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See detailRural Return Migration: Comparative Analysis between Ireland and Lithuania
Farrell, Maura; Kairyte, Emilija; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

in Central and Eastern European Migration Review (2014)

Globalisation is a ubiquitous influence in rural Europe, offering both opportunities and challenges. The liberalisation of travel restrictions, in addition to the growth and development of transport and ... [more ▼]

Globalisation is a ubiquitous influence in rural Europe, offering both opportunities and challenges. The liberalisation of travel restrictions, in addition to the growth and development of transport and global communication networks, have contributed to international mobility that promotes patterns of migration, return migration and repeat emigration from/into rural regions. Return migration in particular, represents a stimulating field of research, which is as though provoking as it is diverse. In some regions, migrants return to their native country to play a pivotal role in the economic, social, and cultural vibrancy of a local rural community, while in others, migrants find themselves excluded and isolated. Investigating this diversity of experience, this paper presents analysis of findings from research carried out as part of the FP7 DERREG project. Thirty-six biographies of return migrants (from the West of Ireland and Alytus County, Lithuania) were generated; allowing an understanding of how various life trajectories develop; reasons behind decisions; feelings regarding relocation and reintegration and, experiences of returning to a rural location. Drawing on transnationalism and social network theory, this paper reveals the complexity of contemporary return migration experiences and the similarities and diversities that exist between Western and Eastern Europe. Key issues to emerge include the context dependency of return migrant behaviour and their further life choices, integration and, the shift in migrant value priority scale from economic to social values. [less ▲]

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