References of "Journal of proteome research"
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See detailExpanding the use of spectral libraries in proteomics.
Deutsch, Eric W.; Perez-Riverol, Yasset; Chalkley, Robert J. et al

in Journal of proteome research (2018)

The 2017 Dagstuhl Seminar on Computational Proteomics provided an opportunity for a broad discussion on the current state and future directions of the generation and use of peptide tandem mass ... [more ▼]

The 2017 Dagstuhl Seminar on Computational Proteomics provided an opportunity for a broad discussion on the current state and future directions of the generation and use of peptide tandem mass spectrometry spectral libraries. Their use in proteomics is growing slowly, but there are multiple challenges in the field that must be addressed to further increase the adoption of spectral libraries and related techniques. The primary bottlenecks are the paucity of high quality and comprehensive libraries and the general difficulty of adopting spectral library searching into existing workflows. There are several existing spectral library formats, but none capture a satisfactory level of metadata; therefore a logical next improvement is to design a more advanced, Proteomics Standards Initiative-approved spectral library format that can encode all of the desired metadata. The group discussed a series of metadata requirements organized into three designations of completeness or quality, tentatively dubbed bronze, silver, and gold. The metadata can be organized at four different levels of granularity: at the collection (library) level, at the individual entry (peptide ion) level, at the peak (fragment ion) level, and at the peak annotation level. Strategies for encoding mass modifications in a consistent manner and the requirement for encoding high-quality and commonly-seen but as-yet-unidentified spectra were discussed. The group also discussed related topics, including strategies for comparing two spectra, techniques for generating representative spectra for a library, approaches for selection of optimal signature ions for targeted workflows, and issues surrounding the merging of two or more libraries into one. We present here a review of this field and the challenges that the community must address in order to accelerate the adoption of spectral libraries in routine analysis of proteomics datasets. [less ▲]

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See detailExpanding the Interactome of TES by Exploiting TES Modules with Different Subcellular Localizations
SALA, Stefano; Van troys, Marleen; Medves, Sandrine et al

in Journal of Proteome Research (2017), doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00034

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See detailAssessing Transcription Regulatory Elements To Evaluate the Expression Status of Missing Protein Genes on Chromosomes 11 and 19.
Kong, Nannan; Zhou, Yang UL; Xu, Shaohang et al

in Journal of proteome research (2015), 14(12), 4967-75

During an investigation of missing proteins with the RNA-seq data acquired from three liver cancer cell lines, the majority of the missing protein coding genes (MPGs) located at chromosome 11 (chr11) had ... [more ▼]

During an investigation of missing proteins with the RNA-seq data acquired from three liver cancer cell lines, the majority of the missing protein coding genes (MPGs) located at chromosome 11 (chr11) had no corresponding mRNAs, while a high percentage of the MPGs on chr19 were detected at the mRNA level. The phenomenon, which was also observed in more than 40 cell lines, led to an inquiry of causation of the different transcriptional statuses of the MPGs in the two chromosomes. We hypothesized that the special chromatin structure was a key element to regulate MPG transcription. Upon a systematical comparison of the effects of DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs), transcription factors (TFs), and histone modifications toward these genes or MPGs with/without mRNA evidence in chr11 and 19, we attributed the poor transcription of the MPGs to the weak capacity of these transcription regulatory elements, regardless of which chromosome the MPGs were located. We further analyzed the gene contents in chr11 and found a number of genes related to sensory functions in the presence of chr11. We postulate that a high number of sensory-related genes, which are located within special chromatin structure, could bring a low detection rate of MPGs in chr11. [less ▲]

