References of "Free radical biology & medicine"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAntioxidant cytoprotection by peroxisomal peroxiredoxin-5.
Walbrecq, Geoffroy UL; Wang, Bo; Becker, Sarah et al

in Free radical biology & medicine (2015), 84

Peroxiredoxin-5 (PRDX5) is a thioredoxin peroxidase that reduces hydrogen peroxide, alkyl hydroperoxides, and peroxynitrite. This enzyme is present in the cytosol, mitochondria, peroxisomes, and nucleus ... [more ▼]

Peroxiredoxin-5 (PRDX5) is a thioredoxin peroxidase that reduces hydrogen peroxide, alkyl hydroperoxides, and peroxynitrite. This enzyme is present in the cytosol, mitochondria, peroxisomes, and nucleus in human cells. Antioxidant cytoprotective functions have been previously documented for cytosolic, mitochondrial, and nuclear mammalian PRDX5. However, the exact function of PRDX5 in peroxisomes is still not clear. The aim of this work was to determine the function of peroxisomal PRDX5 in mammalian cells and, more specifically, in glial cells. To study the role of PRDX5 in peroxisomes, the endogenous expression of PRDX5 in murine oligodendrocyte 158N cells was silenced by RNA interference. In addition, human PRDX5 was also overexpressed in peroxisomes using a vector coding for human PRDX5, whose unconventional peroxisomal targeting sequence 1 (PTS1; SQL) was replaced by the prototypical PTS1 SKL. Stable 158N clones were obtained. The antioxidant cytoprotective function of peroxisomal PRDX5 against peroxisomal and mitochondrial KillerRed-mediated reactive oxygen species production as well as H2O2 was examined using MTT viability assays, roGFP2, and C11-BOBIPY probes. Altogether our results show that peroxisomal PRDX5 protects 158N oligodendrocytes against peroxisomal and mitochondrial KillerRed- and H2O2-induced oxidative stress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNectarine promotes longevity in Drosophila melanogaster.
Boyd, Olga UL; Weng, Peter; Sun, Xiaoping et al

in Free radical biology & medicine (2011), 50(11), 1669-78

Fruits containing high antioxidant capacities and other bioactivities are ideal for promoting longevity and health span. However, few fruits are known to improve the survival and health span in animals ... [more ▼]

Fruits containing high antioxidant capacities and other bioactivities are ideal for promoting longevity and health span. However, few fruits are known to improve the survival and health span in animals, let alone the underlying mechanisms. Here we investigate the effects of nectarine, a globally consumed fruit, on life span and health span in Drosophila melanogaster. Wild-type flies were fed standard, dietary restriction (DR), or high-fat diet supplemented with 0-4% nectarine extract. We measured life span, food intake, locomotor activity, fecundity, gene expression changes, and oxidative damage indicated by the level of 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adduct in these flies. We also measured life span, locomotor activity, and oxidative damage in sod1 mutant flies on the standard diet supplemented with 0-4% nectarine. Supplementation with 4% nectarine extended life span, increased fecundity, and decreased expression of some metabolic genes, including a key gluconeogenesis gene, PEPCK, and oxidative stress-response genes, including peroxiredoxins, in female wild-type flies fed the standard, DR, or high-fat diet. Nectarine reduced oxidative damage in wild-type females fed the high-fat diet. Moreover, nectarine improved the survival of and reduced oxidative damage in female sod1 mutant flies. Together, these findings suggest that nectarine promotes longevity and health span partly by modulating glucose metabolism and reducing oxidative damage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (1 UL)