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See detailSmoking related warning messages formulated as questions positively influence short-term smoking behaviour
Müller, Barbara; Ritter, Simone; Glock, Sabine UL et al

in Journal of Health Psychology (in press)

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See detailImplicit attitudes toward smoking: How the smell of cigarettes influences college-age smokers and non-smokers
Glock, Sabine UL; Kovacs, Carrie UL; Unz, Dagmar

in Journal of Health Psychology (2013)

The habit of smoking may have automatic behavioral components guided by implicit attitudes. Smokers’ attitudes toward smoking should thus be less negative than nonsmokers’, so that a salient smoking cue ... [more ▼]

The habit of smoking may have automatic behavioral components guided by implicit attitudes. Smokers’ attitudes toward smoking should thus be less negative than nonsmokers’, so that a salient smoking cue (smell) is able to activate positive aspects of these attitudes. An affective priming task was used to explore this hypothesis. Unexpectedly, smokers and nonsmokers showed equally negative implicit attitudes, irrespective of smell. Smokers exposed to the cigarette smell did, however, display generally slower responses than nonsmokers, suggesting attentional bias. This could have implications for smoking policies in contexts where attentional factors affect performance. [less ▲]

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See detailWarning labels formulated as questions positively influence smoking related risk perception
Glock, Sabine UL; Müller, Barbara C. N.; Ritter, Simone

in Journal of Health Psychology (2013), 18

Research on warning labels printed on cigarette packages has shown that fear inducing health warnings might provoke defensive responses. This study investigated whether reformulating statements into ... [more ▼]

Research on warning labels printed on cigarette packages has shown that fear inducing health warnings might provoke defensive responses. This study investigated whether reformulating statements into questions could avoid defensive reactions. Smokers were presented with either warning labels formulated as questions, textual warning labels, graphic warning labels, or no warning labels. Participants’ smoking-related risk perception was higher after exposure to warning labels formulated as questions or no warning labels than after exposure to textual or graphic warning labels. These results indicate that reformulating statements into questions can avoid defensive responses elicited by textual- and graphic warning labels. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological factors associated with the uptake of measles immunization. Findings and implications for prevention.
Weitkunat, Rolf; Markuzzi, Andreas; Vogel, Susanne et al

in Journal of Health Psychology (1998), 3(2)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)