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See detailExtensive and intensive growth in a neoclassical framework
Irmen, Andreas UL

in Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), 29(8), 1427-1448

Extensive growth based on the expansion of inputs is likely to be subject to diminishing returns. Therefore it is often viewed as having no effect on per capita magnitudes in the long run. This Paper ... [more ▼]

Extensive growth based on the expansion of inputs is likely to be subject to diminishing returns. Therefore it is often viewed as having no effect on per capita magnitudes in the long run. This Paper argues that periods of extensive growth through capital accumulation may be a precursor to periods of intensive growth during which output per unit of input grows through endogenous technical change. Such a sequence of stages of development occurs as capital accumulation affects the incentives to engage in labour-saving technical change. A steady rise in the capital-labour ratio affects the relative scarcity of factors of production, their (expected) relative price, and induces innovation investments.<P>(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.) [less ▲]

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See detailExtensive and Intensive Growth in a Neoclassical Framework
Irmen, Andreas UL

Report (2004)

Extensive growth based on the expansion of inputs is likely to be subject to diminishing returns. Therefore it is often viewed as having no effect on per capita magnitudes in the long run. This Paper ... [more ▼]

Extensive growth based on the expansion of inputs is likely to be subject to diminishing returns. Therefore it is often viewed as having no effect on per capita magnitudes in the long run. This Paper argues that periods of extensive growth through capital accumulation may be a precursor to periods of intensive growth during which output per unit of input grows through endogenous technical change. Such a sequence of stages of development occurs as capital accumulation affects the incentives to engage in labour-saving technical change. A steady rise in the capital-labour ratio affects the relative scarcity of factors of production, their (expected) relative price, and induces innovation investments. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (5 UL)
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See detailExtensive and intensive margins and exchange rate regimes
Picard, Pierre M UL; hamano, masahige

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2017), 50(3), 804-837

This paper studies the costs and benefits of fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes in the presence of endogenous intensive and extensive margins of trade. The net benefit depends on the levels and ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the costs and benefits of fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes in the presence of endogenous intensive and extensive margins of trade. The net benefit depends on the levels and volatilities of those margins as well as on their correlation with consumers preferences. A fixed exchange rate regime is preferred for sufficiently high labour supply elasticities and lower love for product diversity. Delays between entry and production make fixed exchange rate regimes less attractive. [less ▲]

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See detailExtensive and intensive margins and the choice of exchange rate regimes
Picard, Pierre M UL; Hamano, Masashige

E-print/Working paper (2013)

This paper studies how the choice of fixed or flexible exchange rate regimes is affected by the existence of intensive and extensive margins. We study two models where firms enter during or before each ... [more ▼]

This paper studies how the choice of fixed or flexible exchange rate regimes is affected by the existence of intensive and extensive margins. We study two models where firms enter during or before each period of production. We show how the the choice of those regimes depend on the level and the volatily of the intensive and extensive margins as well as on the congruence between consumers' preferences and the supply and diversity of products. We show that fixed exchange rate regimes are preferred for high enough labor supply elasticities. Fixed exchange rate regimes are unambigously better when entry occurs at the same time as production in each period. Fixed exchange rate regimes are less attractive in the presence of production lags and higher love of product diversity. [less ▲]

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See detailExtensive and intensive margins and the choice of exchange rate regimes
Hamano, Masashige UL

E-print/Working paper (2013)

This paper studies how the choice of xed or exible exchange rate regimes is a¤ected by the existence of intensive and extensive margins. We study two models where rms enter during or before each period of ... [more ▼]

This paper studies how the choice of xed or exible exchange rate regimes is a¤ected by the existence of intensive and extensive margins. We study two models where rms enter during or before each period of production. We show how the choice of those regimes depend on the level and the volatily of the intensive and extensive margins as well as on the congruence between consumers preferences and the supply and diversity of products. We show that xed exchange rate regimes are preferred for high enough labor supply elasticities. Fixed exchange rate regimes are unambigously better when entry occurs at the same time as production in each period. Fixed exchange rate regimes are less attractive in the presence of production lags and higher love of product diversity. [less ▲]

