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See detailThe European Commission's Proposal for a Regulation on Preventing the Dissemination of Terrorist Content Online
Robinson, Gavin UL

in Eucrim (2019), 2018(4), 234-240

In September 2018, the European Commission presented a draft Regulation on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online. The proposal builds upon EU-level initiatives to foster the voluntary ... [more ▼]

In September 2018, the European Commission presented a draft Regulation on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online. The proposal builds upon EU-level initiatives to foster the voluntary cooperation of service providers in stopping the dissemination of terrorist content online, and echoes ongoing national developments which go a step further in imposing obligations – underpinned by considerable fines – on service providers. This article describes the main features of the proposal and highlights some of the policy challenges, legal questions and technological concerns it is likely to face on the road to adoption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 275 (8 UL)
See detailEuropean Community Criminal Law
Ligeti, Katalin UL

in Acta Juridica Hungarica (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (4 UL)
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See detailThe European Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2011 (ECAG-2011) in Walferdange, Luxembourg: results and recommendations
Francis, Olivier UL; Baumann, Henri; Volarik, Tomas et al

in Metrologia (2013), 50(3), 257

We present the results of the third European Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters held in Walferdange, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in November 2011. Twenty-two gravimeters from both metrological and non ... [more ▼]

We present the results of the third European Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters held in Walferdange, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in November 2011. Twenty-two gravimeters from both metrological and non-metrological institutes are compared. For the first time, corrections for the laser beam diffraction and the self-attraction of the gravimeters are implemented. The gravity observations are also corrected for geophysical gravity changes that occurred during the comparison using the observations of a superconducting gravimeter. We show that these corrections improve the degree of equivalence between the gravimeters. We present the results for two different combinations of data. In the first one, we use only the observations from the metrological institutes. In the second solution, we include all the data from both metrological and non-metrological institutes. Those solutions are then compared with the official result of the comparison published previously and based on the observations of the metrological institutes and the gravity differences at the different sites as measured by non-metrological institutes. Overall, the absolute gravity meters agree with one another with a standard deviation of3.1 µ Gal. Finally, the results of this comparison are linked to previous ones. We conclude with some important recommendations for future comparisons. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 202 (18 UL)
See detailEuropean Conference on Data Analysis 2013. Book of Abstracts.
Lausen, Berthold; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Böhmer, Matthias UL

Book published by University of Luxembourg (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 190 (7 UL)
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See detailEuropean Corporate Law from a French Perspective
Conac, Pierre-Henri UL

in Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Rechtswissenschaft Heft 2 (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 164 (3 UL)
See detailEuropean Court of Human rights Decides about Space Communication
Hofmann, Mahulena UL

in Sturma, Pavel; Faix, Martin (Eds.) Lidskopravni dimenze mezinarodniho prava (2014)

Can the path to the ECHR be recommended to those who are dealing with the area of satellite communication? It seems that it can be recommended in two cases - the case of rejection of licensing of ... [more ▼]

Can the path to the ECHR be recommended to those who are dealing with the area of satellite communication? It seems that it can be recommended in two cases - the case of rejection of licensing of broadcasting by the State organs, and in the situation of denial of the right to install receiving stations for satellite broadcasting in the States Parties to the Convention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (0 UL)
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See detailThe European Courts
Harmsen, Robert UL; McAuliffe, Karen

in Magone, José (Ed.) Routledge Handbook of European Politics (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (5 UL)
See detailEuropean Criminal Record and Data Protection Legislation in Hungary
Ligeti, Katalin UL

in Xanthaki, Helen; Stefanou, Constantin (Eds.) European Criminal Record (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
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See detailThe European Cross-border Cooperation in the Balkan countries: Marking space and the multi-scalar production of locality
Blondel, Cyril UL; Javourez, Guillaume; Stojanova, Meri

in de Rapper, Gilles; Sintès, Pierre (Eds.) Pratiques sociales et reconfigurations locales dans les Balkans (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (2 UL)
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See detailEuropean definitions of economic dependency
Razzolini, Orsola UL

in Kiss, Gyorgy (Ed.) Recent developments in labour law (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 UL)
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See detailEuropean design code for composite structures in steel and concrete - Historical development and investigation in the second generation of Eurocode 4
Schäfer, Markus UL

in Steel Construction (2019), 12 (2019) Heft 2(02/2019), 70-81

The Eurocodes (EC) represent European norms (EN) for the design and construction of building and bridge structures. The development of these European design codes is carried out on behalf of the European ... [more ▼]

