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See detailInvestigation of the Sharkskin melt instability using optical Fourier analysis
Gansen, Alex UL; Rehor, Martin UL; Sill, Clemens et al

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (2019), 137(24), 48806

An optical method allowing the characterization of melt flow instabilities typically occurring during an extrusion process of polymers and polymer compounds is presented. It is based on a camera‐acquired ... [more ▼]

An optical method allowing the characterization of melt flow instabilities typically occurring during an extrusion process of polymers and polymer compounds is presented. It is based on a camera‐acquired image of the extruded compound with a reference length scale. Application of image processing and transformation of the calibrated image to the frequency domain yields the magnitude spectrum of the instability. The effectiveness of the before mentioned approach is shown on Styrene‐butadiene rubber (SBR) compounds, covering a wide range of silica filler content, extruded through a Göttfert capillary rheometer. The results of the image‐based analysis are compared with the results from the sharkskin option, a series of highly sensitive pressure transducers installed inside the rheometer. A simplified version of the code used to produce the optical analysis results is included as supplementary material. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphological traits essential to electrospun and grafted Nylon-6 nanofiber membranes for capturing submicron simulated exhaled breath aerosols
Reyes, Catherine UL; Frey, Margaret

in Journal of Applied Polymer Science (2017), 134(17), 1-15

As contagious bio-aerosols continue to impact our society, we examine how the morphological traits of large-scale (15 cm x 93 cm), uniformly thick, electrospun Nylon membranes can contribute to the ... [more ▼]

As contagious bio-aerosols continue to impact our society, we examine how the morphological traits of large-scale (15 cm x 93 cm), uniformly thick, electrospun Nylon membranes can contribute to the development of diagnostic, sensor driven face masks for capturing exhaled breath content. In our study, we compare the capture efficiencies of three types of large-scale Nylon-6 nanofiber membranes against those of commercial control textiles for capturing in-lab simulated salt breath aerosols. One of the electrospun membranes was also surface functionalized via grafting technique. The fabrication, functionalization, and exhaled aerosol capture of these large-scale membranes underscores the importance of assessing the lifetime, and usability, of electrospun materials before future integration with diagnostic sensing platforms can be successfully achieved. [less ▲]

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