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See detailExtensive catheter-induced aortic dissection.
Mamas, M. A.; Alonso, A.; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in The Canadian journal of cardiology (2008), 24(2), 9-10

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (0 UL)
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See detailAn Extensive Systematic Review on Model-Driven Development of Secure Systems
Nguyen, Phu Hong UL

Report (2015)

Context: Model-Driven Security (MDS) is as a specialised Model-Driven Engineering research area for supporting the development of secure systems. Over a decade of research on MDS has resulted in a large ... [more ▼]

Context: Model-Driven Security (MDS) is as a specialised Model-Driven Engineering research area for supporting the development of secure systems. Over a decade of research on MDS has resulted in a large number of publications. Objective: To provide a detailed analysis of the state of the art in MDS, a systematic literature review (SLR) is essential. Method: We conducted an extensive SLR on MDS. Derived from our research questions, we designed a rigorous, extensive search and selection process to identify a set of primary MDS studies that is as complete as possible. Our three-pronged search process consists of automatic searching, manual searching, and snowballing. After discovering and considering more than thousand relevant papers, we identified, strictly selected, and reviewed 108 MDS publications. Results: The results of our SLR show the overall status of the key artefacts of MDS, and the identified primary MDS studies. E.g. regarding security modelling artefact, we found that developing domain-specific languages plays a key role in many MDS approaches. The current limitations in each MDS artefact are pointed out and corresponding potential research directions are suggested. Moreover, we categorise the identified primary MDS studies into 5 principal MDS studies, and other emerging or less common MDS studies. Finally, some trend analyses of MDS research are given. Conclusion: Our results suggest the need for addressing multiple security concerns more systematically and simultaneously, for tool chains supporting the MDS development cycle, and for more empirical studies on the application of MDS methodologies. To the best of our knowledge, this SLR is the first in the field of Software Engineering that combines a snowballing strategy with database searching. This combination has delivered an extensive literature study on MDS. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Extensive Systematic Review on the Model-Driven Development of Secure Systems
Nguyen, Phu UL; Kramer, Max; Klein, Jacques UL et al

in Information & Software Technology (2015), 68(December 2015), 62-81

Context: Model-Driven Security (MDS) is as a specialised Model-Driven Engineering research area for supporting the development of secure systems. Over a decade of research on MDS has resulted in a large ... [more ▼]

Context: Model-Driven Security (MDS) is as a specialised Model-Driven Engineering research area for supporting the development of secure systems. Over a decade of research on MDS has resulted in a large number of publications. Objective: To provide a detailed analysis of the state of the art in MDS, a systematic literature review (SLR) is essential. Method: We conducted an extensive SLR on MDS. Derived from our research questions, we designed a rigorous, extensive search and selection process to identify a set of primary MDS studies that is as complete as possible. Our three-pronged search process consists of automatic searching, manual searching, and snowballing. After discovering and considering more than thousand relevant papers, we identified, strictly selected, and reviewed 108 MDS publications. Results: The results of our SLR show the overall status of the key artefacts of MDS, and the identified primary MDS studies. E.g. regarding security modelling artefact, we found that developing domain-specific languages plays a key role in many MDS approaches. The current limitations in each MDS artefact are pointed out and corresponding potential research directions are suggested. Moreover, we categorise the identified primary MDS studies into 5 significant MDS studies, and other emerging or less common MDS studies. Finally, some trend analyses of MDS research are given. Conclusion: Our results suggest the need for addressing multiple security concerns more systematically and simultaneously, for tool chains supporting the MDS development cycle, and for more empirical studies on the application of MDS methodologies. To the best of our knowledge, this SLR is the first in the field of Software Engineering that combines a snowballing strategy with database searching. This combination has delivered an extensive literature study on MDS. [less ▲]

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See detailExtensive transmission of microbes along the gastrointestinal tract
Schmidt, Thomas; Hayward, Matthew; Coelho, Luis et al

in eLife (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 UL)
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See detailThe Extented Discrete Element Method (XDEM): An Advanced Approach to Model Blast Furnace
Peters, Bernhard UL; Maryam, Baniasadi; Baniasadi, Mehdi UL

in Iron Ores and Iron Oxide Materials (2018)

