References of "IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnergy-Efficient Backscatter Aided Uplink NOMA Roadside Sensor Communications under Channel Estimation Errors
Ihsan, Asim; Chen, Wen; Khan, Wali Ullah UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2023)

This work presents non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) enabled energy-efficient alternating optimization framework for backscatter aided wireless powered uplink sensors communications for beyond 5G ... [more ▼]

This work presents non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) enabled energy-efficient alternating optimization framework for backscatter aided wireless powered uplink sensors communications for beyond 5G intelligent transportation system (ITS). Specifically, the transmit power of carrier emitter (CE) and reflection coefficients of backscatter aided roadside sensors are optimized with channel uncertainties for the maximization of the energy efficiency (EE) of the network. The formulated problem is tackled by the proposed two-stage alternating optimization algorithm named AOBWS (alternating optimization for backscatter aided wireless powered sensors). In the first stage, AOBWS employs an iterative algorithm to obtain optimal CE transmit power through simplified closed-form computed through Cardano’s formulae. In the second stage, AOBWS uses a noniterative algorithm that provides a closed-form expression for the computation of optimal reflection coefficient for roadside sensors under their quality of service (QoS) and a circuit power constraint. The global optimal exhaustive search (ES) algorithm is used as a benchmark. Simulation results demonstrate that the AOBWS algorithm can achieve near-optimal performance with very low complexity, which makes it suitable for practical implementations. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNOMA-Enabled Optimization Framework for Next-Generation Small-Cell IoV Networks Under Imperfect SIC Decoding
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Li, Xingwang; Ihsan, Asim et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2022)

To meet the demands of massive connections, diverse quality of services (QoS), ultra-reliable and low latency in the future sixth-generation (6G) Internet-of-vehicle (IoV) communications, we propose non ... [more ▼]

To meet the demands of massive connections, diverse quality of services (QoS), ultra-reliable and low latency in the future sixth-generation (6G) Internet-of-vehicle (IoV) communications, we propose non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-enabled small-cell IoV network (SVNet). We aim to investigate the trade-off between system capacity and energy efficiency through a joint power optimization framework. In particular, we formulate a nonlinear multi-objective optimization problem under imperfect successive interference cancellation (SIC) detecting. Thus, the objective is to simultaneously maximize the sum-capacity and minimize the total transmit power of NOMA-enabled SVNet subject to individual IoV QoS, maximum transmit power and efficient signal detecting. To solve the nonlinear problem, we first exploit a weighted-sum method to handle the multi-objective optimization and then adopt a new iterative Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP)-based approach to obtain the optimal solution. The proposed optimization framework is compared with Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT)-based NOMA framework, average power NOMA framework, and conventional OMA framework. Monte Carlo simulation results unveil the validness of our derivations. The presented results also show the superiority of the proposed optimization framework over other benchmark frameworks in terms of system sum-capacity and total energy efficiency. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLearning-Based Resource Allocation for Backscatter-Aided Vehicular Networks
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Nguyen, Tu N.; Jameel, Furqan et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2022)

Heterogeneous backscatter networks are emerging as a promising solution to address the proliferating coverage and capacity demands of next-generation vehicular networks. However, despite its rapid ... [more ▼]

Heterogeneous backscatter networks are emerging as a promising solution to address the proliferating coverage and capacity demands of next-generation vehicular networks. However, despite its rapid evolution and significance, the optimization aspect of such networks has been overlooked due to their complexity and scale. Motivated by this discrepancy in the literature, this work sheds light on a novel learning-based optimization framework for heterogeneous backscatter vehicular networks. More specifically, the article presents a resource allocation and user association scheme for large-scale heterogeneous backscatter vehicular networks by considering a collaboration centric spectrum sharing mechanism. In the considered network setup, multiple network service providers (NSPs) own the resources to serve several legacy and backscatter vehicular users in the network. For each NSP, the legacy vehicle user operates under the macro cell, whereas, the backscatter vehicle user operates under small private cells using leased spectrum resources. A joint power allocation, user association, and spectrum sharing problem has been formulated with an objective to maximize the utility of NSPs. In order to overcome challenges of high dimensionality and non-convexity, the problem is divided into two subproblems. Subsequently, a reinforcement learning and a supervised deep learning approach have been used to solve both subproblems in an efficient and effective manner. To evaluate the benefits of the proposed scheme, extensive simulation studies are conducted and a comparison is provided with benchmark techniques. The performance evaluation demonstrates the utility of the presented system architecture and learning-based optimization framework. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnergy Efficiency Optimization for Backscatter Enhanced NOMA Cooperative V2X Communications under Imperfect CSI
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Jamshed, Muhammad Ali; Lagunas, Eva UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2022)

Automotive-Industry 5.0 will use beyond fifth-generation (B5G) technologies to provide robust, computationally intelligent, and energy-efficient data sharing among various onboard sensors, vehicles, and ... [more ▼]

Automotive-Industry 5.0 will use beyond fifth-generation (B5G) technologies to provide robust, computationally intelligent, and energy-efficient data sharing among various onboard sensors, vehicles, and other devices. Recently, ambient backscatter communications (AmBC) have gained significant interest in the research community for providing battery-free communications. AmBC can modulate useful data and reflect it towards near devices using the energy and frequency of existing RF signals. However, obtaining channel state information (CSI) for AmBC systems would be very challenging due to no pilot sequences and limited power. As one of the latest members of multiple access technology, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has emerged as a promising solution for connecting large-scale devices over the same spectral resources in B5G wireless networks. Under imperfect CSI, this paper provides a new optimization framework for energy-efficient transmission in AmBC enhanced NOMA cooperative vehicle-to-everything (V2X) networks. We simultaneously minimize the total transmit power of the V2X network by optimizing the power allocation at BS and reflection coefficient at backscatter sensors while guaranteeing the individual quality of services. The problem of total power minimization is formulated as non-convex optimization and coupled on multiple variables, making it complex and challenging. Therefore, we first decouple the original problem into two sub-problems and convert the nonlinear rate constraints into linear constraints. Then, we adopt the iterative sub-gradient method to obtain an efficient solution. For comparison, we also present a conventional NOMA cooperative V2X network without AmBC. Simulation results show the benefits of our proposed AmBC enhanced NOMA cooperative V2X network in terms of total achievable energy efficiency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLSTM-Based Distributed Conditional Generative Adversarial Network for Data-Driven 5G-Enabled Maritime UAV Communications
Rasheed, Iftikhar; Asif, Muhammad; Ihsan, Asim et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2022)