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See detailInsights from ENCODE on Missing Proteins: Why beta-Defensin Expression Is Scarcely Detected.
Fan, Yang; Zhang, Yue; Xu, Shaohang et al

in Journal of proteome research (2015), 14(9), 3635-44

beta-Defensins (DEFBs) have a variety of functions. The majority of these proteins were not identified in a recent proteome survey. Neither protein detection nor the analysis of transcriptomic data based ... [more ▼]

beta-Defensins (DEFBs) have a variety of functions. The majority of these proteins were not identified in a recent proteome survey. Neither protein detection nor the analysis of transcriptomic data based on RNA-seq data for three liver cancer cell lines identified any expression products. Extensive investigation into DEFB transcripts in over 70 cell lines offered similar results. This fact naturally begs the question-Why are DEFB genes scarcely expressed? After examining DEFB gene annotation and the physicochemical properties of its protein products, we postulated that regulatory elements could play a key role in the resultant poor transcription of DEFB genes. Four regions containing DEFB genes and six adjacent regions on chromosomes 6, 8, and 20 were carefully investigated using The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) information, such as that of DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs), transcription factors (TFs), and histone modifications. The results revealed that the intensities of these ENCODE features were globally weaker than those in the adjacent regions. Impressively, DEFB-related regions on chromosomes 6 and 8 containing several non-DEFB genes had lower ENCODE feature intensities, indicating that the absence of DEFB mRNAs might not depend on the gene family but may be reliant upon gene location and chromatin structure. [less ▲]

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See detailSignaling in Insulin-Secreting MIN6 Pseudoislets and Monolayer Cells.
Chowdhury, Azazul; Satagopam, Venkata UL; Manukyan, Levon et al

in Journal of proteome research (2013)

Cell-cell interactions are of fundamental importance for cellular function. In islets of Langerhans, which control blood glucose levels by secreting insulin in response to the blood glucose concentration ... [more ▼]

Cell-cell interactions are of fundamental importance for cellular function. In islets of Langerhans, which control blood glucose levels by secreting insulin in response to the blood glucose concentration, the secretory response of intact islets is higher than that of insulin-producing beta-cells not arranged in the islet architecture. The objective was to define mechanisms by which cellular performance is enhanced when cells are arranged in three-dimensional space. The task was addressed by making a comprehensive analysis based on protein expression patterns generated from insulin-secreting MIN6 cells grown as islet-like clusters, so-called pseudoislets, and in monolayers. After culture, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) was measured from monolayers and pseudoislets. GSIS rose 6-fold in pseudoislets but only 3-fold in monolayers when the glucose concentration was increased from 2 to 20 mmol/L. Proteins from pseudoislets and monolayers were extracted and analyzed by liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry, and differentially expressed proteins were mapped onto KEGG pathways. Protein profiling identified 1576 proteins, which were common to pseudoislets and monolayers. When mapped onto KEGG pathways, 11 highly enriched pathways were identified. On the basis of differences in expression of proteins belonging to the pathways in pseudoislets and monolayers, predictions of differential pathway activation were performed. Mechanisms enhancing insulin secretory capacity of the beta-cell, when situated in the islet, include pathways regulating glucose metabolism, cell interaction, and translational regulation. [less ▲]

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See detailProteomic analysis of a pleistocene mammoth femur reveals more than one hundred ancient bone proteins.
Cappellini, Enrico; Jensen, Lars J.; Szklarczyk, Damian et al

in Journal of proteome research (2012), 11(2), 917-26

We used high-sensitivity, high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to shotgun sequence ancient protein remains extracted from a 43 000 year old woolly mammoth ( Mammuthus primigenius ) bone preserved in ... [more ▼]

We used high-sensitivity, high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to shotgun sequence ancient protein remains extracted from a 43 000 year old woolly mammoth ( Mammuthus primigenius ) bone preserved in the Siberian permafrost. For the first time, 126 unique protein accessions, mostly low-abundance extracellular matrix and plasma proteins, were confidently identified by solid molecular evidence. Among the best characterized was the carrier protein serum albumin, presenting two single amino acid substitutions compared to extant African ( Loxodonta africana ) and Indian ( Elephas maximus ) elephants. Strong evidence was observed of amino acid modifications due to post-mortem hydrolytic and oxidative damage. A consistent subset of this permafrost bone proteome was also identified in more recent Columbian mammoth ( Mammuthus columbi ) samples from temperate latitudes, extending the potential of the approach described beyond subpolar environments. Mass spectrometry-based ancient protein sequencing offers new perspectives for future molecular phylogenetic inference and physiological studies on samples not amenable to ancient DNA investigation. This approach therefore represents a further step into the ongoing integration of different high-throughput technologies for identification of ancient biomolecules, unleashing the field of paleoproteomics. [less ▲]

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