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See detailAmazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) versus In-House HPC Platform: A Cost Analysis
Emeras, Joseph; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Plugaru, Valentin UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing (2019), 7(2), 456-468

Abstract—While High Performance Computing (HPC) centers continuously evolve to provide more computing power to their users, we observe a wish for the convergence between Cloud Computing (CC) and High ... [more ▼]

Abstract—While High Performance Computing (HPC) centers continuously evolve to provide more computing power to their users, we observe a wish for the convergence between Cloud Computing (CC) and High Performance Computing (HPC) platforms, with the commercial hope to see Cloud Computing (CC) infrastructures to eventually replace in-house facilities. If we exclude the performance point of view where many previous studies highlight a non-negligible overhead induced by the virtualization layer at the heart of every Cloud middleware when running a HPC workload, the question of the real cost-effectiveness is often left aside with the intuition that, most probably, the instances offered by the Cloud providers are competitive from a cost point of view. In this article, we wanted to assert (or infirm) this intuition by analyzing what composes the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of an in-house HPC facility operated internally since 2007. This Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) model is then used to compare with the induced cost that would have been required to run the same platform (and the same workload) over a competitive Cloud IaaS offer. Our approach to address this price comparison is three-fold. First we propose a theoretical price-performance model based on the study of the actual Cloud instances proposed by one of the major Cloud IaaS actors: Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2). Then, based on the HPC facility TCO analysis we propose a hourly price comparison between our in-house cluster and the equivalent EC2 instances. Finally, based on the experimental benchmarking on the local cluster and on the Cloud instances we propose an update of the former theoretical price model to reflect the real system performance. The results obtained advocate in general for the acquisition of an in-house HPC facility, which balances the common intuition in favor of Cloud Computing platforms, would they be provided by the reference Cloud provider worldwide. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance and Energy Efficiency Metrics for Communication Systems of Cloud Computing Data Centers
Fiandrino, Claudio UL; Kliazovich, Dzmitry UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing (2015)

Cloud computing has become a de facto approach for service provisioning over the Internet. It operates relying on a pool of shared computing resources available on demand and usually hosted in data ... [more ▼]

Cloud computing has become a de facto approach for service provisioning over the Internet. It operates relying on a pool of shared computing resources available on demand and usually hosted in data centers. Assessing performance and energy efficiency of data centers becomes fundamental. Industries use a number of metrics to assess efficiency and energy consumption of cloud computing systems, focusing mainly on the efficiency of IT equipment, cooling and power distribution systems. However, none of the existing metrics is precise enough to distinguish and analyze the performance of data center communication systems from IT equipment. This paper proposes a framework of new metrics able to assess performance and energy efficiency of cloud computing communication systems, processes and protocols. The proposed metrics have been evaluated for the most common data center architectures including fat tree three-tier, BCube, DCell and Hypercube. [less ▲]

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