References of "International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnu mouse mutagenesis: generation of mouse mutants with aberrant plasma IgE levels.
Alessandrini, F.; Jakob, T.; Wolf, A. et al

in International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology (2001), 124(1-3), 25-8

BACKGROUND: The ENU Mouse Mutagenesis Project aims at a large-scale, systematic production of mouse mutants using the alkylating agent ethyl-nitrosourea (ENU). Offspring of mutagenized mice are subjected ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The ENU Mouse Mutagenesis Project aims at a large-scale, systematic production of mouse mutants using the alkylating agent ethyl-nitrosourea (ENU). Offspring of mutagenized mice are subjected to a multiparameter screen to detect alterations in various phenotypes with the ultimate goal of identifying novel genes relevant for the expression of the phenotype. Using this approach, we have analyzed plasma IgE concentrations to identify mouse mutants with aberrant plasma IgE levels. METHODS AND RESULTS: ENU-mutagenized male C3HeB/FeJ were mated to wild-type females to produce F1 offspring. F1 animals were analyzed for alterations in their plasma IgE concentrations that showed a dominant mode of inheritance, or bred further to screen for recessive phenotypes. Plasma IgE concentrations were determined by ELISA and a normal range for plasma IgE was established using C3HeB/FeJ wild-type animals. So far we have tested 6568 F1 animals. Repeated testing confirmed a stable aberrant IgE phenotype in 124 animals. To confirm the genetic basis of the observed phenotype, these mice were subjected to confirmation crossing. Currently we have established 9 independent mutant mouse lines (3 with high plasma IgE and 6 with plasma IgE below detection limit) that have been genetically confirmed and additional 24 variant mouse lines are currently undergoing confirmation testing. CONCLUSION: ENU mouse mutagenesis allowed us to generate and identify mouse mutants with aberrant plasma IgE levels, which may be used to characterize novel genes involved in IgE regulation and may serve as animal models for IgE-mediated diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNedocromil sodium inhibits IgE- and IgG-related antigen-induced contraction in guinea-pig trachea
Bertrand, C.; Tschirhart, Eric UL; Landry, Y.

in International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology (1989), 88(4), 439-46

The effects of nedrocromil sodium and disodium cromoglycate were studied on the anaphylactic contraction of guinea-pig trachea in two models of active sensitization (IgE and IgG models). The influence of ... [more ▼]

The effects of nedrocromil sodium and disodium cromoglycate were studied on the anaphylactic contraction of guinea-pig trachea in two models of active sensitization (IgE and IgG models). The influence of epithelial removal on the effects of nedocromil sodium and disodium cromoglycate was examined because several studies have shown that the epithelial layer can modulate agonist- or antigen-induced contractile responses. Disodium cromoglycate (10(-4) M) and nedocromil sodium (10(-4) M) provided significant protection against antigen-induced contractions of guinea-pig tracheal smooth muscle in the IgG model. But only nedocromil sodium had an effect at this concentration in the IgG model and was also effective at 10(-5) M in the epithelium-denuded tracheal strips. At this concentration, disodium cromoglycate lost its protective effect. Comparison with the results obtained with FPL-55712, AA-861 and mepyramine suggested that these drugs affect histamine and particularly leukotriene synthesis and/or release by mast cells or other immunocompetent cells. These findings indicate that nedocromil sodium inhibits the IgE- and IgG-related antigen-induced contraction in guinea-pig airways, whereas disodium cromoglycate inhibits only the IgG-related processes. This study supports the hypothesis that these drugs modulate antigen-induced mediator synthesis and/or release from immunocompetent cells. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 168 (2 UL)