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DoA Estimation Using Low-Resolution Multi-BitSparse Array Measurements Sedighi, Saeid ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2021) This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit ... [more ▼] This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit quantization case, the well known arcsine law cannot be employed to estimate the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data. Instead, we develop a novel optimization-based framework for retrieving the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data from low-resolution few-bit measurements. The MUSIC algorithm is then applied to an augmented version of the recovered covariance matrix to find the source DoAs. The simulation results show that increasing the sampling resolution to $2$ or $4$ bits per samples could significantly increase the DoA estimation performance compared to the one-bit sampling regime while the power consumption and implementation costs is still much lower in comparison to the high-resolution sampling implementations. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 82 (3 UL)Fast Adaptive Reparametrization (FAR) with Application to Human Action Recognition Ghorbel, Enjie ; Demisse, Girum ; Aouada, Djamila et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2020) In this paper, a fast approach for curve reparametrization, called Fast Adaptive Reparamterization (FAR), is introduced. Instead of computing an optimal matching between two curves such as Dynamic Time ... [more ▼] In this paper, a fast approach for curve reparametrization, called Fast Adaptive Reparamterization (FAR), is introduced. Instead of computing an optimal matching between two curves such as Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) and elastic distance-based approaches, our method is applied to each curve independently, leading to linear computational complexity. It is based on a simple replacement of the curve parameter by a variable invariant under specific variations of reparametrization. The choice of this variable is heuristically made according to the application of interest. In addition to being fast, the proposed reparametrization can be applied not only to curves observed in Euclidean spaces but also to feature curves living in Riemannian spaces. To validate our approach, we apply it to the scenario of human action recognition using curves living in the Riemannian product Special Euclidean space SE(3) n. The obtained results on three benchmarks for human action recognition (MSRAction3D, Florence3D, and UTKinect) show that our approach competes with state-of-the-art methods in terms of accuracy and computational cost. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 283 (9 UL)Optimal fractional linear prediction with restricted memory ; Despotovic, Vladimir ; in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2019), 26(5), 760-764 Linear prediction is extensively used in modeling, compression, coding, and generation of speech signal. Various formulations of linear prediction are available, both in time and frequency domain, which ... [more ▼] Linear prediction is extensively used in modeling, compression, coding, and generation of speech signal. Various formulations of linear prediction are available, both in time and frequency domain, which start from different assumptions but result in the same solution. In this letter, we propose a novel, generalized formulation of the optimal low-order linear prediction using the fractional (non-integer) derivatives. The proposed fractional derivative formulation allows for the definition of predictor with versatile behavior based on the order of fractional derivative. We derive the closed-form expressions of the optimal fractional linear predictor with restricted memory, and prove that the optimal first-order and the optimal second-order linear predictors are only its special cases. Furthermore, we empirically prove that the optimal order of fractional derivative can be approximated by the inverse of the predictor memory, and thus, it is a priori known. Therefore, the complexity is reduced by optimizing and transferring only one predictor coefficient, i.e., one parameter less in comparison to the second-order linear predictor, at the same level of performance. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 82 (7 UL)Power Minimizer Symbol-Level Precoding: A Closed-Form Sub-Optimal Solution Haqiqatnejad, Alireza ; Kayhan, Farbod ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018), 25(11), 1730-1734 In this letter, we study the optimal solution of multiuser symbol-level precoding (SLP) for minimization of the total transmit power under given signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints ... [more ▼] In this letter, we study the optimal solution of multiuser symbol-level precoding (SLP) for minimization of the total transmit power under given signal-to-interference-plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints. Adopting the distance preserving constructive interference regions (DPCIR), we first derive a simplified reformulation of the problem. Then, we analyze the structure of the optimal solution using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) optimality conditions. This leads us to obtain a closed-form sub-optimal SLP solution (CF-SLP) for the original problem. Meanwhile, we obtain the necessary and sufficient condition under which the power minimizer SLP is equivalent to the conventional zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF). Simulation results show that CF-SLP provides significant gains over ZFBF, while performing quite close to the optimal SLP in scenarios with rather small number of users. The results further indicate that the CF-SLP method has a reduction of order 1000 in computational time compared to the optimal solution. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 194 (37 UL)Constructive Interference for Generic Constellations Haqiqatnejad, Alireza ; Kayhan, Farbod ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018), 25(4), 586-590 In this letter, we investigate optimal and relaxed constructive interference regions (CIR) for the symbol-level precoding (SLP) problem in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO ... [more ▼] In this letter, we investigate optimal and relaxed constructive interference regions (CIR) for the symbol-level precoding (SLP) problem in the downlink of a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel.We define two types of CIRs, namely, distance preserving CIR (DPCIR) and union bound CIR (UBCIR) for any given constellation shape and size. We then provide a systematic way to describe these regions as convex sets. Using the definitions of DPCIR and UBCIR, we show that the SLP power minimization problem, minimizing either sum or peak (per-antenna) transmit power, can always be formulated as a convex optimization problem. Our results indicate that these regions allow further reduction of the transmit power compared to the current state of the art without increasing the computational complexity at the transmitter or receiver. