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See detailBeeinflussen Narzissmus und Selbstkonzeptklarheit aggressives Fahrverhalten in selbstwertbedrohlichen Situationen?
Steffgen, Georges UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2007), 38(1), 43-52

According to the theoretical model of Baumeister, Smart and Boden (1996) threatened egotism can be an important motive for aggressive behavior. Narcissistic people with an unstable self-esteem may be ... [more ▼]

According to the theoretical model of Baumeister, Smart and Boden (1996) threatened egotism can be an important motive for aggressive behavior. Narcissistic people with an unstable self-esteem may be especially prone to encountering threats and hence to causing violence. Stucke (2001) confirmed that aggressive driving behavior can be predicted by the interaction of narcissism and self-concept clarity. The present study examined the level of threatened self-esteem, narcissism and self-concept clarity as personal variables involved in the disposition toward the aggressive driving behavior of motorcyclists. Participants were 126 bikers (98 males and 28 females) with an age range from 19 to 61 years. Regression analyses indicated that motorcyclists' anger driving reaction could be predicted by the expected three-way interaction of narcissism, self-concept clarity, and threatened self-esteem. Theoretical and empirical consequences of the results of the study are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLesezeiten- und Blickbewegungsverfahren als Methoden für die soziale Kognitionsforschung
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Kneer, Julia

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2006), 37

In this article, the advantages of reading time methods to investigate the processing of social information are presented. First the theoretical and the methodological basis of reading time measures is ... [more ▼]

In this article, the advantages of reading time methods to investigate the processing of social information are presented. First the theoretical and the methodological basis of reading time measures is discussed. Subsequently, the application of two different reading time methods is illustrated in two experiments. The experiments investigated the differences in the processing of person information that was presented either with or without conjunctions. Reading times which were analyzed as on-line measures showed that the first integration process while reading person information was strongly facilitated due to the introduction of conjunctions where the integration of the information immediately following the conjunction in a sentence was affected. Finally, the use of reading time methods is discussed in terms of further research in other areas of social cognition. [less ▲]

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See detailBeeinflusst die Aktivierung von Eigenschaftskategorien das interpersonelle Verhalten?
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2003), 34

Current models of the social cognition-behavior link assume that activating a trait category induces an expectancy about a target person and a specific behavior towards this person. 60 subjects ... [more ▼]

Current models of the social cognition-behavior link assume that activating a trait category induces an expectancy about a target person and a specific behavior towards this person. 60 subjects participated in an experiment where 15 subjects were randomly assigned to the role of a target person. Each target interacted consecutively with three subjects whose category-dependent expectancy towards the target was varied. To activate different categories, subjects received attributes of a typical «extravert», a typical «introvert» or no information in the control condition. The analysis of the interaction data confirmed the hypothesis. Subjects’ behavior was significantly influenced by the prior activated category where two factors affected the quality of the behavior: (a) the content of the category and (b) the consistency between subjects’ expectancy and targets’ behavior. Theoretical implications of the results are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEindrucksbildung aus Personbeschreibungen: Der Einfluss der syntaktischen Kohärenz auf die soziale Kognition
Wintermantel, Margret; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2002), 33

This paper concerns the comprehension of person descriptions. In two experiments we investigated the influence of syntactical coherence and ease of categorization of the information on person memory and ... [more ▼]

This paper concerns the comprehension of person descriptions. In two experiments we investigated the influence of syntactical coherence and ease of categorization of the information on person memory and judgments. Ss listened to person descriptions which contained phrases concerning single person attributes. These phrases were either highly connected by prepositions or totally unconnected. In addition, the texts differed in their degree of categorizability, one activating a social stereotype and the other containing individual attributes. In Experiment I the Ss had to reproduce the text and in Experiment II the task was to summarize the information. In Experiment I the reproduction rates increased significantly with the connectedness in the case of non-stereotypical information. In Experiment II, we found more complex inference patterns under the same condition. The results are discussed within the associative network approach to person memory. It is argued that this approach has to be further differentiated with regard to particular logical relations between person attributes. [less ▲]

