References of "PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpiral growth and step edge barriers
Redinger, Alex UL; Ricken, Oliver; Kuhn, Philipp et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS (2008), 100(3),

The growth of spiral mounds containing a screw dislocation is compared to the growth of wedding cakes by two-dimensional nucleation. Using phase field simulations and homoepitaxial growth experiments on ... [more ▼]

The growth of spiral mounds containing a screw dislocation is compared to the growth of wedding cakes by two-dimensional nucleation. Using phase field simulations and homoepitaxial growth experiments on the Pt(111) surface we show that both structures attain the same large scale shape when a significant step-edge barrier suppresses interlayer transport. The higher vertical growth rate of the spiral mounds on Pt(111) reflects the different incorporation mechanisms for atoms in the top region and can be formally represented by an enhanced apparent step-edge barrier. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSuppression of Decoherence in Fast-Atom Diffraction at Surfaces
Aigner, F.; Simonovic, N.; Solleder, B. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2008), 101(25),

Scattering of fast neutral atoms with keV kinetic energies at alkali-halide surfaces under grazing angles displays intriguing diffraction patterns. The surprisingly strong persistence of quantum coherence ... [more ▼]

Scattering of fast neutral atoms with keV kinetic energies at alkali-halide surfaces under grazing angles displays intriguing diffraction patterns. The surprisingly strong persistence of quantum coherence despite the impulsive interaction with an environment at solid state density and elevated temperatures raises fundamental questions such as to the suppression of decoherence and of the quantum-to-classical crossover. We present an ab initio simulation of the quantum diffraction of fast helium beams at a LiF (100) surface in the < 110 > direction and compare with recent experimental diffraction data. From the quantitative reconstruction of diffraction images the vertical LiF-surface reconstruction, or buckling, can be determined. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElectron-electron correlation in graphite: A combined angle-resolved photoemission and first-principles study
Grueneis, A.; Attaccalite, C.; Pichler, T. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2008), 100(3), 037601

The full three-dimensional dispersion of the pi bands, Fermi velocities, and effective masses are measured with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and compared to first-principles calculations. The ... [more ▼]

The full three-dimensional dispersion of the pi bands, Fermi velocities, and effective masses are measured with angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and compared to first-principles calculations. The band structure by density-functional theory underestimates the slope of the bands and the trigonal warping effect. Including electron-electron correlation on the level of the GW approximation, however, yields remarkable improvement in the vicinity of the Fermi level. This demonstrates the breakdown of the independent electron picture in semimetallic graphite and points toward a pronounced role of electron correlation for the interpretation of transport experiments and double-resonant Raman scattering for a wide range of carbon based materials. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment on "Huge Excitonic Effects in Layered Hexagonal Boron Nitride"
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Marini, Andrea; Gruning, Myrta et al

in Physical Review Letters (2008), 100(18),

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVibrational properties of hexagonal boron nitride: Inelastic X-ray scattering and ab initio calculations
Serrano, J.; Bosak, A.; Arenal, R. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2007), 98(9), 095503

The phonon dispersion relations of bulk hexagonal boron nitride have been determined from inelastic x-ray scattering measurements and analyzed by ab initio calculations. Experimental data and calculations ... [more ▼]

The phonon dispersion relations of bulk hexagonal boron nitride have been determined from inelastic x-ray scattering measurements and analyzed by ab initio calculations. Experimental data and calculations show an outstanding agreement and reconcile the controversies raised by recent experimental data obtained by electron-energy loss spectroscopy and second-order Raman scattering. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDepletion-induced percolation in networks of nanorods
Schilling, Tanja UL; Jungblut, S.; Miller, M. A.

in Physical Review Letters (2007), 98(10),

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHanbury Brown--Twiss Correlations and Noise in the Charge Transfer Statistics through a Multiterminal Kondo Dot
Schmidt, Thomas UL; Komnik, A.; Gogolin, A. O.

in Physical Review Letters (2007), 98

We analyze the charge transfer statistics through a quantum dot in the Kondo regime, when coupled to an arbitrary number of terminals N. Special attention is paid to current cross correlations between ... [more ▼]

