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See detailSimulation of gas-dynamic, pressure surges and adiabatic compression phenomena in geometrically complex respirator oxygen valves
Obeidat, Anas UL; Andreas, Thomas; Bordas, Stéphane UL et al

in Thermal Science and Engineering Progress (2021), 24

Gas-dynamic pressure surges and adiabatic compression phenomena are generally hard to predict numerically. In this contribution, we study the effect of the pressure reserve capacity on the compressible ... [more ▼]

Gas-dynamic pressure surges and adiabatic compression phenomena are generally hard to predict numerically. In this contribution, we study the effect of the pressure reserve capacity on the compressible gas-dynamics pressure surge and adiabatic compression in a fitted respirator oxygen valve geometry. A three-dimensional remeshed smoothed particle hydrodynamics method for the simulation of isotropic turbulence is used, the method is coupled with Brinkman penalisation technique for flow simulation inside the complex valve geometry. Simulations are carried out for three different pressure reserve quantities, to replicate the opening of the valve, two time-based pressure inlet boundary condition functions were simulated along with an impulsively started scenario. A geometrical sensitivity analysis is provided, where the simulation is performed on a modified valve design which exhibits a damping effect on the gas dynamics and flow characteristics, which has a favourable effect on the valve functionality and safety. It is found that the capacity of the pressure reserve has a considerable effect on the simulated flow fields (velocity, temperature), as the temperature could rise 6.0X the reference temperature, and up to 2.7X the reference velocity. The numerical results are compared with a previous study carried out by Rotarex S.A., demonstrating that the remeshed particle-mesh method coupled with Brinkman penalisation provides a good quality simulation and the results are in agreement with the reference solution. [less ▲]

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