The blast furnace iron making is the oldest but still the main method to produce liquid iron through sequential reduction processes of iron ore materials. Despite the existence of several discrete and ... [more ▼]

The blast furnace iron making is the oldest but still the main method to produce liquid iron through sequential reduction processes of iron ore materials. Despite the existence of several discrete and continuous numerical models, there is no global method to provide detailed information about the processes inside the furnaces. The extended discrete element method known as XDEM is an advance numerical tool based on Eulerian – Lagrangian framework which is able to cover more information about the blast furnace process. Within this plat- form, the continuous phases such as gas and liquid phases are coupled to the discrete entities such as coke and iron ore particles through mass, momentum and energy exchange. This method has been applied to the shaft, cohesive zone, dripping zone and hearth of the blast furnace. In this chapter, the mathematical and numerical methods implemented in the XDEM method are described, and the results are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (15 UL)
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See detailExternal Actors and their Influences on the Quality of Democracy in East Central Europe
Mochtak, Michal UL

in Holzer, Jan; Mareš, Miroslav (Eds.) Challenges to Democracies in East Central Europe (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 UL)
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See detailThe External Administrative Layer of EU Law-making: International Decisions in EU Law and the Case of CETA
Mendes, Joana UL

in European Papers (2017), 2(2), 489-517

The legal status of binding and non-binding international decisions adopted by global regulatory bodies in EU law, their authority (as acknowledged in the case law of the CJEU) and legal effects allow one ... [more ▼]

The legal status of binding and non-binding international decisions adopted by global regulatory bodies in EU law, their authority (as acknowledged in the case law of the CJEU) and legal effects allow one to characterise them as the external administrative layer of EU law-making. Mega-regional agreements, of which the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) is an instance, have the potential to expand this tier of aw. This article maps the substantive legal effects of international decisions in EU law as expounded by the CJEU, arguing that the case law the Court developed is transposable to future decisions of CETA bodies. Furthermore, it contrasts their possible substantive impact in EU law with the weaknesses of procedural controls over the exercise of public authority by those bodies. [less ▲]

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See detailExternal Relations of the European Union
Lickova, Magdalena UL

Speeches/Talks (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 UL)
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See detailExternal Representation of the European Union in the Conclusion of International Agreements
Gatti, Mauro UL; Manzini, Pietro

in Common Market Law Review (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (1 UL)
See detailExternal Sovereign Debt in a Monetary Union: Bailouts and the Role of Corruption
Achury, Carolina; Koulovatianos, Christos UL; Tsoukalas, John

Report (2011)

We build a tractable stylized model of external sovereign debt and endogenous international interest rates. In corrupt economies with rent-seeking groups stealing public resources, a politico-economic ... [more ▼]

We build a tractable stylized model of external sovereign debt and endogenous international interest rates. In corrupt economies with rent-seeking groups stealing public resources, a politico-economic equilibrium is characterized by permanent fiscal impatience which leads to excessive issuing of sovereign bonds. External creditors envision the corrupt economy’s fiscal impatience and buy its bonds at higher interest rates. In turn, this interest-rate increase exacerbates the problem of oversupplying debt, leading the economy to a perfect-foresight trap. In incorrupt countries which have entered a high-interest-rate/high debt-GDP-ratio trap because an immediately recent disaster has caused a sudden jump to a high outstanding debt-GDP ratio, we show that bailout plans with controlled interest rates can help in reducing debt-GDP ratios after some time. On the contrary, under corruption, we show that bailouts are ineffective unless rent-seeking groups are eradicated. [less ▲]

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See detailExternalisation de la politique migratoire et identité de l'Union européenne
Neframi, Eleftheria UL; Gatti, Mauro UL

in Benlolo, Myriam (Ed.) L'Union européenne et les migrations (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (4 UL)
See detailExterne Evaluation als Impulsgeber für Schulentwicklung? Eine explorative Untersuchung
Weis, Daniel UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (5 UL)
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See detailExterne Sprachgeschichte des Französischen in Asien, im Indischen Ozean und im Pazifik
Ehrhart, Sabine UL

in Ernst, Gerhart Et Al (Ed.) Handbuch der Romanischen Sprachgeschichte (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)