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See detailWhich Psychological Quality of Life must have the Newly-Registered Students from three European Universities to acquire Employability Skills?
Baumann, Michèle UL; Pelt, Véronique UL

in Psychology and Health (2010), suppl

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability ... [more ▼]

Modem universities are competitive environments that must enable students to meet occupational requirements. Our survey assesses the associations between psychological quality of life and employability skills and others associate factors among newly-registered students from social sciences faculties. 236 volunteers (85 Luxembourg, 82 Belgium, 69 Romania) completed an online questionnaire (participation, 66%). Employability skills (ES) were assessed using a scale covering communication, interpersonal relations, capacity for innovation; quality of life was measured using Whoqol-Bref domains concerning psychological, environment, and social relations. Female respondents were predominantly (90% Romanian, 75% Luxembourg, 67% Belgian students). Belgian students were the youngest (18.5 years, 19.1 Rom, 21.2 Lux); the Luxembourg students entered university one year later. ES score was higher among Luxembourg and Romania than Belgium students (77,8 vs 71,3 vs 68,2). Psychological Whoqol-bref score was highest among Luxembourg and Romania students, Belgian students had the lowest (74.6 vs 65.3 vs 64.0). It was correlated positively with social relations and environment Whoqol-bref domains, and with ES score for Luxembourg and Romanian, but negatively for Belgian students. Employability skills related to psychological health among students enrolled into vocational courses from Luxembourg and Romania faculties, but not their academically orientated Belgian counterparts. University is a natural setting to promote programmes geared to psychological counseling, improvement of the social environment, and assistance services for university work. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors associated with trafic accident.
Chau, N.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology and Health (2009)

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See detailWHOQoL Psychological and employability skills among students at the universities of Luxembourg and Liege (Belgium).
Pelt, Véronique UL; Guillaume, J. F.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology and Health (2009), 26

To analyse the relationships between a psychological quality of life and employability skills among first-year students of social sciences at the universities of Luxembourg and Belgium. Method. 84 ... [more ▼]

To analyse the relationships between a psychological quality of life and employability skills among first-year students of social sciences at the universities of Luxembourg and Belgium. Method. 84 students initially registered at bachelor professional (Faculty LSHASE), and 91 at bachelor academic (Institut SHS Liege) completed questionnaires. Results Scores for psychological WHOQoL (74.3 vs 63.9 Liege) and environmental WHOQoL (73.3 vs 68.4) were better among the Luxembourg students, as was the score for employability skills (73.0 vs 68.3) than ISHS Belgium. Psychological WHOQoL score was correlated with perceived health, scores for social relationships and environmental WHOQol domains, and employability skills score (with the exceptions of the father’s professional status in Luxembourg and students age in Belgium). Effect between psychological WHOQoL and employability skills was only observed among Luxembourg students. Conclusion Good mental health is a key factor of possession of employability skills in Luxembourg where students are older and their studies are professional dies. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial disparities and correlates of domestic accidents.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Ravaud, J. et al

in Psychology and Health (2009)

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health ... [more ▼]

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health, obesity, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, fatigue/sleep disorders, and physical, sensorial and cognitive disabilities. Methods: 6,198 people aged ≥15, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire including domestic accident(s) during the last two years. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Domestic accidents affected 3.1% of subjects. Manual workers and clerks had higher risks (age-gender adjusted OR 1.6, 95%CI 1.1-2.6 and 1.5, 1.0-2.4) compared with the other socioeconomic groups. These differences became non significant when controlling for all covariates of which those significant were: sex, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and fatigue/sleep disorders (adjusted odds ratios 1.48-1.88). Discussion: There are social disparities in domestic accidents, and they are confounded by sex, substance use, and fatigue/sleep disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen the reality of death strikes: Ways of dealing with existential fears in cancer patients.
Hoffmann, Martine UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Psychology and Health (2009), 24(1)

In the present study existential fears and concerns in cancer patients were explored with respect to coping behavior and measures of subjective well-being. Thereby, cancer-related existential fears were ... [more ▼]

In the present study existential fears and concerns in cancer patients were explored with respect to coping behavior and measures of subjective well-being. Thereby, cancer-related existential fears were assessed by means of a newly developed six-item scale. The study sample consisted of 126 patients undergoing ambulant treatment for different types of cancer. Data were collected at the University of Luxembourg, in cooperation with several medical centers and cancer foundations in Luxembourg, Germany and France. Results highlighted the importance of existential fears in cancer patients. Cluster analyses resulted in a two clustersolution, regrouping patients ‘‘high’’ and ‘‘low’’ levels of existential fears. Analyses of variance indicated that the cluster displaying high levels of existential fears showed significantly higher levels of ‘‘rumination’’ than the other cluster, associated with increased levels of ‘‘hopelessness’’ and lower ‘‘self-esteem’’. Results are discussed with respect to intervention programs focusing on the regulation of anxiety in cancer patients. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial inequalities and correlates of alcohol abuse among young adults.
Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology and Health (2008), 23(suppl. 1), 242

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people ... [more ▼]

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people aged 18-34, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Alcohol abuse was common: 18.7%. Compared with upper/intermediate professionals, significant OR adjusted for sex were found for manual workers (159, 95%CI 1.05-2.42) and employees (1.55, 1.02-2.37) but not for other professionals, students, housewives, and unemployed people. Adjusting for all confounders did not reduce the OR for manual workers (1.48) and employees (1.56). The significant confounders were: sex, living alone, poor health, hearing/cognitive disabilities, being not-sociable, aggressive, and low income (1.28≤OR≤4.25). Discussion: There are social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults, but they are slightly mediated by individual confounders. [less ▲]

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