References of "Synthese"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKant and the forms of realism
Heidemann, Dietmar UL

in Synthese (2019)

Realism takes many forms. The aim of this paper is to show that the “Critique of pure Reason” is the founding document of realism and that to the present-day Kant’s discussion of realism has shaped the ... [more ▼]

Realism takes many forms. The aim of this paper is to show that the “Critique of pure Reason” is the founding document of realism and that to the present-day Kant’s discussion of realism has shaped the theoretical landscape of the debates over realism. Kant not only invents the now common philosophical term ‘realism’. He also lays out the theoretical topography of the forms of realism that still frames our understanding of philosophical questions concerning reality. The paper explores this by analysis of Kant’s methodological procedure to distinguish between empirical (i.e. nonmetaphysical) and transcendental (metaphysical) realism. This methodological procedure is still of great help in contemporary philosophy, although it has its limits. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMaking best systems best for us
Loew, Christian UL; Jaag, Siegfried UL

in Synthese (2018)

Humean reductionism about laws of nature appears to leave a central aspect of scientific practice unmotivated: If the world’s fundamental structure is exhausted by the actual distribution of non-modal ... [more ▼]

Humean reductionism about laws of nature appears to leave a central aspect of scientific practice unmotivated: If the world’s fundamental structure is exhausted by the actual distribution of non-modal properties and the laws of nature are merely efficient summaries of this distribution, then why does science posit laws that cover a wide range of non-actual circumstances? In this paper, we develop a new version of the Humean best systems account of laws based on the idea that laws need to organize information in a way that maximizes their cognitive usefulness for creature like us. We argue that this account motivates scientific practice because the laws’ applicability to non-actual circumstances falls right out of their cognitive usefulness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCausation, Physics, and Fit
Loew, Christian UL

in Synthese (2017), 194(6), 1945-1965

Our ordinary causal concept seems to fit poorly with how our best physics describes the world. We think of causation as a time-asymmetric dependence relation between relatively local events. Yet ... [more ▼]

Our ordinary causal concept seems to fit poorly with how our best physics describes the world. We think of causation as a time-asymmetric dependence relation between relatively local events. Yet fundamental physics describes the world in terms of dynamical laws that are, possible small exceptions aside, time symmetric and that relate global time slices. My goal in this paper is to show why we are successful at using local, time-asymmetric models in causal explanations despite this apparent mismatch with fundamental physics. In particular, I will argue that there is an important connection between time asymmetry and locality, namely: understanding the locality of our causal models is the key to understanding why the physical time asymmetries in our universe give rise to time asymmetry in causal explanation. My theory thus provides a unified account of why causation is local and time asymmetric and thereby enables a reply to Russell’s famous attack on causation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTwo dimensional Standard Deontic Logic [including a detailed analysis of the 1985 Jones-Pörn deontic logic system]
Boer, Mathijs De; Gabbay, Dov M. UL; Parent, Xavier UL et al

in Synthese (2012), 187(2), 623--660

Detailed reference viewed: 84 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailReactive intuitionistic tableaux
Gabbay, Dov M. UL

in Synthese (2011), 179(2), 253269

We introduce reactive Kripke models for intuitionistic logic and show that the reactive semantics is stronger than the ordinary semantics. We develop Beth tableaux for the reactive semantics

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEquilibria in social belief removal
Booth, Richard UL; Meyer, Thomas

in Synthese (2010), 177

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (0 UL)