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See detailWissen und Problemlösekompetenz. Der Einfluß von Expertise auf den Informationsaustausch in computervermittelter Kommunikation.
Sassenberg, K.; Boos, M.; Klapproth, Florian UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (2001), 32

Nach dem Collective Information Sampling-Modell von Stasser und Titus tauschen Gruppenmitglieder bei gemeinsamen Entscheidungen weniger die Informationen aus, die nur ein Mitglied kennt (ungeteilte ... [more ▼]

Nach dem Collective Information Sampling-Modell von Stasser und Titus tauschen Gruppenmitglieder bei gemeinsamen Entscheidungen weniger die Informationen aus, die nur ein Mitglied kennt (ungeteilte Informationen), als die Informationen, über die alle Mitglieder verfügen (geteilte Informationen). Dieser Befund ist für computervermittelt kommunizierende Gruppen besonders relevant, da in diesen Gruppen generell weniger Informationen erwähnt werden. In Studien an direkt kommunizierenden Gruppen wurde gezeigt, dass der Austausch ungeteilter Informationen durch den Hinweis auf die Expertise der Gruppenmitglieder gefördert werden kann. In zwei Experimenten wurden Daten an Stichproben von insgesamt 156 vorwiegend studierenden Versuchspersonenen erhoben. In Experiment I konnte der oben genannte Befund für computervermittelt kommunizierende Gruppen nicht repliziert werden. In Experiment II wurde die Hypothese bestätigt, dass ein vermehrter Austausch ungeteilter Informationen nur dann durch den Hinweis auf Expertise erreicht werden kann, wenn Expertise als spezifisches Wissen interpretiert wird. Wird Expertise dagegen als Problemlösekompetenz verstanden, bleibt der Effekt der Expertise auf den Austausch der ungeteilten Informationen aus. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Wahrnehmung von Persönlichkeitseigenschaften und ihrer Zusammenhänge: ein Methodenvergleich
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (1999), 30

The present paper is focused on the topic of the cognitive organization of trait descriptive terms which are used frequently in ordinary language. Three studies were conducted to assess the impact of ... [more ▼]

The present paper is focused on the topic of the cognitive organization of trait descriptive terms which are used frequently in ordinary language. Three studies were conducted to assess the impact of different data gathering techniques on the typological results. In study I the sorting technique was used in which subjects were asked to partition the set of personality trait names into different groups, each group representing a different person. Study II consisted of a variant of the sorting method in which subjects had to successively collect terms into one group describing a person several times. In study III a trait rating task was conducted. Since it was assumed theoretically that trait descriptive terms are organized by implicit personality dimensions and prototypes, respectively, the data were analyzed by hierarchical clustering and multidimensional scaling methods. Clustering solutions and dimensional configurations were obtained which varied largely between the data gathering techniques. Furthermore, the techniques differ markedly in the stability of the classificatory representations they induce. Issues concerning major drawbacks of methods of data acquisition and data analysis are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSelbstbewertungen und selektive Präferenz für temporale vs. Soziale Vergleichsinformation bei alten und sehr alten Menschen.
Filipp, Sigrun-Heide; Ferring, Dieter UL; Mayer, Anne-Kathrin et al

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (1997)

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See detailZur strukturellen Repräsentation alltagssprachlicher Person- und Verhaltensbeschreibungen
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL

in Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie (1988), 19

The present paper is focused on the topic of a structural representation of adjectives describing interpersonal behavior in ordinary Janguage. 40 students of the University of Saarland were presented 117 ... [more ▼]

The present paper is focused on the topic of a structural representation of adjectives describing interpersonal behavior in ordinary Janguage. 40 students of the University of Saarland were presented 117 adjectives selected on the basis of studies in the domain of verbal behavior descriptions by considering the concept of frequency of use. Subjects were asked to partition this set of adjectives into groups under the aspect of similarity of meaning. In order to analyse the relations between the investigated words and to provide a representation of all relevant relations simultaneously, the data of the sorting-task were inspected by hierarchical dustering and multidimensional scaling techniques. Thus a dimensional configuration reflecting inter-dass-relations was obtained and various dustering methods generated concordant dasses of adjectives which appeared to be interpretable at two different Ievels of analysis. [less ▲]

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