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See detailReturn migration and self-employment: is there a 'jack-of-all-trades' effect?
Mahe, Clotilde UL

in Oxford Economic Papers (2021)

With reference to Lazear’s jack-of-all-trades hypothesis, I examine whether migrants are more likely to be self-employed upon return because of the diverse work experience they gained abroad. The ... [more ▼]

With reference to Lazear’s jack-of-all-trades hypothesis, I examine whether migrants are more likely to be self-employed upon return because of the diverse work experience they gained abroad. The endogeneity between migration, human capital investment, and self-employment is addressed by exploiting exogenous cohort and regional variation in the decision to migrate in the context of Egypt, and parental labour market information. Return migrants’ higher propensity to be self-employed is shown to proceed from participating in significantly more occupations over their work history than non-migrants. In line with Lazear’s framework, estimates confirm that entrepreneurship can be learnt, and that exposure to multiple occupations matters for entrepreneurship. [less ▲]

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See detailPartial Employment Protection and Perceived Job Security: Evidence from France
Georgieff, Alexandre; Lepinteur, Anthony UL

in Oxford Economic Papers (2018)

This paper assesses the causal effect of partial employment protection on workers' subjective job security via the perceived probability of layoff. We consider the rise in the French Delalande tax, which ... [more ▼]

This paper assesses the causal effect of partial employment protection on workers' subjective job security via the perceived probability of layoff. We consider the rise in the French Delalande tax, which is paid by private firms if they lay off older workers. This reform was restricted to large firms and therefore allows us to use a difference-in-differences strategy. In ECHP data, we find that the change in the perceived probability of layoffs induced by the higher Delalande tax improved the subjective job security of older (protected) workers, but at the cost of a negative externality on other workers. The changes in job security in both groups are of similar size, but as unprotected workers are the large majority of the sample, the population effect of the tax on layoffs was to reduce job security. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal Employment Subsidies and Market Structures in Industries with Unemployment
Picard, Pierre M UL

in Oxford Economic Papers (2001), 53(2), 352-372

In this paper we analyze the issue of optimal employment subsidies in imperfectly competitive industries in which a distortion in the labour market generates involuntary unemployment. As a benchmark case ... [more ▼]

In this paper we analyze the issue of optimal employment subsidies in imperfectly competitive industries in which a distortion in the labour market generates involuntary unemployment. As a benchmark case, we focus on monopolies and duopolies and on complete information between firms and government. We characterize the levels and creations of employment in the subsidized industry and we check when such employment policies are more favorable to the least productive firms. [less ▲]

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