The Eurocodes (EC) represent European norms (EN) for the design and construction of building and bridge structures. The development of these European design codes is carried out on behalf of the European Union (EU) by the “European Committee for Standardization - CEN”. The Eurocodes have been in use for some years now. The motivation behind the development of the Eurocodes is the harmonization of the planning and design process for the structural components and construction elements of buildings and bridges all over Europe. Based on the experience gained through the use of the Eurocode conditions in recent years and many comments from industry, a revision of all parts of the Eurocode is currently in progress. The aim is to adapt the current design standards to the state of the art and research, to simplify the application and to harmonize the Eurocodes with each other. Finally, these modifications will be transferred to the second generation of European standards. An overview of the development phases and project teams is presented in this paper, accompanied by an insight into current standardization work and the technical discussions, mainly focusing on EN 1994-1-1. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 UL)
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See detailThe European dimension for the mouse genome mutagenesis program.
Auwerx, Johan; Avner, Phil; Baldock, Richard et al

in Nature Genetics (2004), 36(9), 925-7

The European Mouse Mutagenesis Consortium is the European initiative contributing to the international effort on functional annotation of the mouse genome. Its objectives are to establish and integrate ... [more ▼]

The European Mouse Mutagenesis Consortium is the European initiative contributing to the international effort on functional annotation of the mouse genome. Its objectives are to establish and integrate mutagenesis platforms, gene expression resources, phenotyping units, storage and distribution centers and bioinformatics resources. The combined efforts will accelerate our understanding of gene function and of human health and disease. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 93 (0 UL)
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See detailThe European Dispositif of Border Control in Malta. Migrants’ Experiences of a Securitized Borderland
Lemaire, Léa UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2019), 34(5), 717-732

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (6 UL)
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See detailThe European Economic Constitution and the Constitution of Social Europe: gleanings from the CJEU’s collective redundancies cases
Ratti, Luca UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (12 UL)
See detailEuropean Economic Integration through 'fiscality': A legal perspective
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

Doctoral thesis (2013)

The present thesis aims to explore the role and the evolution of tax and fiscal integration (and by implication, a central component of economic integration) from a legal perspective. “Integration through ... [more ▼]

The present thesis aims to explore the role and the evolution of tax and fiscal integration (and by implication, a central component of economic integration) from a legal perspective. “Integration through fiscality”, as perceived in this dissertation, comprises two components: direct taxation and fiscal policies (the public finance management of the Member States). The present thesis sets out by pointing to the paradox that, despite their central role in the attainment of an “economic union” without frontiers, “fiscal matters” remain without any solid constitutional framework. After demonstrating the lack of a “constitutional fiscal framework”, the thesis proceeds with a historical account, through the turning points of European Economic integration (Pre- Maastricht, Post-Maastricht and financial crisis). This narrative aims to show the inter institutional struggles among the different actors (the legislator, the Member States, the executive and the judiciary) in their bid to fill this lacuna in the European (Economic) Constitution, through distinct or sometimes parallel ways. To this end, the thesis primarily gives the institutional and constitutional background of ‘fiscality’, while it continues by analysing the different possibilities of integration through ‘fiscality’: a) positive integration through the legislator via hard or soft law means, b) spontaneous integration triggered by regulatory competition and the Member States, c) ‘coordinated’ integration prompted by the Member States, d) negative integration prompted by the CJEU, e) crisis-induced integration outside or within the EU law framework, f) integration by ‘force’, g) integration by exception. The thesis maintains that, notwithstanding the efforts of the CJEU that has risen as the key player pushing for integration in the area of the tax policy, it has been the recent financial crisis which has spurred the other actors towards more integration in the area of fiscal policies with the anticipated domino effects in the direct taxation field. The final part of the thesis attempts, by means of a normative claim, to sketch the salient features of a ‘fiscal Constitution’ for the EU, as part of the ‘new economic governance construction’, that will be both (politically) feasible and compliant with certain standards of legitimacy and the rule of law desiderata. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (6 UL)
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See detailThe European Educational Model and its Paradoxical Impact at the National Level
Graf, Lukas UL

in Tröhler, Daniel; Lenz, Thomas (Eds.) Trajectories in the Development of Modern School Systems: Between the National and the Global (2015)

The Bologna and Copenhagen processes promote standards for the categorization of educational programs and qualifications throughout Europe – with the goal to create greater transparency and permeability ... [more ▼]

The Bologna and Copenhagen processes promote standards for the categorization of educational programs and qualifications throughout Europe – with the goal to create greater transparency and permeability in European skill formation. However, key tools of Europeanization, like the Bachelor and Master degree cycles and the European Qualification Framework, fail to acknowledge important cultural, normative, and regulative idiosyncrasies of the educational systems in Austria and Germany. In both countries the sectors of vocational training and academic education represent distinct organizational fields divided by an "educational schism". The tensions and contradictions that accompany this traditional institutional divide have in many cases been masked by patterns of loose coupling. However, the current Europeanization processes tend to unsettle these patterns, which unleashes conflicts between the actors of the respective organizational fields, for example, with regard to the placement of the different certificates in the common qualification framework. The outcome of these struggles often is that the institutional divide between vocational training and academic education is widening rather than narrowing. The chapter shows how the Austrian and German institutional heritage has diverted the European educational model's initial goal to foster permeability and, with that, illustrates this model's paradoxical impact at the national level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (2 UL)