We analyze the charge transfer statistics through a quantum dot in the Kondo regime, when coupled to an arbitrary number of terminals N. Special attention is paid to current cross correlations between concurring transport channels, which show distinct Hanbury Brown?Twiss antibunching for N>2 reflecting the fermionic nature of charge carriers. While this effect weakens as one moves away from the Kondo fixed point, a new type of correlations between nonconcurring channels emerges which are due entirely to the virtual polarization of the Kondo singlet. As these are not obscured by the background from fixed-point correlations they provide a promising means for extracting information on the parameters of the underlying Fermi-liquid model from the experimental data. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExcitons in boron nitride nanotubes: Dimensionality effects
Wirtz, Ludger UL; Marini, A.; Rubio, A.

in Physical Review Letters (2006), 96(12), 126104

We show that the optical absorption spectra of boron nitride (BN) nanotubes are dominated by strongly bound excitons. Our first-principles calculations indicate that the binding energy for the first and ... [more ▼]

We show that the optical absorption spectra of boron nitride (BN) nanotubes are dominated by strongly bound excitons. Our first-principles calculations indicate that the binding energy for the first and dominant excitonic peak depends sensitively on the dimensionality of the system, varying from 0.7 eV in bulk hexagonal BN via 2.1 eV in the single sheet of BN to more than 3 eV in the hypothetical (2,2) tube. The strongly localized nature of this exciton dictates the fast convergence of its binding energy with increasing tube diameter towards the sheet value. The absolute position of the first excitonic peak is almost independent of the tube radius and system dimensionality. This provides an explanation for the observed "optical gap" constancy for different tubes and bulk hexagonal BN. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsotropic-nematic interface and wetting in suspensions of colloidal platelets
van der Beek, D.; Reich, H.; van der Schoot, Paul et al

in Physical Review Letters (2006), 111(27), 7825-7835

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPotential energy landscape of monolayer-surface systems governed by repulsive lateral interactions: The case of (3 x 3)-I-Pt(111)
Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Batina, Nikola; Galvan, Marcelo

in PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS (2006), 97(3),

Combined density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo (MC) approach is applied to study the potential energy landscape of four iodine atoms adsorbed on the Pt(111) surface in a (3x3) unit cell. Three ... [more ▼]

Combined density functional theory (DFT) and Monte Carlo (MC) approach is applied to study the potential energy landscape of four iodine atoms adsorbed on the Pt(111) surface in a (3x3) unit cell. Three critical points were identified: (3x3)-sym and (3x3)-asym, corresponding to structures well known from experimental studies, while the third one (3x3)-zigzag is a new structure not reported before. An interaction model fitted to DFT calculations allows us to explain the difference between arrangements of iodine monolayer in vacuum, air, and solution environments as a result of different repulsion regimes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 141 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Reply to the Comment by A. Rivera et al.
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Britz, Thomas; Baller, Jörg UL et al

in Physical Review Letters (2005), 94

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment on "thermal glass transition beyond the vogel-fulcher-tammann behavior for glass forming diglycidylether of bisphenol A".
Rivera, A.; Blochowicz, T.; Porokhonskyy, V. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2005), 94(12), 129603-129604

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-Poisoning of Crystal Nuclei in Hard-Rod Liquids
Schilling, Tanja UL; Frenkel, Daan

in Physical Review Letters (2004), 92(8),

We report a Monte Carlo study of the pathway for crystal nucleation in a fluid of hard, colloidal rods. In the earliest stages of nucleation, a lamellar crystallite forms. Subsequent thickening of this ... [more ▼]

We report a Monte Carlo study of the pathway for crystal nucleation in a fluid of hard, colloidal rods. In the earliest stages of nucleation, a lamellar crystallite forms. Subsequent thickening of this lamella is hampered by the fact that the top and bottom surfaces of this crystallite are preferentially covered by rods that align parallel to the surface. As a consequence, subsequent growth of individual crystals is stunted. Experimental evidence for such stunted crystal growth has recently been reported by Maeda and Maeda in experiments on suspensions of colloidal rods [Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 018303 (2003)]. The simulations suggest that, in experiments, the growth of multilayer colloidal crystals can be selectively enhanced by the application of an external aligning field. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRange of magnetic correlations in nanocrystalline soft magnets
Michels, Andreas UL; Viswanath, R. N.; Barker, J. G. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2003), 91

