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See detailMobility-Driven and Energy-Efficient Deployment of Edge Data Centers in Urban Environments
Vitello, Piergiorgio UL; Capponi, Andrea UL; Fiandrino, Claudio UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing (2021)

Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) brings storage and computational capabilities at the edge of the network into so-called Edge Data Centers (EDCs) to better support low-latency applications. In this paper ... [more ▼]

Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) brings storage and computational capabilities at the edge of the network into so-called Edge Data Centers (EDCs) to better support low-latency applications. In this paper, we tackle the problem of EDC deployment in urban environments. Previous research on mobile phone data has exposed a strong correlation between the demand for mobile communications and the urban tissue. For example, joint analysis of mobile data and vehicle traffic can be extrapolated to estimate demand for transportation and human activities, thereby inferring the land use of the area where such activities take place. Our work takes into account the mobility of citizens and their spatial patterns to estimate the optimal placement of MEC EDCs in urban environments, in order to minimize outages while guaranteeing energy-efficiency. This is achieved by modeling both the energy consumption attributed to network components (e.g., base stations) and computing components (e.g., servers). We propose and compare three heuristics and show that mobility-aware deployments achieve superior performance. The results are obtained with a custom-designed simulator able to operate over large-scale realistic urban environments. [less ▲]

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See detailA Cost-Effective Distributed Framework for Data Collection in Cloud-based Mobile Crowd Sensing Architectures
Capponi, Andrea UL; Fiandrino, Claudio UL; Kliazovich, Dzmitry UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing (2017)

Mobile crowd sensing received significant attention in the recent years and has become a popular paradigm for sensing. It operates relying on the rich set of built-in sensors equipped in mobile devices ... [more ▼]

Mobile crowd sensing received significant attention in the recent years and has become a popular paradigm for sensing. It operates relying on the rich set of built-in sensors equipped in mobile devices, such as smartphones, tablets and wearable devices. To be effective, mobile crowd sensing systems require a large number of users to contribute data. While several studies focus on developing efficient incentive mechanisms to foster user participation, data collection policies still require investigation. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed and sustainable framework for gathering information in cloud-based mobile crowd sensing systems with opportunistic reporting. The proposed framework minimizes cost of both sensing and reporting, while maximizing the utility of data collection and, as a result, the quality of contributed information. Analytical and simulation results provide performance evaluation for the proposed framework by providing a fine-grained analysis of the energy consumed. The simulations, performed in a real urban environment and with a large number of participants, aim at verifying the performance and scalability of the proposed approach on a large scale under different user arrival patterns. [less ▲]

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