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See detailThe Role of Implicit Nationality Preference in Speaker Evaluations in the Multilingual Context of Montreal
Lehnert, Tessa Elisabeth UL; Hörstermann, Thomas UL

in Journal of Language and Social Psychology (2018)

Multilingual contexts in cross-border regions are characterized by a high number of inhabitants making use of various languages depending on the context. A language that a person speaks thus cannot be ... [more ▼]

Multilingual contexts in cross-border regions are characterized by a high number of inhabitants making use of various languages depending on the context. A language that a person speaks thus cannot be used as indicator of national group membership, which highlights the need for a distinction. The present study aimed to transfer an adapted model positing language and nationality attitudes as distinct factors of speaker evaluations, both on an explicit and implicit level, to the context of Montreal. Explicit attitudes were assumed to primarily affect explicit speaker evaluations, whereas implicit attitudes were expected to be the primary predictor of implicit speaker evaluations. Results primarily confirmed the distinctness of language and nationality concepts on an implicit attitude level. Moreover, the crucial role of nationality preference on an implicit level was highlighted: Quebecers’ implicit nationality attitudes affected implicit preferences for the Quebec nation suggesting affirmation of model transferability. [less ▲]

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See detailProcessing person descriptions: How does text coherence influence encoding and retrieval of person information?
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Junker, Nadine; Roth, Rainer et al

in Journal of Language and Social Psychology (2008), 27

Two experiments investigate the processing of person descriptions that consist of a number of statements about the characteristics of a person. In one condition, each statement refers to a single person ... [more ▼]

Two experiments investigate the processing of person descriptions that consist of a number of statements about the characteristics of a person. In one condition, each statement refers to a single person attribute and in the other condition, causal (e.g., because) and additive (e.g., and) conjunctions are introduced to verbally link the statements. In a free recall experiment, it is found that the introduction of verbal links enhances participants’ memory for the presented information. A self-paced reading-time experiment shows that the comprehension of person information is significantly facilitated by the introduction of verbal links. Furthermore, the results are due to the introduction of causal conjunctions. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for social cognition research and social-psychological issues of language. [less ▲]

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