region perhaps something completely different? These are ... [more ▼]

What is the SaarLorLux Greater Region? Is it one or more realities of life? One or more political constructions? Or: Is the SaarLorLux Greater Region perhaps something completely different? These are questions that are investigated in this part. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhard; Job, Hubert et al

in Positionspapier aus der Akademie fuer Raumforschung und Landesplanung (2016), 107

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und ... [more ▼]

Positionen 1 Stellenwert von Großschutzgebieten in der räumlichen Planung stärken 2 Zuständigkeiten von Großschutzgebieten klarer regeln und administrative Struk-turen harmonisieren 3 Monitoring und Qualitätsmanagement von Großschutzgebieten sicherstellen 4 Neben klassischem Naturschutz mehr Prozessschutz: Dynamik in Großschutz-gebieten zulassen 5 Großschutzgebiete bundesweit einheitlich zonieren 6 Ökosystemleistungen von Großschutzgebieten stärker für Kommunikation und räumliche Planung nutzen 7 Neue Strategien für den Umgang mit aktuellen Herausforderungen wie demo-graphischem Wandel, Klimawandel und Bodenspekulation in Großschutzgebieten ent-wickeln [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (8 UL)
Full Text
See detailGroßschutzgebiete, Biodiversität und räumliche Planung. Ein Positionspapier aus der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung
Heiland, Stefan; Jedicke, Eckhardt; Job, Hubert et al

in Naturschutz und Landschaftsplanung (2016), 48(9),

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein ... [more ▼]

Zu Fragen einer Förderung der Biodiversität und nachhaltiger Landnutzung in Groß­schutzgebieten hat ein gleichnamiger Arbeits­kreis2 der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) ein Positionspapier vorgelegt. Neben sieben Thesen fordert der Arbeitskreis als Fazit eine „Bund­Länder­Gemeinschaftsaufgabe Groß­schutzgebiete“. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (4 UL)
Full Text
See detailDie Großsporteinrichtungen in der Großregion SaarLorLux
Ginet, Pierre; Pauly, Michel UL; Caruso, Geoffrey UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Schon in der Antike entstanden die ersten Großsporteinrichtungen, ihre auffällige Verbreitung im 19. Jh. blieb allerdings den wohlhabenden sozialen Schichten vorbehalten. Erst im 20. Jh. führten die ... [more ▼]

Schon in der Antike entstanden die ersten Großsporteinrichtungen, ihre auffällige Verbreitung im 19. Jh. blieb allerdings den wohlhabenden sozialen Schichten vorbehalten. Erst im 20. Jh. führten die Demokratisierung und der zunehmende Wohlstand der Bevölkerung, verstärkt durch politischen Voluntarismus dazu, dass die Großsporteinrichtungen einen Aufschwung erlebten, der seither nicht mehr nachgelassen hat. Verschiedene dieser Sporteinrichtungen wurden immer größer und einigen wurden neben ihrer sportlichen Bestimmung andere Aufgaben zugedacht, kultureller (Konzerte, …), rekreativer (Geschäfte, …) oder berufsorientierter Art (Seminare, …). Die Grenzen zwischen diesen Zielen werden immer durchlässiger. So entsteht aus den Großsporteinrichtungen eine Kategorie geographischer Objekte, die es bis dato nicht gab und denen eine bedeutende Rolle bei der Raumentwicklung Aufbau zukommt. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (5 UL)
Full Text
See detailGründerzeit à Dudelange - un nouveau regard sur l'histoire du Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (9 UL)