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See detailWhen Workmen Shoot, Fence, and Ride – Modern Pentathlon and the Promise of Social Integration at the Beginning of the 20th Century
Heck, Sandra UL

in Stadion (2010), 36

Besides the commitment of workers unions, it was Pierre de Coubertin who – as a defender of “sport for all” – obviously tried to achieve an easier access for workmen to sport in the early 20th Century ... [more ▼]

Besides the commitment of workers unions, it was Pierre de Coubertin who – as a defender of “sport for all” – obviously tried to achieve an easier access for workmen to sport in the early 20th Century. One of his steps to reach this goal was intrinsically tied to the idea of creating a new sport which combined disciplines that were mainly practised by people of lower social levels with those of the upper classes. Thus, with the combination of shooting, fencing, horse-riding, swimming and running, a new Olympic sport called Modern Pentathlon was born. By analyzing sources concerning Coubertin’s educational ideas as well as documents of the early history of Modern Pentathlon, this study is aiming to confront the ideological assurance to invent a sport of social integration with its realistic development. Due to the composition of participants it must be stated that the promise of a social mixture through Modern Pentathlon was not kept. The search for reasons of this failure gives an insight into the problems of realization and offers entirely new ways of interpretation of the true causes for the integration of a new combined sport into the Olympic program. [less ▲]

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