5G enabled maritime unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communication is one of the important applications of 5G wireless network which requires minimum latency and higher reliability to support mission ... [more ▼]

5G enabled maritime unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communication is one of the important applications of 5G wireless network which requires minimum latency and higher reliability to support mission-critical applications. Therefore, lossless reliable communication with a high data rate is the key requirement in modern wireless communication systems. These all factors highly depend upon channel conditions. In this work, a channel model is proposed for air-to-surface link exploiting millimeter wave (mmWave) for 5G enabled maritime unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communication. Firstly, we will present the formulated channel estimation method which directly aims to adopt channel state information (CSI) of mmWave from the channel model inculcated by UAV operating within the Long Short Term Memory (LSTM)-Distributed Conditional generative adversarial network (DCGAN) i.e. (LSTM-DCGAN) for each beamforming direction. Secondly, to enhance the applications for the proposed trained channel model for the spatial domain, we have designed an LSTM-DCGAN based UAV network, where each one will learn mmWave CSI for all the distributions. Lastly, we have categorized the most favorable LSTM-DCGAN training method and emanated certain conditions for our UAV network to increase the channel model learning rate. Simulation results have shown that the proposed LSTM-DCGAN based network is vigorous to the error generated through local training. A detailed comparison has been done with the other available state-of-the-art CGAN network architectures i.e. stand-alone CGAN (without CSI sharing), Simple CGAN (with CSI sharing), multi-discriminator CGAN, federated learning CGAN and DCGAN. Simulation results have shown that the proposed LSTM-DCGAN structure demonstrates higher accuracy during the learning process and attained more data rate for downlink transmission as compared to the previous state of artworks. [less ▲]

Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnalysis of Cooperative Bus Priority at Traffic Signals
Seredynski, Marcin; Laskaris, Georgios UL; Viti, Francesco UL

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2020), 21(5), 1929-1940

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGuest Editorial Introduction of the Special Issue on Management of Future Motorway and Urban Traffic Systems
Ciuffo, Biagio; Roncoli, Claudio; Viti, Francesco UL

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2020), 21(4), 1631-1634

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEnhancing Bus Holding Control Using Cooperative ITS
Laskaris, Georgios; Seredynski, Marcin; Viti, Francesco UL

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2020), 21(4), 1767-1778

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow Road and Mobile Networks Correlate: Estimating Urban Traffic Using Handovers
Derrmann, Thierry; Frank, Raphaël UL; Viti, Francesco UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2019)

We propose a novel way of linking mobile network signaling data to the state of the underlying urban road network. We show how a predictive model of traffic flows can be created from mobile network ... [more ▼]

We propose a novel way of linking mobile network signaling data to the state of the underlying urban road network. We show how a predictive model of traffic flows can be created from mobile network signaling data. To achieve this, we estimate the vehicular density inside specific areas using a polynomial function of the inner and exiting mobile phone handovers performed by the base stations covering those areas. We can then use the aggregated handovers as flow proxies alongside the density proxy to directly estimate an average velocity within an area. We evaluate the model in a simulation study of Luxembourg city and generalize our findings using a real-world data set extracted from the LTE network of a Luxembourg operator. By predicting the real traffic states as measured through floating car data, we achieve a mean absolute percentage error of 11.12%. Furthermore, in our study case, the approximations of the network macroscopic fundamental diagrams (MFD) of road network partitions can be generated. The analyzed data exhibit low variance with respect to a quadratic concave flow-density function, which is inline with the previous theoretical results on MFDs and are similar when estimated from simulation and real data. These results indicate that mobile signaling data can potentially be used to approximate MFDs of the underlying road network and contribute to better estimate road traffic states in urban congested networks. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 233 (16 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSmartphone-based Adaptive Driving Maneuver Detection: A large-scale Evaluation Study
Castignani, German UL; Derrmann, Thierry UL; Frank, Raphaël UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems (2017)

The proliferation of connected mobile devices together with advances in their sensing capacity has enabled a new distributed telematics platform. In particular, smartphones can be used as driving sensors ... [more ▼]

The proliferation of connected mobile devices together with advances in their sensing capacity has enabled a new distributed telematics platform. In particular, smartphones can be used as driving sensors to identify individual driver behavior and risky maneuvers. However, in order to estimate driver behavior with smartphones, the system must deal with different vehicle characteristics. This is the main limitation of existing sensing platforms, which are principally based on fixed thresholds for different sensing parameters. In this paper, we propose an adaptive driving maneuver detection mechanism that iteratively builds a statistical model of the driver, vehicle, and smartphone combination using a multivariate normal model. By means of experimentation over a test track and public roads, we first explore the capacity of different sensor input combinations to detect risky driving maneuvers, and we propose a training mechanism that adapts the profiling model to the vehicle, driver, and road topology. A large-scale evaluation study is conducted, showing that the model for maneuver detection and scoring is able to adapt to different drivers, vehicles, and road conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 346 (9 UL)