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See detailExplicit and implicit speaker evaluations and their differential attitudinal determinants
Lehnert, Tessa Elisabeth UL; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL

in Language Sciences (2018), 69

Previous speaker evaluation studies have traditionally assessed the influence of attitudes toward languages with explicit self-report measures. Social-cognitive theories positing a differential influence ... [more ▼]

Previous speaker evaluation studies have traditionally assessed the influence of attitudes toward languages with explicit self-report measures. Social-cognitive theories positing a differential influence of explicit and implicit attitudes on controlled versus automatic evaluative responses have not been addressed in this domain thus far. In addition to separating attitudes toward languages from attitudes toward nationality, the aim of this study was to test whether explicit and implicit speaker evaluations refer to distinct concepts. We expected that explicit attitudes would be stronger predictors of deliberate speaker evaluations than implicit attitudes would. By contrast, we expected that automatic evaluations examined with an evaluative priming task would primarily reflect implicit attitudes. Results showed that explicit speaker evaluations were influenced by explicit attitudes toward nationality, whereas implicit evaluations were mainly predicted by implicit attitudes toward nationality. The crucial role of speaker’s nationality in speaker evaluation processes is further discussed within the framework of implicit group processes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Development of the Preverbal Markers in St-Louis-Creole: The Formation of a TMA-System
Ehrhart, Sabine UL

in Language Sciences (1992), 14(3), 233-247

St-Louis-Creole or Tayo is spoken by the people of the St-Louis tribe in New Caledonia. Our data stem from several months of fieldwork in 1989 and 1990 with some Melanesian families of the tribe. All the ... [more ▼]

St-Louis-Creole or Tayo is spoken by the people of the St-Louis tribe in New Caledonia. Our data stem from several months of fieldwork in 1989 and 1990 with some Melanesian families of the tribe. All the phrases and structures we quote in this article can be placed in a communicative and syntactic context. [less ▲]

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