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 277 (43 UL)Beamforming for Secure Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Terrestrial Networks Coexisting With Satellite Networks ; ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018) Detailed reference viewed: 133 (3 UL)An efficient algorithm for unit-modulus quadratic programs with application in beamforming for wireless sensor networks Tsinos, Christos ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018) Detailed reference viewed: 175 (10 UL)Beamforming for Secure Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Terrestrial Networks Coexisting With Satellite Networks ; ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2018) Detailed reference viewed: 101 (2 UL)Performance Analysis of Network Coded Cooperation with Channel Coding and Adaptive DF-Based Relaying in Rayleigh Fading Channels Vu, Thang Xuan ; ; in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2015), 22(9), 1354-1358 Detailed reference viewed: 122 (10 UL)Convergence of the Huber Regression M-Estimate in the Presence of Dense Outliers ; ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2014), 21(11), 1211-1214 We consider the problem of estimating a deterministic unknown vector which depends linearly on noisy measurements, additionally contaminated with (possibly unbounded) additive outliers. The measurement ... [more ▼] We consider the problem of estimating a deterministic unknown vector which depends linearly on noisy measurements, additionally contaminated with (possibly unbounded) additive outliers. The measurement matrix of the model (i.e., the matrix involved in the linear transformation of the sought vector) is assumed known, and comprised of standard Gaussian i.i.d. entries. The outlier variables are assumed independent of the measurement matrix, deterministic or random with possibly unknown distribution. Under these assumptions we provide a simple proof that the minimizer of the Huber penalty function of the residuals converges to the true parameter vector with a root n-rate, even when outliers are dense, in the sense that there is a constant linear fraction of contaminated measurements which can be arbitrarily close to one. The constants influencing the rate of convergence are shown to explicitly depend on the outlier contamination level. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 173 (0 UL)Diversity fairness in tomlinson-harashima precoded multiuser MIMO through retransmission Krikidis, Ioannis ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 20(4), 375-378 In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single ... [more ▼] In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single-retransmission scheme that combines two THP signals at each user with a complementary multi-user suppression order is investigated. For a system with $M$ antennas at the transmitter and a single antenna at each user, the proposed scheme provides a diversity order $M+1$ for all users and ensures diversity fairness. We study two retransmission policies, where the users either consider only the current received codeword or combine both codewords for decoding. An asymptotic analysis of the outage probability for both THP retransmission schemes is provided. In addition, a power allocation policy that minimizes the outage probability and accommodates the same coding gain at each user is discussed by formulating a geometric optimization problem. © 1994-2012 IEEE. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 168 (1 UL)Secrecy sum-rate for orthogonal random beamforming with opportunistic scheduling ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 2(20), 141-144 In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques ... [more ▼] In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques that ensure confidentiality by exploiting multi-user diversity are investigated; the first technique (optimal) requires limited feedback of the effective signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) from all the users and the eavesdroppers while the second technique (suboptimal) incorporates SIR knowledge from only the legitimate users. By using extreme value theory, we derive the achievable SIR-based secrecy sum-rate and the associated scaling laws for both scheduling techniques. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 166 (0 UL)Collaborative-Relay Beamforming with Perfect CSI: Optimum and Distributed Implementation Zheng, Gan ; ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2009), 16(4), 257260 This letter studies the collaborative use of amplify-and-forward (AF) relays to form a virtual multiple-input single-output (MISO) beamforming system with the aid of perfect channel state information (CSI ... [more ▼] This letter studies the collaborative use of amplify-and-forward (AF) relays to form a virtual multiple-input single-output (MISO) beamforming system with the aid of perfect channel state information (CSI) in a flat-fading channel. In particular, we optimize the relay weights jointly to maximize the received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the destination terminal with both individual and total power constraints at the relays. We show that the optimal collaborative-relay beamforming (CRB) solution achieves the full diversity of a MISO antenna system. Another main contribution of this letter is a distributed algorithm that allows each individual relay to learn its own weight, based on the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) analysis. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 173 (0 UL)Reduced Complexity Equalization schemes for Zero Padded OFDM Systems Shankar, Bhavani ; in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2004), 11(9), 752-755 Three reduced complexity equalization schemes for Zero-padded OFDM systems are described. These schemes guarantee Zero-Forcing (ZF) equalization irrespective of the channel s. Two of these schemes ... [more ▼] Three reduced complexity equalization schemes for Zero-padded OFDM systems are described. These schemes guarantee Zero-Forcing (ZF) equalization irrespective of the channel s. Two of these schemes implement the minimum-norm ZF equalizer efficiently using QR decomposition. In the third scheme, the channel zeros are grouped as being inside or outside or on the unit circle. These groups are then equalized sequentially in a manner so as to tackle excess noise amplification. The three schemes are compared for their computational complexity and Bit Error Rate (BER) performance. It is shown that the attractive scheme depends on the system specifications. The BERComputations trade off occurring in the choice of the right algorithm is also highlighted. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 209 (0 UL)Robust Blind Second-Order Deconvolution ; ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (1999), 6 Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 UL) |
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