We have obtained the magnetic field dependence of static ferromagnetic correlations in nanocrystalline electrodeposited Co and Ni by means of the correlation function of the spin misalignment, determined ... [more ▼]

We have obtained the magnetic field dependence of static ferromagnetic correlations in nanocrystalline electrodeposited Co and Ni by means of the correlation function of the spin misalignment, determined from small-angle neutron scattering data. The approach yields a correlation length lC, which is a measure for the spatial extent of inhomogeneities in the magnetization distribution. The correlation length depends strongly on the applied magnetic field with values ranging from 94 nm in nanocrystalline Co at low fields to about 15 nm at saturation. The results for lC indicate that in Co the main source of nonuniformity in the spin system is the anisotropy field of each individual crystallite, whereas in nanocrystalline Ni the main sources of spin disorder originate from twin faults or from the defect cores of grain boundaries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 118 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThermal Glass Transition Beyond the Vogel-Fulcher-Tammann Behavior for Glass Forming Diglycidylether of Bisphenol A
Krüger, Jan-Kristian UL; Britz, Th; Baller, Jörg UL et al

in Physical Review Letters (2002), 89

For the low molecular weight fragile liquid diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A we report, based on Brillouin and dielectric spectroscopy, on a thermal glass transition where the relaxation time of the α ... [more ▼]

For the low molecular weight fragile liquid diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A we report, based on Brillouin and dielectric spectroscopy, on a thermal glass transition where the relaxation time of the α process does not go to infinity. Instead, the structural α relaxation disappears spontaneously at the transition point. That discontinuity in relaxation time coincides with a kink in the longitudinal hypersonic velocity and determines unambiguously the transition from the liquid to the glassy state. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailKinetically assisted potential sputtering of insulators by highly charged ions
Hayderer, G.; Cernusca, S.; Schmid, M. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2001), 86(16), 3530-3533

A new form of potential sputtering has been found for impact of slow (less than or equal to 1500 eV) multiply charged Xe ions (charge states up to q = 25) on MgOx. In contrast to alkali-halide or SiO2 ... [more ▼]

A new form of potential sputtering has been found for impact of slow (less than or equal to 1500 eV) multiply charged Xe ions (charge states up to q = 25) on MgOx. In contrast to alkali-halide or SiO2 surfaces this mechanism requires the simultaneous presence of electronic excitation of the target material and of a kinetically formed collision cascade within the target in order to initiate the sputtering process. This kinetically assisted potential sputtering mechanism has been identified to be present for ether insulating surfaces as well. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment on magnetic correlations in nanostructured ferromagnets
Weissmüller, J.; Michels, Andreas UL

in Physical Review Letters (2001), 87(14), 149701-149701

A Comment on the Letter by Jörg F. Löffler, Hans Benjamin Braun, and Werner Wagner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1990 (2000). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply.

Detailed reference viewed: 181 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThreshold for potential sputtering of LiF
Hayderer, G.; Schmid, M.; Varga, P. et al

in Physical Review Letters (1999), 83(19), 3948-3951

We have measured total sputtering yields for impact of slow (less than or equal to 100 eV) singly and doubly charged ions on LiF. The minimum potential energy necessary to induce potential sputtering (PS ... [more ▼]

We have measured total sputtering yields for impact of slow (less than or equal to 100 eV) singly and doubly charged ions on LiF. The minimum potential energy necessary to induce potential sputtering (PS) from UF was determined to be about 10 eV. This threshold coincides with the energy necessary to produce a cold hole in the valence band of LiF by resonant neutralization. This allows the first unambiguous identification of PS induced by cold holes. Further stepwise increase of the sputtering yield with higher projectile potential energies provides evidence for additional defect-mediated sputtering mechanisms operative in alkali halides. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (0 UL)