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See detailA Coordinated Europeanization of the Comics Industry through Distribution: The Politics of the Global Journey of Astérix and Tintin through the Strategic Distribution of their Magazines and Contents in the 1960s
Burton, Jessica UL

in On_Culture: The Open Journal for the Study of Culture (2019), 8(Winter),

Researchers have usually focused on the Tintin and Astérix series’ global book diffusion through translation. However, little has been discussed about the distribution policies of the comics magazine ... [more ▼]

Researchers have usually focused on the Tintin and Astérix series’ global book diffusion through translation. However, little has been discussed about the distribution policies of the comics magazine format, a key factor in the development of European comics. This paper will consider the continentalization of western European national comics industries via the intra-EEC networking of distribution channels during the 1960s. By facilitating the exchange of comics features in the Franco-Belgian area, publishers such as Casterman, Le Lombard, and Dargaud ensured the rise of the industry and of the products they wanted to disseminate. Contemplating the motivations of publishers this article will delve deeper into the emergence of cooperative and competitive distribution channels among national publishers and between countries. Through the archives of Casterman and primary sources this article intends to contribute to a greater understanding of how the carefully planned distribution network of comics influenced the development of the European industry as a whole. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Juridical Voice of Literature A Perspective on Literature’s Entanglement with Normativity
Becker, Katrin UL

in On_Culture: The Open Journal for the Study of Culture (2017), 3

Based on the logic of the Lacanian mirror paradigm, Pierre Legendre claims that every culture needs to create a metaphysical entity of Reference, for the sake of the legiti- macy and validity of its ... [more ▼]

Based on the logic of the Lacanian mirror paradigm, Pierre Legendre claims that every culture needs to create a metaphysical entity of Reference, for the sake of the legiti- macy and validity of its normative system. This entity disguises the abyss at the core of culture and legitimates it by staging itself as its origin. As such, the Reference not only authenticates individual and cultural subjectivity, but also becomes the founda- tion of law. Given that Legendre attributes a fundamental role to aesthetics in the cre- ation of this entity, my essay will identify the role of literature in this respect, arguing that, on the one hand, literary texts help confirming the readers’ attachment to a spe- cific order of Reference, i.e. of normativity and imagery. On the other hand, my essay claims that literature also has the capacity to reflect on the basis of cultural normativity and to unveil the contingency of normative truths. This results from what I call the cultural structures of testimony. Thus literature unleashes emancipatory forces with regard to a culture’s normative system. The essay tests this hypothesis by analysing E.T.A. Hoffmann’s The Sandman, a narrative that because of its play with the catego- ries of fiction and reality is particularly salient. [less ▲]

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