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See detailSustainability and Circular Economy in Learning Factories – Case Studies
Weyand, Astrid; Thiede, Sebastian; Mangers, Jeff UL et al

in SSRN (2022, April 11)

Since the mitigation of climate change is one of the biggest challenges to face on a global scale, the topic has become more relevant also in industrial context. Learning factories have proven to be ... [more ▼]

Since the mitigation of climate change is one of the biggest challenges to face on a global scale, the topic has become more relevant also in industrial context. Learning factories have proven to be suitable environments to address and convey competencies to tackle industrial challenges in an interactive way. Hence, several learning factories are already dealing with sustainability topics in various use cases. This paper strives to present a state of the art of sustainability and circular economy in learning factories. Therefore, a classification framework is developed based on the state of the art of several learning factories and existing literature regarding the topic. This framework is then used to systematically describe the different activities regarding sustainability and circular economy that are currently ongoing in learning factories worldwide. This can be used to get an idea about the different aspects of the topic and how to address them, but furthermore also offers assistance to identify “blind spots” which could and should be addressed in learning factories in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailChild Prisoners in War
Happold, Matthew UL

in SSRN (2008)

In recent years children's recruitment and use to participate in hostilities has become a matter of increasing international concern. Yet the rules specifically governing their participation, including ... [more ▼]

In recent years children's recruitment and use to participate in hostilities has become a matter of increasing international concern. Yet the rules specifically governing their participation, including those regulating their treatment when captured by an adverse party to a conflict, are sparse. A disinclination to face the fact that, despite the increasingly stringent legal prohibitions governing their recruitment into armed forces and groups, children continue to take part in hostilities may lie behind the paucity of legal rules governing their participation. Moreover, the fact that most use of child soldiers takes place in non-traditional armed conflicts and is by non-State actors can give rise to difficulties regarding the rules applicable to such conflicts and the legal status of child combatants within them. This paper analyses the current legal regulation of the treatment of child prisoners in war, before examining how child soldiers have in practice been treated in the ongoing global "war on terror". [less ▲]

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