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See detailThe control-ownership wedge and the survival of French IPOs
Derouiche, Imen UL; Narjess, Toumi; Syrine, Sassi

in Journal of Applied Accounting Research (2017)

Purpose – This paper investigates the effect of the control–ownership wedge of controlling shareholders (excess control) on the survival of French initial public offerings (IPOs). Design/methodology ... [more ▼]

Purpose – This paper investigates the effect of the control–ownership wedge of controlling shareholders (excess control) on the survival of French initial public offerings (IPOs). Design/methodology/approach − This paper studies a large sample of 434 French IPOs. The empirical analysis uses the Cox proportional hazard and accelerated failure time models. Data are manually gathered from IPO prospectuses. Findings – The findings support a positive relation between the control–ownership wedge and IPO survival time, indicating that survival is more likely in firms with high excess control levels. This result is consistent with the view that controlling shareholders with a large control–ownership wedge have incentives to preserve their private benefits of control by increasing firm survival chances. The findings also show that older IPOs are more likely to survive, while riskier and underpriced IPOs are more likely to delist. Practical implications – The results provide a better understanding of the role of excess control in IPO survival. They also enrich the debate on the efficiency of the one-share-one-vote rule. Originality/value – The research provides new insights into the role of agency conflicts in IPO survivability. In particular, it explores the effect of dominant shareholders with a control–ownership wedge on survival time. [less ▲]

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